No doubt about it – mirror neurons are an exciting, intriguing discovery – but when you see them mentioned in the media, remember that most of the research on these cells has been conducted in monkeys. Remember too that there are many different types of mirror neuron. And that we’re still trying to establish for sure whether they exist in humans, and how they compare with the monkey versions. As for understanding the functional significance of these cells … don’t be fooled: that journey has only just begun.
There’s the fatalistic “solution” to the perennial population question: simply do nothing. This view relies on the highly unstable dynamics of our global population – it’s set to grow significantly, but then it will shrink. Every camp may get what they want in the end, though not forever.
Estimates vary, but we’re expected to reach “peak human” around 2070 or 2080, at which point there will be between 9.4 billion and 10.4 billion people on the planet. It may be a slow process – if we reach 10.4 billion, the UN expects the population to remain at this level for two decades – but eventually after this the population is projected to decline.
Une des causes méconnues de l’envolée du déficit public français est le surcoût que représentent les retraites de l’Etat. Financées par le budget depuis 1853, elles représentent maintenant 15 % du budget, soit presque autant que les autres dépenses de personnel de l’Etat (19 %). La mise en place du régime universel des retraites visait notamment à transférer ce lourd passif qui plombe les comptes de l’Etat. Retour sur un dérapage méconnu du grand public, expliquant les appétits centralisateurs de l’administration comme les réticences justifiées des régimes privés appelés, sans le dire, à colmater les brèches.
Biodiversity, the variety of life on Earth, provides us with services essential for human well-being such as clothing, food and medicines. But we are losing it at an alarming rate. A million plant and animal species are threatened with extinction, we have lost half of the world’s corals and lose forest areas the size of 27 football fields every minute. Coral reef systems are an indicator for healthy oceans, but we have already lost around 50% of warm-water coral reefs. If we do not limit global warming to well below 2°C we could lose the vast majority of coral systems. Forests stabilise our climate and without them global temperatures would be 0.5°C warmer. But every year we lose forests about the size of Portugal. Deforestation causes carbon emissions, increases droughts and leads to warmer, drier local climates. It also puts the food security and livelihood of millions of people at risk. We all need to eat, but the intensive and unsustainable way we currently produce food sees us degrade and destroy precious environments that are critical for people and nature. Food production has caused 70% of biodiversity loss on land and 50% in fresh water. It is also responsible for around 30% of all greenhouse gas emissions. Biodiversity is essential for our health, well-being and economic success. It is essential to understand why nature is in decline in order to alter this path. Five key drivers of biodiversity loss have been identified by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES). They are changes in the use of sea and land, direct exploitation of organisms, climate change, pollution and invasive non-native species.
You probably have never heard of System D. Neither had I until I started visiting street markets and unlicensed bazaars around the globe. System D is a slang phrase pirated from French-speaking Africa and the Caribbean. The French have a word that they often use to describe particularly effective and motivated people. They call them débrouillards. To say a man is a débrouillard is to tell people how resourceful and ingenious he is. The former French colonies have sculpted this word to their own social and economic reality. They say that inventive, self-starting, entrepreneurial merchants who are doing business on their own, without registering or being regulated by the bureaucracy and, for the most part, without paying taxes, are part of “l’economie de la débrouillardise.” Or, sweetened for street use, “Systeme D.” This essentially translates as the ingenuity economy, the economy of improvisation and self-reliance, the do-it-yourself, or DIY, economy. A number of well-known chefs have also appropriated the term to describe the skill and sheer joy necessary to improvise a gourmet meal using only the mismatched ingredients that happen to be at hand in a kitchen.
I like the phrase. It has a carefree lilt and some friendly resonances. At the same time, it asserts an important truth: what happens in all the unregistered markets and roadside kiosks of the world is not simply haphazard. It is a product of intelligence, resilience, self-organization and group solidarity, and it follows a number of well-worn though unwritten rules. It is, in that sense, a system.
