Category Archives: good

Pablo Picasso

Art is a lie that makes us realize truth.

Good artists copy, great artists steal.

I paint objects as I think them, not as I see them.

Computers are useless. They can only give you answers.

I’d like to live as a poor man with lots of money.

Everything you can imagine is real.

Art is the elimination of the unnecessary.

The hidden harmony is better than the obvious.

Paulo Freire

Language is never neutral.

It would be extremely naive to expect the dominant classes to develop the type of education that would enable subordinate classes to perceive social injustices critically.

The multitude is always in the wrong.

The educator has the duty of not being neutral.

John Maynard Keynes

At the present moment people are unusually expectant of a more fundamental diagnosis; more particularly ready to receive it; eager to try it out, if it should be even plausible. But apart from this contemporary mood, the ideas of economists and political philosophers, both when they are right and when they are wrong, are more powerful than is commonly understood. Indeed the world is ruled by little else. Practical men, who believe themselves to be quite exempt from any intellectual influences, are usually the slaves of some defunct economist. Madmen in authority, who hear voices in the air, are distilling their frenzy from some academic scribbler of a few years back. I am sure that the power of vested interests is vastly exaggerated compared with the gradual encroachment of ideas. Not, indeed, immediately, but after a certain interval; for in the field of economic and political philosophy there are not many who are influenced by new theories after they are twenty-five or thirty years of age, so that the ideas which civil servants and politicians and even agitators apply to current events are not likely to be the newest. But, soon or late, it is ideas, not vested interests, which are dangerous for good or evil.


AlpesA French climber scaling a glacier off Mont Blanc got more than satisfaction for his efforts when he stumbled across a treasure trove of emeralds, rubies and sapphires that had been buried for decades.
The jewels, estimated to be worth up to 246,000 euros ($332,000), lay hidden in a metal box that was on board an Indian plane that crashed in the desolate landscape some 50 years ago.
The climber turned the haul in to local police.

European Union

The precautionary principle enables rapid response in the face of a possible danger to human, animal or plant health, or to protect the environment. In particular, where scientific data do not permit a complete evaluation of the risk, recourse to this principle may, for example, be used to stop distribution or order withdrawal from the market of products likely to be hazardous.

Le principe de précaution permet de réagir rapidement face à un possible danger pour la santé humaine, animale ou végétale, ou pour la protection de l’environnement. En effet, dans le cas où les données scientifiques ne permettent pas une évaluation complète du risque, le recours à ce principe permet, par exemple, d’empêcher la distribution ou même de retirer du marché des produits susceptibles d’être dangereux.

El principio de precaución permite reaccionar rápidamente ante un posible peligro para la salud humana, animal o vegetal, o para proteger el medio ambiente. De hecho, en caso de que los datos científicos no permitan una determinación completa del riesgo, el recurso a este principio permite, por ejemplo, impedir la distribución de productos que puedan entrañar un peligro para la salud o incluso proceder a su retirada del mercado.

Η αρχή της προφύλαξης καθιστά δυνατή την ταχεία αντίδραση ενόψει ενδεχομένου κινδύνου για την υγεία των ανθρώπων, των ζώων και των φυτών ή για την προστασία του περιβάλλοντος. Πράγματι, σε περίπτωση στην οποία τα επιστημονικά δεδομένα δεν επιτρέπουν πλήρη αξιολόγηση του κινδύνου, η προσφυγή σε αυτή την αρχή επιτρέπει, π.χ., την απαγόρευση της διανομής ή ακόμη και την απόσυρση από την αγορά προϊόντων που ενδεχομένως είναι επικίνδυνα.

