Category Archives: real

中身のあるもの

みかけに弱い人たちは
単純なものが好きだから
流行りのものは
中身が少なければ少ないほど
広がる

みかけがキレイだと
中身もキレイに思えるから
みかけだけのものが
こころ貧しい人たちの
心を揺さぶる

君の前に
単純なものを広げ
みてくれのよくないものを広げる
君が笑う
僕はほっとする

実際

なにかを見たり聞いたりして
喜んだり怒ったり悲しんだりする
でも実際は 見たり聞いたり感じたりすることとは
だいぶ違う

地球は平らに見えるけれど
実際には球形だし
私たちが回転しているというのに
太陽が回転しているように見える

スクリーンのなかで愛し合う二人は
実際には他人だし
愛なんかそんなにはないのに
愛で溢れているように見える

ニュースは真実を伝えているように見えるけれど
こちら側の真実しか伝えないし
インターネットは味方のような顔をしているけれど
実際にはただの敵でしかない

見ることも聞くことも
信じてはいけない
直感を信じる
君を信じる

らしさ

完璧にしようとしても
完璧なんてない

完成させようとしても
完成することはない

永遠を夢見ても
終わりがやって来る

完璧でない君が
誰よりも愛しい

色はない

光がなければ色はないという
光に色はないともいう

人は ある波長の電磁波を色と感じる
たとえば700nmの波長の波なら赤と感じ
550nmの波長の波なら緑と感じる

人が感じることのできない波を 鳥が感じる
鳥が感じることのできない波を 人が感じる

君が感じることのできない波を 僕が感じる
僕が感じることのできない波を 君が感じる

光はない
あるのは波だけ
色もない
色を感じるだけ

ものに色がなければ ものは見えない
見えないものを あるとはいえない

起きている時に 夢を追いかけ
寝ている時に 幻を追いかける
あるはずのないものを 追いかける

見えない景色

知っていること
知らないこと
知っているつもりのこと
知っているかどうかわからないこと

知っていると思っていても
本当に知っているのかどうかと聞かれれば
わからないと答えるしかない

見ているもの
見ていないもの
見えるもの
見えないもの

見えないものが あるのかどうか
見えないものが あったとしても
あるかどうかは わからない

見えないもの
触れることのできないもの
目の前を通り過ぎるもの
空からやってくるもの
からだを通り過ぎてゆくもの
どこからくるのか わからないもの
地中を通り過ぎるもの

目の前の景色は
もしかしたら
見ているものとは
だいぶ違うのかもしれない

見ていない景色は なんなのか
思い込みが なくなれば
見ることができるのか
見たら なにかが変わるのか

見たいような
見たくないような

開けてはいけないものを 開けてしまったり
見てはいけないものを 見てしまったら
なにかが起きる

なにが起きるかは わからないけれど
きっと
なにかが起きる

僕は無を知らない
見たこともないし
感じたこともない

ゼロは無ではない
マイナスからプラスへの通過点は
ゼロではあっても無ではない

瞬間も無ではない
それがどんなに短い時間でも
瞬間は無とはいえない

真空も無ではない
真空という空間の広がりは
無とは違う

時間も空間もないところに
無があるという
でも僕は 無を想像できない

ないものは見えない
感じることもない
でも君はいる
見える
感じる

君がいると
きっと無は見えない
君がいるから
たぶん無は感じない
そう 君がいるところに
無はない

現実のモデル

DNAモデルに細胞モデル
太陽系モデルに原子モデル
いつのまにか科学は
モデルのデパートになっていた

モデルは
時に
本質を捉えるためといって現実から遠く離れ
限りなく単純化されて
ひとり歩きする

現実とモデルの類似性を表すだとか
わかりやすく簡潔にするのだとか
いろいろなことを言いながら
見た目だけがきれいになってゆく

現実はこみ入っているからと見向きもされなくなり
いつのまにかモデルだけが
現実になる

人はモデルに慣れすぎて
現実を見ると間違っていると思い
現実が現実だと言う人を
モデルに合わないことを言うといって批判する

モデルはいつも不正確で
現実からかけ離れているというのに
現実を想像するのに役立つからと
もてはやされ使われ続ける

不正確なモデルは
現実を表す象徴となり
より正確なモデルは
不正確なものとして疎んじられる

現実のある側面にあらゆる記述を与えることでモデルは現実を超えたのだ
なんて言う人も現れて
モデルだけに陽が当たり
現実に目を向ける人はもういない

勝ち残ったモデルが
現象の理解を目指すことはない
本質の追求は忘れられ
現実から生まれた影だけが
ゆらゆらとあたりを漂う

モデルは
抽象的な概念をより具体的に表現しているだとか
コンピュータグラフィックスのおかげで別次元に突入したとかいって
わけのわからないものになり
現実を知るものは
もうどこにもいない

モデルは結局はまやかしで
モデルが通用する科学は思いのほか少ない
モデルばかりを使っていれば本質を忘れ
迷路に迷い込んだ人たちに明日はない

そうは言っても

現実を見ようとしても
なにも見えてこない
まるで
はじめから
現実がなかったかのようだ

原因と結果

どんなことにも原因がある
原因があれば結果がある

自分に起きたことの原因は
もちろん自分にある
人のせいにはできない

幸せの原因も不幸せの原因も
自分の考え方にある

自分の考え方が
自分の人生を素晴らしいものにしたり
自分の人生を破壊したりする

でも あまり自分自分と言っていると
何も動かない
自分が自分以上になれるわけはないから
自分は自分でいたほうがいい
なにものかになれるなんていう幻想は
はやく捨てたほうがいい

他の人のことを考えて
自分を忘れるのがいい
たいしたことのない自分のことは忘れ
すべてを大きな流れに任せてみる

その結果は人のせいではない
大きな流れのせいでもない
自分のせいでもない
誰のせいでもない

自分はそんなに大したものではない

鈴木大介

僕らには積もり積もった辟易という共通点がある。ここ数年で大手メディアがこぞって発信するようになった「貧困コンテンツ」についてのいらだちだ。
ドロップアウトを経験したことのない優等生的大手メディアの記者や、エロと貧困の現場なんか縁もゆかりもないナントカ先生たちがいきなり現れて、したり顔で浅はかに女性の貧困とセックスワーク界え隈えの諸問題を語る。
社会の裏側とははるかに遠いところに生きてきた彼らは、取材対象者を自力で見つけることもできず、安直に困窮者の支援サイドからの紹介や、そもそもみずから「苦しい、助けて」と声を出せる困窮者を報道した結果、見逃せない弊害も生まれてきてしまった。

五本木クリニック

ウイルスに感染している人の割合が26パーセント、つまり有病率が26パーセントと仮定してみます。この状況で感度95パーセント、特異度95%のウイルス判定検査を3700人に行った場合の計算は次のようになります。

