Category Archives: truth

Marc Levy

Il n’y a rien de plus complet qu’un couple qui traverse le temps et qui accepte que la tendresse envahisse la passion.

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Stephen Hawking

One of the basic rules of the universe is that nothing is perfect. Perfection simply doesn’t exist…..Without imperfection, neither you nor I would exist. (So next time someone complains that you have made a mistake, tell him that may be a good thing. Because without imperfection, neither you nor I would exist.) If you are lucky enough to find love, remember it is there and don’t throw it away.

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CNED

En mode journalistique, c’est l’info qu’on angle. Angler une info, c’est opérer une stratégie dans sa communication. Du filet, neutre, de l’agence de presse à l’édito, tout papier est nécessairement anglé. Peu importe la qualité du signataire et son degré d’implication, la notion est ici technique, avec pour constance une base de travail, le média, et un destinataire, le lectorat.

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Owen Jones

Get rid of all the cleaners, rubbish collectors, bus drivers, supermarket checkout staff and secretaries, for example, and society will very quickly grind to a halt. On the other hand, if we woke up one morning to find that all the highly paid advertising executives, management consultants and private equity directors had disappeared, society would go on much as it did before: in a lot of cases, probably quite a bit better. So, to begin with, workers need to reclaim a sense of pride and social worth. Doing so would be a big step forward in making the case that the wages and conditions of low-paid jobs must be improved … Continue reading

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Christy Wampole

The next time you watch network news or read online news, pay attention to the ratio between the reporting of what happened and the speculation about what might happen. Are you pleased with the ratio? If so, what satisfaction do you get from the “would” and “could” and “might” and “maybe”? Is it the same satisfaction derived from reading utopian and dystopian fiction? If so, why not leave speculations to the novelists (or fortune tellers) and the reporting of facts to the journalists? It is essential, I believe, to keep these tasks separate. Because the muddling of epistemological categories like truth, fiction, lie, conspiracy and conjecture changes how we behave … Continue reading

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宇田学

深山弁護士:なぜ笑ってるんですか? 大友検事正:いやぁ、君が随分得意気な顔をしていたからね、つい。ふふふ。 深山弁護士:事実が見つけられず真犯人が見つかっていなかったら、石川さんはあなた達に殺されていたかもしれない。 大友検事正:我々検察は被告人の犯罪を証明する立場にある。我々の努力の結果有罪になったとしたら、裁判所がそう判断したということだ。我々が殺したなどとは聞き捨てならないな。心外だよ。 深山弁護士:裁判所の判断に、大きな有罪のバイアスをかけるのはあなたたちですよ。 大友検事正:いやいや勘違いしている。我々は被害者のために犯罪を犯した人間を許すことはできない。この社会の正義を全うする使命がある。 深山弁護士:正義とか真実とかって言う、100人いたら100通りの考えがあるようなもの、僕は信じないですよ。ある日突然、僕はあなたたちに父を奪われた。その日を境に全てが一変した。あんたはその歪んだ正義とやらで、何人の人生を狂わせるんだよ。冤罪事件で加害者にされた人間も、犯罪の被害者なんだ。僕はその立場に立ってずっと弁護を続ける。あなたはあなたの正義というものを貫くというのであれば、僕は事実というものを信じてあなたの前に立ち続けますよ。

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Max Tegmark

When the time came to apply for college, I decided against physics and other technical fields, and ended up at the Stockholm School of Economics, focusing on environmental issues. I wanted to do my small part to make our planet a better place. Alas, I soon grew disillusioned, concluding that economics was largely a form of intellectual prostitution where you got rewarded for saying what the powers that be wanted to hear. Whatever a politician wanted to do, he or she could find an economist as advisor who had argued for doing precisely that. Franklin D. Roosevelt wanted to increase government spending, so he listened to John Maynard Keynes, whereas … Continue reading

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Julian Barbour

Basically, the assumption has always been that that there are material things that move around subject to the constraints of geometry. There is change subject to order. Science — or at least physics — has been about establishing how those changes take place and describing them mathematically. Every now and then they lead to a dramatic new way in looking at the world, but the rules of the game have always been the same really, going right back to geometry and ancient astronomy. I personally believe the world is still probably very much richer than we imagine, and that we still may well be only just scratching the surface of … Continue reading

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Wikipedia

Probatio diabolica (devil’s proof) is a legal requirement to achieve an impossible proof. Where a legal system would appear to require an impossible proof, the remedies are reversing the burden of proof, or giving additional rights to the individual facing the probatio diabolica. The Devil’s Proof is the logical dilemma that while evidence will prove the existence of something, the lack of evidence fails to disprove it. In essence, the opposing statement’s lack of proof makes the statement true in some sense. This connects with the idea that, while substantial evidence may prove the devil’s existence, there is no evidence that denies the devil’s existence; therefore, one cannot deny the … Continue reading

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井上陽水

僕が20才になった時君に会い 君が僕のすべてだと思ってた すてきな君を欲しいと思い求めていた 君と僕が教会で結ばれて 指輪かわす君の指 その指が なんだか僕は見飽きたようで いやになる 限りないもの それが欲望 流れ行くもの それが欲望

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau

J’entends tous les hommes vanter la magnificence du spectacle de la nature, mais j’en trouve fort peu qui la sachent voir.

