Category Archives: difference

Greg Kessler

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Guy Deutscher

Why was Homer’s sea “wine-dark”? Did the Greeks have no word for blue?

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Help a Dane

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黒川伊保子

男女のものの見方の違いを思うたびに、この世に、二つの違う脳があることの意味を思い知る。この組合せは、とても合理的だ。脳を遠距離両用のハイブリッドにすると、判断が遅れる。どっちかに集約しているからこそ、瞬時に危険を見分けられるのだ。遠くの危険と、近くの危険を瞬時に見抜く脳の組合せが夫婦というものなのだろう。 しかも、発情しあう男女は、免疫抗体の型が遠く離れて一致しない。男女は、体臭の一部で免疫抗体の型を知らせ合っており、その型が一致しないほうが、互いの好感度が高いからだ。 免疫抗体の型、すなわち外界に対しての生体としての反応がことごとく違う男女が、まったく違うものの見方で一緒に暮らす。夫婦の脳は、一対で精緻なメカのようなものであり、けっして離れてはいけない。恋とか愛とかを超えた、ともに生きる意義がそこにはある。

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孔子、聖徳太子

子曰、君子和而不同、小人同而不和。 一曰、以和為貴、無忤為宗。 人皆有黨、亦少達者。是以或不順君父、乍違于鄰里。然上和下睦、諧於論事、則事理自通、何事不成。

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加神サキ

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三上功

なぜ、パリジェンヌは流行を追わずにそれぞれが違う服装をするのでしょうか。そこにはフランス人独自の考え方が根付いていると思います。フランス人は「人間は平等ではなくそれぞれ違うものだ」という意識があります。「人間みな平等」という日本人の考え方とは正反対ですね。そのため、それぞれの個性にあったファッションがあるべきで、皆が同じ流行を追うのはおかしいという考えが生まれます。だからパリジェンヌにとって、ファッションは真似するものではなく、自分に合うスタイルを見つける行為なのでしょう。 自分の意見を持つことがもっとも大事だとされるフランスにおいて、他人に従ったりその場の雰囲気や流行に流されること(流行とはまさに自分自身が流されること!)は、生きていないのと同じことになります。パリジェンヌは他人と違って初めて、自分の存在を確認できる。日本人にとっては考えにくいことですが、自分の我を通す代わりに他人には干渉しない。それはつまり、他人の生き方を否定しないことを意味します。これこそ人生を楽しく生きる秘訣で、それがそのままフランス人そのものの性格にも当てはまります。他人には無干渉でも、それは都会特有の無関心とは全く違います。それは「お互いの存在を認め合う意味での無関心」なのです。

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稲本昌之

気になったのは、ラリー中にコーチから『コントロールを意識して!』と声をかけられた時のリアクションの違いです。ペースを落としてコントロールし始めた日本人に対して、ヨーロッパの選手達は、ほぼペースを落とさずにコントロールにチャレンジし始めます。一言でペースを落とすことができる日本人の技術の高さを褒める場所である、と感じると同時に何かモヤモヤしたものを感じます。日本人に欠けているのは、戦っているイメージです。ボールのペースを落とすと言うことは、弱く軽いボールを打つことになります。そうすると相手にコースを変えられたり、強く打たれて深く押し込まれたり、どちらにしても不利になります。 日本人のペースを落とす能力を褒めるべきと書きましたが、試合中になると、ペースを落とす能力はヨーロッパの選手の方が上です。相手を左右に走らせたり、角度をつけて追い出したり、深く打って下げたり、ドロップショットしたり。試合を見ていると、何かやるしやろうとします。ボールを散らしてコントロールして来ます。ラリー練習の時のコーチの『コントロール意識して!』と言うアドバイスには素早く反応して優等生だった日本人は、ボールをコートに入れていますが、コースを変える勇気すらなかなか出せません。オープンコートができても同じ方向に打ってしまいます。 一番ショックを受けるのは、展開力に対するアドバイスをコーチ達はほとんどしていないことです。しなくてもできるからです。

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山口朋子

develop(他動詞) 普段は何気なく見ていたこの動詞。漠然と「発展させる」位の意味しか、すぐには思い浮かばなかったこの語も、取る目的語によって七変化どころではないさまざまな訳し方があるんだなあと、学習を始めたごく初期の頃に面白さを感じ、訳し分けの大切さをまず知るきっかけとなった語の一つでした。例えば、プランなどであれば「立案する」「作成する」、製品なら「生み出す」「作り出す」、アイデアは「考え出す」、企画は「作成する」、場合によっては「導入する」というimplementのような意味にも使えますし、コンセプトなら「開発する」、チームなどは「編成する」、能力は「伸ばす」、病気なら「かかる」、途上国は「発展させる」「開発する」、といった具合に、実に多くのコロケーションが成り立ちます。その他、目的語によっては「成長させる」「育成する・育む」「策定する」などといった訳出が適切となるケースもあります。さらに、It develops that ~ といった特殊な構文は例えば「~ということになる」と訳すとスッキリする場合があるとも学びました。また、-erのついた名詞にまつわる表現では、例えばlate developerといった場合、勿論developの意味を踏まえつつ「発育・発達の遅い人」となりますが、そこから転じて、早熟の反意語である「晩熟」といった訳や、良い意味では「大器晩成」といった訳し方が必要かつ適切となるケースもあります。何だか一見シンプルに見えるdevelop一つを取っても奥深いなあ、とますます翻訳というものに引き込まれ、夢中で色々な表現を書きとめていた記憶があります。

