In this Universe, there are very few fundamental properties that cannot be derived from something simpler.The rules governing biological systems are rooted in chemical interactions, bonds, and applied voltages.The rules of chemistry can be derived from more fundamental physical laws that govern all particles.And if you strip down the components of any physical system, you’ll eventually arrive at the simplest descriptions of reality we know of: the particles and interactions that make up all of our known reality.While all the particles that exist have their own specific, unique properties, there are only a few that define them, such as mass, electric charge, color charge, and weak hypercharge.Yet why the particles have the properties they do is not fully understood; the values of the fundamental constants behind the Universe cannot be derived from anything presently known.
Don’t be so gloomy. After all it’s not that awful. You know what the fellow said – in Italy, for thirty years under the Borgias, they had warfare, terror, murder and bloodshed, but they produced Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci and the Renaissance. In Switzerland, they had brotherly love, they had five hundred years of democracy and peace – and what did that produce? The cuckoo clock. So long Holly.
The better way to think about an electron is like a “fog” or a “cloud,” spread throughout the space around an atomic nucleus. When two or more atoms are bound together into a molecule, their electron clouds overlap, and the electron’s extent in space gets even more diffuse. When you press your hand up against another surface, the electromagnetic forces from the electrons on that surface push against the electrons in your hands, causing the electron clouds to distort and deform in their shapes.
This is counterintuitive, of course, because we’re so used to thinking of the fundamental constituents of matter in terms of particles. But it’s better to think of them as quanta instead: behaving like particles under high-energy conditions but behaving like waves under low-energy conditions. When we’re dealing with atoms under normal terrestrial conditions, they’re wave-like, with individual quanta occupying large volumes of space all on their own.
There’s a big problem whenever we rely on our intuition to make sense of the Universe: intuition is borne from experience, and our own personal experience of the Universe is entirely classical. Our Universe is made up of particles at a fundamental phenomena, and collections of particles can compress, rarify, and oscillate in ways that appear wave-like.
But down in the quantum realm of atoms, photons, and individual electrons, wave-like behavior is just as fundamental as particle-like behavior, with only the conditions of the experiment, measurement, or interaction determining what we observe. At very high energies, experiments can reveal that particle-like behavior we’re so familiar with. But under normal circumstances, like the ones we consistently experience in our own bodies, even an individual electron is spread out over an entire atom or molecule.
Inside your body, you aren’t mostly empty space. You’re mostly a series of electron clouds, all bound together by the quantum rules that govern the entire Universe.
Narcisse Pelletier né le 1er janvier 1844 à Saint-Gilles-sur-Vie (intégré depuis à la commune de Saint-Gilles-Croix-de-Vie, Vendée) et mort le 28 septembre 1894 à Saint-Nazaire (Loire-Atlantique) est un marin français.
En 1858, alors qu’il a 14 ans et qu’il est mousse, le navire sur lequel il voyage fait naufrage près de l’île Rossel en Nouvelle-Guinée. Après avoir été abandonné par l’équipage sur les côtes de la péninsule du cap York en Australie, il vit parmi une tribu d’Aborigènes, sans contact avec le monde « civilisé », avant d’être redécouvert, dix-sept ans plus tard, par des Anglais. Il est ramené à sa famille en France, où il finit sa vie comme gardien de phare puis employé au port de Saint-Nazaire.
Son extraordinaire destin, rapporté dans la presse de l’époque puis par les historiens locaux, fait l’objet de diverses publications : récits, articles, romans, bandes dessinées et reportages télévisés. Peu connue en France, son histoire est racontée par lui-même peu de temps après son retour, et constitue un témoignage précieux sur la vie quotidienne, les mœurs, la langue et la culture de la tribu dans laquelle il a vécu.