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Thomas More

ユートピアとは、贋物の一つもない社会をいう。あるいは真実の一つとない社会でもいい。

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James Clerk Maxwell

They say that Understanding ought to work by the rules of right reason. These rules are, or ought to be, contained in Logic; but the actual science of Logic is conversant at present only with things either certain, impossible, or entirely doubtful, none of which (fortunately) we have to reason on. Therefore the true logic for this world is the calculus of Probabilities, which takes account of the magnitude of the probability which is, or ought to be, in a reasonable man’s mind.

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David Deming

Whenever someone asserts that a scientific question is “settled,” they tell me immediately that they don’t understand the first thing about science. Science is never settled. Science is not a dogmatic body of doctrine. It is an open system of knowledge that establishes probable truths that are subject to continual revision. The entire history of science is one of established theories being overthrown. Astronomers once believed the Sun revolved around the Earth. Naturalists maintained that species were immutable. Geologists thought continental drift was physically impossible. Physicians attempted to cure people by blood-letting. Are we to suppose that the process of history has stopped?

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中谷美紀

残念ながら私は天才ではないので いわば器用貧乏タイプだと自分では思っているので その器用貧乏の貧乏の部分を 貧しい部分を埋めるための作業が お稽古事であったりとか ちょっと旅に出てその現地を覗いてくるとか (器用だとは思ってるってことですか?) 私はそれがコンプレックスかもしれないですね (できちゃうってこと?) あの できちゃうというか 本当に表面だけ あるいは初動だけはそれなりにできてしまうので うーん できちゃうというか 本当になんでしょうね 本当に表面だけなんです そのできちゃうのが そこに深みがないんですよね 自分で思うのは 何一つ自分で成し得ていない気がするんですね 足りないなあと思いますし うーん  なんで続けてるんでしょうね 普通に考えたらおかしいですよね 人前でね 大声出したりね 笑ったりね わめいたり 泣き叫んだりって 普通の大人はしないことですよね それを我々 人前でして いわば嘘を生業としてるんですけども でもなんかその嘘のなかに どれだけ真実を込められるか その嘘をどれだけ真実に見せられるか そこに賭けています 

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Ferdinand von Schirach

Ein Künstler und ein Anwalt versuchen zu begreifen, was Wahrheit ist … Ferdinand von Schirachs neues Buch ist ein Künstlerroman, ein Justizdrama und am Ende ist es eine Beschreibung der Abgründe des Menschen. Sebastian von Eschburg verliert als Kind durch den Selbstmord seines Vaters den Halt. Er versucht sich durch die Kunst zu retten. Er zeigt mit seinen Fotografien und Videoinstallationen, dass Wirklichkeit und Wahrheit verschiedene Dinge sind. Es geht um Schönheit, Sex und die Einsamkeit des Menschen. Als Eschburg vorgeworfen wird, eine junge Frau getötet zu haben, übernimmt Konrad Biegler die Verteidigung. Der alte Anwalt versucht dem Künstler zu helfen – und damit sich selbst. Schirach schreibt über ein … Continue reading

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フェルディナント・フォン・シーラッハ

法とモラルがちがうように、真実と現実も別物だ

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Ferdinand von Schirach

Truth and reality were entirely different things.

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Ἡράκλειτος, Heraclitus

… τὰ ὄντα ἰέναι τε πάντα καὶ μένειν οὐδέν … All entities move and nothing remains still.   No man ever steps in the same river twice, for it’s not the same river and he’s not the same man.

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Federico Fellini

Una cosa creata non è mai inventata e non è mai vera: è sempre e sempre se stessa. Un linguaggio diverso è una diversa visione della vita. Non faccio un film per dibattere tesi o sostenere teorie. Faccio un film alla stessa maniera in cui vivo un sogno. Nulla si sa, tutto si immagina. Tutti sanno che il tempo è la morte, che la morte si nasconde negli orologi. L’imposizione di un altro tempo alimentato dall’Orologio dell’Immaginazione, tuttavia, può rifiutare la sua legge. Qui, liberati dalla falce della Morte, si apprende che il dolore è la conoscenza e tutto il dolore della conoscenza.