Communication from the Commission of 2 February 2000 on the precautionary principle




  • デンキ開ケテ世見暗夜となれり
  • 少しだも 人のいのちに害ありて 少しくらいハ よいと云うなよ
  • 民を殺すは国家を殺すなり 法を蔑にするは国家を蔑にするなり
  • 真の文明ハ山を荒さず、川を荒さず、村を破らず、人を殺さゞるべし
  • 世界人類の多くは、今や機械文明というものに噛み殺される
  • 国が在って民があるのではなく、民が在って国がある
  • 余は下野の百姓なり
  • 老朽ちし此の身は数に取らねども、無邪気の民の末いかにせん
  • 天の監督を仰がざれバ凡人堕落、 国民監督を怠れバ治者盗を為す
  • 水は自由に高きより低きに行かんのみ 水は法律理屈の下に屈服せぬ
  • 水を清めざれバ止ます 水を清めて毒に殺さるゝな
  • 戦ハ悪事なりけり 世をなべて むかしの夢とさとれ我人
  • にくまるゝほどハ沢山にくまれよ よくにくまるゝ人ぞ人のなる
  • 何事もあきれてものふ云わぬとも 云わねバならぬ今のありさま
  • 辛酸亦入佳境
  • 真人無為而多事
  • みんな上に昇って神様にばかりなってしまうが、僕は下の方にいて便所くみのようなことをやっている

Master Po, Caine

caine_and_master_poWe know that where there is no contention, there is neither defeat nor victory. The supple willow does not contend against the storm, yet it survives.

Those who value freedom most must sometimes choose to lose it.

Julian Barbour

I’ve been working for myself, following my ideas. I wanted to be independent because I’m not the sort of person who can produce a lot of research papers with equations, on a regular basis — I’ve got quite a good intuition, at least it seems to me I’m always coming up with ideas at least for myself, and some of them stand up to the test of colleagues. I just wanted to be away of all pressure to publish just for the sake of having a publication.
All agree that time is associated with change, growth and decay, but is it more than this? Questions abound. Does time move forward, bringing into being an ever-changing present? Does the past still exist? Where is the past? Is the future already predetermined, sitting here waiting for us though we know not what it is? … What is time?
Curiously, physicists have tended not to ask this question, preferring to leave it to philosophers. The reason is probably the colossal and dominating influence of Isaac Newton and Albert Einstein. They shaped the way physicists think about space, time and motion. Each created a representation of the world of unsurpassed clarity. But having seen their way to a structure of things, they did not bother unduly about its foundations.
If time is removed from the foundations of physics, we shall not all suddenly feel that the flow of time has ceased. On the contrary, new timeless principles will explain why we do feel that time flows.





Stephen Castle

Putin1After a meeting in London on Sunday with the prime minister, Mr. Putin responded in combative style after being asked if he had blood on his hands for providing military support to the Assad government.
“One hardly should back those who kill their enemies and, you know, eat their organs,” he said, referring to a widely publicized video in which a member of an anti-Assad militia appears to bite an internal organ from a dead government soldier.
Do we want to support these people?” Mr. Putin asked. “Do we want to supply arms to these people?

Adam Alter

In one study, social psychologists placed paper fliers on 139 cars in a large hospital parking lot and watched to see what the car owners would do with them.
When drivers emerged from the hospital to find a parking lot littered with scattered fliers, candy wrappers and coffee cups (arranged by the researchers, of course), nearly half of them removed the fliers from their cars and left them on the ground. In contrast, when the researchers swept the parking lot clean before the drivers returned, only 1 in 10 dropped the flier.
These studies tell us something profound, and perhaps a bit disturbing, about what makes us who we are: there isn’t a single version of “you” and “me.” Though we’re all anchored to our own distinct personalities, contextual cues sometimes drag us so far from those anchors that it’s difficult to know who we really are — or at least what we’re likely to do in a given circumstance.
On some level, who we are — litterbug or good citizen, for example — changes from moment to moment, depending on where we happen to be.

