Category Archives: information

Chris Cannucciari

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Martin Hilbert, Priscila López

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Cambridge University Library

Six things Darwin never said: It is not the strongest of the species that survives, nor the most intelligent that survives. It is the one that is most adaptable to change. In the struggle for survival, the fittest win out at the expense of their rivals because they succeed in adapting themselves best to their environment. In the long history of humankind (and animal kind, too) those who learned to collaborate and improvise most effectively have prevailed. The universe we observe has precisely the properties we should expect if there is, at bottom, no design, no purpose, no evil, no good, nothing but blind, pitiless indifference. I was a young … Continue reading

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Takuya Kimura

IoT にフォーカスした深層学習技術の研究開発を行う Preferred Networks (PFN) は 2017年8月4日、トヨタ自動車を引受先とした第三者割当増資を実施し、約105億円を調達したと発表した。トヨタ自動車はPFNとの共同研究・開発により、モビリティ分野へのAI技術の応用を進めていく狙いだ。 PFNとトヨタは2014年10月から共同で研究開発を開始し、関係強化を目的に、同じくトヨタから10億円を調達していた(2015年12月)。 PFNはプレスリリースのなかで、「今回の資金調達により、計算環境の拡充、優秀な人材の確保をすすめ、モビリティ事業分野におけるトヨタとの関係強化、共同研究・開発をさらに加速させる」としている。

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David Chalmers

I like to distinguish between intelligence and consciousness. Intelligence is a matter of the behavioral capacities of these systems: what they can do, what outputs they can produce given their inputs. When it comes to intelligence, the central question is, given some problems and goals, can you come up with the right means to your ends? If you can, that is the hallmark of intelligence. Consciousness is more a matter of subjective experience. You and I have intelligence, but we also have subjectivity; it feels like something on the inside when we have experiences. That subjectivity — consciousness — is what makes our lives meaningful. It’s also what gives us … Continue reading

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Forbes

The World’s Top 10 Highest-Paid Athletes in 2019: 1 Lionel Messi Soccer $127 M 2 Cristiano Ronaldo Soccer $109 M 3 Neymar Soccer $105 M 4 Canelo Alvarez Boxing $94 M 5 Roger Federer Tennis $93.4 M 6 Russell Wilson Football $89.5 M 7 Aaron Rodgers Football $89.3 M 8 LeBron James Basketball $89 M 9 Stephen Curry Basketball $79.8 M 10 Kevin Durant Basketball $65.4 M

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Nisha Mody

In this age of fake news, facts aren’t necessarily the answer. The news is embedded within a broad political spectrum, and acknowledging the slants from the messages we receive is more powerful than grasping for facts. The media is biased; it is funded by advertisers and run by businessmen. Businesses have interests, the media has interests. … Conversations lose nuance and are skewed for the sake of survival. It’s also no secret that news publications and television networks are politicized. … The news is not neutral — nothing is neutral.

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ICEYE

Satellite data enables efficient mapping and monitoring of the Earth’s resources, ecosystems, and events. The information can be used for various scientific, administrative and commercial applications. Accurate information based on satellite data helps users to understand how we humans affect our cities and environments, which in turn enables data-based decisions and actions. Access to timely satellite data gives an opportunity to take action on what is going on right now, on large and small scales. The use of satellite data helps governments and industries to share information, to make better decisions, to act on time and to provide improved or totally new services. The original raw satellite images contain data … Continue reading

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Synspective

Synspective gathers broad and high frequency monitoring data from our own SAR satellite constellation and extracts information using machine learning technology to better enable decision-making and action by companies and governments,. The information has multiple benefits such as visualization and prediction of economic activity, monitoring of terrain and structures, and immediate understanding of disaster situations.

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Maarten van Doorn

Since we’re deeply convinced that we need that data, yet it wasn’t there to be found, we went and created some instead. We would like to know about these unknowable things so badly, that we pretend there’s some fact about societal engagement ‘there’, which our surveys tap into.