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井上達夫

「普遍的なものなんて、この世にない」と言う人に先ず、本書を読んでもらいたいと思います。別に論駁したいからではないのです。なぜなら、その必要はないからです。この信念は「いかなる普遍的命題も真ではありえない」という最も傲慢な種類の普遍的命題に他ならず、それが真だとすると、まさにそのことによって偽になってしまいます。私が論駁するまでもなく、このような信念は自己論駁的なのです。それにもかかわらず、なぜ、最も洗練された知識人たちをも含めて、現代人の間にこのような倒錯した信念が瀰漫しているのか。私が問いかけたいのは、このことです。

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Robert Nozick

What am I? What kind of entity, what kind of being? To what exactly does the term “I” refer? Since one of the self’s distinctive properties, surely, is its capacity for self-consciousness, you would think that if it knew anything, it would know its own nature. Yet the self is a problem and puzzle to itself. A theory should explain both the self’s special awareness and its continuing mystery, even to itself. Our desire to know our natures is not solely theoretical. This knowledge by itself will not settle the question of how we ought to live, but in fixing the range and limits of the possibilities open to us, … Continue reading

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Robert Nozick

The terminology of philosophical art is coercive: arguments are powerful and best when they are knockdown, arguments force you to a conclusion, if you believe the premises you have to or must believe the conclusion, some arguments do not carry much punch, and so forth. A philosophical argument is an attempt to get someone to believe something, whether he wants to believe it or not. A successful philosophical argument, a strong argument, forces someone to a belief. Though philosophy is carried on as a coercive activity, the penalty philosophers wield is, after all, rather weak. If the other person is willing to bear the label of “irrational” or “having the … Continue reading

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William Faulkner

It would, in my opinion, be absolutely by the trueness that they are telling, and I don’t mean the sticking to fact because facts and truth don’t really have much to do with each other. It’s to stick to the fundamental truth of man’s struggle within the human dilemma. He can be a bad writer, he can — I mean by that he could be a bad punctuator grammarian — but he’s still a first-rate writer if the people that he’s portraying follow the universal patterns of man’s behavior inside the human condition.

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三島由紀夫

利害は錯綜し、敵味方も相結び、 外国の金銭は人らを走らせ もはや戦いを欲せざる者は卑劣をも愛し、 邪まなる戦のみ陰にはびこり 夫婦朋友も信ずる能わず いつわりの人間主義をたつきの種とし 偽善の団欒は世をおおい 力は貶せられ、肉は蔑され、 若人らは咽喉元をしめつけられつつ 怠惰と麻薬と闘争に かつまた望みなき小志の道に 羊のごとく歩みを揃え、 快楽もその実を失い、信義もその力を喪い、 魂は悉く腐蝕せられ 年老いたる者は卑しき自己肯定と保全をば、 道徳の名の下に天下にひろげ 真実はおおいかくされ、真情は病み、 道ゆく人の足は希望に躍ることかつてなく なべてに痴呆の笑いは浸潤し 魂の死は行人の額に透かし見られ、 よろこびも悲しみも須臾にして去り 清純は商われ、浮蕩は衰え、 ただ金よ金よと思いめぐらせば 人の値打は金より卑しくなりゆき、 世に背く者は背く者の流派に、 生かしこげの安住の宿りを営み、 世に時めく者は自己満足の いぎたなき鼻孔をふくらませ、 ふたたび衰えたる美は天下を風靡し 陋劣なる真実のみ真実と呼ばれ、 車は繁殖し、愚かしき速度は魂を寸断し、 大ビルは建てども大義は崩壊し その窓々は欲求不満の蛍光灯に輝き渡り、 朝な朝な昇る日はスモッグに曇り 感情は鈍磨し、鋭角は摩滅し、 烈しきもの、雄々しき魂は地を払う。

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Elliott Sober

Realism about scientific theories and realism about normative moral propositions each begin with a semantic thesis: there are true statements in the category in question and the true ones are true independently of whether anyone thinks they are true, and also are true independently of whether anyone would come to believe them if they thought about the question in a certain way. There are two declarations of independence here. The two realisms I want to discuss here defend the semantic theses just mentioned in an indirect way. They don’t directly address the class of all scientific theories or the class of all moral statements, but rather single out special subsets … Continue reading

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白石理

マンデラ大統領は就任に際して、過去を乗り越えて新たな国の建設に全ての国民が参加することを促した。それと同時に、過去の人権侵害事件についての真相を明らかにし、そのうえで和解することを求めた。報復は、更なる報復を呼び、国を分裂に導く。その悪循環を断ち切り平和を築くために、国民の勇気ある行動を訴えた。こうしてできたのが「真実和解委員会」である。 ここでも理想と現実の隔たりがあったと言われる。深刻な弾圧、殺人、拷問に加わった人びとの公聴会での陳述は、真実を曲げ、自己弁護にすぎないものがあり、誠実な改悛に基いていないものもあったとされる。また、深刻な人権侵害に関わった者を赦免することに対して、犯罪を不問に付すものとして異論が唱えられることもあった。和解の難しさはあきらかであった。 しかし、長年武力紛争を経てきた多くの国で、負の連鎖を止め、平和をもたらすために、この「真実和解委員会」がモデルになったのも事実である。ネルソン・マンデラは、国民の間の深刻な亀裂を乗り越え、和解による平和の実現そして国の新たな出発を可能にしたことで、偉大な指導者として後世に名を残すことになった。

