Author Archives: shinichi

Stuart A. Thompson, Charlie Warzel

Every minute of every day, everywhere on the planet, dozens of companies — largely unregulated, little scrutinized — are logging the movements of tens of millions of people with mobile phones and storing the information in gigantic data files. A typical day at Grand Central Terminal in New York City

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Wen Mao

(China is positioning itself as a global leader in precision medicine, the use of a person’s genetic information to diagnose and treat diseases.) When it comes to understanding precision medicine China has an historical advantage because Chinese herbal medicine was always tailored to the individual. Now China is trying to apply this principle to many cutting edge technologies.

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「この養生所にこそ、もっとも医者らしい医者が必要だ、――初めに先生はそう云われました」と登はねばり強く云った、「私もまたここの生活で、医が仁術であるということを」 「なにを云うか」と去定がいきなり、烈しい声で遮った、「医が仁術だと」そうひらき直ったが、自分の激昂していることに気づいたのだろう、大きく呼吸をして声をしずめた、「――医が仁術だなどというのは、金儲けめあての藪医者、門戸を飾って薬礼稼ぎを専門にする、似而非医者どものたわ言だ、かれらが不当に儲けることを隠蔽するために使うたわ言だ」  登は沈黙した。 「仁術どころか、医学はまだ風邪ひとつ満足に治せはしない、病因の正しい判断もつかず、ただ患者の生命力に頼って、もそもそ手さぐりをしているだけのことだ、しかも手さぐりをするだけの努力さえ、しようとしない似而非医者が大部分なんだ」

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Steven P. R. Rose

All alive. All making their individual and collective ways in the world, cooperating, competing, avoiding, living with, living off, interdependent. All the present-day products of some four billion years of evolution, of the continued working-out of the great natural experiments that the physical and chemical conditions of planet Earth have made possible, perhaps inevitable. For every organism, a lifeline — its own unique trajectory in time and space, from birth to death.

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Barack Obama

Tonight, I’m launching a new Precision Medicine Initiative to bring us closer to curing diseases like cancer and diabetes – and to give all of us access to the personalized information we need to keep ourselves and our families healthier.

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Precision Medicine

Today: most medical care based on expected response of the average patient Tomorrow: medical care based on individual in genomic, environmental, and lifestyle differences that enable more precise ways to prevent and treat disease

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Jean-Paul Sartre

Atheistic existentialism, of which I am a representative, declares with greater consistency that if God does not exist there is at least one being whose existence comes before its essence, a being which exists before it can be defined by any conception of it. That being is man or, as Heidegger has it, the human reality. What do we mean by saying that existence precedes essence? We mean that man first of all exists, encounters himself, surges up in the world – and defines himself afterwards. If man as the existentialist sees him is not definable, it is because to begin with he is nothing. He will not be anything … Continue reading

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Stephen Hawking

We are each free to believe what we want and it is my view that the simplest explanation is there is no God. No one created the universe and no one directs our fate. This leads me to a profound realisation. There is probably no heaven, and no afterlife either. We have this one life to appreciate the grand design of the universe, and for that, I am extremely grateful.

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Richard Dawkins

This book should be read almost as though it were science fiction. It is designed to appeal to the imagination. But it is not science fiction: it is science. Cliche or not, ‘stranger than fiction’ expresses exactly how I feel about the truth. We are survival machines – robot vehicles blindly programmed to preserve the selfish molecules known as genes. This is a truth which still fills me with astonishment. Though I have known it for years, I never seem to get fully used to it. One of my hopes is that I may have some success in astonishing others.

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雲はあわただしく 雨を呼んでいるが 山も 石も 川も 黙っていた

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根管治療を取り巻く環境は、マイクロスコープやCTの登場などによって大きく様変わりしました。言葉は悪いかもしれませんが、昔は当てずっぽうの治療も珍しくありませんでした。しかしマイクロスコープやCTが導入されたことで、当てずっぽうではない、より精密な治療が行える環境が整ったのは事実だと思います。ただし意外に思われるかもしれませんが、昔と今を比べて、治療成績に関しては劇的な変化があるわけではありません。なぜなら、機器の有無に関係なく、治療の本質的な部分は変わらないからです。 適切な治療を行っていくうえで前提となるのは、正しい診断です。ですから当院では、診断の正確さを非常に重要視しています。マイクロスコープやCTが効果を発揮するのは、あくまでも正しい診断ができてからのこととなります。

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Greta Thunberg, Ingmar Rentzhog

Greta Thunberg has rapidly risen to international fame as a 16-year-old activist rallying global youth against the menace of climate change. But before she had the attention of the world’s leaders and news editors, Thunberg relied on a public relations expert to help popularize her narrative. Ingmar Rentzhog, the Swedish founder and CEO of We Don’t Have Time, a startup social network for climate activism, has said he is the one who “discovered” Thunberg. He first promoted her brand last August in a Facebook and Instagram post that went viral, racking up 14,000 likes and nearly 6,000 shares.