  • 3700人のうち有病率26パーセントと仮定すると実際にウイルス感染している人は962人です。
  • ウイルス感染していない人は、3700人- 962人=2738人です。
  • 有病率26パーセントの感染症に感度95パーセントのウイルス検査を3700人に行った場合、962人× 95パーセント=913.9人が陽性と判定されます。
  • 有病率26パーセントの感染症に特異度95パーセントのウイルス検査を3700人に行った場合、2738人× 95パーセント=2601人が陰性と判定されます。

結果的には2738人-2601人=137人が本当はウイルス感染してないのに検査結果は陽性、つまり感染していると判定されてしまいます。これが偽陽性です。
また、ウイルス感染しているのに検査結果は陰性、つまり感染していないと判定される人が48人でてしまいます。これが偽陰性です。
3700人中、偽陽性の人が137人、偽陰性の人が48人出てしまいます。

東浩紀

想像力を代表するのは文学です。文学はかつて、現実で生きる人々の喜びや苦しみを汲み取り、芸術表現に昇華するという使命を担っていました。つまり、想像力と現実はしっかり関係をもっていました。文学が社会改革の原動力になると信じた人々も少なくありません。それはもしかしたら、ヨーロッパの理想が強引に輸入された結果として生じた、ある種の誤解だったのかもしれません。しかしそれでも、ある時期そのような理想が広く共有されたことはたしかです。
けれども、二〇一〇年代の現代は、その理想に反して、想像力と現実がじつに関係をもちにくい時代になっています。それは必ずしも日本だけの傾向ではありませんが、とくにこの国でははっきりしています。日本ではいま、大衆に支持される創作物は、現実の政治的葛藤や社会問題をほとんど反映していません。
・・・
ぼくたちはどうやら、想像力と現実、虚構と現実、文学と社会が切り離された時代に生きています。文学が社会に与える影響はかってなく小さく、逆に社会が文学に与える影響もかってなく小さい。
それがよいことなのか悪いことなのか、ぼくには判断ができません。それはもしかしたら、よいことなのかもしれません。想像力が現実に影響を与えるなんてろくなもんじゃない、小説や映画は現実逃避で十分だ、そのような考えかたもありえます。判断は各人の価値観に委ねるほかありません。

Jessica Wildfire

Something else always comes along to claim your loyalty. The concept means almost nothing. Other words do a way better job at describing our relationships.

The last thing you want is someone hanging around only due to a false sense of loyalty, pride, or obligation. Screw that. You deserve better.

Loyalty usually offers nothing but a couple of trinkets and a t-shirt. It takes everything, though. Blind trust. Sacrifice. Someone who wants your loyalty doesn’t give a shit about you.

The best thing you can ask for in a relationship is long term mutual interest with benefits. That doesn’t sound very romantic. But it works really well. And it’s a lot harder to find that than you think.

五木寛之

私は、むかしから、お金というものを信用できませんでした。なぜこの紙きれで物が買えるのかと、不思議でならなかったのです。旧大日本帝国の植民地であった朝鮮半島で、敗戦を迎えたとき、その疑惑は現実のものとなりました。
それまで政府が保証していたお札は、国が倒れればまったく価値がなくなる。どんなに貯金があっても、ただの紙きれになってしまうのです。

岩谷時子

現地を体験していないからこそリアル、というパラドクスがここにある。しかし、それが「文学」の力だともいえる。

Nathaniel Branden

Living consciously is a state of being mentally active rather than passive. It is the ability to look at the world through fresh eyes. It is intelligence taking joy in its own function. Living consciously in seeking to be aware of everything that bears on our interests, actions, values, purposes, and goals. It is the willingness to confront facts, pleasant or unpleasant. It is the desire to discover our mistakes and correct them. Within the range of our interests and concerns, it is the quest to keep expanding our awareness and understanding, both of the world external to self and of the world within. It is respect for reality and respect for the distinction between the real and the unreal.

Le Monde

Le cobaye était :
Claude Simon, écrivain français majeur et Prix Nobel de littérature en 1985, une récompense qui fut « accueillie dans son pays avec indifférence, voire hostilité ».
La question était :
« Serait-il publié aujourd’hui s’il envoyait ses épreuves à une maison d’édition ? »
Les auteurs étaient :
« Deux amis en désaccord sur la question. » Le premier est « Serge Volle, un homme discret de 70 ans », écrivain et peintre résidant en Ardèche ; le second est présenté comme « un ami écrivain très connu dont il ne veut pas dire le nom ».
C’est l’ami écrivain connu qui affirme qu’aucun éditeur aujourd’hui « n’accepterait de publier Claude Simon ». Un jugement drastique sur l’édition actuelle que Serge Volle a voulu vérifier. Il a envoyé, pendant l’été, une cinquantaine de pages d’une des œuvres les plus connues de Simon, Le Palace (Editions de Minuit, 1962) « à dix-neuf éditeurs, petits et grands ».
Sur les dix-neuf éditeurs, sept n’ont pas répondu et douze ont refusé.

生活の知恵どっとこむ

保存料     自分で作ったおにぎりなら1日も経てば乾燥するけれど。。。
 安息香酸・安息香酸Na(発癌性)、ソルビン酸・ソルビン酸K(肝臓・腎臓)
人工甘味料   合成した人工調味料で甘みをつけるのが体にいいわけが。。。
 アスパルテーム、スクラロース、アセスルファムK
旨味調味料   スナック菓子を食べていると、途中でやめられなくなる。。。
 グルタミン酸Na
着色料・発色剤 あの毒々しい色をしたものを体のなかに入れるなんて。。。
 カラメル色素(発癌性)、〇色〇号(コールタール)、コチニール色素(虫から抽出)

Robert Lang

Edgeless cities are a sprawling form of development that accounts for the bulk of office space found outside of downtowns. Every major metropolitan area has them: vast swaths of isolated buildings that are neither pedestrian friendly, nor easily accessible by public transit, and do not lend themselves to mixed use. While critics of urban sprawl tend to focus on the social impact of “edge cities” developments that combine large-scale office parks with major retail and housingedgeless cities, despite their ubiquity, are difficult to define or even locate. While they stay under the radar of critics, they represent a significant departure in the way American cities are built and are very likely the harbingers of a suburban future almost no one has anticipated.

吉田拓郎

戦い続ける人の心を 誰もがわかってるなら
戦い続ける人の心は あんなには燃えないだろう

Aristotle

There is no beginning of the infinite, for in that case it would have an end. But it is without beginning and indestructible, as being a sort of first principle; for it is necessary that whatever comes into existence should have an end, and there is a conclusion of all destruction. Wherefore as we say, there is no first principle of this [i.e. the infinite], but it itself seems to be the first principle of all other things and to surround all and to direct all, as they say who think that there are no other causes besides the infinite (such as mind, or friendship), but that it itself is divine ; for it is immortal and indestructible, as Anaximandros and most of the physicists say.