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Søren Kierkegaard

The subjective thinker’s form, the form of his communication, is his style. His form must be just as manifold as are the opposites that he holds together. The systematic eins, zwei, drei is an abstract form that also must inevitably run into trouble whenever it is to be applied to the concrete. To the same degree as the subjective thinker is concrete, to the same degree his form must also be concretely dialectical. But just as he himself is not a poet, not an ethicist, not a dialectician, so also his form is none of these directly. His form must first and last be related to existence, and in this … Continue reading

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Amnesty International

All victims of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, torture, extrajudicial executions and enforced disappearances have a right to truth. Truth is a vital response to the crimes: For the direct victims to know the whole truth about the crimes they suffered and the reasons behind it, as well as have their suffering publicly acknowledged. Moreover, truth is necessary to correct any false accusations made against them in the course of the crime. For family members, particularly of those killed or disappeared, to find out what happened to their loved-one and to establish their whereabouts. For the affected society to know the circumstances surrounding and reasons that led to violations … Continue reading

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Edwin J. Torres

Marilyn Scales, 52, of New York, who spent time in prison for selling drugs in the 1990s, said that telling the truth on job applications had made her virtually unemployable. “When I answer that question honestly,” she said, “I never get a call back.”

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Robert Browning

This lesson, that our human speech is naught, Our human testimony false, our fame And human estimation words and wind.

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故事ことわざ辞典

一将功成りて万骨枯る What millions died that Caesar might be great?

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Phil Plait

What is it about crappy reporting and asteroids? The culprit this time is the UK’s Telegraph. In its search to become ever more Daily Mail-ian, it ran an article about an asteroid called 1950 DA with this headline: Huge asteroid set to wipe out life on Earth – in 2880 Along with a not-so-subtle (but cool) piece of artwork of a gigantic asteroid impacting the Earth:   → Yeah. The only problem with this: It’s very, very unlikely the asteroid will whack us in 2880, so at best that headline is hugely misleading. And this ain’t “at best.”

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Socrates

Justice in a man is like justice in a city (a polis, or city-state). He then argues that a just city is one in which there is harmony, cooperation, and a division of labor between all the castes. Farmers farm, carpenters build, and rulers rule. All contribute to the common good, and all lament when misfortune happens to any of them. But in an unjust city, one group’s gain is another’s loss, faction schemes against faction, the powerful exploit the weak, and the city is divided against itself. To make sure the polis doesn’t descend into the chaos of ruthless self-interest, Socrates says that philosophers must rule, for only they … Continue reading

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Philip E. Tetlock

The concept of good judgment. This line of work can itself be broken down into three subcategories: work on world politics, styles of reasoning in individuals and groups, and alternative functionalist metaphors for judgment. … The work on alternative functionalist metaphors explores how our judgments of judgmental biases and errors inevitably rest on assumptions about the goals people are trying to achieve by thinking, feeling, and acting as they do. What looks like an error when we posit that people are intuitive scientists (trying to understand the world) or intuitive economists (trying to maximize utility in competitive markets) may look quite defensible, even adaptive or appropriate when we posit that … Continue reading

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Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée

Quand tout le monde a tort, tout le monde a raison.

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Uncyclopedia

Uncyclopedia is an encyclopedia full of misinformation and utter lies. You might say it puts the “psych!” in “encyclopedia”. It’s sort of like Congress or Parliament, but unlike Congress or Parliament, we do have a sense of humor. Nonetheless, this is one of the only factual pages, before everything turns into a puddle of utter confusion and disarray. Savor it. And for the love of Sophia, we know you like disarray, (and confusion) but stop adding confusion to this non-confusing page which leads to confusion, and possibly disarray. Which we wish to stop. Non-non-confusion, that is. Not disarray. Or is it the other way around?

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Vulgate

Vanitas vanitatum omnia vanitas.

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Rob Harris, Trymaine Lee

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Carl Jung

Any theory based on experience is necessarily statistical; that is to say, it formulates an ideal average which abolishes all exceptions at either end of the scale and replaces them by an abstract mean. This mean is quite valid though it need not necessarily occur in reality. Despite this it figures in the theory as an unassailable fundamental fact…If, for instance, I determine the weight of each stone in a bed of pebbles and get an average weight of 145 grams, this tells me very little about the real nature of the pebbles. Anyone who thought, on the basis of these findings, that he could pick up a pebbles of … Continue reading

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B. H. Liddell Hart

The search for the truth for truth’s sake is the mark of the historian.