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ハプログループBは約4~5万年前にアジアで分岐し、東南アジアやポリネシアといった南方に広まっていった。 分布としてはイラン、イラク、華南、チベット、ベトナム、マレーシア、インドネシア、タイ、日本、台湾、フィリピン、ポリネシア、マダガスカル、メラネシア、ミクロネシア、ハワイなどで、アメリカ先住民からも検出されている。 ハワイの先住民であるポリネシア人にはグループBが多く、9割がこのグループに属している。 初期の単一グループの中では最も広範囲に移動しており、太平洋を取り囲むように分布している。 ハプログループBは太平洋の北側を陸路でアメリカ大陸へまわっていったグループと、南から海を渡ったグループに分かれている。 南をまわった人々の中には、南米の西海岸まで到達した人もいたと考えられている。その西海岸に住んでいた人々は、陸路を使ってきた同じBグループであった可能性が高いといわれている。つまり同じ祖先をもつ人々が、別々の進路を使って数万年ぶりに再会したのだ。 エルヴィス・プレスリー(Elvis Aron Presley)や演歌歌手の小林幸子などがハプログループBに属している。 またインカ帝国で見つかったミイラ、人骨はそのほとんどがグループB4であることが分かっている。 縄文時代には既にこのB4が日本列島にいたことが縄文人骨の解析などから明らかとなっており、現在では、特に東京と宮崎で多く検出される。日本人に占める割合はB4(9.1%)、B5(4.3%)である。

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ソッカの美術解剖学ノート by ソク ジョンヒョン

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Nessa Carey

Audrey Hepburn was one of the 20th century’s greatest movie stars. Stylish, elegant and with a delicately lovely, almost fragile bone structure, her role as Holly Golightly in Breakfast at Tiffany’s has made her an icon, even to those who have never seen the movie. It’s startling to think that this wonderful beauty was created by terrible hardship. Audrey Hepburn was a survivor of an event in the Second World War known as the Dutch Hunger Winter. This ended when she was sixteen years old but the after-effects of this period, including poor physical health, stayed with her for the rest of her life.

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その昔、岩手という女性が京の都の公家屋敷に乳母として奉公していた。だが、彼女の可愛がる姫は生まれながらにして不治の病におかされており、5歳になっても口がきけないほどだった。 姫を溺愛する岩手は何とかして姫を救いたいと考え、妊婦の胎内の胎児の生き胆が病気に効くという易者の言葉を信じ、生まれたばかりの娘を置いて旅に出た。 奥州の安達ヶ原に辿りついた岩手は岩屋を宿とし、標的の妊婦を待った。長い年月が経ったある日、若い夫婦がその岩屋に宿を求めた。女の方は身重である。ちょうど女が産気づき、夫は薬を買いに出かけた。絶好の機会である。 岩手は出刃包丁を取り出して女に襲い掛かり、女の腹を裂いて胎児から肝を抜き取った。だが女が身に着けているお守りを目にし、岩手は驚いた。それは自分が京を発つ際、娘に残したものだった。今しがた自分が殺した女は、他ならぬ我が子だったのである。 あまりの出来事に岩手は精神に異常を来たし、以来、旅人を襲っては生き血と肝をすすり、人肉を喰らう鬼婆と成り果てたのだという。

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Mal Waldron, Jackie McLean

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Billie Holiday, Mal Waldron, Helen Merrill

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DNA型鑑定は1985年に英国で開発され、日本では89年に警察庁の科学警察研究所が初めて導入した。 当初は塩基配列の一部だけを調べる「MCT118型検査法」が採用されたが、当時の識別率は「1000人に1.2人」。2003年に「STR型検査法」が導入され、精度が向上した。 今年4月、全国の警察に米国製の新たな検査薬が一斉導入され、染色体の検査部位が15か所から21か所に増えた。識別率は「4兆7000億人に1人」から「565京人に1人」に飛躍的に高まり、「万人不同」と言われる指紋とも遜色がないレベルになった。 警察による1年間のDNA型鑑定件数は、1992年は22件だったが、昨年は29万715件。凶悪事件だけでなく、空き巣などの窃盗でも活用されている。 警察庁は、容疑者や遺留物から採取したDNA型をデータベース化しており、これまでに照会で一致した容疑者は6万3118人に上る。 15年4月からは、身元確認のためのDNA型のデータベースの運用を始め、事件や事故に巻き込まれた恐れがある「特異行方不明者」などのDNA型が登録されている。