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Boston Globe

Just say ‘yes’ on Question 4 A ‘yes’ vote supports this proposal to legalize marijuana, but regulate it similar to alcoholic beverages. A ‘no’ vote opposes this proposal to legalize recreational marijuana, keeping only medical marijuana legal.

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ムーン・リー

「運命は変えられるんですか?」と聞かれることがあります。それぞれの星座のもとに、持って生まれた運があります。けれども、その星座の持つ長所をのばしたり、短所をカバーすることで運命は変こえられるのです。行動次第で開運していくこともできるでしょう。運命を切り開いていくのはあなた自身。「いい恋愛がしたい」「運命の人に出会いたい」と願っているだけでは幸せはやってきません。

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Mirror Online

Everyone loves a good stat don’t they? And often the more surprising the better. And when it comes to shocking stats then there are rarely any more surprising than those which chart just how quick Premier League players are running. Each and every year it seems as though that huge, lumbering centre-back you’d written off is actually quicker than that fast, nimble forward that everyone knows is lightning, and the latest batch of numbers for the current season is just the same. 1 – Shane Long (35.31 km/h) 2- Lynden Gooch (35.19 km/h) 3 – Kyle Walker (35.18 km/h) 4 – Jamie Vardy (35.10 km/h) 5 – Andre Gray (34.87 … Continue reading

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Bright Side

A woman’s memory is like a huge cupboard, with dozens of shelves and where everything is in its right place. Women accurately retain information about everyone they encounter and everything that happens — who loves what food, whose birthday is on what date, what her mother asked her to do for her and what her child needs for school. Men, on the other hand, generally remember only the things which they consider to be really important, which often leads them to accuse women of filling their heads with completely irrelevant information.

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フィンジェネレーター

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Mark Gungor

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植田一三, 上田敏子

Tom: Your communication styles have something to do with your religion, Shintoism or Buddhism or Confucianism? Aki: Yes, I believe so. In Buddhism, silence is golden, while eloquence is not valued. Buddhism holds that words can never tell the truth. The more you speak, the farther away from the truth. Shinto is a nondualistic way of embracing reality, and highly receptive in nature and rejects nothing. Confucianism also plays a role in our communication. It values harmony and respect for the authority. So few Japanese try to challenge the authority. They are conformists and far from individualistic. Tom: Oh, that’s why Japanese people tend to be unassertive and give indirect, … Continue reading

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Sarah E. Needleman

Of 200 Jobs studied, these came out on top — and at the bottom: The Best The Worst 1. Mathematician 2. Actuary 3. Statistician 4. Biologist 5. Software Engineer 6. Computer Systems Analyst 7. Historian 8. Sociologist 9. Industrial Designer 10. Accountant 11. Economist 12. Philosopher 13. Physicist 14. Parole Officer 15. Meteorologist 16. Medical Laboratory Technician 17. Paralegal Assistant 18. Computer Programmer 19. Motion Picture Editor 20. Astronomer 200. Lumberjack 199. Dairy Farmer 198. Taxi Driver 197. Seaman 196. EMT 195. Roofer 194. Garbage Collector 193. Welder 192. Roustabout 191. Ironworker 190. Construction Worker 189. Mail Carrier 188. Sheet Metal Worker 187. Auto Mechanic 186. Butcher 185. Nuclear Decontamination … Continue reading

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播州山崎花菖蒲園

アヤメ、花菖蒲(ハナショウブ)、杜若(カキツバタ)の違い 区別 適地 開花期 葉 花色 花径 アヤメ 乾燥地 5月上旬 ~ 5月下旬 幅狭く、濃緑色 主脈不明瞭 紫まれに白 花の基部は 網目状模様 約8cm 花菖蒲 乾燥地 ~ 湿地 6月上旬 ~ 7月上旬 幅中くらい 主脈が太く 明瞭 紅紫、紫、 白、絞り 花の基部は 黄色 約15cm 杜若 湿地 5月中旬 ~ 6月上旬 幅広く 黄みを帯び 主脈細小 青紫、紫、 白、絞り 花の基部は 白色 約12cm

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Genghis Khan

When a man gets drunk on wine and tarasun [rice wine], he is just like a blind man who can’t see anything, a deaf man who can’t hear when he’s called, and a mute who can’t reply when he’s spoken to. When a man gets drunk he is like someone in a state of death: he can’t sit up straight even if he wants to. He’s as dazed and senseless as someone who’s been hit over the head. Neither are there intelligence and skill in a wine-drinker nor are there morals or good conduct. He does bad things: he fights and kills. It keeps a person from doing the things … Continue reading

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Stephen Juan

A really strong man wants a woman who is equal to him, that is the truth of it now. A weak man wants someone that is docile and a servant to him — it is a real sign of insecurity in a man to want a brainless trophy wife. Wives can be beautiful, intelligent and have careers and opinions just as strong as their partners.