It used to be that System D was small — a handful of market women selling a handful of shrivelled carrots to earn a handful of pennies. It was the economy of desperation. But as trade has expanded and globalized, System D has scaled up too. Today, System D is the economy of aspiration. It is where the jobs are. In 2009, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), a think tank sponsored by the governments of 30 of the most powerful capitalist countries and dedicated to promoting free-market institutions, concluded that half the workers of the world — close to 1.8 billion people — were working in System D: off the books, in jobs that were neither registered nor regulated, getting paid in cash, and, most often, avoiding income taxes.
How much would it cost to end extreme poverty in the world? Answer: Not that much actually. To end extreme poverty worldwide in 20 years, Sachs calculated that the total cost per year would be about $175 billion. This represents less than one percent of the combined income of the richest countries in the world.
There are soon to be 8 billion of us and counting. Yet while the world’s population is still growing fast overall, in many countries, the numbers are declining or will do soon.
Take the three largest. The population of China will begin to fall soon and could halve by 2100. India’s will peak around 2050. And the US population would fall from the 2030s if not for immigration.
So there are two distinct issues to deal with: rapid population growth in some nations and population declines in others.
Declining populations can be seen as a good thing in some ways – less pressure on wildlife, more space and so on. But having fewer working-age people and more older people is a huge economic challenge.
Apart from increasing immigration, there is no sure-fire way to stem individual nations’ population decline. This means that, in many parts of the world, governments need to be readying care and pensions systems to cope with ageing populations.
These trends are highly predictable over the next few decades, so there is absolutely no excuse for failing to prepare. It is also hugely important to invest in health. An ageing population has much less impact if people remain healthy well into old age.
In a 2008 New Scientist interview, environmental activist David Suzuki discussed how the maximum population our planet could sustain with “Western” lifestyles could be as low as 200 million. Could this number provide the goods and services necessary?
What is the minimum town size likely to have the range of retail goods and services, plus advanced medical facilities, that you may desire or need? In the UK, this is maybe in towns with a population of around 300,000, the size of Nottingham.
Plus que jamais, le monde est organisé en deux blocs : d’un côté, des démocraties à bout de souffle, phagocytées par les logiques néolibérales d’un monde globalisé ; de l’autre, des régimes autoritaires et dictatoriaux. Mais ces deux blocs sont en réalité les deux faces d’une même pièce. Les politiques néolibérales, soutenues par une “classe rapace” qui les a promues à travers le monde, ont démantelé l’État providence pièce par pièce. L’hôpital, l’éducation ou la justice ont été progressivement considérés comme des dépenses à réduire toujours plus. Cette “classe rapace”, qui n’a pas hésité à faire appel à des cabinets de conseil – en France notamment –, ne jure que par “le goût du risque”, “le courage”, “l’efficacité” et “la modernisation”, mots dont l’apparente vertu ou neutralité masquent en définitive la dérégulation des marchés, la diminution des dépenses sociales, l’accélération de l’effondrement des services publics et leur remplacement par des investisseurs privés. Et quand une catastrophe naturelle a lieu, de telles politiques deviennent les parfaites incarnations du “capitalisme du désastre”. Autres conséquences de ces politiques néolibérales maquillées de neutralité technocratique ? Les replis nationalistes qui nous embarquent dans un processus d’érosion démocratique et d’entrée en guerre.
C’est ainsi que le plaisir s’accroîtra à proportion de l’imagination, de la sensibilité et des connaissances. La nature, ni l’art qui la copie, ne disent rien à l’homme stupide ou froid, peu de chose à l’homme ignorant. Qu’est-ce donc que le goût ? Une facilité acquise par des expériences réitérées, à saisir le vrai ou le bon, avec la circonstance qui le rend beau, et d’en être promptement et vivement touché.
Si les expériences qui déterminent le jugement sont présentes à la mémoire, on aura le goût éclairé ; si la mémoire en est passée, et qu’il n’en reste que l’impression, on aura le tact, l’instinct.