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Nicholas Wade

In the first place, opposition to racism is now well entrenched, at least in the Western world. It is hard to conceive of any circumstance that would reverse or weaken this judgment, particularly any scientific evidence. Racism and discrimination are wrong as a matter of principle, not of science. Science is about what is, not what ought to be. Its shifting sands do not support values, so it is foolish to place them there. Academics, who are obsessed with intelligence, fear the discovery of a gene that will prove one major race is more intelligent than another. But that is unlikely to happen anytime soon. Although intelligence has a genetic … Continue reading

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Barbara Pease, Allan Pease

Ten Reasons Why Sex Is Good Medicine Sex cures mild depression by releasing endorphins into the bloodstream, producing a sense of euphoria and a feeling of well-being. Sex is a natural antihistamine. It can help combat asthma and hay fever. No one ever gets a stuffy nose during lovemaking. Lovemaking can burn up those calories you piled on during that romantic dinner. Sex tones up just about every muscle in the body, and it’s more fun than swimming twenty laps. When women make love, they produce large amounts of estrogen, which makes hair shiny and skin smooth. The more often you have sex, the more sex you will be offered. … Continue reading

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Barbara Pease, Allan Pease

Since the 1970s, humans have experienced a deep spiritual yearning for love. This yearning is caused by the breakdown of the social structures that gave us intimate connections with friends, family, and lovers and was the norm for thousands of years. We evolved as a species that cared for our young; pro- tected, loved, and depended on each other, and stuck together as social and family units. The older generations cared for the children, while the middle generation worked or collected food. In the evenings,the older generations told children stories and taught them about their heritage and about life. This kind of family structure now exists only in primitive cultures, … Continue reading

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Music Timeline

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Helen Fisher

Since the beginning of formal diagnostics more than fifty years ago, the compulsive pursuit of gambling, food, and sex (known as non-substance rewards) have not been regarded as addictions. Only abuse of alcohol, opioids, cocaine, amphetamines, cannabis, heroin, and nicotine have been formally regarded as addictions. This categorization rests largely on the fact that substances activate basic “reward pathways” in the brain associated with craving and obsession and produce pathological behaviors. Psychiatrists work within this world of psychopathology—that which is abnormal and makes you ill. As an anthropologist, I think they’re limited by this view. Scientists have now shown that food, sex, and gambling compulsions employ many of the same … Continue reading

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Alex Matthews-King

DNA implanted in the “dark parts” of the human genome by ancient virus infections may help to explain why some people are more susceptible to drug addiction.

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Helen Fisher

I have come to believe that romantic love is an addiction — a perfectly wonderful addiction when it’s going well and a perfectly horrible addiction when it’s going poorly. And indeed it has all the characteristics of addiction: You focus on the person, you obsessively think about them, you crave them, you distort reality.

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Michael Stebbins

Most of us know what love is (or at least we know what it feels like), but what makes us love and bond to one person is a mystery. There has been a lot of bile regurgitated over the issue of defining marriage and love, specifically on the issue surrounding whether marriage should be defined as a union between a man and a woman or whether gay couples should be afforded the same rights as heterosexual couples. Besides the pile of civil rights issues that drive the debate, there are some significant biological issues that have been raised about monogamy, and whether there is a biological reason why so many … Continue reading

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Robert Plomin

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Robert Plomin

Now, polygenic scores are transforming clinical psychology and psychological research because DNA differences across the genome can be used to predict psychological traits for each and every one of us. No doubt some of these findings and their interpretation will be controversial. People worry about change, and polygenic scores will bring some of the biggest changes ever, as the DNA revolution sweeps over psychology in waves of polygenic scores. Although we touched on some of the concerns about the applications and implications of this new frontier, I am excited about these changes because they are full of potential for good, and we can avoid the hazards if we are alert … Continue reading

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‏私は読書ほどの歓びを知らないが、ほとんど本を読まない。 本というのは夢への導入だ。でも、日常ごく自然に夢と交わることができる人間にとって、そんな導入は必要ない。