“Alternative facts” was a phrase used by U.S. Counselor to the President, Kellyanne Conway, during a Meet the Press interview on January 22, 2017, in which she defended White House Press Secretary Sean Spicer’s false statement about the attendance numbers of Donald Trump’s inauguration as President of the United States. When pressed during the interview with Chuck Todd to explain why Spicer would “utter a provable falsehood”, Conway stated that Spicer was giving “alternative facts”. Todd responded, “Look, alternative facts are not facts. They’re falsehoods.”
Conway’s use of the phrase “alternative facts” for demonstrable falsehoods was widely mocked on social media and sharply criticized by journalists and media organizations, including Dan Rather, Jill Abramson, and the Public Relations Society of America. The phrase was extensively described as Orwellian, particularly in reference to the term doublethink. Within four days of the interview, sales of George Orwell’s novel Nineteen Eighty-Four had increased 95-fold, which The New York Times and others attributed to Conway’s use of the phrase, making it the number-one bestseller on Amazon.com.
Conway later defended her choice of words, defining “alternative facts” as “additional facts and alternative information”.
Facts, however numerous, do not constitute a science. Like innumerable grains of sand on the sea shore, single facts appear isolated, useless, shapeless; it is only when compared, when arranged in their natural relations, when crystallized by the intellect, that they constitute the eternal truths of science.
By placing an order on April 1, purchasers granted to Gamestation a non-transferable, perpetual option “to claim, for now and forever more, your immortal soul”. Such purchasers agreed to surrender said soul within 5 business days of written notification by Gamestation “or one of its authorised minions”; and while such notice could be delivered by way of notice through “6 (six) foot high letters of fire”, purchasers agreed that Gamestation had no liability for damages caused by that act. At the end of the paragraph, purchasers were told that they could click on a link to nullify the provision (and, upon doing so, were rewarded for their vigilance with a voucher code that had a value of £5.00).
It looked like the fall of Saigon in 1975 on fast-forward: an American-backed army melting away, enemy fighters strolling into the presidential palace, desperate crowds mobbing the airport. But the similarities between Afghanistan and South Vietnam were not only superficial. Both states, built to please their American sponsors, had been hollowed out by one of the oldest diseases of governance: corruption.
In Afghanistan, “from your birth certificate to your death certificate and whatever comes in between, somehow you have to bribe,” says Ahmad Shah Katawazai, a former Afghan diplomat. Officials and police routinely demand baksheesh (a “tip”). As the Taliban advanced, the pay-off required for a passport rose to thousands of dollars.
Not Available (利用できない)
Not Applicable (該当なし)
Not Available (利用できない)
Not Applicable (該当なし)
Less than half of the unit (単位の半分未満)
Absolute zero (ゼロ)
Less than half of the unit (単位の半分未満)
Less than half of the unit (単位の半分未満)
それに対し 本当の「0」 つまりなにもない「0」は
Absolute zero (ゼロ)
La storia dolorosa e commovente di Alice e di Mattia, e dei personaggi che li affiancano nel loro percorso. Una scrittura di sorprendente fermezza e maturità, una materia che brucia per le sue implicazioni emotive.
Choices are made in brief seconds and paid for in the time that remains.
BACKGROUND Since December 2019, when coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) emerged in Wuhan city and rapidly spread throughout China, data have been needed on the clinical characteristics of the affected patients. METHODS We extracted data regarding 1099 patients with laboratory-confirmed Covid-19 from 552 hospitals in 30 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities in mainland China through January 29, 2020. The primary composite end point was admission to an intensive care unit (ICU), the use of mechanical ventilation, or death. RESULTS The median age of the patients was 47 years; 41.9% of the patients were female. The primary composite end point occurred in 67 patients (6.1%), including 5.0% who were admitted to the ICU, 2.3% who underwent invasive mechanical ventilation, and 1.4% who died. Only 1.9% of the patients had a history of direct contact with wildlife. Among nonresidents of Wuhan, 72.3% had contact with residents of Wuhan, including 31.3% who had visited the city. The most common symptoms were fever (43.8% on admission and 88.7% during hospitalization) and cough (67.8%). Diarrhea was uncommon (3.8%). The median incubation period was 4 days (interquartile range, 2 to 7). On admission, ground-glass opacity was the most common radiologic finding on chest computed tomography (CT) (56.4%). No radiographic or CT abnormality was found in 157 of 877 patients (17.9%) with nonsevere disease and in 5 of 173 patients (2.9%) with severe disease. Lymphocytopenia was present in 83.2% of the patients on admission. CONCLUSIONS During the first 2 months of the current outbreak, Covid-19 spread rapidly throughout China and caused varying degrees of illness. Patients often presented without fever, and many did not have abnormal radiologic findings.