Michael J. Sandel

There are some thing money can’t buy, but these days not many. Today, almost everything is up for sale. Here are a few examples.
A prison cell upgrade:$82 per night. In Santa Ana, California, and some other cities, non-violent offenders cay pay for better accommodations -a clean, quiet jail cell, away from cells for nonpaying prisoners.
Access to the car pool lane while driving solo : $8 during rush hour. Minneapolis and other cities are trying to ease traffic congestion by letting solo drivers pay to drive in car pool lanes, at rates that vary according to traffic.
The service of an Indian surrogate mother to carry pregnancy: $6,250. Western couples seeking surrogates increasingly outsource the job to India, where the practice is legal and the price is less than one-third the going rate in the United States.
The right to immigrate to the United States : $500,000. Foreigners who invest $500,000 and create at least ten jobs in an area of high unemployment are eligible for green card that entitles them to permanent residency.
The right to shoot an endangered black rhino:$150,000. South Africa has begun letting ranchers sell hunters the right to kill a limited number of rhinos, to give the ranchers an incentive to raise and protect the endangered species.
The cellphone number of your doctor : $1,500 and up per year. A growing number of “concierge” doctors offer cell phone access and same-day appointments for patients willing to pay annual fees ranging from $1,500 to $25,000.
The right to emit a metric ton of carbon in the atmosphere: 13 euros (about $18). The European Union runs a carbon emissions market that enables companies to buy and sell the right to pollute.
Admission of your child to a prestigious university:? Although the price is not posted, officials from some top universities told The Wall Street Journal that they accept some less than stellar students whose parents are wealthy and likely to make a substantial financial contributions

Dan Kurland

Texts are commonly classified as fiction or nonfiction. The distinction addresses whether a text discusses the world of the imagination (fiction) or the real world (nonfiction).
The distinction between fiction and nonfiction has been blurred in recent years. Novelists (writers of fiction) have based stories on real life events and characters (nonfiction), and historians (writers of nonfiction) have incorporated imagined dialogue (fiction) to suggest the thoughts of historical figures.

石牟礼道子

おとろしか。おもいだそうごたなか。人間じゃなかごたる死に方したばい、さつきは。わたしはまる1ヶ月、ひとめも眠らんじゃったばい。九平と、さつきと、わたしと、誰が一番に死ぬじゃろかと思うとった。いちばん丈夫とおもうとったさつきがやられました。白浜の避病院に入れられて。あそこに入れられればすぐ先に火葬場はあるし。避病院から先はもう娑婆じゃなか。今日もまだ死んどらんのじゃろか。そげんおもいよった。上で、寝台の上にさつきがおります。ギリギリ舞うとですばい。寝台の上で。手と足で天ばつかんで。背中で舞いますと。これが自分が産んだ娘じゃろかと思うようになりました。犬か猫の死にぎわのごたった。

Lana Wachowski, Andy Wachowski

The_Matrix_PosterHave you ever had a dream, Neo, that you were so sure was real? What if you were unable to wake from that dream? How would you know the difference between the dream world and the real world?

What is real? How do you define real? If you’re talking about what you can feel, what you can smell, what you can taste and see, then real is simply electrical signals interpreted by your brain.

I’m going to show them a world without you. A world without rules and controls, without borders or boundaries; a world where anything is possible. Where we go from there is a choice I leave to you.

平野智紀

先日、まとめて「マトリックス」シリーズを見た。
コンピュータに支配された未来の世界で、ほとんどの人間が現実だと思っている世界は全てコンピュータが見せている仮想現実であるとする「マトリックス」の世界観は、ボードリヤールの『シミュラークルとシミュレーション』にヒントを得ているらしい(監督のウォシャウスキー・ブラザーズがボードリヤールのファンだということだ)。
シミュラークルとは、簡単に言えば、オリジナルの存在しないコピーのこと。現代社会では、記号がその意味するものとされるものの照合関係から解き放たれ、シミュラークルと化している。そして、シミュラークルに支配された世界が、リアルを超えたハイパーリアルなシミュレーションの世界である。

Mark Townsend

hitmenThey are classified as novices, journeymen, dilettantes or masters. They are Britain’s hitmen – killers who ply their deadly trade in return for cash, and who for the first time have become the subject of a major academic study.
Using off-the-record interviews with informants, interviews with offenders and former offenders, court transcripts and newspaper archives, academics from Birmingham City University identified patterns of hitman behaviour in an attempt to demystify their secret world.
The reality of contract killing in Britain tended to be striking only in its mundanity. Far from the media portrayal of hits being conducted inside smoky rooms, frequented by members of an organised crime gang, British hits were more usually carried out in the open, on pavements, sometimes as the target was out walking their dog, or going shopping, with passersby watching on in horror.
The average cost of a hit was £15,180, with £100,000 being the highest and £200 the lowest amount paid. The average age of a hitman was 38 with the youngest aged 15 and the oldest 63.

Rudy Rucker

The Transrealist writes about immediate perceptions in a fantastic way. Any literature which is not about actual reality is weak and enervated. But the genre of straight realism is all burnt out. Who needs more straight novels? The tools of fantasy and SF offer a means to thicken and intensify realistic fiction. By using fantastic devices it is actually possible to manipulate subtext. The familiar tools of SF—time travel, antigravity, alternate worlds, telepathy, etc.—are in fact symbolic of archetypal modes of perception. Time travel is memory, flight is enlightenment, alternate worlds symbolize the great variety of individual world-views, and telepathy stands for the ability to communicate fully. This is the “Trans” aspect. The “realism” aspect has to do with the fact that a valid work of art should deal with the world the way it actually is. Transrealism tries to treat not only immediate reality, but also the higher reality in which life is embedded.
The characters should be based on actual people. What makes standard genre fiction so insipid is that the characters are so obviously puppets of the author’s will. Actions become predictable, and in dialogue it is difficult to tell which character is supposed to be talking. In real life, the people you meet almost never say what you want or expect them to. From long and bruising contact, you carry simulations of your acquaintances around in your head. These simulations are imposed on you from without; they do not react to imagined situations as you might desire. By letting these simulations run your characters, you can avoid turning out mechanical wish-fulfillments. It is essential that the characters be in some sense out of control, as are real people—for what can anyone learn by reading about made-up people?

Kalu Rinpoche

illusion-realityWe live in illusion and the appearance of things. There is a reality. We are that reality. When you understand this, you see that you are nothing, and being nothing, you are everything. That is all.

