What do we know about Consciousness?
- Consciousness is associated with some complex, adaptive, biological networks (not immune system nor enteric nervous system)
- Consciousness does not require behavior
- Consciousness does not require emotions
- Consciousness can be dissociated from selective attention
- Consciousness does not require language — babies are shown to be conscious
- Consciousness does not require self-consciousness
- Consciousness does not require long-term memory
- Consciousness can occur in one cerebral hemisphere – which means that we could have 2 simultaneous separate conscious experiences
- Destruction of cortical regions interferes with specific content of consciousness – which indicates that there is not a “center of consciousness” in the brain, but it arises from distributed activity
These facts are very interesting, and provide us with a specific lens to form hypotheses on how consciousness works, and could be created.