Australia’s original people had been dealt a lean ecological hand — no domesticatable fauna beyond the dingo, no domesticatable flora beyond the macadamia nut — so they developed a form of firestick farming and expertise in exploiting even the most ephemeral seasonal resources. They also developed steepling thought-structures — intellectual edifices so comprehensive that every creature and plant had its place within it. They travelled light, but they were walking atlases, and walking encyclopedias of natural history. They were Scheherazades, too, because this complicated knowledge was not written down but allocated between human minds in song, dance and story. Detailed observations of nature were elevated into drama by the development of multiple and multi-level narratives: narratives which made the intricate relationships between these observed phenomena memorable.
These dramatic narratives identified the recurrent and therefore the timeless and the significant within the fleeting and the idiosyncratic. They were also very human, charged with moral significance but with pathos, and with humour, too – after all, the Dreamtime creatures were not austere divinities, but fallible beings who happened to make the world and everything in it while going about their creaturely business. Traditional Aboriginal culture effortlessly fuses areas of understanding which Europeans ‘naturally’ keep separate: ecology, cosmology, theology, social morality, art, comedy, tragedy – the observed and the richly imagined fused into a seamless whole.
The greatest political support for taxing the rich emerges when compensatory arguments can be credibly applied in policy debates. This happens when it is clear that taxing the rich more heavily than the rest serves to correct or compensate for some other inequality in government action.
Economists who rationalise their discipline’s value can be convincing, especially with prestige and mathiness on their side. But there’s no reason to keep believing them. The pejorative verb ‘rationalise’ itself warns of mathiness, reminding us that we often deceive each other by making prior convictions, biases and ideological positions look ‘rational’, a word that confuses truth with mathematical reasoning. To be rational is, simply, to think in ratios, like the ratios that govern the geometry of the stars. Yet when mathematical theory is the ultimate arbiter of truth, it becomes difficult to see the difference between science and pseudoscience. The result is people like the judge in Evangeline Adams’s trial, or the Son of Heaven in ancient China, who trust the mathematical exactitude of theories without considering their performance – that is, who confuse math with science, rationality with reality.
Mathiness lets academic politics masquerade as science. Like mathematical theory, mathiness uses a mixture of words and symbols, but instead of making tight links, it leaves ample room for slippage between statements in the languages of words as opposed to symbols, and between statements with theoretical as opposed to empirical content. Because it is difficult to distinguish machines from mathematical theory, the market for lemons tells us that the market for mathematical theory might collapse, leaving only machines as entertainment that is worth little but cheap to produce.
It seems to me that this failure of the economists to guide policy more successfully is closely connected with their propensity to imitate as closely as possible the procedures of the brilliantly successful physical sciences – an attempt which in our field may lead to outright error. It is an approach which has come to be described as the “scientistic” attitude – an attitude which, as I defined it some thirty years ago, “is decidedly unscientific in the true sense of the word, since it involves a mechanical and uncritical application of habits of thought to fields different from those in which they have been formed.” I want today to begin by explaining how some of the gravest errors of recent economic policy are a direct consequence of this scientistic error.