Marie Prieur

GeneveFrance«J’habite en France voisine», lance une jolie blonde dans un bar de Carouge. Vu la grimace de son interlocuteur, elle ajoute précipitamment: «Mais je suis Genevoise! Seulement voilà, les loyers sont moins chers de l’autre côté. » L’anecdote, en plus d’être véridique, est révélatrice des problèmes qui agitent le Grand Genève.
En premier lieu, la difficulté des Genevois de trouver un logement dans le canton. Rien que pour 2011, ils sont 4000 à avoir quitté Genève pour s’installer en périphérie. Direction la France voisine pour 2500 d’entre eux. Chaque année, ils viennent par milliers grossir les rangs des frontaliers.
Au point que désormais, à Genève, un actif sur trois habite en dehors des frontières cantonales. Sans compter tous ceux qui affirment n’avoir en France qu’une résidence secondaire alors qu’en réalité, ils y habitent toute l’année, voire scolarisent leurs enfants dans les écoles …
D’où la question, provocatrice, posée par la Tribune de Genève: jusqu’à quand la France acceptera-t-elle d’être la banlieue de Genève?

Jean Baudrillard

Such is simulation, insofar as it is opposed to representation. Representation stems from the principle of the equivalence of the sign and of the real (even if this equivalence is Utopian, it is a fundamental axiom). Simulation, on the contrary, stems from the Utopia of the principle of equivalence, from the radical negation of the sign as value, from the sign as the reversion and death sentence of every reference. Whereas representation attempts to absorb simulation by interpreting it as a false representation, simulation envelops the whole edifice of representation itself as a simulacrum.
Such would be the successive phases of the image:
it is the reflection of a profound reality;
it masks and denatures a profound reality;
it masks the absence of a profound reality;
it has no relation to any reality whatsoever;
it is its own pure simulacrum.

ΗΜΕΡΗΣΙΑ.gr

ABΜε έντονη αυτοκριτική διάθεση για τη στάση που τηρεί η Εκκλησία στον καιρό της οικονομικής κρίσης εμφανίστηκε ο αρχιεπίσκοπος Ιερώνυμος στην εισηγητική του ομιλία προς τους ιεράρχες κατά τη χθεσινή, πρώτη συνεδρίαση της Ιεραρχίας της Εκκλησίας της Ελλάδος.
«Αν θέλουμε να είμαστε ειλικρινείς, θα πρέπει πρώτα να ομολογήσουμε τη δική μας κρίση και να πάρουμε τις ευθύνες μας… Θα πρέπει πρώτα να έχουμε την αυτογνωσία ποιοι πραγματικά είμαστε και πώς μας βλέπει ο κόσμος, όχι μόνο ο στενός μας κύκλος, αλλά αυτοί στους οποίους απευθυνόμαστε, δηλαδή όχι μόνο όσοι δηλώνουν Ορθόδοξοι, αλλά και όλοι οι Έλληνες», τόνισε ο κ. Ιερώνυμος.
Και πρόσθεσε: «Θα πρέπει να ομολογήσουμε ότι πολλοί από εμάς δεν έχουμε ακόμη συνειδητοποιήσει τι συμβαίνει, ζούμε σε μια εικονική πραγματικότητα, έχουμε κλειστεί στο παρελθόν, αρνούμαστε να δούμε τη στενόχωρη αλήθεια που μας περιβάλλει».

Dana Ford

billy-ray-harris2Darling, who is from Kansas City, Missouri, said she was devastated when she realized she’d lost her ring.
She almost never takes it off, but it was giving her a bit of a rash so she did, zipping it in her coin purse for safe keeping.
Later, she absentmindedly emptied the contents of that purse into the collection cup of Billy Ray Harris, who is homeless and often stays under a bridge in Darling’s hometown.
It wasn’t until the next day that she realized her ring was gone.
Harris“It was horrible. It was such a feeling of loss,” Darling said. “It meant so much to me beyond just the financial value.”
She went back to look for Harris, but he was gone. She returned the next day and found him.
“I asked him … ‘I don’t know if you remember me, but I think I gave you something that’s very precious to me,’ and he says, ‘Was it a ring? Yeah, I have it, I kept it for you,'” Darling said.
She was floored.
GiveForwardBillyRayHarrisTo show their appreciation, Darling and her husband set up an online fundraiser for Harris. The donations and praise have poured in.
CNN affiliate KCTV caught up with Harris and asked him how he felt about all the attention he’s attracted since returning the ring.
“I like it, but I don’t think I deserve it,” he said.
“What I actually feel like is, ‘what has the world come to when a person who returns something that doesn’t belong to him and all this happens?'” Harris said.
But for her part, Darling said she is just grateful for what he did. Many others, she said, would have kept the ring, or sold it.

Lawrence Malkin

During a conference of experts in monetary matters held at the German Ministry of Finance, the following plan was discussed:

“Offensive against Sterling and Destruction of its Position as World Currency”

This plan, which was unanimously approved, contemplates in the first place the necessity of careful preparation and perfect execution of the work enabling the proposed aims to be realised in all the countries of the Near East as well as in North Africa, in the British Colonies and in South America.

counterfeit-5-pound-noteIt was decided to proceed with the printing in the printing works of the Reichsbank of 30 billions of forged bank notes of £1 and of 2 billions of various other notes. The transfer of these forged notes to foreign countries would be effected through the diplomatic bags of the Ministry of the Navy.

Gerolf Steiner

authorThe first edition of the H. Stumpke’s (G. Steiner’s pseudonym) book “Bau und Leben der Rhinogradentia” was issued in 1960 in the most known and serious German publishing house “Gustav Fischer Verlag” (Stuttgard; Jena) specializing in publishing of guides, textbooks and theoretical monographies. The book made so stunning success that at the end of the same year it was republished. Originally the monography had caused a shock, of course: zoologists could not understand a dirty trick for a long time – the trust to publishing house with a well-known emblem – tail-shaking fish – was too high… When the joke appeared revealed, Steiner had been forgiven for professionalism and that pleasure which every reader gets both from the text, and from humour, and from magnificent illustrations. It is not so surprising that the book was republished some times in German (last edition was in 1998 with color illustrations) and was translated to French, English and Japanese languages.

Pierre-Paul Grassé

grasse-6Biochemists and biologists who adhere blindly to the Darwinism theory search for results that will be in agreement with their theories and consequently orient their research in a given direction.
La stigmergie se manifeste dans la termitière, par le fait que le travail individuel de chaque ouvrier constructeur stimule et oriente celui du voisin.
A library does not fabricate information, it receives it from without, classifies and stores it. The medieval copyists made mistakes that altered, vitiated the texts they were supposed to reproduce. Who dares assert that their errors are the work itself?

Matthew Albanese

Every aspect from the construction to the lighting of the final model is painstakingly pre-planned using methods which force the viewers perspective when photographed from a specific angle. Using a mixture of photographic techniques such as scale, depth of field, white balance and lighting I am able to drastically alter the appearance of my materials.

4434524657_17dcf12fdf_zmatthew-albanese-miniatures-1matthew-albanese-miniatures-2matthew-albanese-minatures-4matthew-albanese-miniatures-5matthew-albanese-miniatures-3

Владимир Путин

armsВ текущем году мы выходим на рекордный уровень по экспортным поставкам военной продукции. Их объем превысил $14 млрд, то есть план на год перевыполнен.
Россия, конечно, продолжит сотрудничество со своими традиционными партнерами в сфере ВТС, но не менее важно для нас выходить на новые рынки, расширять номенклатуру поставок и сервисных услуг.
Нужно уметь как говорится, показать товар лицом.