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BBC News

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Ian Bremmer

Russia’s parliament approved a law that might allow the country to cordon off its internet from the rest of the world, creating an unprecedented “sovereign” internet. If Russia is able to pull this off (a very big if), it will be the most tangible step yet toward fracturing the web. This law will regulate how internet traffic moves through critical infrastructure for the internet. By November internet service providers will have to adopt new routing and filtering technology and grant regulators the authority to directly monitor and censor content it deems objectionable. But the real groundbreaker is the intent to create a national domain name system (DNS) by 2021, probably … Continue reading

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Ross Douthat

In our age of digital connection and constantly online life, you might say that two political regimes are evolving, one Chinese and one Western, which offer two kinds of relationships between the privacy of ordinary citizens and the newfound power of central authorities to track, to supervise, to expose and to surveil. The first regime is one in which your every transaction can be fed into a system of ratings and rankings, in which what seem like merely personal mistakes can cost you your livelihood and reputation, even your ability to hail a car or book a reservation. It’s one in which notionally private companies cooperate with the government to … Continue reading

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John Walcott

Most of the administration’s case for that war made absolutely no sense, specifically the notion that Saddam Hussein was allied with Osama bin Laden. That one from the get-go rang all the bells — a secular Arab dictator allied with a radical Islamist whose goal was to overthrow secular dictators and reestablish his Caliphate? The more we examined it, the more it stank. The second thing was rather than relying entirely on people of high rank with household names as sources, we had sources who were not political appointees. One of the things that has gone very wrong in Washington journalism is ‘source addiction,’ ‘access addiction,’ and the idea that … Continue reading

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豊田洋一

米映画「記者たち 衝撃と畏怖の真実」を公開当日、仕事帰りに観に行った。 心に残る映画「スタンド・バイ・ミー」を撮ったロブ・ライナー監督作品であることに加え、筆者のワシントン勤務と同時期の、米新聞記者の奮闘を描いた実話であることが、映画館へと足を急がせた。 「衝撃と畏怖」は二〇〇三年三月、イラク戦争開戦時の米軍の作戦名。圧倒的軍事力でイラク側の戦意をくじくという意味だ。 ブッシュ政権が開戦の大義としたのが大量破壊兵器の存在だが、イラクはそんなものは持っていなかった。証拠をでっち上げ、ウソの理由で戦争が始められ、多くの命が失われた。米国の報道機関のほとんどが政権の誤った情報を垂れ流した。ニューヨーク・タイムズなど米国を代表する新聞も例外ではない。 その中で、地方新聞社を傘下に置くナイト・リッダー社の記者たちは政権のウソを報じ続ける。映画はその奮闘ぶりを当時のニュース映像などを交えて描き出していた。 筆者はあの当時、大量破壊兵器の存在に懐疑的ながらも、政権発の情報は、その都度報じざるを得なかった。外国のメディアだとしても、米メディアと同罪だろう。 権力はウソをつく、は歴史の教訓だ。そのウソに新聞記者としてどう立ち向かい、真実を暴くのか。エンドロールを見つめながら、当時を思い出し、自問した。

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Power Estate

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Lissa Harris

Intelligence may be written in our genes, but in a language we don’t yet know how to read.

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Kian Katanforoosh

Deep learning is a subset of what we call Artificial Intelligence. I would say that AI is about developing machines (computers, smartphones, websites, robots) able to perform tasks that normally require human intelligence, thanks to algorithms mixing mathematics and computer science. It can be seen as a science of automation that can affect many industries. It is like a science of automation that applies to any type of industry. Deep learning is a family of algorithms in artificial intelligence inspired by the interactions between neurons in the human brain, namely « neural networks ». It has recently boomed after outstanding results have been observed in applications such as image detection, … Continue reading

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Andrew Ng

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Jay Liebowitz

If intelligence and stupidity naturally exist, and if AI is said to exist, then is there something that might be called “artificial stupidity?”

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Mark Bishop

I believe three fundamental problems explain why computational AI has historically failed to replicate human mentality in all its raw and electro-chemical glory, and will continue to fail. First, computers lack genuine understanding. The Chinese Room Argument is a famous thought experiment by US philosopher John Searle that shows how a computer program can appear to understand Chinese stories (by responding to questions about them appropriately) without genuinely understanding anything of the interaction. Second, computers lack consciousness. An argument can be made, one I call Dancing with Pixies, that if a robot experiences a conscious sensation as it interacts with the world, then an infinitude of consciousnesses must be everywhere: … Continue reading

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Rodney Brooks

Every time we figure out a piece of it, it stops being magical; we say, “Oh, that’s just a computation.”

