Category Archives: globe



David Wallace-Wells

It is worse, much worse, than you think. The slowness of climate change is a fairy tale, perhaps as pernicious as the one that says it isn’t happening at all, and comes to us bundled with several others in an anthology of comforting delusions: that global warming is an Arctic saga, unfolding remotely; that it is strictly a matter of sea level and coastlines, not an enveloping crisis sparing no place and leaving no life undeformed; that it is a crisis of the “natural” world, not the human one; that those two are distinct, and that we live today somehow outside or beyond or at the very least defended against nature, not inescapably within and literally overwhelmed by it; that wealth can be a shield against the ravages of warming; that the burning of fossil fuels is the price of continued economic growth; that growth, and the technology it produces, will allow us to engineer our way out of environmental disaster; that there is any analogue to the scale or scope of this threat, in the long span of human history, that might give us confidence in staring it down.


振り返れば、平成時代の財政は、消費税の導入の実現とともに始まった。平成2年度予算では、15 年もの歳月と多大な歳出削減努力を経て、特例公債からの脱却が達成された。
しかし、今や、その特例公債の発行額は平成 30 年度当初予算ベースで 27.6 兆円にも及ぶ。現在の世代のみが受益し、その費用の負担を将来世代に先送ることの問題点については今更多言を要しないが、少子高齢化によってその深刻さは増している。
そして、今年度末には平成2年度(1990 年度)末の 5.3 倍に当たる 883兆円もの公債残高が積み上がり、一般政府債務残高は対 GDP 比 238%に達しようとしている。歴史的にみても、足下の債務残高対 GDP 比は、先ほど言及した第2次世界大戦末期の水準に匹敵している。


Mercredi 11 mars 2020, les forces de sécurité grecques utilisent des gaz lacrymogènes contre des migrants à la frontière turco-grecque, à Pazarkule.







Anthropocentrism is the belief that human beings are the most important entity in the universe. Anthropocentrism interprets or regards the world in terms of human values and experiences. The term can be used interchangeably with humanocentrism, and some refer to the concept as human supremacy or human exceptionalism. Anthropocentrism is considered to be profoundly embedded in many modern human cultures and conscious acts. It is a major concept in the field of environmental ethics and environmental philosophy, where it is often considered to be the root cause of problems created by human action within the ecosphere. However, many proponents of anthropocentrism state that this is not necessarily the case: they argue that a sound long-term view acknowledges that a healthy, sustainable environment is necessary for humans and that the real issue is shallow anthropocentrism.

Judeo-Christian tradition
Maimonides, a scholar of the Torah who lived in the 12th century AD, was noted for being decidedly anti-anthropocentric. Maimonides called man “a mere ‘drop of the bucket'” and “not ‘the axle of the world'”. He also claimed that anthropocentric thinking is what causes humans to think that evil things exist in nature. According to Rabbi Norman Lamm, Maimonides “thus deflate[d] man’s extravagant notions of his own importance and urge[d] us to abandon these illusions.”
In the 1985 CBC series “A Planet For the Taking”, Dr. David Suzuki explored the Old Testament roots of anthropocentrism and how it shaped our view of non-human animals. Some Christian proponents of anthropocentrism base their belief on the Bible, such as the verse 1:26 in the Book of Genesis:

And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

The use of the word “dominion” in the Genesis is controversial. Many Biblical scholars, especially Roman Catholic and other non-Protestant Christians, consider this to be a flawed translation of a word meaning “stewardship”, which would indicate that mankind should take care of the earth and its various forms of life.

Human rights
Anthropocentrism is the grounding for some naturalistic concepts of human rights. Defenders of anthropocentrism argue that it is the necessary fundamental premise to defend universal human rights, since what matters morally is simply being human. For example, noted philosopher Mortimer J. Adler wrote, “Those who oppose injurious discrimination on the moral ground that all human beings, being equal in their humanity, should be treated equally in all those respects that concern their common humanity, would have no solid basis in fact to support their normative principle.” Adler is stating here, that denying what is now called human exceptionalism could lead to tyranny, writing that if we ever came to believe that humans do not possess a unique moral status, the intellectual foundation of our liberties collapses: “Why, then, should not groups of superior men be able to justify their enslavement, exploitation, or even genocide of inferior human groups on factual and moral grounds akin to those we now rely on to justify our treatment of the animals we harness as beasts of burden, that we butcher for food and clothing, or that we destroy as disease-bearing pests or as dangerous predators?”