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小出裕章

原子力発電とはウラン(一部はプルトニウム)の核分裂で発生するエネルギーを発電に利用するシステムである。そのため、エネルギーを得る一方で、核分裂生成物の生成が避けられない。広島に落とされた原爆の爆発力は 16 キロトン(1 万 6000 トン)であり、その時に核分裂したウランは 800g であった。今日では一般的になった 100 万 kW の原発の場合、1 年間に 1 トンのウランを燃やす。そのため、広島原爆が撒き散らしたものの 1000 倍以上の核分裂生成物(死の灰)を毎年生む。 原発は「トイレのないマンション」と呼ばれる。なぜなら、つかの間の華美な生活を求める一方で、それが不可避的に生む廃物の始末の手段を持たないからである。日本には現在 52 基、世界には 400 基を超える原発が稼動しているが、それらが生み出す膨大な核分裂生成物をどう始末したらいいのか、原子力開発が始まって半世紀たった今なお分からない。生み出す廃物の後始末も知らないまま、とにかく利便だけを求めて走ってきてしまった愚かさに暗澹とする。 ただ、廃物の始末をどうするかという問題に加えて、原子力発電にはもう一つ深刻な問題がある。運転中の原発での事故である。原発が機械であり、人間が誤りを犯す存在である以上、原発とて事故と無縁ではいられない。そして、原発の内部に蓄積している放射能が想像を絶するほど厖大であることが、この問題の核心である。

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Timothy Egan

WORLD-CLASS Makes the list because Donald Trump, who is decidedly not, has almost single-handedly run it into the ground. All of his casinos, golf courses, hotels and other concentrators of showy square-footage are world class, even those that ended up in bankruptcy. He is also self-declared in that realm. “I am the evidence,” he said, attacking wind turbines in Scotland that threaten his golf interests. “I am a world-class expert in tourism.” He promised that his world-class private investigators in Hawaii would expose the shocking truth of President Obama’s birth. A better use for them would be back in Scotland, on the Loch Ness case. BEST PRACTICES Just below “world-class” … Continue reading

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Leonard Koren

Whether it’s trying to convince others that something is more true, more virtuous, or more desirable–all communication is rhetoric in action. If you’re not attempting to get someone to see, feel, think, or act in a particular manner, why bother communicating at all?

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Tracey Emin

Maybe I don’t believe things myself, as well. Truth is such a transient thing.

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Alain

Penser, c’est dire “non”.

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Andrew Kinney

Career Day didn’t help me because the people that were talking sounded miserable and tired.

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老子

天下皆知美之為美,斯惡已;皆知善之為善,斯不善已。 故有無相生,難易相成,長短相較,高下相傾,音聲相和,前後相隨。 是以聖人處無為之事,行不言之教。 萬物作焉而不辭,生而不有,為而不恃,成功不居。 夫唯不居,是以不去。

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GlobalPost

A blog devoted to on-the-ground reporting around the world. This blog is all about “ground truth.” The observations, analysis, notes and musings posted here are based on facts gathered in the field from Africa, Asia, Europe, the Middle East and the Americas. We highlight the work of GlobalPost’s team of correspondents and other journalists, bloggers, photographers and videographers around the globe who are out there getting at the “ground truth.” The term is actually a scientific concept defined by NASA as part of the calibration process of satellite imagery. When NASA measures something with a satellite, an employee on the ground takes the same measurement. That human measurement is known … Continue reading

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いい言葉は、いい人生を作る

「信者」とは疑う事を放棄した人間の事である。 事実はひとつだけ。真実は人の数だけ。 暗闇をのぞき見る者は等しくまた暗闇からも覗かれているということを忘れてはならない。 昨日正しかった事が今日正しいとは限らない。間違っていた事が間違っているとも限らない。 何かを得るってことは、何かを失うこと。 宗教の木には排他の実がなる、その中には争いの種が詰まっている。 危険な兵器などない、危険な人間がいるだけ。銃は人を殺さない、人が人を殺すのだ。 神仏を尊びて、神仏に頼らず。 神はいない。神を欲しがってる人がいるだけ。 神はいない。神という言葉を利用して他人を服従させようとする人がいるだけ。 人が騙されるのは信じたからではない。信じたかったから騙されるのである。 テレビで言っていることや新聞に書いている事は「現実」。でも、「真実」ではない。

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Asmaa Al-Onaizi

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John the Apostle

To the Jews who had believed him, Jesus said, “If you hold to my teaching, you are really my disciples. Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.”

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アイキャッチ

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Henry S. Leonard

In this essay I shall be concerned with declarative, interrogative and imperative sentences. What do they mean ? Under what circumstances may they be said to be true, and under what circumstances false? When is their utterance an honest remark and when is it a lie? Such an enumeration of questions might suggest that I hold other speech forms than the declarative sentence to be classifiable as true or as false. Such indeed is the case. I hope to show why and how interrogatives and imperatives, as well as declaratives, are to be classified as true or false.