The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, commonly referred to as the Nobel Prize in Economics, is an award for outstanding contributions to the field of economics, and generally regarded as the most prestigious award for that field. The award’s official name is The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel (Swedish: Sveriges riksbanks pris i ekonomisk vetenskap till Alfred Nobels minne).
The prize was established in 1968 by a donation from Sweden’s central bank Sveriges Riksbank to the Nobel Foundation to commemorate the bank’s 300th anniversary. As it is not one of the prizes that Alfred Nobel established in his will in 1895, it is not technically a Nobel Prize. However, it is administered and referred to along with the Nobel Prizes by the Nobel Foundation. Laureates are announced with the Nobel Prize laureates, and receive the award at the same ceremony.
Laureates in the Memorial Prize in Economics are selected by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. It was first awarded in 1969 to Dutch and Norwegian economists Jan Tinbergen and Ragnar Frisch, “for having developed and applied dynamic models for the analysis of economic processes”.
And so one thing that has been interesting this entire campaign season to watch, is that people that say facts are facts—they’re not really facts. Everybody has a way—it’s kind of like looking at ratings, or looking at a glass of half-full water. Everybody has a way of interpreting them to be the truth, or not truth. There’s no such thing, unfortunately, anymore as facts.
Against [empiricism], which halts at [observable] phenomena—‘There are only facts’—I would say, no, facts is precisely what there is not, only interpretations. We cannot establish any fact ‘in itself’: perhaps it is folly to want to do such a thing.
We often dream about people from whom we receive a letter by the next post. I have ascertained on several occasions that at the moment when the dream occurred the letter was already lying in the post-office of the addressee.
Every racial or ethnic group has specific health concerns which are caused by a combination of genetic, cultural, and environmental factors. For example, some people think that Irish people drink too much as a culture. But American Indians and Alaska Natives statistically suffer disproportionately from substance use disorders compared with other racial groups in the United States. Why is this? And what can be done about it?
More than 70% of researchers have tried and failed to reproduce another scientist’s experiments, and more than half have failed to reproduce their own experiments. Those are some of the telling figures that emerged from Nature’s survey of 1,576 researchers who took a brief online questionnaire on reproducibility in research.
The data reveal sometimes-contradictory attitudes towards reproducibility. Although 52% of those surveyed agree that there is a significant ‘crisis’ of reproducibility, less than 31% think that failure to reproduce published results means that the result is probably wrong, and most say that they still trust the published literature.
This film is my personal contribution to the Ukrainian independence referendum.
I wanted people to see what life was like in a colony, the inhabitants of which were mercilessly exploited in the name of a utopian ideology.
Now here’s my dilemma. The more I save, the more economically secure would I feel, and the more unsecure will my nation’s economy get. And the more I spend, the less cash I have in bank, in fact it might even go negative which is good for the nation’s economy. Which means what is good for an individual is bad for the economy and vice versa. Who can answer to that?
The bomb ended the war – the Soviet Union’s unexpected entry into the war against Japan on Aug. 8 was probably an even greater shock to Tokyo than the atomic bombing of Hiroshima two days earlier.
The bomb saved half a million American lives – the U.S. Joint War Plans Committee predicted in mid-June 1945 that the invasion of Japan, set to begin Nov. 1, would result in 193,000 U.S. casualties, including 40,000 deaths.
The only alternative to the bomb was an invasion of Japan – there were two other options recognized at the time. The first was a demonstration of the atomic bomb prior to or instead of its military use. The second alternative was accepting a conditional surrender by Japan.
The Japanese were warned before the bomb was dropped – there was never any specific warning to the cities that had been chosen as targets for the atomic bomb prior to the weapon’s first use. The omission was deliberate: The United States feared that the Japanese, being forewarned, would shoot down the planes carrying the bombs.
The bomb was timed to gain a diplomatic advantage over Russia and proved a “master card” in early Cold War politics – in reality, military planning, not diplomatic advantage, dictated the timing of the atomic attacks. The bombs were ordered to be dropped “as soon as made ready.”