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Larry Tesler

My formulation of what others have since called the “AI Effect”. As commonly quoted: Artificial Intelligence is whatever hasn’t been done yet. What I actually said was: Intelligence is whatever machines haven’t done yet. Many people define humanity partly by our allegedly unique intelligence. Whatever a machine—or an animal—can do must (those people say) be something other than intelligence.

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Douglas Hofstadter

It always takes longer than you expect, even when you take into account Hofstadter’s Law.

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Guy Mann Dude

The problem with AI is that it is constantly being redefined. At one point, a robot that would vaccum your house without you lifting a finger would have been considered an example of AI. Nowdays, hardly anyone is impressed by a Roomba. It used to be that a computer that could beat a human grandmaster at chess would have sufficed as AI. Today, we consider that to be little more than a clever computer algorithm. AI will always be 10+ years away if we keep redefining it to exclude any successes we achieve.

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Fabio Assolini

To help new ‘entrepreneurs’ or beginners interested in a life of cybercrime, some Brazilian bad guys started to offer paid courses. Others went even further, creating a Cybercrime school to sell the necessary skills to anyone who fancies a life of computer crime but lacks the technical know-how. A number of different courses are offered, and while some seem like legitimate ones — how to become a designer, a Web designer, a hacker, a programmer — others not so much as they offer to teach how to become a ‘banker,’ a defacer or a spammer,

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Cathy O’Neil

The math-­powered applications powering the data economy were based on choices made by fallible human beings. Some of these choices were no doubt made with the best intentions. Nevertheless, many of these models encoded human prejudice, misunderstanding, and bias into the software systems that increasingly managed our lives. Like gods, these mathematical models were opaque, their workings invisible to all but the highest priests in their domain: mathematicians and computer scientists. Their verdicts, even when wrong or harmful, were beyond dispute or appeal. And they tended to punish the poor and the oppressed in our society while making the rich richer.

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Cathy O’Neil

For many of the businesses running these rogue algorithms, the money pouring in seems to prove and it makes sense. When they’re building statistical systems to find customers or manipulate desperate borrowers, growing revenue appears to show that they’re on the right track. The software is doing its job. The trouble is that profits end up serving as a stand-in, or proxy, for truth. This happens because data scientists all too often lose sight of the folks on the receiving end of the transaction. They certainly understand that a data-crunching program is bound to misinterpret people a certain percentage of the time, putting them in the wrong groups and denying … Continue reading

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Michael Burrows, Jeffrey A. Dean

Document treadmilling system and method for updating documents in a document repository and recovering storage space from invalidated documents A tokenspace repository stores documents as a sequence of tokens. The tokenspace repository, as well as the inverted index for the tokenspace repository, uses a data structure that has a first end and a second end and allows for insertions at the second end and deletions from the front end. A document in the tokenspace repository is updated by inserting the updated version into the repository at the second end and invalidating the earlier version. Invalidated documents are not deleted immediately; they are identified in a garbage collection list for later … Continue reading

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Internet Live Stat

Google now processes over 73,000 search queries every second on average, which translates to over 6.3 billion searches per day and 2.3 trillion searches per year worldwide.

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Jennifer Valentino-Devries, Natasha Singer, Michael H. Keller, Aaron Krolik

Apps form the backbone of this new location data economy. The app developers can make money by directly selling their data, or by sharing it for location-based ads, which command a premium. Location data companies pay half a cent to two cents per user per month. Targeted advertising is by far the most common use of the information. Google and Facebook, which dominate the mobile ad market, also lead in location-based advertising. Both companies collect the data from their own apps. They say they don’t sell it but keep it for themselves to personalize their services, sell targeted ads across the internet and track whether the ads lead to sales … Continue reading

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Jennifer Valentino-Devries, Natasha Singer, Michael H. Keller, Aaron Krolik

Your apps know where you were last night, and they’re not keeping it secret. Dozens of companies use smartphone locations to help advertisers and even hedge funds. They say it’s anonymous, but the data shows how personal it is. Data reviewed by The Times shows over 235 million locations captured from more than 1.2 million unique devices during a three-day period in 2017.

