Johns Hopkins Health Library
- Adrenal glands, also known as suprarenal glands, are small, triangular-shaped glands located on top of both kidneys.
- Adrenal glands produce hormones that help regulate your metabolism, immune system, blood pressure, response to stress and other essential functions.
- Adrenal glands are composed of two parts — the cortex and the medulla — which are each responsible for producing different hormones.
- When adrenal glands don’t produce enough hormones, this can lead to adrenal insufficiency (Addison’s disease).
- Adrenal glands may develop nodules that can be benign or malignant, which can potentially produce excessive amounts of certain hormones leading to various health issues.
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