Nick Bostrom

A technologically mature “posthuman” civilization would have enormous computing power. Based on this empirical fact, the simulation argument shows that at least one of the following propositions is true:
(1) The fraction of human-level civilizations that reach a posthuman stage is very close to zero;
(2) The fraction of posthuman civilizations that are interested in running ancestor-simulations is very close to zero;
(3) The fraction of all people with our kind of experiences that are living in a simulation is very close to one.
If (1) is true, then we will almost certainly go extinct before reaching posthumanity.
If (2) is true, then there must be a strong convergence among the courses of advanced civilizations so that virtually none contains any relatively wealthy individuals who desire to run ancestor-simulations and are free to do so.
If (3) is true, then we almost certainly live in a simulation.
In the dark forest of our current ignorance, it seems sensible to apportion one’s credence roughly evenly between (1), (2), and (3).
Unless we are now living in a simulation, our descendants will almost certainly never run an ancestor-simulation.

Adam Taylor

Germany’s gold reserves are amongst the highest in the world and they have been kept almost entirely overseas due to Cold War fears of a Soviet invasion. Almost half of Germany’s gold is kept in Manhattan — deep in the heart of the Financial District at the New York Fed.
But some German politicians seem to be getting uncomfortable with trusting the US with this system. They want to actually see the gold, to make sure its still there. Some even want it back. A campaign called “Bring back our Gold” was launched in May, and seems to be making an impact on mainstream politics.

読売新聞

山中伸弥・京都大教授は8日夜の記者会見で、自身が所長を務める同大iPS細胞研究所(京都市左京区)に、研究倫理の専門家を迎える考えを示した。
iPS細胞(新型万能細胞)は、あらゆる種類の細胞に変化できる性質があるが、最近、マウスの実験で精子や卵子へ変化させた例が報告されている。この手法が悪用されれば、落ちている髪の毛から精子などを作製し、それを受精させ、髪の毛の持ち主が知らないうちに子どもが誕生するような事態が起こりかねない。
そうした問題を回避するため文部科学省は指針を策定。人間のiPS細胞やES細胞(胚性幹細胞)を精子や卵子に変化させる研究は認める一方、それらを受精させることは禁じている。
iPS細胞は比較的簡単な方法で作製でき、応用研究は加速度的に進むとみられる。研究機関や研究者は、現行の指針を守るだけでなく、新たに起こる倫理的課題に迅速に対応していく必要がある。そのため、科学研究と同時に、社会とのつながりを重視した倫理面での研究を進める必要性が指摘されていた。

読売新聞

遠隔操作型とみられるウイルスに感染した男性2人のパソコンから犯罪予告のメールが送られるなどした事件で、大阪府警に逮捕されたアニメ演出家の北村真咲さん(43)(釈放)が、大阪市のホームページ(HP)に送られた犯罪予告メールについて、「文面にある『ヲタロード』という言葉さえ知らないし、市のHPも見たことがない」と周囲に話していることが、関係者への取材でわかった。
北村さんは「警察、検察の取り調べでも伝えたが、全く聞く耳を持ってくれなかった」とも訴えているという。
関係者によると、北村さんは7月中旬、ノートパソコンに買い替え、無料ソフトを数本ダウンロード。問題のメールは同29日に送られた。8月26日の逮捕まで10回前後、府警に任意で事情聴取され、「第三者がメールしたに違いない」「脅迫文の書き込み自体知らない」などと無実を訴えたが、逮捕。府警や大阪地検に「IPアドレスという確証がある」と聞き入れられず、「認めたら罪が軽くなる」と持ちかけられたという。
日本航空の顧客対応窓口に送られたとされる、日航機を爆破するとの内容のメールについても、北村さんは関与を否定している。北村さんは「精神的につらかった。釈放されてホッとしているが、警察から連絡があるたびに怖くなる」と話しているという。

外人部隊

  1. レジョネールよ、君は信義と忠誠をもってフランスにつくす志願兵である。
  2. それぞれのレジョネールは、国籍、人種、宗教にかかわらず君の戦友である。君は常に同じ家族の者達が団結しなければならないように、その強い連帯感を常に示さなければならない。
  3. 伝統の尊重、上官を慕い、規律と仲間意識をもつことは、君の力となり、勇気と素晴らしい美点となるだろう。
  4. レジョネールであることに誇りを持ち、身だしなみ、謙虚であるがそれにふさわしい振る舞い、あるいは清潔な兵舎の中に常にそれを示さなければならない。
  5. 精鋭兵士よ、君は厳しさを持って鍛錬し、最も大切な物として武器を手入れし、常に身体への配慮を怠ってはならない。
  6. 任務は絶対に尊重するものである、最後まで実行し、作戦においてもし必要ならば命をかけて実行しなければならない。
  7. 戦闘において、君は憎しみや偏見なしに行動し、敗者を尊重し、決して仲間の亡骸、負傷者、武器を見捨ててはならない。

井上達夫

新しい千年紀の到来をことほぐ気分に私はなれない。はなばなしく未来を語る書物は山とあるのに、わざわざこんな陰気な本の扉を開いたあなたも、パレードに背を向けて佇立する人なのだろう。祝祭の多幸感(ユーフォリア)に酔えないのはなぜか。西暦の偶発的な節目にすぎぬものに、時代の大転換を見る欧米中心主義的歴史認識の軽薄さから距離をとりたいという気持ちも一因ではある。しかし、それだけではない。輝かしい未来を語るには、私たちの現実はあまりに貧困ではないか。そんな思いが私を捕らえている。

Roberto Saviano

Dans de nombreux pays occidentaux, la lutte contre le trafic de drogue se fait à reculons, surtout en temps de crise, quand la liquidité monétaire est vue comme une oasis dans le désert.
(Sans surprise, la mafia est très présente en Italie et dispose de 65 milliards d’euros de liquidités chaque année.) Les organisation criminelles siphonnent 100 milliards d’euros de l’économie légale, une somme équivalente à 7 % du produit intérieur brut (PIB italien). L’argent finit dans les mains des mafiosi plutôt qu’à l’Etat ou des Italiens qui respectent la loi, eux.
(Les coupures de 500 euros représentent 70 % de la valeur totale des billets en circulation en Espagne.) En 2006, la Banque centrale espagnole avait enquêté sur le grand nombre de billets de 500 euros en circulation, explique-t-il. Les organisations criminelles les aiment car ils ne prennent pas beaucoup de place. Un petit coffre-fort de 45 centimètres de long peut accueillir jusqu’à 10 millions d’euros.