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Arthur B. Markman, Dedre Gentner

Similarity is a central component of many cognitive processes. Current research suggests that similarity is well characterized as a comparison of structured representations. This process yields commonalities, differences related to the commonalities (alignable differences), and differences not related to the commonalities (nonalignable differences). In the first study, further evidence for this tripartite distinction is provided in a commonality and difference listing study involving pairs of pictures. This study indicates that alignable differences rather than nonalignable differences are central to the comparison process by virtue of their connection to the commonalities. The second study further demonstrates that alignable differences count more against the similarity of a pair than do nonalignable differences. … Continue reading

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Rosemarie Tong

Since writing my first introduction to feminist thought nearly two decades ago, I have become increasingly convinced that feminist thought resists categorization into tidy schools of thought. Interdisciplinary, intersectional, and interlocking are the kind of adjectives that best describe the way we feminists think. There is a certain breathlessness in the way we move from one topic to the next, revising our thoughts in midstream. Yet despite the very real problems that come with trying to categorize the thought of an incredibly diverse and large array of feminist thinkers as “x” or “y” or “z,” feminist thought is old enough to have a history complete with a set of labels: … Continue reading

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Paul D. Lehrman

Some folks think it’s all simply wishful thinking on everybody’s part: The system costs more and has better specs; therefore, we make ourselves believe it sounds better. There’s something to that reasoning. Humans are a notoriously imperfect lot and tend to see and hear what we want to see and hear. Another very plausible reason is something that the authors discovered in their research. Despite the fact that no one could hear the difference in playback systems, they reported that “virtually all of the SACD and DVD-A recordings sounded better than most CDs — sometimes much better.” As it wasn’t the technology itself that was responsible for this, what was? … Continue reading

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Joshua Brustein

There is reason to be wary, given consumer electronics companies’ history of pushing advancements whose main virtue is to make everyone buy new gadgets. Some audio experts are skeptical that the bigger files make a huge difference.

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Kana Inagaki

An equivalent of the television industry’s big push for the so-called 4K TVs is happening in the audio industry. From artists, music labels to device makers, the buzz word these days is “high-resolution audio.” For both the TV and music industry, the most vocal backer behind this new format is Sony. Since last September, the Japanese maker has rolled out more than 25 audio devices that play high-resolution audio including a $700 Walkman. But what exactly does the phrase mean? If 4K TVs claim to capture details from beads of sweat to rain drops, high-resolution audio promises to grasp deep bass tones to high-pitched sounds, including the moment when the … Continue reading

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Joe Hefferon

  Beauty is radiant and tactile, not airbrushed.  