Why is it that liberals always think the populace is stupid? Maybe it’s because they’re so arrogant, sitting in their ivory towers, gazing down imperiously on the people. Most folks know what’s best for them, whether they have a Ph.D., a Nobel Prize, or not. And they spoke this week in a strong voice. They do not want to go where the Democrats want to herd them. They are shedding Democrats as fast as they can. If it wasn’t for the fact that only 1/3 of the Senate is voted upon at any election, the Republicans would have been in this place four years ago.
Les cages peintes en vert sont remplies d’animaux mais interdites aux visiteurs : depuis des semaines, l’espace de quarantaine du zoo d’Abidjan affiche complet, de nombreux particuliers abandonnant leurs singes de crainte d’attraper le virus d’Ebola, pourtant absent de Côte d’Ivoire.
History is always written by the winners. When two cultures clash, the loser is obliterated, and the winner writes the history books — books which glorify their own cause and disparage the conquered foe. As Napoleon once said, “What is history, but a fable agreed upon?” He smiled. By its very nature, history is always a one-sided account.
My Marine company was going through a village, when we were attacked by some Vietnamese soldiers. Many Marines were killed and many were wounded. The rest of us just ran around, trying to find a place of safety. I ran behind a Vietnamese house and ran down into their family bunker. …
Once I got down inside of this bunker, I realized that there was someone there with me. I turned and looked. It was a young Vietnamese girl, maybe 15 or 16 years old. … She looked at me like I was a monster. She was very afraid of me, but for some reason she would not get up and run away.
She was breathing very hard, and she was in great pain. So I crawled over to her and realized she was naked from the waist down. I could not understand what was wrong with her. She kept breathing hard, and she kept making pushing sounds. I looked between her legs and saw the little head of a baby.
Salernitana-Nocerina has been abandoned in Lega Pro after an extraordinary series of events.
The local derby started 40 minutes late because the Nocerina players arrived at the stadium and refused to get off the team bus.
They had reportedly received threats from their own fans before the game and were extremely nervous.
After negotiations with the Lega Pro representatives at the stadium, Nocerina agreed to play, but it only appeared to be a ruse. After two minutes Nocerina made three substitutions, then over the next 17 minutes another five players limped off with ‘injuries.’
Ficarrotta of Nocerina and Salernitana’s Iannarilli were also sent off for a scuffle. This left Nocerina with only six players on the pitch, forcing the referee to suspend the game definitively.
For 67 years, the Virgin Mary Church has been a peaceful refuge for Shenouda El Sayeh, much like the Giza province village of Kafr Hakim where it rests and where he has lived all those years.
But, as he swept its floors on Thursday, it was painfully obvious things had changed.
The night before, a mob — chanting against Coptic Christians such as El Sayeh and calling for Egypt to become an “Islamic state” — had torched and looted the Virgin Mary Church.
“I didn’t expect this to happen,” El Sayeh said.
He’s not alone. Christians all around Egypt are cleaning up in the aftermath of a spate of attacks, which came on the country’s deadliest day since the 2011 revolution that overthrew longtime President Hosni Mubarak.
Franklin is best known for her work on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA which led to the discovery of DNA double helix. Her data, according to Francis Crick, were “the data we actually used” to formulate Crick and Watson’s 1953 hypothesis regarding the structure of DNA. Franklin’s images of X-ray diffraction confirming the helical structure of DNA were shown to Watson without her approval or knowledge. Though this image and her accurate interpretation of the data provided valuable insight into the DNA structure, Franklin’s scientific contributions to the discovery of the double helix are often overlooked. Unpublished drafts of her papers (written just as she was arranging to leave King’s College London) show that she had independently determined the overall B-form of the DNA helix and the location of the phosphate groups on the outside of the structure. Moreover, Franklin personally told Crick and Watson that the backbones had to be on the outside, which was crucial since before this both they and Linus Pauling had independently generated non-illuminating models with the chains inside and the bases pointing outwards. However, her work was published third, in the series of three DNA Nature articles, led by the paper of Watson and Crick which only hinted at her contribution to their hypothesis.