Eleanor Harding

Women have long suspected they still do more of the housework than their husbands.
And the next time there’s a row over the chores, they’ll have proof.
Eight out of ten married women do more housework than their partners, according to figures compiled by the Institute for Public Policy Research.
The think tank found only one in ten married men do the same amount as their wives. Around the same proportion do more.
Only 3 per cent of married women spend fewer than three hours a week on housework, with almost half doing 13 hours or more.
Experts say the gender imbalance is still alive in the British household and are calling for men to do their fair share. The revolution in gender roles is unfinished business.

石橋秀仁

没入観を得るための Virtual Reality 技術や Artificial Reality 技術などの意味での Virtual は Real の対極ではない。逆に、限りなく Real に近い状態だ。
ここでは Reality を増した結果を Virtual と呼んでいることになるので、Real と Virtual がほぼ同義語になっている。


デフォルメされたアバターによりコミュニケーションする SNS などを Virtual と呼ぶのは Virtue を Abstract するという感じだ。
ここでは Reality を減らした結果を Virtual と呼んでいることになるので、Virtual と Real がほぼ対義語になっている。

Richard Dawkins

I would mind more if I could claim that The Selfish Gene had become severely outmoded and superseded. Unfortunately (from one point of view) I cannot. Details have changed and factual examples burgeoned mightily. But, with an exception that I shall discuss in a moment, there is little in the book that I would rush to take back now, or apologise for. Arthur Cain, late Professor of Zoology at Liverpool and one of my inspiring tutors at Oxford in the sixties, described The Selfish Gene in 1976 as a ‘young man’s book’. He was deliberately quoting a commentator on A. J. Ayer’s Language Truth and Logic. I was flattered by the comparison, although I knew that Ayer had recanted much of his first book and I could hardly miss Cain’s pointed implication that I should, in the fullness of time, do the same.

Art Markman

If you are in a place that has some unfamiliar objects, but they are set up similarly to a situation you have experienced before, you will get a feeling of knowing, but you won’t actually retrieve any specific memory for the place. That feeling of familiarity is quite helpful, of course. If you walk into a new restaurant, but it is configured like many other restaurants that you have visited in the past, then it is good for you to feel like you are in a familiar place. Your knowledge about restaurants will help you figure out what to do next.
If the configuration is nearly identical to one that you experienced before, though, then you may get a powerful feeling of knowing. That is, you may get a sensation of déjà vu. In the end, though, the experience of déjà vu is just an extreme reaction of the system that your memory uses to tell you that you are in a familiar situation.

Nassim Nicholas Taleb

It has been more profitable for us to bind together in the wrong direction than to be alone in the right one. Those who have followed the assertive idiot rather than the introspective wise person have passed us some of their genes. This is apparent from a social pathology: psychopaths rally follower.

Pete Earley

Russia’s permanent representative to the United Nations, who held the same rank as an ambassador serving in an embassy overseas, was not expected to live in Riverdale. In April 1995, the representative was Sergei Lavrov, a seasoned diplomat who would later become the Russian minister of foreign affairs under President Putin.
“Ambassador Lavrov was constantly changing apartments in Manhattan, paying as much as $30,000 per month in rent, and moving from one part of the city to another,” Sergei would later recall. “He was required to alert the SVR each time he moved so our technical experts could make certain his apartment was free of FBI listening devices. But Lavrov was moving without telling us and I suspect he was more afraid and concerned about SVR bugs han he was about anything the Americans might hide in his apartment.”

>Atans1

>Catholic: “I have a large fortune….I am going to buy Citibank.”
Protestant: “I am very wealthy and will buy Exxon Mobil.”
Muslim: “I am a fabulously rich prince…. I intend to purchase Microsoft.”
Jew: “I’m not selling.”

>Clara Moskowitz, Mike Wall, Tariq Malik

>A view from the Solar Dynamics Observatory shows Comet Lovejoy as a thin, faint streak emerging from behind the sun.
A newfound comet defied long odds Thursday, surviving a suicidal dive through the sun’s hellishly hot atmosphere.
Comet Lovejoy plunged through the sun’s corona at about 7 p.m. ET, coming within 87,000 miles of our star’s surface. Temperatures in the corona can reach 2 million degrees Fahrenheit, so most researchers expected the icy wanderer to be completely destroyed.

>Kevin O’Flynn

>The real and the fake have long entwined — just look at a certain someone’s smooth cheeks and forehead, or watch the news on Channel One — but reality began to bubble up, again and again, like a TV channel that flickers and starts showing the other side.

>Htesorf Enur

>If there a bit problem, do not solve it. If solved, a smaller problem will become a big problem.
If there is a dream, do not realize it. If realized, you will simply lose your dream.

>Kathryn Cramer

>

I checked you out of the library. You were due back in two weeks for synchronization, but I kept you out much longer, running up huge fines. The librarian was very nice and didn’t make me pay right away, but said that she had very little discretion; that the fines were set by the library system and your publisher.
I am a writer and I was looking for an acting teacher to help me improve how I read my work out loud. Although, of course, your publisher didn’t tell me your real name, your bio on the package really spoke to me. I thought we would get along, and we did, from the very first moment that you were uploaded into my card slot.
Suddenly, there you were. It surprised me that you were my height. I’m not sure if that is an artefact of the software: virtual teachers scaled to the same size as their students, or whether you really are (or were) five foot six.
I was ready to work. I began to read aloud from the draft of my novel, and I could tell before you even said anything that the narrative voice just didn’t work. She wasn’t in the story, but aloof, above it all. This moment felt almost like telepathy, but I imagine it was accomplished by transmissions from the software of the emotional colouring of what you were about to say.
… I went to the library again this morning and checked you out. We’ve got two weeks.

>S. Morris Engel, Angelika Soldan, Kevin Durand

>

If we consider a hole and ask, “Does a hole exist?” it would certainly seem clear that it does. For example, Kenny could step in a hole and twist his ankle. If we asked Kenny if the hole exists, he might well think we had become addled to ask such a silly and obvious question. “Of course it exists,” he might say, “after all, I just stepped in it, and I couldn’t very well have stepped in something that doesn’t exist!” However, if we consider the matter a bit further, an oddity within the reality of holes becomes apparent. A hole, it seems, exists differently from, say, a tree. The tree defines its own boundaries, it exists independently of other entities, and it has physical extension. A hole, on the other hand, does not exist independently. While we might say, “I stepped in a hole,” it is clear that what is meant there is that “I stepped in a hole in the ground.” A hole is always a hole in something else. Thus, it does not establish its own boundaries, it does not exist independently of the entity within which it is, and it does not have physical extension. A hole does not take up space; rather, it is an absence or a privation. Thus, a hole is not a something:, it is a nothing.

>Ocho

>

Does a hole exist? What is a hole?
Does a hole in something actually exist, or is it merely an absence of matter?
Take for example – a hole in a piece of paper.