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2020年、東京オリンピックの開催が決定し、注目度がグーンとアップしている日本。安全性の高さや治安の良さが評価されたといわれていますが、そんな日本が誇れることとは一体なんでしょうか? 数ある日本の誇りの中から、1位に輝いたのは? 読者617名に聞いてみました。   Q.日本が誇れることを教えてください(複数回答)      1位 四季がある 56.6%      2位 電車が定時に到着する 48.1%      3位 礼儀正しい 42.5%      4位 治安 37.9%      5位 水道水が飲める 36.6% 注目の1位は「四季がある」でした。地理的な条件が絡んでくるため、ほかの国にはなかなか真似できないこと。住んでいるから感じられる、日本の誇りですよね。四季があるからこそ、文化や芸術も発達しているところがあり、日本人にとってなくてはならない大切なものともいえそうです。

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小さいものに美を認め、あらゆるものを「縮める」ところに日本文化の特徴がある。世界中に送り出された扇子、エレクトロニクスの先駆けとなったトランジスタなどはそうした「和魂」が創り出したオリジナル商品であった。他に入れ子型・折詰め弁当型・能面型など「縮み」の類型に拠って日本文化の特質を分析する。 第1章 裸の日本論 第2章 「縮み志向」6型 第3章 自然にあらわれた「縮み」の文化 第4章 人と社会にあらわれた「縮み」の文化 第5章 現代にあらわれた「縮み」の文化 第6章 「拡がり」の文化と今日の日本

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「近代的自我」という物語−壮大な、あまりにも壮大な”虚構”?− それは、物語に過ぎない。たとえば、なぜ、理性は人種的偏見を肯定したか。「自由、平等、博愛」とヒューマニズムの美しすぎる美しさを謳ったはずなのに、言ってることとやってることが違う。価値観を同じくする身内だけでの相互扶助。それは、自分の属するコミュニティー「の、による、のための」物語に過ぎない。 自立する個人が、個性的に能力を発揮し、理想的に社会を発展させるという理想社会。だが、-べきだ、-はずだ、と他を排除し攻撃する自己中心性。これこそ普遍だ、と主張する特殊性。漱石も鴎外も、求めて結局わからない「近代的自我」。晩年、日本的伝統の中に安らぎを見出す。当然だ、人は自分達の物語=文化の中で生きているのだから。 社会変革に行き詰まり、「普遍的」な大きな物語を失おうとしているかに見える今、「近代的自我」だけが肥大化し、かつてあると信じたユートピアを求めて、亡霊のようにさまよっている。「近代的自我」という名の亡霊が。

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「いいんだよ」 「がんばったね」 「よくやった」 この言葉が ほしい この言葉が ボクを幸せにする 「お前はアカン」 「でき悪い」 「お前はいらない」 この言葉は いらない この言葉は ボクを不幸にする 嫌な言葉を言われると 自信をなくし 自分自身が嫌になる 好きな言葉を言われたくて 行動し ボクは ボクを見失う 一つ一つの言葉が ボクを造る 一つ一つの言葉が ボクを壊す

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Primo Levi

Perfection belongs to narrated events, not to those we live. This cell belongs to a brain, and it is my brain, the brain of me who is writing; and the cell in question, and within it the atom in question, is in charge of my writing, in a gigantic minuscule game which nobody has yet described. It is that which at this instant, issuing out of a labyrinthine tangle of yeses and nos, makes my hand run along a certain path on the paper, mark it with these volutes that are signs: a double snap, up and down, between two levels of energy, guides this hand of mine to impress … Continue reading

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Maxine Aston

Things that could help to make her happy Smile when you greet her. Compliment her on her looks, clothes or something she has done. Buy her flowers/chocolates/fruit/gifts. Buy and write a nice card to go with your gift. On special occasions always write a special message. which includes telling her that you love her. Tell her you love her at least once a day. If she is crying or upset give her a hug without necessarily saying anything. Never presume a hug means sex. When you hug or kiss her, try not to think about anything else but her. Try not to interrupt her when she is talking to you. … Continue reading

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Paul Bloom

For the last couple of years, when people ask me what I’ve been up to, I say that I’m writing a book. They ask for details and I tell them, “It’s about empathy.” They tend to smile and nod when I say the word, and then I add: “I’m against it.” This usually gets a laugh. I was surprised at this response at first, but I’ve learned that being against empathy is like being against kittens—a view considered so outlandish that it can’t be serious. It’s certainly a position that’s easy to misunderstand. So I’ll be clear from the start: I am not against morality, compassion, kindness, love, being a … Continue reading

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Steven Pinker

The Old Testament tells us to love our neighbors, the New Testament to love our enemies. The moral rationale seems to be: Love your neighbors and enemies; that way you won’t kill them. But frankly, I don’t love my neighbors, to say nothing of my enemies. Better, then, is the following idea: Don’t kill your neighbors or enemies, even if you don’t love them.