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Lisbeth

wabi sabi is asymmetry subtle simplicity natural elegance sublime tranquility

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FIFA

1. DAVID LUIZ (BRA), 2. James RODRIGUEZ (COL), 3. Karim BENZEMA (FRA), 4. Arjen ROBBEN (NED), 5. Jan VERTONGHEN (BEL), 6. NEYMAR (BRA), 7. Thiago SILVA (BRA), 8. Ivan PERISIC (CRO), 9. Johan DJOUROU (SUI), 10. Thomas MUELLER (GER), 11. Lionel MESSI (ARG), 12. Angel DI MARIA (ARG), 13. Philipp LAHM (GER), 14. Daniel VAN BUYTEN (BEL), 15. Xherdan SHAQIRI (SUI), 16. Raphael VARANE (FRA), 17. Stefan DE VRIJ (NED), 18. Sokratis PAPASTATHOPOULOS (GRE), 19. Mathieu VALBUENA (FRA), 20. Claudio BRAVO (CHI), 21. Toni KROOS (GER), 22. Marcos ROJO (ARG), 23. Paul POGBA (FRA), 24. Ezequiel GARAY (ARG), 25. Islam SLIMANI (ALG), 26. Jerome BOATENG (GER), 27. Mesut OEZIL (GER), 28. OSCAR (BRA), 29. LUIZ GUSTAVO (BRA), 30. MARCELO (BRA), 31. Cristian ZAPATA (COL), 32. Thibaut COURTOIS (BEL), 33. Keylor NAVAS (CRC), 34. Oscar DUARTE (CRC), 35. Hector MORENO (MEX), 36. FRED (BRA), 37. Vincent KOMPANY (BEL), 38. Vincent ENYEAMA (NGA), 39. Robin VAN PERSIE (NED), 40. Mats HUMMELS (GER), 41. Asamoah GYAN (GHA), 42. Blaise MATUIDI (FRA), 43. Federico FERNANDEZ (ARG), 44. Hector HERRERA (MEX), 45. Serge AURIER (CIV), 46. Miralem PJANIC (BIH), 47. Enner VALENCIA (ECU), 48. Konstantinos MANOLAS (GRE), 49. Bryan RUIZ (CRC), 50. Benedikt HOEWEDES (GER), 51. Dries MERTENS (BEL), 52. Mehrdad POOLADI (IRN), 53. David OSPINA (COL), 54. Guillermo OCHOA (MEX), 55. Edin DZEKO (BIH), 56. Georgios KARAGOUNIS (GRE), 57. Diego GODIN (URU), 58. Patrice EVRA (FRA), 59. Wesley SNEIJDER (NED), 60. Pablo ARMERO (COL), 61. Sergey IGNASHEVICH (RUS), 62. Keisuke HONDA (JPN), 63. Admir MEHMEDI (SUI), 64. Giancarlo GONZALEZ (CRC), 65. Juan CUADRADO (COL), 66. Sergio RAMOS (ESP), 67. Sergio ROMERO (ARG), 68. Oribe PERALTA (MEX), 69. Georgios SAMARAS (GRE), 70. Vasileios TOROSIDIS (GRE), 71. Mamadou SAKHO (FRA), 72. Cristhian NOBOA (ECU), 73. Per MERTESACKER (GER), 74. Gonzalo HIGUAIN (ARG), 75. Dani ALVES (BRA), 76. Manuel NEUER (GER), 77. Cristian GAMBOA (CRC), 78. Alexis SANCHEZ (CHI), 79. Hugo LLORIS (FRA), 80. Vedran CORLUKA (CRO), 81. Fernando GAGO (ARG), 82. Kevin DE BRUYNE (BEL), 83. NANI (POR), 84. Yaya TOURE (CIV), 85. Javier MASCHERANO (ARG), 86. Emir SPAHIC (BIH), 87. CRISTIANO RONALDO (POR), 88. Martin CACERES (URU), 89. KI Sungyueng (KOR), 90. Mario YEPES (COL), 91. Yohan CABAYE (FRA), 92. Clint DEMPSEY (USA), 93. Andrea BARZAGLI (ITA), 94. Mario GOETZE (GER), 95. Axel WITSEL (BEL), 96. Alexander DOMINGUEZ (ECU), 97. Andre AYEW (GHA), 98. Gary CAHILL (ENG), 99. Giorgio CHIELLINI (ITA), 100. Laurent KOSCIELNY (FRA)

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Buttonwood

A functioning modern economy needs respect for property rights; a government that is able to collect taxes and offer a social safety net; banks that allow the payment system to function; markets that allow businesses to raise capital and so on. Once those essentials are in place, whether the right top tax rate is 40% or 50%, the right interest rate is 1% or 5% is largely a matter of trial and error, and of political acceptability. Much is made of the difference between Britain’s “Anglo-Saxon” model and of France’s dirigiste approach, between the British government’s austerity drive, and France’s pro-growth approach. But for all the rhetoric, Britain’s GDP per … Continue reading

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Екатерина II (Catherine the Great)

It could well be, however, that, looking at it from his far-off Ferney, Voltaire may have believed Catherine’s tales a la Miinchhausen, to wit, that there was no villager in Russia who would not eat chicken meat, which he would prefer to that of turkey. Catherine deemed it superfluous to invite Voltaire to see for himself the veracity of her intimations to him, all the more so as she had already had the experience of communicating with another observant French philosophe. This was Denis Diderot. The latter, on arriving at St. Petersburg in 1775, showed himself to be a rhapsodic, garrulous, and credulous man. The empress sensed her superiority over … Continue reading

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Albert Costa, Alice Foucart, Sayuri Hayakawa, Melina Aparici, Jose Apesteguia, Joy Heafner, Boaz Keysar

Should you sacrifice one man to save five? Whatever your answer, it should not depend on whether you were asked the question in your native language or a foreign tongue so long as you understood the problem. And yet here we report evidence that people using a foreign language make substantially more utilitarian decisions when faced with such moral dilemmas. We argue that this stems from the reduced emotional response elicited by the foreign language, consequently reducing the impact of intuitive emotional concerns. In general, we suggest that the increased psychological distance of using a foreign language induces utilitarianism. This shows that moral judgments can be heavily affected by an … Continue reading

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Cynthia Kim

When I say I lack empathy, what I mean is I have a deficit in understanding the emotional states of others. Hell, I have a deficit in understanding my own emotional state at times. This doesn’t mean I’m unsympathetic. It doesn’t mean I don’t care for others. It doesn’t mean I can’t show concern. It doesn’t mean I have no emotions. It doesn’t mean I don’t get overwhelmed by other people’s emotional states. It doesn’t mean I’m any less human than you are. What does it mean then? That I may need more information than a typical person to understand a social situation. That my reactions to your emotions may … Continue reading

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Jami L. Anderson

It is increasingly common for long-dead scientists, literary “geniuses” and innovators to be forensically diagnosed as autistic. Almost every philosopher has been diagnosed as autistic. Certainly Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill and Immanual Kant would get diagnosed today as “classic cases.” Instead they were allowed to get through their childhood label-free and live perfectly successfully. I have also recently read arguments that Charles Ludwig Dodgson (Lewis Carroll), Thomas Jefferson, Charles Darwin, and Emily Dickinson have been labeled as autistic though there are skeptics.