Would you fight for your country in case of war? (Yes-No Country [net balance])

94-06 Morocco [+88]
89-07 Pakistan [+82]
89-09 Vietnam [+80]
72-13 Thailand [+59]
75-17 India [+58]
76-20 Afghanistan [+56]
74-20 Finland [+54]
70-17 Indonesia [+53]
66-13 Israel [+53]
73-21 Turkey [+52]
71-23 China [+48]
70-26 Philippines [+44]
55-15 Sweden [+40]
59-20 Russia [+39]
56-27 Palestinian Territories [+29]
44-31 USA [+13]
46-36 Serbia [+10]
39-47 Switzerland [-8]
42-50 South Korea [-8]
30-43 Australia [-13]
30-45 Canada [-15]
29-44 France [-15]
28-47 Portugal [-19]
27-51 UK [-24]
26-52 Iceland [-26]
21-49 Spain [-28]
10-43 Japan [-33]
23-57 Hong Kong [-34]
19-56 Belgium [-37]
23-64 Czech Republic [-41]
21-62 Austria [-41]
18-62 Germany [-44]
20-68 Italy [-48]
15-64 Netherlands [-49]

Daniel E. Lieberman

Exceeding a recommended body weight is not necessarily unhealthy, as is evident from the many overweight individuals who live long and reasonably healthy lives. About one-third of people who are overweight show no sign of metabolic disturbance, perhaps because they have genes that adapt them to being heavy. But as this chapter has repeatedly stressed, what matters most for health is not fat per se. Even more important predictors of health and longevity are where you store your body fat, what you eat, and how physically active you are. One landmark study, which followed nearly 22,000 men of all weights, sizes, and ages for eight years, found that lean men who did not exercise had twice the risk of dying as obese men who engaged in regular physical activity (after adjusting for other factors, such as smoking, alcohol, and age). Being fit can mitigate the negative effects of being fat. Therefore, a sizeable percentage of fit but overweight and even mildly obese individuals do not have a greater risk of premature death.



Paul Krugman

In a rational world, the burning of Australia would be a historical turning point. After all, it’s exactly the kind of catastrophe climate scientists long warned us to expect if we didn’t take action to limit greenhouse gas emissions. In fact, a 2008 report commissioned by the Australian government predicted that global warming would cause the nation’s fire seasons to begin earlier, end later, and be more intense — starting around 2020.
Furthermore, though it may seem callous to say it, this disaster is unusually photogenic. You don’t need to pore over charts and statistical tables; this is a horror story told by walls of fire and terrified refugees huddled on beaches.


Name Meaning No. item
Sampo sedae 三放世代 1 Courtship
2 Marriage
3 Childbirth
Opo sedae 五放世代 4 Employment
5 Home ownership
Chilpo sedae 七放世代 6 Interpersonal relationships
7 Hope
Gupo sedae 九放世代 8 Health
9 Physical appearance
Sippo sedae
(Wanpo sedae)
10 Life

Monica Heisey

I buy padded headbands I don’t need. I cancel plans I want to go to. I act like a better person than I am. The algorithms have broken my brain.



Country Area cultivated
thousand hectares
(2,500 acres)
thousand kg/ha
(890 lb/acre)
thousand tonnes
(1,100 short tons)
China 23,458 230 539,993
India 7,256 138 100,045
United States 1,120 318 35,609
Turkey 1,090 238 25,901
Iran 767 261 19,995
Egypt 755 251 19,487
Italy 537 265 14,201
Russia 759 175 13,283
Spain 348 364 12,679
Mexico 681 184 12,515
Nigeria 1844 64 11,830
Brazil 500 225 11,233
Japan 407 264 10,746
Indonesia 1082 90 9,780
South Korea 268 364 9,757
Vietnam 818 110 8,976
Ukraine 551 162 8,911
Uzbekistan 220 342 7,529
Philippines 718 88 6,299
France 245 227 5,572
Total world 55,598 188 1,044,380

National Science Foundation

Mark Maloof

What is Artificial Intelligence?