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東山魁夷, 奥田元宋

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Kim S. Cameron, Robert E. Quinn

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Nele Maria Palipea

Banking the unbanked of the world is one of the Holy Grails for blockchain technology and could help millions of people around the globe reach financial inclusion. However, it may come as a surprise to many that this is not just a third-world problem or that it doesn’t only affect individuals. A whole industry in the United States is currently operating completely unbanked and cryptocurrencies could save the day.

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Marius Kramer

Some 5 real-world usage of the blockchain that are already being tested: A completely decentralized internet, where ISPs aren’t need anymore. This is what Skycoin does with Skywire. They will soon provide their custom built 1Gbps antennas for $100, which have a range of 10 miles and provide high speed internet to 7,000 people and with their mesh network on top probably 20,000 people. You only need 2,000 antennas per European country to cover the whole continent and the data is stored on Skyminers. Decentralized Storage. This is directly competing with Google Drive and Dropbox. An near infinitely scalable and near infinitely decentralized payment processor. This will replace all banks, … Continue reading

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Robert Hackett

7 ways to win the quantum race Superconducting uses an electrical current, flowing through special semiconductor chips cooled to near absolute zero, to produce computational “qubits.” Google, IBM, and Intel are pursuing this approach, which has so far been the front-runner. Ion trap relies on charged atoms that are manipulated by lasers in a vacuum, which helps to reduce noisy interference that can contribute to errors. Industrial giant Honeywell is betting on this technique. So is IonQ, a startup with backing from Alphabet. Neutral Atom Similar to the ion-trap method, except it uses, you guessed it, neutral atoms. Physicist Mikhail Lukin’s lab at Harvard is a pioneer. Annealing designed to … Continue reading

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Jeremy Kahn

Among the most anticipated uses of quantum computers is the ability to create new chemicals, like catalysts for producing nitrogen-based fertilizers or for use in cells in higher-powered batteries. Quantum computing could also be used to crack most commonly used forms of digital encryption. It may one day also be used to streamline logistics and delivery operations, as well as speeding up machine learning applications.

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Robert Hackett

IBM scientists have rejected Google researchers’ claim to have achieved “quantum supremacy,” a demonstration that a quantum computer can vastly outperform a traditional one on a particular task. They contend in a blog post published Monday evening that “the goal has not been met.”

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Edwin Pednault, John Gunnels, Dmitri Maslov, Jay Gambetta

The concept of “quantum supremacy” showcases the resources unique to quantum computers, such as direct access to entanglement and superposition. However, classical computers have resources of their own such as a hierarchy of memories and high-precision computations in hardware, various software assets, and a vast knowledge base of algorithms, and it is important to leverage all such capabilities when comparing quantum to classical.

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Abdullah Shihipar

These days, the very word “data” elicits fear and suspicion in many of us — and with good reason. DNA-testing companies are sharing genetic information with the government. A firm hired by the Trump campaign gained access to the private information of 50 million Facebook users. Hotels, hospitals, and a consumer credit reporting agency have admitted to major breaches. But while many of us are rightfully concerned about the misuse of our personal data by private entities, we should be just as worried about the important national stories that aren’t told when our fellow citizens don’t feel secure enough to share theirs with researchers. Part of the reason so many … Continue reading

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Wikimedia Commons

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IoT、Big Data、そしてAI(定義は一定せず)は利益追求、権力行使などの動機から拡大してきたが、いまやそれらが急速に自己増殖しつつある。その意味で異次元に入りつつあるのであろう。それらが幅ひろく導入されている中国のような国もあれば、ガラパゴス状態になりつつある日本のような国が隣接している状態が現状である。 その結果、社会はフラット化し、ネットワーク化し、個人のエンパワーメントが顕著になりつつある。個人の力が異常に高くなる状況を最大限利用する人たちが出てくる一方、この社会からすっぽりと脱落する多くの人たちも出てくるという、新たな階級社会化が、フラット化の逆現象として顕在化してもくるのでもあろう。 個々の人間の感性、価値観(愚かさ、悪なども含め)などを含めたトータルな存在とロジックのみが肥大化していく社会の間の相克が先鋭化していくことになる。この緊張が社会の中核課題になるのは時間の問題であろう。