Having worked and been educated across borders, Gen G is inherently global in their perspectives. When traveling, they aim to live like locals, seeking out authentic experiences in an effort to learn from the culture and people around them. This further enhances their ability to understand and appreciate, rather than judge, other cultures. This extends to an inherent tolerance of diversity in all its forms — racially, ethnically, religiously and gender-based.
Gen G’s multicultural experience and understanding enables them to work as effective team players, effortlessly crossing boundaries as they work in geographically dispersed teams. They are comfortable giving voice to all team members, allowing them to effectively harness the powerful benefits of diversity that are so crucial to fostering innovation.
Today’s consumers and B2B buyers care about companies’ authentic principles and economic value propositions — and Gen G is committed to turning passion into purpose. Gen G is the most socially conscious cohort since the 1960s. They naturally bring this sense of purpose into the workplace, helping companies communicate and execute their values in an authentic way.
GOAL 1: No Poverty High fertility rates and population growth can trap countries in poverty. Large family size and poverty often go hand-in-hand. People living in deprived areas are usually not empowered to choose the number of children they have and in some cases feel the need to have many so they can be provided for in their old age.
GOAL 2: Zero Hunger Feeding the world without destroying more nature will become increasingly difficult and eventually impossible under sustained population growth. Agriculture is already a leading cause of environmental degradation and further conversion of land for farming purposes will have devastating consequences for biodiversity and our climate.
In September 2015 the leaders of the world under the umbrella of the United Nations in New York subscribed to an ambitious set of global development goals, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). If actually pursued, several of these targets, particularly in the fields of reproductive health and female education, will have strong direct and indirect effects on future population trends, mostly in the direction of lower population growth. In this paper we endeavor to translate the most relevant of these goals into SDG population scenarios and thus quantify the likely effects of meeting these development goals on national population trajectories. The results show that meeting these goals would result in the world population peaking around 2060 and reaching 8.2–8.7 billion by 2100, depending on the specific SDG scenario.
This analysis quantitatively demonstrates that demography is not destiny and that policies, particularly in the field of female education and reproductive health, can contribute greatly to reducing world population growth.
The great defining event of the twenty-first century—one of the great defining events in human history—will occur in three decades, give or take, when the global population starts to decline. Once that decline begins, it will never end. We do not face the challenge of a population bomb but of a population bust—a relentless, generation-after-generation culling of the human herd. Nothing like this has ever happened before.
If you find this news shocking, that’s not surprising. The United Nations forecasts that our population will grow from seven billion to eleven billion in this century before leveling off after 2100. But an increasing number of demographers around the world believe the UN estimates are far too high. More likely, they say, the planet’s population will peak at around nine billion sometime between 2040 and 2060, and then start to decline, perhaps prompting the UN to designate a symbolic death to mark the occasion. By the end of this century, we could be back to where we are right now, and steadily growing fewer.
Populations are already declining in about two dozen states around the world; by 2050 the number will have climbed to three dozen. Some of the richest places on earth are shedding people every year: Japan, Korea, Spain, Italy, much of Eastern Europe. “We are a dying country,” Italy’s health minister, Beatrice Lorenzin, lamented in 2015.
But this isn’t the big news. The big news is that the largest developing nations are also about to grow smaller, as their own fertility rates come down. China will begin losing people in a few years. By the middle of this century, Brazil and Indonesia will follow suit. Even India, soon to become the most populous nation on earth, will see its numbers stabilize in about a generation and then start to decline.
De multiples raisons expliquent la baisse du taux de fécondité. L’intégration des femmes dans le marché de l’emploi retarde l’âge auquel elles ont leur premier enfant. La hausse des prix de l’immobilier dans les pays riches limite d’autant le développement d’une famille nombreuse pour des raisons de coûts trop élevés. Le développement de l’éducation et le meilleur accès aux soins et aux pratiques contraceptives jouent également un rôle dans le fait que les familles font moins d’enfants.