The editor’s job has very little to do with working with text. It mostly involves managing the overall process, soliciting articles, and working with the organization. I thought editing was about working with words — but editors do very little work with words. Mostly we work with authors and ideas.
In a large number of these surveys people inflate how often they have sex. They are buying into this idea that great sex is measured by how often you have it.
We do have an anxiety about trusting sex research generally, partly because of worries over talking about sex but recently more because of the misuse of the survey tool as an advertising device. It is hardly surprising that journalists and the public don’t trust sex research.
What they see shared in mainstream media is not the careful and more balanced work undertaken in social and health research.
As sex stories on relationships advice in media are pinned on “statistics“, then this allows the dodgy PR polls to be used to tell us how we should be having sex and set up ideas about what is normal.
It is understandable that people want to present a positive image of themselves to friends, family and colleagues. But why fib to researchers?
After all, the man or woman from the Office for National Statistics or Ipsos Mori can’t order you to go on a diet or lay off the wine.
It is a question that has been puzzling social scientists for decades.
They even have a name for it – The Social Desirability Bias.
“People respond to surveys in the way they think they ought to. It is otherwise known as lying,” says Kate Fox.
It is a particular problem when it comes to “sins” such as alcohol and food. They think other people are drinking a lot less alcohol, doing more exercise and having a lot more sex and that changes their view of their own behaviour.
The news is chock full of surveys. Many are blatant self-promotion and/or statistical garbage.
All surveys can suffer from bias – deliberately or not – by picking up or missing too many of a vital group and simply extrapolating – as if everyone in the country is the same as the people who completed the survey. Were they?
Statistics borrow from mathematics an air of precision and certainty but also call on human judgment and so are subject to bias and imprecision
Knowing what has been counted, and how, tells us whether a study can really answer the question it addresses
Like words, numbers and statistics mean different things in different contexts
Just because something is statistically significant it doesn’t mean it is practically significant or of importance to society
It can be too difficult or not practical to make a complete count – it is impossible to know the exact number of illegal immigrants, for example, and we can only estimate the number. The only time when the whole population is asked for information is during the national census, which takes place every ten years and provides figures from a national to neighbourhood level. And even during the census not everyone will be counted.
When population density is measured by standard methods, small countries and territories such as Macau, Monaco and Singapore rank among the world’s most crowded. However, given that mostly uninhabitable deserts cover more than 95% of Egypt and mudslide-prone mountains a quarter of Hong Kong, it is not surprising that the built-up urban areas in these places feel much more crowded than conventional comparisons suggest. So an alternative method of calculating population density is to divide the urban population by the area taken up by cities. On this measure Bangladesh’s urban areas hold about 75,000 people per square kilometre (194,250 per square mile). This is likely the world’s highest and is over 70 times the figure derived from cruder calculations. Since more than half the world’s population now lives in cities, a share the UN expects to rise to over two-thirds by 2050, adjusting population density to account for the smaller areas where people actually choose to live is probably a better way of gauging how crowded somewhere is.
Schematic images of the disaster struck reactors of the nuclear power plant Fukushima Dai-ichi in Japan, helping to understand the various reports about explosions and fires. There are 6 reactor blocks, which are all the same pre-1970 Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) General Electric Mark I design.
A crucial weakness of nuclear reactors is their dependence on the outside electricity grid to keep the several pumps and different water circulation systems running, which in turn are vital to keep the reactor core from overheating. In the current case of a failure of both the electricity grid and the emergency power, the reactor core starts overheating and melts down, a process that started in all of the three active reactors. The damage to the fuel rods, which normally enclose the uranium oxide fuel airtight to keep radioactive nucleids from contaminating the reactor core, allowed significant amounts of these radioactive particles to escape the containment with vented gas. The crucial purpose of a number of containment layers, to keep radioactivity inside of the reactor under all circumstances, thus failed.
