Michael Molina

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3 Responses to Michael Molina

  1. shinichi says:

    What is déjà vu?

    by Michael Molina

    https://ed.ted.com/lessons/what-is-deja-vu-what-is-deja-vu-michael-molina

    You might have felt it — the feeling that you’ve experienced something before, but, in reality, the experience is brand new. There are over 40 theories that attempt to explain the phenomenon of déjà vu. Michael Molina explains how neuroimaging and cognitive psychology have narrowed down the theories that could explain that feeling you’re having…again.

  2. shinichi says:

    既視感

    https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/既視感

    既視感(きしかん)は、実際は一度も体験したことがないのに、すでにどこかで体験したことのように感じる現象である。フランス語: “déjà-vu”よりデジャヴュ、フランス語由来の英語 “déjà vu”よりデジャヴまたはデジャブなどとも呼ばれる。

    フランス語の vu (「見る」を意味する動詞 voir の過去分詞)、および、訳語の「視」は、いずれも視覚を意味するものであるが、聴覚、触覚など視覚以外の要素もここでいう「体験」のうちに含まれる。既知感ともいう。

    既視感と逆に、見慣れたはずのものが未知のものに感じられることを「未視感」という。フランス語 “jamais vu”より「ジャメヴュ」「ジャメヴ」「ジャメブ」とも呼ばれる。

  3. shinichi says:

    Precognition

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Precognition

    Precognition (from the Latin prae-, “before” and cognitio, “acquiring knowledge”), also called prescience, future vision, future sight is a claimed psychic ability to see events in the future.

    As with other paranormal phenomena, there is no accepted scientific evidence that precognition is a real effect and it is widely considered to be pseudoscience. Precognition also appears to violate the principle of causality, that an effect cannot occur before its cause.

    Precognition has been widely believed in throughout history. Despite the lack of scientific evidence, many people still believe it to be real; it is still widely reported and remains a topic of research and discussion within the parapsychology community.

    **

    Various known psychological processes have been put forward to explain experiences of apparent precognition. These include:

    • Déjà vu or identifying paramnesia, in which people conjure up a false memory of a vision having occurred before the actual event.
    • Unconscious perception by which people unconsciously infer, from data they have unconsciously learned, that a certain event will probably happen in a certain context. When the event occurs, the former knowledge appears to have been acquired without the aid of recognized channels of information.
    • Self-fulfilling prophecy and Unconscious enactment in which people unconsciously bring about events which they have previously imagined.
    • Memory biases where people selectively remember or distort past experiences to match subsequent events. In one experiment, subjects were asked to write down their dreams in a diary. This prevented the selective memory effect, and the dreams no longer seemed accurate about the future. Another experiment gave subjects a fake diary of a student with apparently precognitive dreams. This diary described events from the person’s life, as well as some predictive dreams and some non-predictive dreams. When subjects were asked to recall the dreams they had read, they remembered more of the successful predictions than unsuccessful ones.
    • Coincidence where apparent instances of precognition in fact arise from the law of large numbers.

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