>L. J. Hurst

>

Things exist. But then so do holes. How does a hole exist – it is defined by its surrounding solidities (earth, doughnut, wood etc). But if we can talk of the earth and the doughnut and the wood we know we are talking of something existing that is also physical. But there can be holes in arguments, in budgets, in understanding – again we know what arguments, budgets ad understanding are – though they are not physical. Mustn’t the opposite also exist? Mustn’t non-being also be, in order to identify what is?

>Νίκος Δήμου

>

Ον και μη ον. Μπορείτε να χρησιμοποιήσετε συνώνυμα γι αυτό το ολέθριο ζευγάρι. Ζωή – θάνατος. Παρουσία – απουσία. Κάτι – τίποτα.
Το τίποτα, το κενό, το μηδέν είναι, βέβαια, ο κυρίαρχος πόλος. Κερδίζει πάντοτε στο τέλος.

>加地大介

>

  • 穴は存在するか
  • 穴は回転するか
  • 水と空気の境界は水なのか空気なのか
  • 物どうしが触れ合うことは本当に可能なのか

>Anonymous

>Real:
If you let me bite you, the bite to me
the physical pain of bite to you
the feeling and thought of bite for me
the mental feeling of pain to you

when walking on the street I saw my friend cross the street, she is real to me, but my friend didn’t see me, so I am not real to her. (same moment, same existence, one is real, one is not) I am real to myself always, my body, my thoughts, my feeling, my spirit and soul are all real to myself.
some people consider that future is not real, Past is also not real anymore. they are gone. only the present time is considered Real.But then how to define the present time? in hours, in minutes, or seconds? 
everything happened in your past can be real still because they were installed in your memory, you safekeep box. But if you forgot some, then those you forgot are not real to you any more.

>Jared Roy Endicott

>
Have you ever been to the future? Neither have I. No one has ever been to the future, because the future is not real. We are only ever in the present, now and always. The present cannot be escaped from. The present is the horizon of realization. The present perpetually realizes from the pattern of resonances and dissonances created by earlier incarnations of the continually unfolding current state of things. These previous presents form a testimonial that we call the past. The past is therefore, and nothing more than, the record of realization. The past is all of reality post-realization. If the present is the horizon of realization and the past is the record of realization, then the future lies over, or beyond, the horizon of realization. The future is pre-realization. Being in a context of pre-realization the future is not yet, and not currently, real. Furthermore, since realization is always happening only in the present, the future is never a realized thing. The future is thus not real.

>Margery Williams

>

“Does it hurt?” asked the Rabbit.
“Sometimes,” said the Skin Horse, for he was always truthful. “When you are Real you don’t mind being hurt.”
“Does it happen all at once, like being wound up,” he asked, “or bit by bit?”
“It doesn’t happen all at once,” said the Skin Horse. “You become. It takes a long time. That’s why it doesn’t happen often to people who break easily, or have sharp edges, or who have to be carefully kept. Generally, by the time you are Real, most of your hair has been loved off, and your eyes drop out and you get loose in the joints and very shabby. But these things don’t matter at all, because once you are Real you can’t be ugly, except to people who don’t understand.”

スワンベーカリー

障がいのある人もない人も、
共に働き、共に生きていく社会の実現

このノーマライゼーションの理念を実現させるために故・小倉理事長がヤマト福祉財団とヤマトホールディングス株式会社と共に設立した株式会社です。

Coluche

Je ne suis pas un nouveau riche, je suis un ancien pauvre.

Dieu a partagé : il a donné la nourriture aux riches et l’appétit aux pauvres.

>FALSE

>FALSE is one of the early purveyors of independent fashion anarchism. The brand has been functioning as an evolving propaganda to Le Messie’s visions on societies illusions. His mixed media artworks constantly work on re-emerging themes of breaking down social bourgeois structural views laid on by the so called “mass elite”. Often harboring dark under-line meanings, his strong influence to mystical aesthetics often draw about a deep question into the relation of his art and it’s viewer, often functioning in it’s own individual life-like form. All garments are individually hand-screened and hand-finished by FALSE. FALSE is parent brand to Better Off Dead, Fallacy Of Rome, FALSE Sounds& Anti-Anti.

>River of Change

>

In my mind the game becomes reality and a true fear
Passes through me, into my soul, into my eyes
The speed, the wind of my face, the chest rises and drops
My legs leave the the road behind my back, with frenzy
Sometimes the insignificant things of life become essential
Sometimes the gleams in the dark of life that give the strength to go on…
I reach the light, I raise my arms, I stop and cry like a child

I shout towards the sky, my joy for a beauty and useless victory

>Aaron Helton

>

All of this was a long-winded introduction to something I’ve been thinking about in specific terms for a while. I have been unable to find a name for it, so I will have to coin one and hope it makes sense: speculative nonfiction (alternatively, fictional nonfiction; alternatively to that, history jamming). I think of it as the world of nonfictional items that exist within fictional spaces, things that were created to support a fictional narrative. These items can be as fundamental as world-building elements or as obscure as references to nonexistent books. Often they can be objects, people, and places as well. For people who write fiction, most of these are throw-away elements, things that are used once or a limited number of times and discarded. Even narrative works can fall under this guise. Fictional biographies, for instance.
The idea opens up a great deal of possibility, and I think there are plenty of people like myself who would love to explore it. Presently practitioners of anything similar are pigeon-holed in genre-type alternate history (at best) or (at worst) fanfic, their works forming gray-market derivatives from their canonical sources. Given a broad enough timeline view (scale is key here), it is entirely possible that these derivative works and alternate histories could be functionally indistinguishable from the canonical sources or factual histories. And it is conceivable that future reconciliation efforts might reduce these variants and non-canonical narratives into a new canonical form, much like the collection of works we call The Bible. …

>Walt Whitman

>

The past and present wilt–I have fill’d them, emptied them.
And proceed to fill my next fold of the future.
Listener up there! what have you to confide to me?
Look in my face while I snuff the sidle of evening,
(Talk honestly, no one else hears you, and I stay only a minute longer.)
Do I contradict myself?
Very well then I contradict myself,
(I am large, I contain multitudes.)
I concentrate toward them that are nigh, I wait on the door-slab.
Who has done his day’s work? who will soonest be through with his supper?
Who wishes to walk with me?
Will you speak before I am gone? will you prove already too late?

>asahi.com

>山形県酒田市は24日、夏のイベントの人出を発表した。酒田港まつりの酒田花火ショーは今回から調査方法を見直したところ19万8千人で、昨年の41万人の半分以下になった。同まつりの甚句流しも1万2800人と、昨年の4万2千人を大きく下回る結果となった。

市商工観光部によると、人出調査は酒田観光物産協会が毎年しているが、「主催者発表とはいえ、多すぎるのではないか」との疑問が出され、今年から調査方法を変えた。

従来は、関係者が前年の人出と比べて2割増、1割減などと大まかに算出していた。今回からは花火大会の場合、打ち上げ場所の最上川河川敷の会場周辺をエリア分けし、1平方メートルに2人が入れると想定して密度と面積をかけて数値を出した。甚句流しは会場の主要地点で実際に人出をカウントし、通りの面積を掛けたという。

協会側は「これまでは慣例で前年との増減で数字を出していた。今回から実数にできるだけ近づけるようにした」と話している。

>Auguste Comte

>

From the study of the development of human intelligence, in all directions, and through all times, the discovery arises of a great fundamental law, to which it is necessarily subject, and which has a solid foundation of proof, both in the facts of our organization and in our historical experience. The law is this: that each of our leading conceptions – each branch of our knowledge – passes successively through three different theoretical conditions: the theological, or fictitious; the metaphysical, or abstract; and the scientific, or positive.