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Bocca della Verità

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NHK

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Leonard Mlodinow

Politicians often misuse science for political ends and to pursue their own agenda. Science approaches issues in a non-biased way and draws conclusions based on observations. Politicians like to ignore that or trumpet the opinions of a few fringe people. Take evolution. The truth is that evolution is not in doubt. Neither is global warming. The attacks on global warming are no different than the attacks the cigarettes companies used to say that cigarettes don’t cause cancer. Those same politicians don’t doubt science when it comes to cellphones, jets and medical technology, but they question evolution and global warming. After all, aerodynamics and electrodynamics are just theories, too.

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木田元

哲学は欧米人だけの思考法である

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Richard Obousy

We tend to overestimate what we can do on short time scales, but I think we massively underestimate what we can do on longer time scales.

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Karel Čapek

Be these people either Conservatives or Socialists, Yellows or Reds, the most important thing is — and that is the point I want to stress — that all of them are right in the plain and moral sense of the word. . . I ask whether it is not possible to see in the present social conflict of the world an analogous struggle between two, three, five equally serious verities and equally generous idealisms? I think it is possible, and that is the most dramatic element in modern civilization, that a human truth is opposed to another human truth no less human, ideal against ideal, positive worth against worth no … Continue reading

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justice4assange.com

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A Tale

Einstein: “What I admire most about your art is that’s universal… You don’t say any word and the whole world understands you!” Chaplin: “But your glory is greater… The world admires you while no one understands you!”

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Лев Николаевич Толстой

Без любви жить легче. Но без нее нет смысла. У меня нет всего, что я люблю. Но я люблю всё, что у меня есть. Не слушайте тех, кто говорит дурно о других и хорошо о вас. Мир движется вперёд благодаря тем, кто страдает. Степень правдивости человека есть указатель степени его нравственного совершенства. Один из самых обычных и ведущих к самым боль­шим бедствиям соблазнов есть соблазн словами: «Все так делают». Все великие перемены в жизни одного человека, а также и всего человечества, начинаются и совершаются в мысли. Для того, чтобы могла произойти перемена чувств и поступков, должна произойти прежде всего перемена мысли. Одно из самых обычных заблуждений состоит в том, чтобы … Continue reading

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Voltaire

There are truths which are not for all men, nor for all times.

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Ha-Joon Chang

Most of us, including myself, do bad things not because we derive great material benefit from them or strongly believe in them, but because they are the easiest thing to do. Many Bad Samaritans go along with wrong policies for the simple reason that it’s easier to be a conformist. Why go around looking for ‘inconvenient truths’ when you can just accept what most politicians and newspapers say? Why bother to find out what is really going on in poor countries when you can easily blame it on corruption, laziness or the profligacy of their people?

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Karl Popper

Our aim as scientists is objective truth; more truth, more interesting truth, more intelligible truth. We cannot reasonably aim at certainty. Once we realize that human knowledge is fallible, we realize also that we can never be completely certain that we have not made a mistake. There are uncertain truths — even true statements that we may take to be false — but there are no uncertain certainties. Since we can never know anything for sure, it is simply not worth searching for certainty; but it is well worth searching for truth; and we do this chiefly by searching for mistakes, so that we have to correct them.

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Lynne Osman Elkin

(How close did Franklin actually come to deciphering the structure of DNA?)  She was very close. She had all the parameters of the helical backbone. She was the one who figured out that there were two forms of DNA, which made solving the whole structure possible. She had figured out that backbone of the A form is antiparallel. It wouldn’t have been very long before she figured out that the B form backbone was antiparallel as well. (What did Watson actually get out of Photo 51 beyond the idea that the “X” signified a helix?)  After Watson saw Photo 51, he went out to dinner with Wilkins and pressed him … Continue reading

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Anne Sayre

Facts have something of a life of their own. They are by no means entirely subject to viewpoint: What one likes, or does not like, does not affect what is. Facts may be annoying, they may hamper the flow of a good story, or even contradict it; but when they are swept under the rug in order to let the tale get on, they remain facts, locatable, discernible, stubborn, and there for the seeking. In one instance, and in my mind, a question arose concerning the accuracy of some of Watson‘s facts, simply because he presented in The Double Helix a character named ‘Rosy’ who represented, but did not really … Continue reading

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Darren Naish

It should be noted that there are some disagreements at the level of reconstructing skeletons and musculature, and that improvements and tweaks are frequently being made. We mostly agree on the positions of muscles, for example, but the sizes of some of the muscles involved are variable in living animals and there is sometimes no reliable way of determining their size in fossil animals. The real complication in reconstructing fossil animals is that there’s all the soft stuff that goes on top of the musculoskeletal system. Integument is the great unknown for many fossil animals; its preservation is rare and infrequent, and even when it’s preserved, it may be massively … Continue reading