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Simon Baron-Cohen

… there are in fact two spectra, two dimensions on which we can place each person: empathizing and systemizing. Empathizing is “the drive to identify another person’s emotions and thoughts, and to respond to these with an appropriate emotion.” If you prefer fiction to nonfiction, or if you often enjoy conversations about people you don’t know, you are probably above average on empathizing. Systemizing is “the drive to analyse the variables in a system, to derive the underlying rules that govern the behaviour of the system.” If you are good at reading maps and instruction manuals, or if you enjoy figuring out how machines work, you are probably above average … Continue reading

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Henry Ford

Thinking is the hardest work there is, which is probably the reason why so few engage in it.

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Alina Simone

The question in question is, “How are you?” The answer Americans give, of course is, “Fine.” But when Russians hear this they think one of two things: (1) you’ve been granted a heavenly reprieve from the wearisome grind that all but defines the human condition and as a result are experiencing a rare and sublime moment of fineness or (2) you are lying. Ask a Russian, “How are you?” and you will hear, for better or worse, the truth. A blunt pronouncement of dissatisfaction punctuated by, say, the details of any recent digestive troubles. … if the American “fine” can come off as plastic and insincere, the speed with which … Continue reading

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Nicholas Evans

This book is about the full gamut of what we lose when languages die, about why it matters, and about what questions and techniques best shape our response to this looming collapse of human ways of knowing. These questions, I believe, can only be addressed properly if we give the study of fragile languages its rightful place in the grand narrative of human ideas and the forgotten histories of peoples who walked lightly through the world, without consigning their words to stone or parchment. And because we can only meet this challenge through a concerted effort by linguists, the communities themselves, and the lay public, I have tried to write … Continue reading

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金志秀

「他人に迷惑をかけないように」というのが社会生活を営む上でのルールとなっている日本では、地下鉄など公共の乗り物でのマナーも海外のそれより厳しく、車内での通話はもちろん、大声での会話や音楽プレーヤーからの音漏れなども迷惑行為に当たる。そのため、グループで乗る学生がいない限りとても静かである。 一方、韓国でも近年は日本のように公共場所でのマナーを守ろうという動きも出ているが、依然としてにぎやかそのものである。他人の目を気にせず通話する姿はもちろん、隣同士で話している会話のボリュームも大きく、たまには実演販売にも出くわすこともある。 携帯電話の使用に関する車内放送も、日本では「優先席付近では、携帯電話の電源をお切りください。それ以外の場所では、マナーモードに設定の上、通話はお控え下さい」がスタンダードだが、韓国では「車内で携帯を使用するときは、小さな声で手短くしましょう」と流れるそうだ。

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Bilingual dictionaries

mind esprit (peace of mind = tranquillité d’esprit) tête (it’s all in the mind = c’est tout dans la tête) avis (to my mind = à mon avis) raison (his mind is going = il n’a plus toute sa raison) intelligence (with the mind of a two-year-old = avec l’intelligence d’un enfant de deux ans) esprit wit (avoir de l’esprit = to have wit) mood (je n’ai pas l’esprit Ii rire = I’m in no mood for laughing) mind (avoir l’esprit vif= to have a quick mind) spirit (esprit d’équipe = team spirit)

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福島瑞穂, 森雅子

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NHK

男女はなぜ惹かれあうのか。脳科学はいま、恋のメカニズムを解明しつつある。その中心はドーパミンという脳内物質。快楽を司るドーパミンの大量分泌が恋する二人の絆となっているのだ。ところが脳科学は同時に、皮肉な状況も浮かび上がらせている。高い代謝を要求するドーパミンの大量分泌は身体への負担が大きく、長く続かない。そのため、“恋愛の賞味期間”はせいぜい3年ほどだというのだ。 そこで、男女関係はどうすれば長続きするのかという科学的な探求がさまざま進められている。アメリカでは30年に及ぶ家族の長期研究を通して、長続きしない男女関係では、男女差が大きな障害になっている事実が浮かび上がってきた。たとえば、女は、相手の顔の表情から感情を簡単に読み解くが、男は必死に脳を働かせてもハズす。女が悩みを相談するとき、話を聞いてもらいたいだけなのに、男は解決策を示そうとしてしまう。 こうした男女の違いは、長い狩猟採集時代の遺物ではあるが、無意識のなかに深く根ざしており、日常生活のなかで深刻な影響を与えやすいという。違いをちゃんと意識して、相手の気持ちを理解する努力が欠かせないのだ。