>Susanna Kaysen

>

People ask, How did you get in there? What they really want to know is if they are likely to end up there as well. I can’t answer the real question. All I can say is, it’s easy.
And it is easy to slip into a parallel universe. There are so many of them: worlds of the insane, the criminal, the cnp-pled, the dying, perhaps of the dead as well. These worlds exist alongside this world and resemble it, but are not in it.
In the parallel universe the laws of physics are suspended. What goes up does not necessarily come down; a body at rest does not tend to stay at rest; and not every action can be counted on to provoke an equal and opposite reaction. Time, too, is different. It may run in circles, flow backward, skip about from now to then. The very arrangement of molecules is fluid: Tables can be clocks; faces, flowers.

>Ron Suskind

>

The aide said that guys like me were ”in what we call the reality-based community,” which he defined as people who ”believe that solutions emerge from your judicious study of discernible reality.” I nodded and murmured something about enlightenment principles and empiricism. He cut me off. ”That’s not the way the world really works anymore,” he continued. ”We’re an empire now, and when we act, we create our own reality. And while you’re studying that reality — judiciously, as you will — we’ll act again, creating other new realities, which you can study too, and that’s how things will sort out. We’re history’s actors . . . and you, all of you, will be left to just study what we do.”

>藤野眞功

>

「ちゃんと電車で帰ったよ。逃げる奴は追われるというからな」
「凄いですね」
「いったい、今の話のなにが凄いんだ? ええ! 教えてくれ」
「だって、そんな状況から逃げ切るなんて」
「いいか。凄いのは、金を持って逃げた奴らだけだ。おれを嵌めた二人の覆面と運転手だけだ。おれのことじゃない。おれが言いたいのは、言葉には意味がないってことだ。いいか。逃げるとき以外、あの時のおれは常に冷静だった。だが、事にあたっては冷静であることに何の意味もない。それが、おれの言いたいことだ。言葉を信じるな。それがもっとも肝心なことだ。奴らはおれを嵌め、オヤジはおれとの約束を破った。それが、おれの得た経験だ。言葉は無意味だ」
「でも、今の話はおれにはすごく為になりました」
 健一は言った。
「だから言葉には意味がない」
 藤井は笑った。
「いまのは作り話だ」
「なんのために、そんな嘘を」
「ここでは、すべてが無意味だからさ。言葉も行動も、おれもお前さんも」
 健一には、すべてが作り話とは思えなかった。

Captain Grace M. Hopper

In 1945, while working in a World War I vintage non-air-conditioned building on a hot, humid summer day, the computer stopped. We searched for the problem and found a failing relay — one of the big signal relays. Inside, we found a moth that had been beaten to death. We pulled it out with tweezers and taped it to the log book. From then on, when the officer came in to ask if we were accomplishing anything, we told him we were ‘debugging’ the computer.

Right now we’re in the business of collecting information. No one has really analyzed the total flow of information. What is most important? Is it Joe’s two hours of overtime, or is it a nuclear power plant that might blow up if we don’t change a valve setting? We have not correctly addressed that.

We haven’t researched the value of information or the cost of incorrect information—or even which information gets priority. It is my experience that the senior squeaking wheel gets the top priority.

Edsger W. Dijkstra

In the IBM/360, which appeared a year later, such queueing was done by “command chaining”: in the chain of queued commands, the last one carried an end marker, and attaching a new command was done by overwriting that end marker by a pointer to the command to be attached. But the design contained two serious flaws.
If at the moment of attachment the channel was still active, the new command would be executed in due time, otherwise the channel had to be reactivated. To establish whether this obligation was present, the instruction code contained test instructions testing whether channels were active or not, but the trouble with such a test instruction is that when a channel is reported to be still active, that information can be obsolete a microsecond later. In the IBM/360 the result was that, when a new command had been attached while before the attachment the channel was observed to be active and after the attachment it was passive, this information was insufficient to determine whether the channel had deactivated itself before or after the attachment, i.e. whether the last command had been executed or not.
Reporting completions was similarly defective. Command chaining had introduced channels that in due time would report a sequence of completions, but instead of a counter there was only the binary interrupt flipflop to record a next completion. If an interrupt signal came before the previous one for that channel had been honored, it would just get lost! They had traded the minor evil of moral urgency for the major one of essential urgency.
At the time I was shocked by the fact that the major product of the world’s largest and most powerful computer manufacturer could contain such a serious blunder. Later I realized that to a certain extent I myself was to be blamed, for when I invented the semaphores and the synchronizing primitives, I did not publish my invention.

The other vivid memory is of what I heard about IBM’s mechanical debugging aid. In order to make errors reproducible they equipped the IBM/360 with a special hardware monitor; in the recording mode it would capture precisely where in the computation each interrupt took place, in the controlling mode it would force the computer to replay exactly the recorded computation, thus making intermediate results available for inspection. It struck me as a crude and silly way of proceeding, and I remember being grateful that lack of money had protected me from making that methodological mistake. I felt grateful and superior, and when a few years later it became clear that IBM couldn’t get its OS/360 right, I was not amazed.

>Bernie Siegel

>

The inexplicable happens all the time. It makes more sense to simply accept things we observe but cannot understand. It is really more scientific to keep an open mind. Until we can understand and explain the things we now label miracles, let us accept them and try to create more of them.

>Ralph Waldo Trine

>

A miracle is nothing more or less than this. Anyone who has come into a knowledge of his true identity, of his oneness with the all-pervading wisdom and power, this makes it possible for laws higher than the ordinary mind knows of to be revealed to him or her.

>Augustine of Hippo

>

When people truly open their minds, and contemplate the way in which the universe is ordered and governed, they are amazed–overwhelmed by a sense of the miraculous. When people contemplate with open minds the germination of a single seed, they are equally overwhelmed–yet numerous babies are born every day, and no-one marvels. If only people opened their minds, they would see that the birth of a baby, in which a new life is created, is a greater miracle than restoring life.

>Philip Jason

>

To love someone is to always see them as the miracle that they are; as the miracle that they exist, the miracle that makes your own simultaneous existence seem fortunately improbable and therefore defiantly miraculous; is to show them, in your eyes and through the way in which you look at them, the limitless beauty of their true miraculous selves; is to say to them in every glance: “I believe in miracles because I believe in you.”