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St. Giuseppe Moscati

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Unconsciousness is a state which occurs when the ability to maintain an awareness of self and environment is lost. It involves a complete or near-complete lack of responsiveness to people and other environmental stimuli. Loss of consciousness should not be confused with the notion of the psychoanalytic unconscious or cognitive processes (e.g., implicit cognition) that take place outside awareness, and with altered states of consciousness, such as delirium (when the person is confused and only partially responsive to the environment), normal sleep, hypnosis, and other altered states in which the person responds to stimuli. Unconsciousness may occur as the result of traumatic brain injury, brain hypoxia (e.g., due to a … Continue reading

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Unconscious mind (Wikipedia)

The unconscious mind (or the unconscious) consists of the processes in the mind which occur automatically and are not available to introspection, and include thought processes, memories, interests, and motivations. Even though these processes exist well under the surface of conscious awareness, they are theorized to exert an impact on behavior. The term was coined by the 18th-century German Romantic philosopher Friedrich Schelling and later introduced into English by the poet and essayist Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Empirical evidence suggests that unconscious phenomena include repressed feelings, automatic skills, subliminal perceptions, and automatic reactions, and possibly also complexes, hidden phobias, and desires. The concept was popularized by the Austrian neurologist and psychoanalyst … Continue reading

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Sam Dresser

Though often charged to be prophets, not least by their own followers, neither Freud nor Jung founded new religions. They were not cult leaders, but imperious pioneers of the unconscious. There were both political and intellectual reasons that they needed one another in the early, heady days of discovery. For what they were seeking to illuminate was deeply strange, even if today it is an idea that has the worn familiarity of a cliché. The implication of the theory of the unconscious, as Richard Rorty once noted, is that there is something in us like another person that has just as good a claim to be ‘us’ as our conscious … Continue reading

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Frédéric Srour, Emmanuelle Teyras

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Mikael Krogerus

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Catherina Kippel

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Elsa Beskow

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Carl Jung, Aniela Jaffé

That is how people usually behave with numinosities, and rightly so, for in one respect they are true, in another untrue. Numinous experience elevates and humiliates simultaneously. … Wherever the psyche is set violently oscillating by a numinous experience, there is a danger that the thread by which one hangs may be torn. Should that happen, one man tumbles into an absolute affirmation, another into an equally absolute negation. Nirdvandva (freedom of opposites) is the Orient’s remedy for this. I have not forgotten that. The pendulum of the mind oscillates between sense and nonsense, not between right and wrong. The numinosum is dangerous because it lures men to extremes, so … Continue reading

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Zat Rana

Something strange happened with the birth of the internet; something changed about how we understand our identity and our existence. And that something was that our sense of self got translated into 0s and 1s so that we could project a part of our being as a single node into a global network of nodes made up of other selves.

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Shivani Vora

Ludan Wu and Johnny Phaipanya were married in a private ceremony at the University Club of Chicago’s Cathedral Hall.

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Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)

The 16 member countries of the RCEP Blue: ASEAN Purple: ASEAN Plus Three Teal: ASEAN Plus Six

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Steve Jones

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World Federalist Movement

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万病の因と言われ、また一方で「たかが・・・」と軽く見過されている風邪。風邪に対する一般通念からすれば、本書の表題は極めて奇異なものとして映るかも しれない。しかし著者は、独自の観点から風邪は治すべきものではない、経過すべきものであると主張する。人間は心身の偏り疲労が限界に達したとき、それを 調整すべく、自律作用として風邪をひくと言うのである。 著者は、風邪を病理的に捉えるのではなく、謂わば健康の自然法として捉えている。自然な経過を乱しさえしなければ、風邪をひいたあとは、あたかも蛇が脱皮するように、新鮮な体になるとする主張は、極めて説得力に富んでいる。 著者独特の自然観から編みだされた「経過する」というユニークな概念は、「闘病」という言葉に象徴される現代の病気に対する考え方を一変させる可能性をもっている。

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Audrey Tang

I think that common value finding is of utmost importance to the governance nowadays when it comes to social entrepreneurship, Because otherwise, we will just have people lobbying for environmental values, for social values, for economic values, and so on without a coherent way to blend those ideas into a common value that everybody can live with. 一旦發現彼此擁有一些共同價值觀後,就不會再有敵人了。 Once you learn there are some common values there are no enemies anymore.

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Tsai Ing-wen

Before, democracy was about winning or losing the election. Now, democracy is about the welfare of the people. Before, democracy was a showdown between two opposing values. Now, democracy is a conversation between many diverse values.

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Zat Rana

When you think of reading as this conversation — a deeper interaction — between self and other, you are also able to close that gap between your sense of self and that other, enabling a connection that transcends the boundaries of space and time. It’s why I can feel affection and warmth for people I have never met or am likely meet. It’s also why books can often have a more significant impact on a child the parents who raised them, the teachers who taught them, the friends that shared their time with them.