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Wiktionary, Pigs in Maputo

there’s a grain of truth in every joke people convey truth in jokes in each joke there is a share of the truth there is truth in every joke there is a bit of truth in every joke there is a bit of joke in every truth

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伊藤若冲

売茶翁 11歳で出家。肥前 龍津寺の化霖禅師から禅を学ぶ 57歳の時、化霖が遷化すると、寺を法弟に任せ上洛 61歳で、「仏弟子の世に居るや、その命の正邪は心に在り。事跡には在らず。そも、袈裟の仏徳を誇って、世人の喜捨を煩わせるのは、私の持する志とは異なっている」として売茶の生活に入る。茶を喫しながら考え方の相違や人のあり方と世の中の心の汚さを卓越した問答で講じ、簡素で清貧な生活をするが為に次第に汚れていく自己をも捨て続ける行を生涯つづけようとしている。 売茶翁の行動は、当時の禅僧の在り方への反発から、真実の禅を実践したものであったと言われる。禅を含む仏教は、寺請制度により、お布施という安定した収入源を得て安逸に流れつつあった。また禅僧の素養として抹茶を中心とした茶道があったが、厳しい批判眼を持つ売茶翁の目には、形式化したものに映った。そのため茶本来の精神に立ち返るべく、煎茶普及の活動に傾注したとも言われる。

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David M. Friedman

The direct use of force is such a poor solution to any problem, it is generally employed only by small children and large nations.

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Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

Voici mon secret. Il est très simple : on ne voit bien qu’avec le coeur. L’essentiel est invisible pour les yeux.

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American Dialect Society

In its 17th annual words of the year vote, the American Dialect Society voted “plutoed” as the word of the year, in a run-off against climate canary. To pluto is to demote or devalue someone or something, as happened to the former planet Pluto when the General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union decided Pluto no longer met its definition of a planet.

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Cyril Northcote Parkinson

Work expands so as to fill the time available for its completion. Data expands to fill the space available for storage. Storage requirements will increase to meet storage capacity. The demand upon a resource tends to expand to match the supply of the resource. The reverse is not true. The amount of time which one has to perform a task is the amount of time it will take to complete the task.

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Richard Wilkinson, Kate Pickett

… differences in average income or living standards between whole populations or countries don’t matter at all, but income differences within those same populations matter very much indeed … what matters in rich countries may not be your actual income level and living standard, but how you compare with other people in the same society. Perhaps average standards don’t matter and what does is simply whether you are doing better or worse than other people … … men have an incentive to achieve as high a status as possible because their sexual competitiveness depends on it … men use violence when their status is threatened, and more so when there … Continue reading

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Борис Волынов, Александр Скворцов

Борис Волынов: 宇宙へ行くと生きとし生けるものへの思いが変わります。命がとても短いものだと気づくんです。 Александр Скворцов: 地球の美しさと、はかなさがわかった。人間の力は破壊でなく、創造に向けるべきだと。私たちの子ども、そしてまたその子どもが安心して美しい地球で生き続けられるよう、環境を守り、生命をつないでいかなければならない。そう、心から実感しました。

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Mari Takenouchi, なかにし

Mari Takenouchi: すべては軍事産業から来ています。原発も核兵器を作るためにもともとつくられた技術。基地問題もそして放射能汚染を含む大規模環境破壊も、すべて軍事産業から来ている。これらをすべて違法にできないか。世界中で。 なかにし: 横槍を入れるようですが、インターネットは元々アメリカの軍事技術です。

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Mohamed Morsy

Egypt would like to stress that the international system will not get fixed as long as the application of double standards remains. We expect from others, as they expect from us, that they respect our cultural particularities and religious points of reference, and not seek to impose concepts that are unacceptable to us or politicize certain issues and use them as a pretext to intervene in the affairs of others.

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Kanishka

What we believe is at times exclusive of what we understand. We tend to believe what we were taught and what is accepted by majority of the society to be correct. Why do we so strongly believe in things we do not understand?

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Queen Noor

Work for life on earth as if your life is eternal, and work for life in heaven as if you could die tomorrow.

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Simon May

We can deeply love what we do not know, but we cannot deeply know what we do not love.

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田幸和歌子

尾崎紅葉の『金色夜叉』――作者名と作品名、「貫一・お宮」の名前などは知っているという人が多いだろう。 また、熱海の海岸で貫一が宮を蹴り倒す場面、「来年の今月今夜になったならば、僕の涙で必ず月は曇らして見せるから」という名ゼリフも、テレビやマンガなどのパロディで知っているという人も多いかもしれない。 だが、作品を全編通して読んだことのある人は、かなり少ないと思う。

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Steve Jones

Biologists have a dirty little secret: while practically everyone knows of The Origin of Species (and owes much to it), almost nobody has read it.