  • augmented intelligence
  • business intelligence
  • cognitive analytics
  • cognitive computing
  • cognitive technologies
  • expert systems
  • knowledge-based systems
  • intelligent agents
  • intelligent systems











クワエ (Kuwae) は、南太平洋の国バヌアツのシェパード諸島に存在する火山、海底火山、カルデラ。1452年から1453年にかけて発生した大噴火が知られている。火山爆発指数はVEI6。当時の噴火の様子を記録されたものはない。大量の火山噴出物は大気中に拡散して日射量を減少させ、世界各地で火山の冬(もしくは夏のない年のような状況)のような極端な寒冷化をもたらした。日本では、長禄・寛正の飢饉の引き金になったほか、欧州でも飢饉となり同時期(1453年5月)にコンスタンティノープルの陥落(東ローマ帝国の滅亡)も生じたことから関連付けて語られることがある。

Ella Alderson

  • The fourth dimension is not a spacial one but it consists instead of time. Time helps plot an object’s location in the universe and also adds a way for the third dimension to change.
  • In the fifth dimension there would be a new world that would allow us to see the similarities and differences between our world and this new one, existing in the same position and having the same beginning as our planet, i.e. the Big Bang.
  • The sixth dimension is an entire plane of new worlds that would allow you to see all possible futures, presents, and pasts with, again, the same beginning as our universe.
  • In the seventh dimension up through the ninth, we now have the possibility of new universes with new physical forces of nature and different laws of gravity and light. The seventh dimension is the beginning of this, where we encounter new universes which have a different beginning from ours. That is, they were not born from the Big Bang.
  • The eight dimension is a plane of all the possible pasts and futures for each universe, stretching infinitely.
  • The ninth dimension lays bare all the universal laws of physics and the conditions of each individual universe.
  • Some scientists believe that the multiverse has only 10 dimensions while others put that number at 11. However, a universe cannot have more than 11 dimensions because of self consistency — they become unstable and collapse back down into 11 or 10 dimensions. At this point, anything is possible. There are all futures, all pasts, all beginnings and all ends, infinitely extended, a dimension of anything you can imagine. Everything comes together.

Lac Su

(When Lac returns home, he imitates the way Art talks to his parents, by saying “I love you” to Pa, who rebuts:)
What the fuck? Pa leaps up from the creeper and kicks it back against the garage door with his heel. He gets right in my face. Motherfuck! What did you just say? Who the fuck do you think you are? Who do you think I am? Are you trying to imitate those white people by telling me those fucking words? Stop that shit! Don’t you ever say those weak words to me ever again, you hear me?









Carl Sagan

Look again at that dot. That’s here. That’s home. That’s us. On it everyone you love, everyone you know, everyone you ever heard of, every human being who ever was, lived out their lives. The aggregate of our joy and suffering, thousands of confident religions, ideologies, and economic doctrines, every hunter and forager, every hero and coward, every creator and destroyer of civilization, every king and peasant, every young couple in love, every mother and father, hopeful child, inventor and explorer, every teacher of morals, every corrupt politician, every “superstar,” every “supreme leader,” every saint and sinner in the history of our species lived there-on a mote of dust suspended in a sunbeam.



Jared Diamond

People often ask, “What is the single most important environmental/population problem facing the world today?” A flip answer would be, “The single most important problem is our misguided focus on identifying the single most important problem!

David P. Barash

Welcome to the ‘anthropic principle’, a kind of Goldilocks phenomenon or ‘intelligent design’ for the whole Universe. It’s easy to describe, but difficult to categorise: it might be a scientific question, a philosophical concept, a religious argument — or some combination. The anthropic principle holds that if such phenomena as the gravitational constant, the exact electric charge on the proton, the mass of electrons and neutrons, and a number of other deep characteristics of the Universe differed at all, human life would be impossible. According to its proponents, the Universe is fine-tuned for human life.