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Elaine Aron

But what seems ordinary to others, like loud music or crowds, can be highly stimulating and thus stressful for HSPs. Most people ignore sirens, glaring lights, strange odors, clutter and chaos. HSPs are disturbed by them. Most people’s feet may be tired at the end of a day in a mall or a museum, but they’re ready for more when you suggest an evening party. HSPs need solitude after such a day. They feel jangled, overaroused. Most people walk into a room and perhaps notice the furniture, the people—that’s about it. HSPs can be instantly aware, whether they wish to be or not, of the mood, the friendships and enmities, … Continue reading

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Umair Haque

There’s a question that deserves to be thought about — which we don’t consider often enough. It’s a simple one. Why are Europeans so much happier than Americans?

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新しい商品においては、ある程度までは品質向上が売上・利益に直結しますが、一定ラインを超えると伸びが少なくなります。例えばテレビの画質が良くなると、ある程度まではもっと良いものが欲しいと思いますが、それを越えると視聴者の視力の影響の方が大きくなります。他では、例えばスマホの電池の寿命は3時間が10時間になると大きなニーズを生みますが、30時間が50時間になることはあまり求められていません。しかし、品質を高める努力を長年してきた開発部署に、「品質は上げなくていい、コストを下げる設計を考えよう」と経営陣や営業が提案しても、簡単にマインドが切り変わるわけではありません。 シェアに関していえば、市場が拡大していくときはシェアを取ることは非常に重要です。新たに市場参入をする潜在顧客にも認知・信頼されますし、既存顧客が市場拡大とともに成長すれば、その分自社の売上も大きく上がることになるからです。しかし市場の成長が停滞すると、シェアを取ることは価格競争を生み出します。価格の下落は利益を大幅に下げる原因です。例えば原価が70%、売上総利益が30%の場合、10%の値下げで総利益の3分の1がなくなります。しかし、シェアを伸ばすことが当たり前になっている営業組織から、「値段を下げずにシェアを下げる」という意見は出てきません。 このように、組織が部分最適化すると、製品は高い品質を求めてコストが高くなり、営業は価格を下げてでもシェア拡大を目指すことになります。かなり極端な例ではありますが、これが利益を下げる構図の根本的な原因になっています。

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みずほ銀行がサービス提供を行う J-Coin Pay(J コイン)の加盟店管理に関わるテスト用システムにおいて、第三者による不正アクセスが判明いたしました。 1.不正アクセスを受けた情報の内容 Jコインの加盟店である法人(7,930 件)、および法人代表者、窓口連絡担当者等の個人(10,539 件)の情報(企業名、代表者氏名、連絡窓口担当者氏名、住所、電話番号、メールアドレス、一部代表者の生年月日)、ならびに J コインに参画いただいている一部金融機関名(32 件) 2.経緯・対応等について ・テスト用システムで使用していた加盟店関連データに不正なアクセスがあったことを、8 月 27 日(火)に認識し、調査を開始しました。 ・現時点までの調査において、手順の誤りにより一時的にテスト用システムにインターネットを通じた外部からのアクセスが可能な状況となっていたことが判明しております。 ・テスト用システムについては、すでに外部からのアクセス遮断等の措置を行っております。 ・不正アクセスのあったデータについて、現時点において漏えいの可能性が排除できないことから、対象加盟店のみなさまに対しては、本件の発生について個別にご連絡させていただくとともに、不審なメールや電話にご注意いただくようご案内を行っております。 ・警察当局、監督当局に対し、本件の発生について報告しております。 ・今後の調査も踏まえ、再発防止に適切に取り組んでまいります。

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1940年代から1950年代の就職人気企業は石炭会社でした。当時石炭は「黒いダイヤ」などと呼ばれて、産業の発展になくてはならないものでした。ですから、当時の学生の多くは石炭会社への就職を希望したのです。倍率が高くなるのですから、当然、優秀な学生が石炭会社に入社しました。 しかし、1950年代後半になるとエネルギー源は石油となり、一気に斜陽産業化していきます。石炭会社に就職した優秀な社員は炭坑閉山やリストラといった後ろ向きの仕事に精力を傾けざるをえませんでした。そして、今では日本国内に石炭産業は細々と存在しているにすぎません。当時のブランド企業であった石炭会社に就職した人のビジネスパーソン生活は苦しいこと一色だったということになります。