A population decline (also sometimes called underpopulation, depopulation, or population collapse) in humans is a reduction in a human population size. Over the long term, stretching from prehistory to the present, Earth’s total human population has continued to grow; however, current projections suggest that this long-term trend of steady population growth may be coming to an end.
Although population growth in the 20th and 21st centuries has skyrocketed, it can be slowed, stopped and reversed through actions which enhance global justice and improve people’s lives. Under the United Nations’ most optimistic scenario, a sustainable reduction in global population could happen within decades.
The democratic ideal of fully informed citizens is rarely realized. Ordinary people are preoccupied with their personal affairs and have little time for keeping abreast of public issues. Indeed, most citizens prefer to watch sitcoms (situation comedies) or sports. Naturally, the ability of the media to perform the function of keeping the public informed is compromised when citizens are uninterested. The news media cannot be expected to deliver a steady stream of in-depth public affairs programming that no one will watch. Accordingly, over time, the unrealistic ideal of attentive citizens who scour the media for political information has given way to the notion that democracy can function through “efficient” citizens who either pay attention only to issues of personal importance or rely on a variety of psychological cues, such as a candidate’s party affiliation, to compensate for a lack of factual information.A related alternative to the classic ideal of informed citizenship is that citizens do pay attention, but only when the media sound an alarm alerting them to issues that threaten the well-being of society or the nation.
The appearance of positive psychology at the turn of the century was a game changer. Gardner’s inspirational sermons no longer appeared to be mere mottoes about the power of individuals to lift themselves up, but rather, a scientific truth. Positive psychologists indeed provided the lofty legitimacy of science to powerful institutions, Forbes Top 100 multinational companies, and a multibillion global industry widely interested in promoting and selling the same simple idea that Gardner touts in his talks: anyone can reinvent their life and become the best version of themselves by simply adopting a more positive outlook on themselves and the surrounding world. To many, the pursuit of happiness had become a serious issue whose scientific approach would yield enormous social and psychological benefits. To many others, however, the science behind all these rosy promises of personal realization and social amelioration, both in theory and in practice, cast too much of a shadow over many of its most apologetic claims, disquieting uses and contentious effects.
Cloud seeding is not a once-and-done treatment. An unknown in the equation is whether cloud seeding will create an imbalance for nature to figure out. The argument goes that synthetically producing more precipitation than nature intended might keep the environment from balancing naturally.
Heat exchangers from instant water heaters provided the solution: the sodium hydroxide solution spirals along a pipe, absorbs water vapor and emits heat.
While replenishing the store, the 30-percent, “discharged” sodium hydroxide solution trickles downwards around the spiral pipe. Inside the pipe flows 60-degree hot water, which can be produced by a solar collector, for instance. The water from the sodium hydroxide solution evaporates; the water vapor is removed and condensed. The condensation heat is conducted into a geothermal probe, where it is stored. The sodium hydroxide solution that leaves the heat exchanger after charging is concentrated to 50 percent again, i.e. “charged” with thermal energy.
There’s a reasonable chance of a recession in the U.S. in 2023. – David Solomon, Chairman and CEO of Goldman Sachs
Fitch expects the U.S. economy to enter genuine recession territory — albeit relatively mild by historical standards — in 2Q23.
The projected recession is quite similar to that of 1990–1991, which followed similarly rapid Fed tightening in 1989–1990. – Olu Sonola, Head of U.S. Regional Economics at Fitch Ratings
Humanity has less than a five year window to take decisive action on climate change, the UK’s former chief scientist told the opening session of the National Climate Emergency Summit in Melbourne.
“We have to move rapidly,” said Professor Sir David King, founder and chair of the Centre for Climate Repair at Cambridge University and a former advisor to both the Blair and Brown governments.
“What we do over the next three to four years, I believe, is going to determine the future of humanity. We are in a very very desperate situation.”
King had previously advised the UK government that limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees was vital to avoiding uncontrollable environmental changes in the polar icecaps and Himalayas, but said he now realised this was wrong and the crucial point had already been crossed. “I am afraid the tipping point in that respect has been passed, and therefore we have to reverse these processes.”