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Bonnie Elizabeth Parker, Clyde Chestnut Barrow

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Daron Acemoglu, James Robinson

Korea is a remarkably homogeneous nation, yet the people of North Korea are among the poorest on earth while their brothers and sisters in South Korea are among the richest. The south forged a society that created incentives, rewarded innovation, and allowed everyone to participate in economic opportunities. The economic success thus spurred was sustained because the government became accountable and responsive to citizens and the great mass of people. Sadly, the people of the north have endured decades of famine, political repression, and very different economic institutions—with no end in sight. The differences between the Koreas is due to the politics that created these completely different institutional trajectories.

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足利義政

西暦 天皇 将軍 年齢 出来事 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 後 花 園 天 皇 義 教 義 勝 義 政 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 義政誕生 (祖父は第3代将軍・義満、父は第6代将軍・義教)   嘉吉の乱 (義教が暗殺される) 兄の第7代将軍・義勝が9歳で将軍位に就く 義勝が在位8ヶ月で早世、義政が8歳で将軍職に就く 世阿弥死没 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 後 花 園 天 皇 義 政 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 茶の湯 (村田珠光、24歳) 生け花 連歌 (心敬、43歳) 義政が元服を迎え、正式に第8代将軍に就任 猿楽が栄え、茶の湯・生け花・連歌などが流行 勘合貿易の復活 (1401-1411; 1432-1441; 1451-)  明銭 (永楽通宝) 、生糸、織物、書物の流入  鉱物 (硫黄、銅)、扇子、刀剣、漆器、屏風などを輸出 水墨画 (雪舟、25歳;周防で活動を始める) 禅 (一休、62歳;「自戒集」を著す) 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 後 花 園 ・ 後 土 御 門 天 … Continue reading

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横山緑

日本プロ麻雀連盟の第30期十段戦で堀内正人氏が、生中継されていた試合にて悪質極まりない行為でプロ失格処分させられていたことが判明した。状況を説明すると次の通りである。 堀内プロがツモってきた3索を卓に叩きつける。 困ったような表情で溜息をつく。 手の内にある3索を切り出した。 その後テンパイが入った瀬戸熊プロが1索を切って堀内プロに放縦した。 本来であれば審判の藤原氏がすぐに止めるべきだったが、生放送であったため躊躇した。 対局後の審議で堀内プロの失格を満場一致で決めた。 2番目と3番目の行為が三味線と見なされ麻雀連盟からプロにあるまじき行為としてプロ失格の処分を受けたのだという。

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afp/Newsnet

Chacun devrait recevoir en Suisse quelque 2500 francs par mois, qu’il travaille ou non. L’idée d’un revenu de base inconditionnel est défendue via une initiative populaire. Les partisans de ce nouveau concept social ont présenté jeudi leurs arguments. Chaque personne, active ou non, vivant légalement en Suisse devrait toucher une certaine somme, qu’elle soit riche ou pauvre, en santé ou malade, qu’elle vive seule ou en communauté. Il s’agit de donner la possibilité à tout le monde de s’engager comme il l’entend, dans le social ou dans la culture par exemple, a expliqué devant la presse l’une des initiantes, Ursula Piffaretti. Pour le comité d’initiative, qui compte notamment l’ancien vice- … Continue reading

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AFP

Greenpeace crew members detained in Russian jails for two months over their open-sea protest against Arctic oil drilling are “close to shock” over their conditions, a rights activist said. The 30 detained are being held in pre-trial detention centres in the cities of Murmansk and Apatity, which are nearly 2,000 kilometres (1,250 miles) north of Moscow and above the Arctic Circle. All but four of the activists are non-Russians from countries including Britain, the United States, Finland and Argentina. Russia has jailed the activists from Greenpeace’s Arctic Sunrise protest ship without charge pending an investigation into alleged piracy, after several scaled a state-owned oil rig on September 18. The activists … Continue reading

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Gustave Doré

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Michelle Higgins

No open houses, no advertising and not a single online photo. And yet a $27 million town house on the Upper East Side and an $850,000 two-bedroom co-op in Lower Manhattan had no problem finding buyers in the past six months. Neither home was listed on the open market. Off-market deals, known as whisper listings, have long been the purview of the ultra-high-end market. Certain properties, often with price tags of $20 million or more, are shopped with a shroud of mystery among a small circle of well-connected agents instead of being put on the market for the world to see. Now this hush-hush approach has spread to many price … Continue reading

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Гражданин поэт

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Gretchen Scott

LAUGH MORE.. GRIPE LESS.. IGNORE CRITICS.. SAY YES.. ORDER DESSERT.. LOVE LIFE..