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Marcel Junod

原爆投下約1カ月後の広島に約15トンの医薬品を届け、被爆者の治療に尽力したスイス人医師、故マルセル・ジュノー博士の生涯を描いたアニメ作品「ジュノー」。 ジュノー博士は赤十字国際委員会(ICRC)の派遣員としてスペイン内戦や第2次世界大戦で捕虜や被災者を救護。ICRC駐日代表として連合国軍総司令部(GHQ)と交渉し、医薬品を調達して広島に駆けつけた。

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Max Huber

Thus it is our task to form a third front above and cutting across the two belligerent fronts, a third front which is directed against neither of them, but which works for the benefit of both. The combatants of this third front are interested only in the suffering of the defenceless human being, irrespective of his nationality, his convictions or his past. They fight wherever they can against all inhumanity, against every degradation of the human personality, against all injustice directed against defenceless human beings. It is for these fighters that Dr. Junod has coined the expression ‘the third combatant’.

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Alain

Le sourire est la perfection du rire. Car il y a toujours de l’inquiétude dans le rire, quoique aussitôt calmée ; mais dans le sourire tout se détend, sans aucune inquiétude ni défense. On peut donc dire que l’enfant sourit mieux encore à sa mère que sa mère ne lui sourit ; ainsi l’enfance est toujours la plus belle. Mais dans tout sourire il y a de l’enfance ; c’est un oubli et un recommencement. Tous les muscles prennent leur repos et leur aisance, principalement ces muscles puissants des joues et des mâchoires, si naturellement contractés dans la colère, et déjà dans l’attention. Le sourire ne fait pas attention ; … Continue reading

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Kenneth Appel and Wolfgang Haken; Ashay Dharwadker

In 1976, K. Appel and W. Haken announced a “computer proof” of the four-color conjecture, using 1200 hours of computer calculations that could not be verified by humans, even in principle. In 2000, Ashay Dharwadker announced a new proof of the four-color theorem that appears to have stood the test of time.

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Χρήστος Δημητρίου Παπακυριακόπουλος

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Henri Poincaré

C’est par la logique qu’on démontre, c’est par l’intuition qu’on invente.

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admin

This gloomy picture raises a profound problem for anyone in politics: “If I don’t win, I can’t make a difference, so I have to do whatever it takes to win.” … The issues are complicated and people just don’t have the time to understand them. “I’ve worked all day, so forget global warming and the debt ceiling and bring on dinner already.“ They are attracted to a leader who appears to have the answers, and the more certain the leader appears the better, even if that leader is wrong! It’s the easy way out, and who can blame them? They don’t have the time. But wait, they have time to … Continue reading

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Valérie Pécresse

Il fallut plus de trois siècles et des centaines de pages de démonstration pour remplir cette fameuse marge… Quant à Poincaré, plus sobre, il s’est contenté de commenter ainsi l’énoncé de sa conjecture : « mais cette question nous entraînerait trop loin ». Voici, Mesdames et Messieurs, une merveilleuse définition des mathématiques : la science des questions qui nous entraînent trop loin.

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Barack Obama

Money is not the only answer, but it makes a difference.

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Immanuel Kant

Alles, was die Natur selbst anordnet, ist zu irgendeiner Absicht gut. Die ganze Natur überhaupt ist eigentlich nichts anderes, als ein Zusammenhang von Erscheinungen nach Regeln; und es gibt überall keine Regellosigkeit.

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Mark Knopfler

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Русская пословица

Чем ниже человек душой, тем выше задирает нос. Он носом тянется туда, куда душою не дорос. Кузница Счастья

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Swedish Proverb

Fear less, hope more; Eat less, chew more; Whine less, breathe more; Talk less, say more; Love more, and all good things will be yours.

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Joseph Heath

The total number of green traffic lights must be the same as the total number of red traffic lights, because one person’s green light just is someone else’s red light. The same is true of economic exchange. Every time someone sells something, someone else must buy something. Why? Because the only way to sell something is to sell it to someone else. This may seem obvious, but a staggering percentage of the popular commentary on all sorts of economic issues loses track of this elementary equivalence.

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Gene Weingarten

He emerged from the metro at the L’Enfant Plaza station and positioned himself against a wall beside a trash basket. By most measures, he was nondescript: a youngish white man in jeans, a long-sleeved T-shirt and a Washington Nationals baseball cap. From a small case, he removed a violin. Placing the open case at his feet, he shrewdly threw in a few dollars and pocket change as seed money, swiveled it to face pedestrian traffic, and began to play. It was 7:51 a.m. on Friday, January 12, the middle of the morning rush hour. In the next 43 minutes, as the violinist performed six classical pieces, 1,097 people passed by. … Continue reading

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Billy Joel

If you search for tenderness it isn’t hard to find. You can have the love you need to live. But if you look for truthfulness You might just as well be blind. It always seems to be so hard to give. Honesty is such a lonely word. Everyone is so untrue. Honesty is hardly ever heard. And mostly what I need from you.

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