He said emissions reductions, while imperative, could no longer control the crisis, and that radical geo-engineering interventions had become unavoidable.
“What we do in the next 2 to 3 years, will determine the future of humanity”
– Sir David King, World renowned climate scientist and the former Chief Scientific Advisor to the UK (February 2022)
“The science is clear. Canadians have been clear. We must not only continue taking real climate action, we must also move faster and go further. As Canadians are increasingly experiencing across the country, climate change is an existential threat.”
– Justin Trudeau
“This is an emergency and for emergency situations we need emergency action.”
– Ban Ki-Moon, Former UN Secretary-General
“We have to move rapidly. What we do, I believe, in the next 3-4 years will determine the future of humanity.”
– Prof Sir David King, ex science advisor to successive UK governments, last year
“…Any further delay in concerted global action will miss a brief and rapidly closing window to secure a liveable future.”
– Hans-Otto Portner, co chair of the IPCC Working Group II, sixth assessment in February this year (2022)
“Delay means death”
– UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, this year (2022)
“If we don’t take action the collapse of our civilizations and the extinction of much of the natural world is on the horizon”
– Sir David Attenborough
We are living in the darkest hour in human history so far. The science is clear and undisputed now: temperatures have risen as our greenhouse gas emissions have increased and are wreaking havoc on our planet… but it is going to get far, far worse. We are facing the end of civilization. This is an academic way of saying that humankind — billions of people — will face unlivable conditions and will devolve into starvation, slaughter and suffering on a global scale. This is not a distant future – millions of people are dying now because of climate destruction.
Torrlagda våtmarker orsakar 25% av Sveriges koldioxidutsläpp. Det är dags att göra något åt det! Kampanjen Återställ Våtmarker kräver att regeringen påbörjar en massiv insats för att återställa utdikade och torrlagda våtmarker!
Nous sommes la dernière génération capable d’empêcher un effondrement sociétal.
Malgré l’urgence absolue, le gouvernement a trahi sa promesse d’appliquer “sans filtre” les mesures de la Convention Citoyenne pour le Climat (CCC), dont celle qui concerne la rénovation énergétique des bâtiments en France. Il a été condamné par ses propres tribunaux pour manquement à ses propres lois.
C’est désormais à nous, citoyens et citoyennes ordinaires, de faire appliquer les engagements auxquels notre gouvernement refuse de se plier. C’est à nous d’entrer en résistance civile.
En Suisse les bâtiments représentent la moitié (45%) de la consommation totale d’énergie et sont la deuxième source d’émission de C02, juste derrière les transports. Ils représentent environ 33 % de toutes les émissions de CO2. Malgré une forte baisse par rapport à 1990, les émissions des bâtiments en Suisse sont supérieures à la moyenne européenne. Dans les ménages, deux tiers de l’énergie finale part dans les chauffages qui fonctionne pour la plupart encore aux énergies fossiles.
Ainsi, les bâtiments sont de véritables gouffres énergétiques. Cela a un impact à la fois sur le climat, mais aussi sur les habitants. Avec l’augmentation du prix de l’énergie, les personnes les plus précaires se retrouvent dans une situation risquée, pouvant mener à une impossibilité de se chauffer par manque de moyens.
La rénovation des bâtiments est une mesure essentielle pour que la Suisse atteigne les objectifs climatiques qu’elle s’est fixés. Actuellement, un million de maisons sont à rénover d’urgence. Au rythme actuel, il faudrait 100 ans pour réhabiliter l’ensemble du parc immobilier Suisse. En effet, le taux de rénovation de l’enveloppe existante du bâtiment est de 1 % par an. Pour atteindre les objectifs de la stratégie énergétique 2050, il faudrait doubler, voire tripler, ce pourcentage.
OUR MISSION: Restoration of passenger rail across the country to at least year 2000 levels with affordable, accessible rail options reducing inequality and carbon emissions.