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whatonearthbooks.com

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Christopher Lloyd

I remember talking about Alan Shepherd – one of the men on the moon – who took a golf shot. I asked the children how much further the ball would have travelled than if he has taken a shot on the Earth. After a while we worked out it was SIX times further as there is SIX times less gravity on the moon because it is SIX times smaller than the Earth. Then one girl, her name was Naomi, piped up from the back ”Excuse me Sir, but did he go and pick it up or is it still there?” I had no idea! But what a fabulous question, what … Continue reading

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Marketing Joint

To even a technology neophyte, Windows is synonymous with Microsoft and vice versa. To a tech marketer, Rowland Hanson is a name that is the stuff of legend. The story of how Windows got its name has been mentioned in numerous books, articles, and countless departmental discussions around branding, naming, and marketing strategies. You can Google “Rowland Hanson Microsoft Windows” and read about how Bill Gates personally recruited Rowland from Neutrogena to serve as Microsoft’s first marketing executive. And, upon joining, how Rowland convinced Gates to name its GUI based MS-DOS extension or add-on as “Windows” instead of “interface manager.” I never met Rowland in person. I first reached out … Continue reading

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Jennie Runk

I had no idea that my H&M beachwear campaign would receive so much publicity. I’m the quiet type who reads books, plays video games, and might be a little too obsessed with her cat.So, suddenly having a large amount of publicity was an awkward surprise at first. I found it strange that people made such a fuss about how my body looks in a bikini, since I don’t usually give it much thought. When my Facebook fan page gained about 2,000 new likes in 24 hours, I decided to use the attention as an opportunity to make the world a little nicer by promoting confidence. I’ve since been receiving lots … Continue reading

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AFP, Testerpublic

Jordan denied accusations that lasers were shone in Japanese players’ faces during their 2-1 World Cup qualifier loss to the kingdom, saying the claims seek to justify their loss. “Personally, I am surprised at these accusations. We did not hear or notice anything about laser,” Salah Sabra, vice-president of the Jordan Football Association, told AFP.

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Ian Fleming

All the greatest men are maniacs. They are possessed by a mania which drives them forward towards thier goal. The great scientists, the philosophers, the religious leaders – all maniacs. What else but a blind singlenee of purpose could have given focus to thier genius, would have kept them in the groove of purpose. Mania … is as priceless as genius.

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The Boston Consulting Group

BCG’s twelfth annual report on the global wealth-management industry (PDF)

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The Economist

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Rob Reger

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Michel Albert

Les relations avec les pouvoirs publics peuvent être traités ici sous l’angle du social. En effet, chez nous, la majorité des actions sociales sont de l’ordre de l’Etat. Celui-ci fait appliquer toute les règles qui y sont soumises. On peut citer comme exemple les assurances sociales, qui dans le modèle rhénan, sont des prélèvements obligatoires, la sécurité qui est fournie par l’Etat, prise en compte des inégalités sociales, etc. Au niveau américain, tout ceci est très différent. Premièrement, toutes les assurances sociales ne sont pas obligatoires, tout est réglé selon la loi du marché, donc bien de personnes ne sont pas assurées. Deuxièmement, les USA comptent de fortes inégalités du … Continue reading

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清沢洌

考え方が違っても愛国者であり得、また意見が相違しても団結することができる。そう我国の「愛国者」は考うることができぬ。

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橘子译

そういえば、ロシア語の中に Гулять так гулять (遊ぶならとことんと遊ぼう)という決まり文句があります。要するにパーティーなどでハメをはずすことですけれども、そのときたとえ人に迷惑をかけたとしても、それはむしろ「しっかり遊んだ」証拠になるようで、ちっともかまわないようです。 日本人にとって「ちょうどいい」状態がロシア人にとっては「中途半端」だったり「物足りなかったり」するという感性の違いもありますけれども、実は、もう一つ、ロシア人の性格・性質から来る問題もあります。「ちょうどいい」という状態は案外絶妙なバランスを必要とする場合が多いのですが、それを達成したり維持したりするには日本人のような「きめ細かさ」や「丁寧さ」が必要なのです。ところが、豪快なロシア人はそういうのが大の苦手。ロシア人はどちらかというと、「細かいことは気にしない」、「大枠で考える天才肌」の人が多いのです。 ・・・これだけ性格が違うと、日本人とロシア人との間で誤解やトラブルがあっても不思議はないでしょうけれども、付き合い方によっては案外お互い補い合える部分はいくらでもあるのではないかと思います。

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坂根シルク

人と違うことは当たり前のはずなのに、友達と同じでないと不安を感じることが多い今のこどもたち。人に合わせることが必要なこともありますが、自分らしさを見つけ出し、それを認めることができると、自分と違う人の事も認めることができるようになり、人間関係も楽になります。ムーミンの住む世界が平和なのはムーミンたちがお互いの違いを認めているからなのです。 そして実はそれこそが本当の「国際人」になるためにも必要なことなのです。 日本では知らない人がいないムーミン。フィンランド人の作者が書いたムーミントロールの話は実はフィンランドとロシアが戦争中に作者が自分自身を慰めるために書いた物語でした。 ムーミンに登場する人物はみんな個性の強い、それぞれ違った性格や考え方、体つきをしています。人はお互いに異なって当たり前なのです。 その違いを認めることができると自分自身を認めるようになり、友達や周りの人だけでなく、世界のいろいろな文化や人を認めることができるようになるのです。

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>Jeane J. Kirkpatrick

>We have war when at least one of the parties to a conflict wants something more than it wants peace.