The hydrogen explosions were a result of the initiated meltdown, as hydrogen starts to appear when the water level in the reactor vessel drops, the fuel rods are exposed, and reach a temperature of at least 1000 degree Celsius. As an emergency measure to counter the build up of pressure inside of the reactor vessel, gas is continously vented, with the side effect of transporting significant amounts of radioactive isotopes in the atmosphere, and blowing up the roofs of two reactors in the huge explosions that occurred.
World War II was the deadliest military conflict in history. Over 60 million people were killed, which was over 2.5% of the world population. The tables below give a detailed country-by-country count of human losses.
The Harvest of Sorrow: Soviet Collectivization and the Terror-Famine; Famine in the Ukraine, 1932-1933
by Robert Conquest
Two books remind the world of Stalin’s campaign against the kulaks and the drive for farm collectivization accompanied by force, terror and famine, especially in the Ukraine. Conquest’s study places these events in the context of Bolshevik politics and policy and describes the famine in grisly detail. On one of his main themes, the deliberate destruction of the independent peasantry for reasons of ideology and power, the record is indisputable; on his other theme, that the famine was an act of genocide directed against the Ukrainian nation, the case is less clear, although Ukrainian nationalism was a constant concern of the Bolshevik leadership. As the Soviet government then and later denied the existence of the famine, there is no official body of evidence on which the story can be based, but Conquest has done a masterful job in collecting material from eyewitness accounts of foreign journalists and emigrés, and also from fact and fiction published in the U.S.S.R. itself. The volume edited by Serbyn and Krawchenko, less ambitious but covering some of the same ground and with similar sympathy for the Ukrainian cause, has a useful chapter on sources. It also describes fully how the famine was often dishonestly reported to the West (especially by Walter Duranty of the The New York Times) and how the Western governments chose to close their eyes and ears.
The term ‘invented tradition‘ is used in a broad, but not imprecise sense. It includes both ‘traditions’ actually invented, constructed and formally instituted and those emerging in a less easily traceable manner within a brief and dateable period — a matter of a few years perhaps — and establishing themselves with great rapidity. The royal Christmas broadcast in Britain (instituted in 1932) is an example of the first; the appearance and development of the practices associated with the Cup Final in British Association Football, of the second.
Как передает РГВК “Дагестан”, 56-летняя Айшат Максудова схватилась с хищником, когда тот напал на нее в селе Ново Бирюзяк – туда пенсионерка приехала погостить к родственникам.
Однажды днем Максудова вышла за околицу, чтобы починить заграждение для домашнего скота. В это время на нее вышел здоровенный хищник. Животное сначало зарычало, а потом напало на женщину.
В первые секунды превосходство было на стороне волка. Он повалил потенциальную добычу на землю. В это время женщина даже выронила из рук единственное имевшееся у нее на тот момент оружие – топор. Однако, настойчивая пенсионерка не сдалась и сумела вывернутся и схватить волка за загривок свободной рукой. В другую – хищник вцепился мертвой хваткой.
Пенсионерка так сжала волку горло, что он начал слабеть. Собрав остатки силы, женщина выдернула руку из пасти хищника, дотянулась до топора и несколько раз ударила им зверя по голове.
За несколько минут дуэль была закончена. Волк остался лежать на поле битвы, а Максудова сама добралась до дома.
Life is born from the Land. We are all sons of the earth and that is where our roots reside. That means that we don’t just have regional native lands nor national nor European. This is a first reality. The second is that we are bound to a common destiny and we have many common problems to solve: economic, demographic, ecologic problems, problems of drugs and so forth. We therefore have a common terrestrial identity and a common destiny. But we must still become conscious and develop an organized system adequate to that conscientiousness.