Jean-Pierre Siméon

Godot3Pourquoi ne pas l’avouer? On ne va pas sans préventions voir «En attendant Godot» présenté au théâtre des Halles, dans le cadre de la manifestation «Afrique, paroles d’aujourd’hui». Un énième Godot! Et joué par des Africains… pour l’épate? Mais c’est Alain Timar le maître d’oeuvre, alors on fait confiance. Et on a raison. En un mot comme en cent, voilà un des spectacles les plus originaux et les plus aboutis …
Dans une scénographie réaliste, un vaste hangar fait de tôles rouillées et de béton, les quatre comédiens zaïrois et congolais, qui ont, il est vrai, des références (Marius Yelolo, Georges M’Boussi, Katanga Mupey et Denis Mpunga), revigorent l’oeuvre de Beckett qu’on tend à enfermer dans une lecture univoque, la fameuse impasse métaphysique de l’Occident moderne. Didi, Gogo, Pozzo et Lucky ne sont plus ici des motifs abstraits mais des personnages de chair et de sang dans une histoire qui leur arrive vraiment. S’il y a des chants et des danses (jamais trop et juste quand il faut), ça n’est pas pour le pittoresque; c’est très exactement l’expression d’une joie désespérée, d’une dérision consentie qui sont le fidèle écho de l’absurde beckettien. L’obstiné débat entre Vladimir et Estragon y gagne soudain une dimension concrète et une humanité que l’enjeu philosophique tend généralement à effacer.

Jean Reno

  • diego-milito_42488Everywhere in the world, you find good things.
  • I don’t feel like I have to be nationalistic French because I’m afraid of losing whatever. No, no, no, no. And also I don’t think we are the best.
  • I’m a minimalist. I don’t really need much to enjoy a good holiday – just my family and the bare essentials.
  • The best way to impress a woman is to be the most honest you can.
  • There is no heaven on Earth. Not now anyway.
  • I’ll tell you something that’s completely true – you can, as a man, obtain everything you want with the truth. If you lie, first of all you’ve got to be a very good lying actor, which is tres difficile. And it’s going to give you poison inside the body.
  • When I am up in Paris then the restaurant which has remained my favourite for the past decade is Guy Savoy. The menu is huge, sophisticated and very creative but I keep to simple choices.
  • My plat de resistance is potato salad with garlic and olive oil which we press from the olives from my trees in the grounds of my home near St Remy de Provence. I have four hectares and take the olives down to the local community press at Maussane les Alpilles. I don’t produce big quantities; it is just for the family and friends.
  • At home I keep things simple with fish, pasta and soups and am often preparing stuff for the family.
  • But I will say that most comedians are the saddest people I know. That is the biggest paradox to me.
  • Because I was born in Casablanca and my parents were from the south of Spain, I do not have a big central root in France. I feel French but in a few ways, not at all French.
  • If it’s a romantic holiday, the only thing I need is my wife. We love quiet and calm places where we can’t be disturbed. Neither of us likes being in busy places; we would much rather stay in our hotel room and enjoy each other’s company.

Жан Рено

  • Wasabi2Никто не рождается космополитом, и у каждого есть родина. Как не потерять связь с ней и жить полноценной жизнью? Этому надо учиться.
  • Я очень люблю, когда мне что-то рассказывают, и всегда буду оставаться губкой, которая все впитывает. Думаю, когда меня будут хоронить, я открою крышку гроба и скажу: «Простите, я ничего не понял. Можете еще раз объяснить?»
  • Всегда говори то, что думаешь и делай то, что тебе кажется правильным – это твоя жизнь и никто лучше тебя её не проживет
  • Самое страшное – это невежество, незнание. Важно рассказывать людям, особенно молодым, об истории. И не только о хороших, праздничных ее моментах, но и о страшных, за которые стыдно. Чтобы можно было извлечь уроки и больше не допускать таких трагедий.
  • Я очень люблю Азию и азиатский принцип: нельзя обижаться на Бога.
  • Я играю сильных персонажей, а чем сильнее человек, тем меньше ему нужно слов. Вы знаете, я пару раз общался с ребятами из секретных служб – это впечатляет. Даже если они молчат, они молчат со значением. А если произносят хоть слово, то оно стоит целого монолога.
  • Первый принцип – никогда не возвращайся в прошлое, даже если оно было счастливым.
  • Я – андалузец по крови. Я верю в женщин, вино и любовь.

Григо́рий Я́ковлевич Перельма́н

Чужаками считаются не те, кто нарушает этические стандарты в науке. Люди подобные мне – вот кто оказывается в изоляции.

Я отказался. Вы знаете, у меня было очень много причин и в ту, и в другую сторону. Поэтому я так долго решал. Если говорить совсем коротко, то главная причина — это несогласие с организованным математическим сообществом. Мне не нравятся их решения, я считаю их несправедливыми. Я считаю, что вклад в решение этой задачи американского математика Гамильтона ничуть не меньше, чем мой.