Restore Passenger Rail is a new climate campaign is setting up right now in Aotearoa. We have a plan to prevent the catastrophic climate change that we are currently heading for. That’s right – it’s a plan not just help to mitigate to some extent, but actually change the political playing field on climate across a number of democratic countries, and save the climate. How? Why? We have no time to loose: In the next 10-20 years we will hit 2 degrees warming, this will make 20% of the earth uninhabitable. This will mean 1 billion climate refugees. This will bring, violence, war and societal collapse will. Thankfully we can turn things around and provide public services that benefit our people. We can reduce overall consumption and share what we have. We have two to three years to do this but governments here and around the world lie and say they are dealing with it, while destruction of the natural world is accelerating and emissions are still rising. Is it really that bad? Sadly – yes. We can see with our own eyes the devastating effects of climate change and ecological collapse and the adverse affects on societies and global stability as a result. Here in NZ we are seeing 1 in 100 year extreme weather events happening year on year, sometimes twice in a year. We see fish wash up on our shores dead, in India we have seen deaths due to extreme heat, wildfires across the world, extreme cyclones in the US, Pakistan 1/3 underwater with 30 million people forced to leave their homes.
We are in a climate crisis and the BC Government continues to allow the logging of 1000 year old trees
Old Growth Forests act as an essential carbon sink; they hold the soil and reduce the risk and severity of floods and landslides; they act as a natural barrier to wild fires, are home to many endangered species and are culturally and spiritually significant ancestors of these lands.
Only 2.7% of B.C.’s original productive old growth forests remain.
A 2022 Poll showed 82% of British Columbians support legislation to ban all old growth logging in the province.
Over 1,100 people have been arrested at the Fairy Creek Blockade and numerous other blockades have been set up across the province.
We are facing the destruction of our society, the economy, everything we love and more.
Saving these precious and important ecosystems is an essential step in preserving a livable future. We must do whatever it nonviolently takes.
Our Demand: Pass legislation to immediately end ALL Old Growth logging in the province of British Columbia
Society is at a pivotal crossroads. Climate breakdown in the form of un-natural disasters is happening all across the globe. Our planet is on the brink of collapse.
Australia punches above its weight in contributing to global emissions as the third largest exporter of fossil fuels. Consecutive governments have allowed the nation’s resources to be plundered and exploited for the profit of a few.
We know democracy is broken when those elected to represent us are negligent in their duty of care to protect their citizens. The missing piece is the social and political will to make change happen.
If the Government is serious about the climate crisis there can be no more fossil fuel subsidies for the coal, gas and oil industries. No new approvals, no expansions, and rapid closure plans for all existing fossil fuel extraction.
That $11billion must be used for solutions rather than subsiding a destructive industry that makes huge profits and pays little or no taxes. There must be a commitment to invest in mitigation and adaption strategies.
We are at a crucial moment in history, where the global crisies are lined up one after the other.
Climate collapse, Covid-19, racism, destruction of biological diversity; all are symptoms of a toxic system which drives us towards extinction. A system which is built on economic inequality, depletion of the planet’s resources, destruction of nature and exploitation of people and nature for profit.
It is truly a global crisis. The future is uncertain and life itself is under threat. Now we can no longer ignore the problems. Now the time for acting in a way that aligns with the severity of the situation has come. Science has concluded. We stand at beginning of a man-made mass extinction, and our governments aren’t even close to properly protecting its citizens, our resources, our biological diversity, our planet, or our future.
Instead they actively contribute to further destruction.
We can not continue like this. The system takes lives.
This crisis knows no bounds and does not distinguish between races or ethnicities. Although wealth can give some protection, it is temporary. Time is running out, and if we fail to stand together in order to protect our planet we will all be in danger, and all will feel the consequences of the collapse.
Italy is being destroyed by the climate and ecological crisis. We are among the most affected countries in Europe and the next few years will be worse and worse. If we do not change course immediately, soon there will be no more food or work, we will risk losing our homes and ordinary people will pay the consequences of an unprecedented disaster.