‘Platonic friendships provide a fertile soil for unrequited love’. Thus the object of unrequited love is often a friend or acquaintance, someone regularly encountered in the workplace, during the course of work, school or other activities involving large groups of people. This creates an awkward situation in which the admirer has difficulty in expressing their true feelings, a fear that revelation of feelings might invite rejection, cause embarrassment or might end all access to the beloved, as a romantic relationship may be inconsistent with the existing association.

Pascal Oesch, Ivelina Momcheva

It may look like just a blue blob, but it’s a technical feat for astronomers to have imaged this galaxy, which lies about 13.1 billion light-years from Earth and hails from a time less than 700 million years after the big bang.




  1. ローマ字のつづり方は改修ヘボン式によること。
  2. 長音の符号には「 ̄(マクロン)」を用いること。
  3. はねる音「ん」はB・P・Mの前はM、その他はNを用いること。
  4. はねる音M・Nとその次に来る母音(Yを含む。)とを切り離す必要があるときは「-」を用いること。
  5. 促音はCHの前はTを、その他の場合には次に来る子音を重ねること。



末尾 CPUの一例 説明
なし Core i7-6700 通常版CPU。
X Core i7-5960X 倍率ロックフリーを示す
K Core i7-6700K 倍率ロックフリーを示す
C Core i7-5775C 末尾X, Kと同様に倍率ロックフリーを示す
S Core i7-4770S 省電力版CPU。省電力になることと引き換えに
T Core i7-4770T 超省電力版CPU


 ――盗人は妻を手ごめにすると、そこへ腰を下したまま、いろいろ妻を慰め出した。おれは勿論口は利けない。体も杉の根に縛られている。が、おれはその間に、何度も妻へ目くばせをした。この男の云う事を真に受けるな、何を云っても嘘と思え、――おれはそんな意味を伝えたいと思った。しかし妻は悄然と笹の落葉に坐ったなり、じっと膝へ目をやっている。それがどうも盗人の言葉に、聞き入っているように見えるではないか? おれは妬しさに身悶えをした。が、盗人はそれからそれへと、巧妙に話を進めている。一度でも肌身を汚したとなれば、夫との仲も折り合うまい。そんな夫に連れ添っているより、自分の妻になる気はないか? 自分はいとしいと思えばこそ、大それた真似も働いたのだ、――盗人はとうとう大胆にも、そう云う話さえ持ち出した。
 盗人にこう云われると、妻はうっとりと顔を擡げた。おれはまだあの時ほど、美しい妻を見た事がない。しかしその美しい妻は、現在縛られたおれを前に、何と盗人に返事をしたか? おれは中有に迷っていても、妻の返事を思い出すごとに、嗔恚に燃えなかったためしはない。妻は確かにこう云った、――「ではどこへでもつれて行って下さい。」(長き沈黙)


The Golden Rule (which can be considered a law of reciprocity in some religions) is the principle of treating others as one would wish to be treated. It is a maxim that is found in many religions and cultures. The maxim may appear as either a positive or negative injunction governing conduct:

  • One should treat others as one would like others to treat oneself (positive or directive form).
  • One should not treat others in ways that one would not like to be treated (negative or prohibitive form).
  • What you wish upon others, you wish upon yourself (empathic or responsive form).

The Golden Rule differs from the maxim of reciprocity captured in do ut des—”I give so that you will give in return”—and is rather a unilateral moral commitment to the well-being of the other without the expectation of anything in return.


Artificial Intelligence has the power to advance humankind more than fire and electricity. Everywhere. We believe it is of greatest importance that AI knowledge and technology is made available, usable and affordable for all.
The recent rapid growth of AI paired with a plentiful, almost unlimited access to data democratizes the power, infrastructure and knowledge required for AI to be available to more than just multi-billion-dollar corporations. Organizations of all sizes now stand to reap the benefits that come with AI’s new way of solving problems, opening doors we could never open on our own – or even see were there in the first place.

