History followed different courses for different peoples because of differences among peoples’ environments, not because of biological differences among peoples themselves.
Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies
by Jared Diamond
In this “artful, informative, and delightful” book, Jared Diamond convincingly argues that geographical and environmental factors shaped the modern world. Societies that had had a head start in food production advanced beyond the hunter-gatherer stage, and then developed religion –as well as nasty germs and potent weapons of war –and adventured on sea and land to conquer and decimate preliterate cultures. A major advance in our understanding of human societies, Guns, Germs, and Steel chronicles the way that the modern world came to be and stunningly dismantles racially based theories of human history.
Much of human history has consisted of unequal conflicts between the haves and the have-nots.
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