Our country as we know it now is in danger of being wiped out; schools, hospitals, and all infrastructures will collapse if we don’t take action radically.
We are the Last Generation of the old world. We are here today to say we will create a new world – where humanity embraces itself, forgives itself, loves itself and commits to continue our great adventure. As the Last Generation, we will do whatever it takes to protect our generation and all future generations. As is our inalienable right.
The old world is dying. We are in the last hour, the darkest hour. This world is being decimated before our eyes. We are in between moments. What we do now decides the fate of both this world and the next. So we decide. We decide, we are no longer indulging in our fears, our despair, our resentments. We are putting ourselves behind us.
The choice: rapid transition to a low energy and low carbon world, or social collapse. We can do it now, in an orderly manner – creating millions of proper skilled jobs and protecting the rights of workers in sunset industries – or we wait for the unavoidable collapse.
Climate collapse will mean the end of workers’ rights, women’s rights, all human rights. It is already the greatest injustice visited on the global south in human history. If you are not in resistance you are appeasing evil. If you continue to stand by you are betraying 200 years of struggle and the sacrifice of those that came before us. It is time to put everything aside, we are going into resistance with or without you. Are you bystander or are you going to rise up?
(From the diaries of José Rizal, 1888) Japan has enchanted me. The beautiful scenery, the flowers, the trees, and the inhabitants — so pleasant. O-Sei-San, Sayonara, Sayonara! I have spent a happy golden month; I do not know if I can have another one like that in all my life. Love, money, friendship, appreciation, honors — these have not been wanting. To think that I am leaving this life for the uncertain, the unknown. There I was offered an easy way to live, beloved and esteemed… To you, I dedicate the final chapter of these memoirs of my youth. No woman, like you, has ever loved me. No woman, like you, has ever sacrificed for me. Like the flower of the chodji that falls from the stem fresh and whole without falling leaves or without withering — with poetry still despite its fall — thus you fell. Neither have you lost your purity nor have the delicate petals of your innocence faded — Sayonara, Sayonara! You shall never return to know that I have once more thought of you and that your image lives in my memory, and undoubtedly, I am always thinking of you. Your name lives in the sight of my lips, your image accompanies and animates all my thoughts. When shall I return to pass another divine afternoon like that in the temple of Meguro? When shall the sweet hours I spent with your return? When shall I find them sweeter, more tranquil, more pleasing? You the color of the camelia, its freshness, its elegance… Ah! The last descendant of a noble family, faithful to an unfortunate vengeance, you are lovely like . . . everything has ended! Sayonara, Sayonara!
Global cooling was much more an invention of the media than it was a real scientific concern. A survey of peer-reviewed scientific papers published between 1965 and 1979 shows that the large majority of research at the time predicted that the earth would warm as carbon-dioxide levels rose — as indeed it has. And some of those global-cooling projections were based on the idea that aerosol levels in the atmosphere — which are a product of air pollution from sources like coal burning and which contribute to cooling by deflecting sunlight in the atmosphere — would keep rising. But thanks to environmental legislation like the Clean Air Acts, global air-pollution levels — not including greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide — peaked in the 1970s and began declining.
The reality is that scientists in the 1970s were just beginning to understand how climate change and aerosol pollution might impact global temperatures. Add in the media-hype cycle — which was true then as it is now — and you have some coverage that turned out to be wrong. But thanks to the Internet, those stories stay undead, recycled by notorious climate skeptics like George Will. Pay no attention to the Photoshop. It’s the science we should heed — and the science says man-made climate change is real and very, very worrying.
(EcoHealth and other like-minded research groups did not prevent the COVID-19 pandemic. We’ve clearly failed. (But that’s in part because the world ignored the 2003 warning from SARS, which originated at Chinese wildlife markets and quickly spread globally.) And we never shut down the markets. That’s the problem,
We’re in this pandemic era where COVID is not the last one—I mean, give me a break. And there’s worse out there.