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セックス大好き?日本の女子たち 常に不安や孤独なタイプ どうしよう・・・って不安から 安心感を求めて 今が良ければ!ってタイプ セックスしている時が幸せなら、もうそれで良い 理想を追い求めるタイプ セックスすれば、もっと幸せになれるのでは? 私がしたい人とはしちゃう!一瞬の快楽が味わえたらそれでいいって感じ 幼い頃に家族とあまり良くかった 愛してほしくてほしくてセックスに至る ザ・無趣味 つまりセックスが趣味ってこと 趣味が無いからセックスに没頭

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政府は”就職氷河期世代”の就職支援を本格化させる。就職氷河期世代とは、バブル崩壊後の1993年~2004年ごろに高校や大学を卒業した世代で、その数は約1700万人。「団塊ジュニア」の世代とも重なるために人口が多い。 現在、彼ら・彼女たちは”30代半ばから40代半ば”に至っているが、企業が新卒採用を絞った影響で新卒時には就職できず、その後も正規で働けない人が多い。このまま高齢化すると、十分な年金を受け取れず、生活が困窮するのではないかと懸念されている。 また就職氷河期世代には、もう1つの塊がある。前述より前の1980年代後半生まれで、現在”30代前半”の人たちである。2008年秋のリ-マンショックの影響で思うように就職できず、いまだに非正規で働いている人が少なくない。

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万葉集 雄略天皇

籠もよ み籠持ち 掘串もよ み掘串持ち この丘に 菜摘ます児 家聞かな 名告らさね そらみつ 大和の国は おしなべて われこそ居れ しきなべて われこそ座せ われこそは 告らめ 家をも名をも

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万葉集 東歌, 大伴卿

人妻と あぜかそを言はむ しからばか 隣の衣を 借りて着なはも 神樹にも手は触ふるといふをうつたへに人妻といへば触れぬものかも

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Marie-Nicolas-Antoine Daveluy

Les persécutions contre les chrétiens étaient fréquentes en Corée à cette époque. Monseigneur Berneux subit le martyre, il fut remplacé par Antoine Daveluy en tant que vicaire apostolique. Vingt-trois jours plus tard, le 11 mars 1866, il fut arrêté, dénoncé par Yi Soni, un ancien séminariste, interrogé et torturé par les autorités coréennes. De Séoul, il fut emmené à 100 km de la capitale pour y être exécuté, afin de ne pas perturber les cérémonies de mariage du roi. Il fut martyrisé le Vendredi Saint, 30 mars 1866, avec ses compagnons les prêtres Pierre Aumaître et Martin Luc Huin à Galmaemot près de Boryeong (province de Chungcheong), avec les 103 … Continue reading

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Isabella Bird Bishop

In spite of reforms, the Korean nation still consists of but two classes, the Robbers and the Robbed,—the official class recruited from the yang-bans, the licensed vampires of the country, and the Ha-in, literally “low men,” a residuum of fully four-fifths of the population, whose raison d’être is to supply the blood for the vampires to suck.

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(←) Blockchain formation The main chain (black) consists of the longest series of blocks from the genesis block (green) to the current block. Orphan blocks (purple) exist outside of the main chain.   (↓) Bitcoin network data

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Richard Feynman

If you think you understand quantum mechanics, you don’t understand quantum mechanics. I think I can safely say that nobody understands quantum mechanics. Religion is a culture of faith; science is a culture of doubt. Science is what we have learned about how not to fool ourselves about the way the world is.

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Cee Vinny

What If We’re All Wrong? Humans don’t have a great track record of ‘knowing it all’ …

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Neil Irwin

The financial world has been atwitter about the inversion of the yield curve. It is a phenomenon in the bond market in which longer-term interest rates fall below shorter-term interest rates, and has historically been a warning sign that a recession could be on the way. This all seems obvious to people who are steeped in bond market math and the workings of fixed-income markets, and can be completely perplexing to those who are not.

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Rachel Krantz

What a privilege it is, to be able to try to reduce harm towards animals and the planet. I was having this thought just today when a bird shat on my head through the mosquito netting. I didn’t take it as a sign, or at least not a negative one. I just laughed and immediately washed my hair, watching the rainstorm that night clean the hammock for me. The symbolism I assign to events, I keep learning, is my choice. Each time I sit down to eat, I try to remember that, too. What a privilege it is, to be able to try to reduce harm towards animals and the … Continue reading

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Pablo Martinez Monsivais

Members of the media are seen reflected in the eye of President Donald Trump as he answers questions on the South Lawn of the White House, on April 10, 2019.

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