Zhang Jianfeng

To mark the 40th anniversary of the signing of the Sino-Japanese Peace and Friendship Treaty, Japan’s Eisei Bunko Museum donated 4,175 ancient Chinese books to the National Library of China on Tuesday. Guests and officials from both countries attended the donation ceremony at the National Museum of Classic Books in Beijing.
All volumes, covering Confucian classics, historical records, philosophical writings and miscellaneous works, come from the family collection of the Hosokawa clan, owner of the Eisei Bunko Museum. The chairman of the museum Morihiro Hosokawa, who was also the 50th Prime Minister of Japan, presented the books to the National Library.

Ryan Giggs

There’s never been completion in my football career because I’ve always been striving for that next thing. You listen to people who have finished and nothing replaces playing, but I’m still excited about not having to put my body through what I’ve put it through. And not feeling the disappointment that I feel.


French Press Coffee







Wendy Marx

A thought leadership strategy is a blueprint for industry success. Not only does it boost your credibility, but it also puts your brand on the map. But thought leadership doesn’t happen overnight. It takes careful planning to position yourself as an industry star.
PR and thought leadership strategy go hand in hand. In fact, public relations is a key way to carve out your strategy and attain thought leadership status within your industry.



貧困率 1990年:35.3% 2013年:10.7%
貧困層の数 1990年:18億6400万人 2013年:7億6800万人

New World Wealth

Cities with large (1,000+) outflows of HNWIs in 2017

City (alphabetical) Location
Istanbul Turkey
Jakarta Indonesia
Lagos Nigeria
London UK
Moscow Russia
Paris France
Sao Paulo Brazil


Si le monde entier vivait comme les Français, la capacité des écosystèmes à se régénérer serait épuisée dès le 5 mai, en à peine plus de quatre mois. Il faudrait donc 2,9 planètes pour que les océans et les forêts stockent le CO2 relâché en un an par les activités humaines, et pour assurer l’alimentation en bétail et en poissons, ou l’approvisionnement en bois de la population mondiale.





La Chaîne Météo

L’équinoxe de printemps a lieu ce mardi 20 mars à 17h15 exactement : c’est le moment où le gain de luminosité est le plus fort, avec 4 minutes de soleil en plus par jour.

Rebecca L. Cann, Mark Stoneking, Allan C. Wilson

Mitochondrial DNAs from 147 people, drawn from five geographic populations have been analysed by restriction mapping. All these mitochondrial DNAs stem from one woman who is postulated to have lived about 200,000 years ago, probably in Africa. All the populations examined except the African population have multiple origins, implying that each area was colonised repeatedly.








NEM is a peer-to-peer cryptocurrency and blockchain platform launched on March 31, 2015. Written in Java, with a C++ version in the works, NEM has a stated goal of a wide distribution model and has introduced new features to blockchain technology such as its proof-of-importance (POI) algorithm, multisignature accounts, encrypted messaging, and an Eigentrust++ reputation system. The NEM blockchain software is used in a commercial blockchain called Mijin, which is being tested by financial institutions and private companies in Japan and internationally.
Mijin is a private blockchain that uses the NEM software. The developers claim that it will reduce banking institutional costs by 90% while making banking more secure. Sakura Internet is partnered with Tech Bureau to offer 6 month free trials of Mijin for people to try. It was tested in December 2015 by Japan’s largest trust bank, SBI Sumishin Net Bank, owned by Sumitomo Mitsui Trust Holdings, to add to their online banking services.

Fred Kofman, Ken Wilber

A conscious business promotes mindfulness for all of its stakeholders. Employees are encouraged to investigate the world with rigorous scientific reasoning, and to reflect on their role in it with equally rigorous moral reasoning. They are invited to contemplate their own selves, finding what it means to live with virtue, meaning, and happiness. They are also asked to think of their colleagues as human beings, rather than as “human resources.” Finally, they are required to understand their customers, offering them products and services that support their growth and well-being. A conscious business fosters peace and happiness in individuals, respect and solidarity in the community, and mission accomplishment in the organisation.
Most of us recognize that companies need employees with a high level of technical knowledge if they are to succeed in the information economy. I believe it is more important, and far less recognized, that companies also need employees with a high level of consciousness. Without conscious employees, companies cannot achieve greatness—let alone survive.