Если они знают мои работы, им не нужно мое C.V. Если они нуждаются в моем C.V., они не знают мои работы.

Sylvia Nasar, David Gruber

Perelman repeatedly said that he had retired from the mathematics community and no longer considered himself a professional mathematician. He mentioned a dispute that he had had years earlier with a collaborator over how to credit the author of a particular proof, and said that he was dismayed by the discipline’s lax ethics. “It is not people who break ethical standards who are regarded as aliens,” he said. “It is people like me who are isolated.” We asked him whether he had read Cao and Zhu’s paper. “It is not clear to me what new contribution did they make,” he said. “Apparently, Zhu did not quite understand the argument and reworked it.” As for Yau, Perelman said, “I can’t say I’m outraged. Other people do worse. Of course, there are many mathematicians who are more or less honest. But almost all of them are conformists. They are more or less honest, but they tolerate those who are not honest.”
The prospect of being awarded a Fields Medal had forced him to make a complete break with his profession. “As long as I was not conspicuous, I had a choice,” Perelman explained. “Either to make some ugly thing”—a fuss about the math community’s lack of integrity—“or, if I didn’t do this kind of thing, to be treated as a pet. Now, when I become a very conspicuous person, I cannot stay a pet and say nothing. That is why I had to quit.” We asked Perelman whether, by refusing the Fields and withdrawing from his profession, he was eliminating any possibility of influencing the discipline. “I am not a politician!” he replied, angrily.












    目次・序(日本語)(PDF)、  日本語論文(PDF)、 中国語論文(PDF)
    目次・序(PDF)、  日本語論文翻訳版(PDF)、  中国語論文翻訳版(PDF)

山内昌之, 鶴間和幸


蒋立峰, 严绍璗, 张雅军, 丁莉


Tyler Durden

  • Why is JPMorgan’s gold vault, the largest in the world, located next to the NY Fed?
  • In China clean air sells at $0.80 per breath
  • First horse (meat) trading, now 59% of “tuna” sold in the U.S. isn’t tuna
  • Personal incomes & the decline of the American saver
  • CapEx, corporate cash, and ZIRP’s vicious cycle
  • Hedging funds and physical vs paper gold
  • 16 signs that the middle class is running out of money
  • The economist vs Italy’s “clowns”
  • China Central Bank says it is “fully prepared for looming currency war”
  • Visualizing all the silver in the world
  • Is there oil in ‘Kryzakhstan’? Ask John Kerry
  • Here comes China’s drones
  • The devil in the details of the Dow
  • The ethics of Repudiation
  • Inside America’s money vault

Rosalind Franklin

rosalind-franklin-true-dna-pioneer2 rosalind-franklin-true-dna-pioneerAfter finishing her portion of the work on DNA, Franklin led pioneering work on the tobacco mosaic virus and the polio virus. She died in 1958 at the age of 37 of ovarian cancer.

Arn Tellem

MatsuiIn the fall of 2002 I got a phone call from a San Francisco lawyer who asked if I was interested in becoming the player agent for Hideki Matsui, the great Japanese baseball player.
Over the next few weeks a Japanese attorney and I corresponded about the ancient verities that were important to Matsui: honor, respect, humility. I promised that, if hired, I would uphold Matsui’s standards and treat him like a member of my family.
Toward the end of that November I learned through the Japanese media that Matsui had chosen me to be his agent. During my 32 years in the business, that was the first — and so far only — time I’ve been hired by an athlete whom I had yet to meet.
Matsui practiced quiet philanthropy, giving large sums of money to charities without publicity or fanfare. … He was a rare superstar who recognized the unique role his talent has given him and the good he could do for others.
Why is this athlete different from the more than 500 other athletes I have represented?
Well, for one thing, before I negotiated his first three-year contract with the Yankees, he asked me to take a cut in my standard fee. He said that if all went as hoped, he would consider making an adjustment in his next deal.
A few years later, with free-agency once again looming, he asked me to meet him in New York to discuss our business arrangement. To my astonishment, Matsui not only thanked me for my efforts on his behalf, but raised my commission beyond what I had initially asked.
Never in my career had this happened. I doubt it will happen again.