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>Rémi Gaillard

>

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>23 Archiefdingen

> G20 in Toronto: Canadian, American, French and Italian

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>John Stuart Mill

> One person with a belief is equal to the force of 100,000 who have only interests.

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>Alan Wolfe

> When instead we discuss human purpose and the meaning of life, Adam Smith and John Maynard Keynes are on the same side. Both of them possessed an expansive sense of what we are put on this earth to accomplish. Both were on the side of enlightenment. Both were optimists who believed in progress but were dubious about grand schemes that claimed to know all the answers. For Smith, mercantilism was the enemy of human liberty. For Keynes, monopolies were. It makes perfect sense for an eighteenth-century thinker to conclude that humanity would flourish under the market. For a twentieth century thinker committed to the same ideal, government was an … Continue reading

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>Samantha Smith

> Dear Mr. Andropov, My name is Samantha Smith. I am ten years old. Congratulations on your new job. I have been worrying about Russia and the United States getting into a nuclear war. Are you going to vote to have a war or not? If you aren’t please tell me how you are going to help to not have a war. This question you do not have to answer, but I would like to know why you want to conquer the world or at least our country. God made the world for us to live together in peace and not to fight. Sincerely, Samantha Smith

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>Koenraad Elst

>The common denominator in all these costly mistakes was a lack of realism. Gandhi refused to see the realities of human nature; of Islamic doctrine with its ambition of domination; of the modern mentality with its resentment of autocratic impositions; of people’s daily needs making them willing to collaborate with the rulers in exchange for career and business opportunities; of the nationalism of the Hindus who would oppose the partition of their Motherland tooth and nail; of the nature of the Pakistani state as intrinsically anti-India and anti-Hindu.

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>加藤公康

>

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>Adam Fisher

>

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>C. P. Snow

> A good many times I have been present at gatherings of people who, by the standards of the traditional culture, are thought highly educated and who have with considerable gusto been expressing their incredulity at the illiteracy of scientists. Once or twice I have been provoked and have asked the company how many of them could describe the Second Law of Thermodynamics. The response was cold: it was also negative. Yet I was asking something which is the scientific equivalent of: Have you read a work of Shakespeare’s?

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>Caitlin M. Fausey

> In English, if I knock this cup off the table, even accidentally, you would likely say, “She broke the cup.” However, in Japanese or Spanish, intent matters. If one deliberately knocks the cup, there is a verb form to indicate as much. But if the act were an accident, the speaker would essentially say, “The cup broke itself.” (“コップが割れた” in Japanese; “La taza se rompió” in Spanish.)

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>Lera Boroditsky

> … the mechanics of using a language such as English, which tends to assign an agent to an action regardless of the agent’s intent, also tends to more vividly imprint that agent in the speaker’s memory. Other linguistic differences help young children in aboriginal cultures achieve powers of navigation that would confound a Harvard professor. Boroditsky’s own journey began in Belarus, where she was the only child of parents who were both engineers. At 12, she says, she spoke Russian and struggled with Belarusian and Ukrainian. She was learning English in school when her parents got the opportunity to emigrate. A close friend had preceded them by three months … Continue reading

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>Luna Filipovic

> Spanish-speaking suspect’s non-agentive (and appropriate in Spanish) description of events (“se me cayó”, roughly “to me it happened that she fell”) was translated into English for the broader court into the agentive (and appropriate in English) “I dropped her.”

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>Pieter Brueghel the Elder

>

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>J.M.G. Le Clézio

>Pourquoi écrit-on ? J’imagine que chacun a sa réponse à cette simple question. Il y a les prédispositions, le milieu, les circonstances. Les incapacités aussi. Si l’on écrit, cela veut dire que l’on n’agit pas. Que l’on se sent en difficulté devant la réalité, que l’on choisit un autre moyen de réaction, une autre façon de communiquer, une distance, un temps de réflexion.

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>Всеволод Овчинников

>Умывальник без пробки и ванна без душа – лишь один из множества примеров, которые иллюстрируют непреложную истину: сталкиваясь за рубежом с чем-то необычным и непривычным, люди порой превратно судят о нём из-за инстинктивной склонности мерить всё на свой аршин. Следует от этого отказаться и разобраться в системе представлений, мерок и норм, присущих данному народу. ____ В каждой главе, посвященной отдельной теме, автор всё время исследует дуализм, присущий этому миру в настоящее время, в котором так лихо переплетаются …

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