Mary-Frances Winters

The word “same” means “identical”, not different, conforming in every detail.


The word “equal” on the other hand, is defined as one being the same in status and quality, having the same access, etc.



そうだ うれしいんだ 生きるよろこび
たとえ 胸の傷がいたんでも
なんのために生まれて なにをして生きるのか
こたえられないなんて そんなのはいやだ!


日本の中にも拡大しつつある 格差社会。


この「美術」の語は一八七三年一月の日本で、ウィーン万国博覧会に出品をすすめる太政官布告のなかにはじめて役人が用いたことが北澤憲昭氏によって明らかにされている。 。。。 この「美術」が、一八七六年、工部省設置の工部美術学校という学校名などに用いられ、一般社会にひろまってゆくとされる。
。。。 北澤憲昭氏は、一九〇七年に開催された文部省美術展覧会を目安として、「美術」が絵画と彫刻などに限られて用いられるようになったと述べている。

Science et Vie

Elles pensent !

Révélations sur l’intelligence des plantes

Douées de mémoire, capables de prendre des décisions et même d’apprendre : les plantes démontrent une intelligence du troisième type.

Curtis LeMay

Killing Japanese didn’t bother me very much at that time… I suppose if I had lost the war, I would have been tried as a war criminal…. Every soldier thinks something of the moral aspects of what he is doing. But all war is immoral and if you let that bother you, you’re not a good soldier.

Michael Goldfarb

The recent independence referendums in Iraqi Kurdistan and Catalonia, and the predictable heavy-handed responses from the central governments in Baghdad and Madrid, have raised many questions — a catechism without answers — on the meaning of nationhood in the 21st century. What is a nation? What is a nation-state? Is it the same as a country? Are a people, or a tribe, the same thing as a nation? In a globalized economy what does national sovereignty really mean?
Around 500 years ago, at another time of political and economic flux, a Polish nobleman, whose name is lost to history, was asked about his national identity. He responded, “I am of the Polish nation, of the Lithuanian citizenship, of the Ruthenian people, and of Jewish origin.”

ガールスカウト日本連盟 (Girl Scouts of Japan)

会場は東京タワーの下、芝公園の東京プリンスホテル。戦後に活動を再興した日本のガールスカウトが、世界連盟に完全復帰をしてから6年目のことでした。日本中のガールスカウトが世界のお客様をおもてなしの心で迎え、国際的な団体の一員であることを誇りに思いました。世界会議のテーマは「知るは 理解を 理解は 愛を」でした。


Printed in March 1812, this political cartoon was drawn in reaction to the newly drawn state senate election district of South Essex created by the Massachusetts legislature to favor the Democratic-Republican Party candidates of Governor Elbridge Gerry over the Federalists. The caricature satirizes the bizarre shape of a district in Essex County, Massachusetts, as a dragon-like “monster”. Federalist newspaper editors and others at the time likened the district shape to a salamander, and the word gerrymander was a blend of that word and Governor Gerry’s last name.

Rainer Weiss, Kip Thorne, Barry Barish

A billion years ago (give or take), in a galaxy far, far away, two black holes concluded a cosmic pas de deux. After orbiting each other more and more closely, their mutual gravity tugging each to the other, they finally collided and merged into one. Their collision released enormous energy — equivalent to about three times the mass of our sun. The black holes’ inspiral, collision and merger roiled the surrounding space-time, sending gravitational waves streaming out in every direction at the speed of light.
By the time those waves reached earth, early in the morning of Sept. 14, 2015, the once-cosmic roar had attenuated to a barely perceptible whimper. Even so, two enormous machines — the miles-long detectors at the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) sites in Louisiana and Washington State — picked up unmistakable traces of those waves.