天明五巳年二月七日 治憲(花押)
治広殿 机前


Araya人に対する忠誠というと、今の人権思想からは封建的とか奴隷的服従などと否定的に見なされがちだ。確かにそのような形態は社会が安定し武士が役人化された江戸期の武士道には見られる。いわゆる「お家のため」という考えである。我々陸上自衛官もくれぐれも「お家大事」的挟隘な武士道に陥らないように気をつけなくてはいけない。また、この時期の武士道は総じて処世術的側面が強くなり、戦人の心構えというよりは、つつがない役人の心構え的なものも散見される。例えば、「葉隠」は、鍋島藩への絶対的服従を背景としている面があり、同時に処世術についても説いているなど武士道が狭隘化した感を否めない。しかし、本来の武士道は、あくまで自発的なものである。武士道者とは自己の意志に従って行動している者である。 例えば、 戦国時代末期の武将後藤又兵衛は、藩主黒田長政が忠義の対象ならずとみるや公に脱藩を取り付ける。 幾多の高禄高の仕官の誘いに目もくれず、「己の義と信ぜざることは断じてやらぬ、 己が武士として制約した義は必ず守る」と、最後は豊臣家臣として戦死する。このように、人に対する忠義とは、突き詰めれば『己の真心』に対する忠義といったほうが正しい。

Branko Milanovic

milanovic_color_large1To be clear I want to give one example. Consider the movement of the “99% vs 1%”. If we ask where, in the global income distribution, are many of these “99%” who demonstrate in rich countries, we find that they are in the upper portion of the global income distribution – they are richer than 4/5th of the people living in the world. Now, it is not an argument why they should not demonstrate, but this empirical fact immediately opens up the next question, the one addressed by political philosophers.
Suppose, not wholly unrealistically, that globalization works in such a way as to increase incomes of some of these “other” 4/5th of mankind, those living in China, India, Africa, and reduces incomes of those who demonstrate in the streets of the rich countries. What should be our answer to that? Should we look at what is better for the world, and say to these “99%”: you guys are already rich by world standards, let now some others, who are ready to do the same job for a fraction of the money you want, get it, and improve their own lot a bit, acquire hot water, or give safe birth for example, things that you already have and take for granted. Or should we on the contrary say that unless we first organize well the distribution in each individual country, that is, redistribute from the top 1% to the other 99%, nothing worthwhile globally can be done? A global optimum should then be reached when each individual country takes best care of itself first.

Park Geun-hye

2013-01-04T084010Z_1_CBRE9030O3300_RTROPTP_2_KOREA-ELECTIONThe two sides must have a correct view of history and pursue a future of reconciliation and cooperation, and for this it is important for Korea and Japan to try to build confidence.
(A “correct view of history” is shorthand for South Korea’s desire for Japan to acknowledge its wartime and colonial excesses, something Tokyo says it has already done but which Seoul says falls short of what is required.)
The older generation must make the commitment to try to heal the wound, and must not become an obstacle to opening the way for the future generation.


あまたなる命の失せし崖の下 海深くして青く澄みたり



Leo Szilard

Let me say only this much to the moral issue involved: Suppose Germany had developed two bombs before we had any bombs. And suppose Germany had dropped one bomb, say, on Rochester and the other on Buffalo, and then having run out of bombs she would have lost the war. Can anyone doubt that we would then have defined the dropping of atomic bombs on cities as a war crime, and that we would have sentenced the Germans who were guilty of this crime to death at Nuremberg and hanged them?

Dwight D. Eisenhower

In 1945 Secretary of War Stimson, visiting my headquarters in Germany, informed me that our government was preparing to drop an atomic bomb on Japan. I was one of those who felt that there were a number of cogent reasons to question the wisdom of such an act. During his recitation of the relevant facts, I had been conscious of a feeling of depression and so I voiced to him my grave misgivings, first on the basis of my belief that Japan was already defeated and that dropping the bomb was completely unnecessary, and secondly because I thought that our country should avoid shocking world opinion by the use of a weapon whose employment was, I thought, no longer mandatory as a measure to save American lives.