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永安悟史

コモディティサーバを使ってスケールアウトさせる、ストレージからデータを取り出して処理するのではなく、データのあるところ(ノード)で処理させるというHadoopの思想は、「増え続けるVolumeに如何に対応するか」という問題意識が出発点になっていたように思います。 そのため、Hadoop以降のデータ処理に関連するハードウェアやソフトウェアは、まずはこのVolumeへの対応力を高めるところにフォーカスして開発され、扱えるデータサイズや処理のスループットなどが競われてきました。テクノロジーとしてはMap-Reduce(バッチ)からMPPまで、さまざまなテクノロジーが存在しており、この10年ほどの間にそれぞれのテクノロジーが進歩してきました。 その結果として「Volume」への対応力はテクノロジーの進歩とともに非常に高まってきたと思います。私自身、現在はExadataのユーザですし、周りにはHadoopユーザも多くいますが、数千万、億単位のレコードのテーブルを処理するのは当たり前、というような日々になりつつあります。一昔前と比べると大容量のデータを処理するテクノロジーは大きく発達して、身近に、かつ使いやすくなってきました。 「Volume」への対応力はテクノロジーの進歩が大きく貢献した領域と言えますし、この認識を否定する人はあまりいないでしょう。

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Srinath Perera

Big data established the value of insights derived from processing data. Such insights are not all created equal. Some insights are more valuable shortly after it has happened with the value diminishes very fast with time. Stream Processing enables such scenarios, providing insights faster, often within milliseconds to seconds from the trigger.

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Bruce Ratner

The regression theoretical foundation and the tool of significance testing employed on big data are without statistical binding force. Thus, fitting big data to a prespecified small-framed model produces a skewed model with doubtful interpretability and questionable results.

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Kevin Fink

It is not uncommon to be handed a dataset without a lot of information as to where it came from, how it was collected, what the fields mean, and so on. In fact, it’s probably more common to receive data in this way than not. In many cases, the data has gone through many hands and multiple transformations since it was gathered, and nobody really knows what it all means anymore.

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NHK

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IBM

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中原淳

わたしたちの世界は、データが直接リアルな現場を変えるのではなく、現場にいる人間にデータが解釈され、意味づけられたときに、現場を変えるのです。この「解釈」や「意味づけ」を軽視してはいけません。ところが今は、「データがあれば、現場が変わる」とか「データそのものが現実を変えることができる」と声高に叫ぶような論調がすごく多い。これは素朴すぎる科学主義だし、データ万能主義に陥っているといえます。

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John Snow

Neither Shodan nor Censys are likely to be used by some serious cybercriminals — the real big bad guys have had botnets for a while, which can serve the very same purpose yet yield more power. It took Shodan’s creator John Matherly only 5 hours to ping and map all the devices on the whole Internet, and a botnet utilising hundreds of computers would probably do that even faster. But there are a lot of other people who already have tried to misuse Shodan and Censys to play bad tricks and pranks on other people.

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Censys

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Devin Coldewey

The security lapse was discovered by Victor Gevers at the GDI Foundation, a security organization working in the public’s interest. Using the infamous but useful Shodan search engine, he found a MongoDB instance owned by the Chinese company SenseNets that stored an ever-increasing number of data points from a facial recognition system apparently at least partially operated by the Chinese government. Many of the targets of this system were Uyghur Muslims, an ethnic and religious minority in China that the country has persecuted in what it considers secrecy, isolating them in remote provinces in what amount to religious gulags. This database was no limited sting operation: some 2.5 million people … Continue reading

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Devin Coldewey

For the first time in history, people have a way of securing their communications quickly, automatically, and at will from any threat, be it hackers or government snoops. Good for us — but for the FBI and the police, it’s a calamity. Where once they could pry open locked drawers to find incriminating letters, or force a company to reveal private records, now everything depends on the willingness of the owner to allow that information to be decrypted. Since they can’t go through the front door, so to speak, they have asked repeatedly for a back door. But what exactly is a backdoor, and why should you care? The concept … Continue reading

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Devin Coldewey

Because AI is so poorly defined, it’s really easy to say your device or service has it and back that up with some plausible-sounding mumbo jumbo about feeding a neural network a ton of data on TV shows or water use patterns.

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Devin Coldewey

Intelligence is the ability to solve new problems. That, after all, is really what is at the heart of the “adaptability,” the “generalizing,” the “initiative” that alloys alternately the “reason,” “judgment,” or “perception” abundant in the intelligent mind. Clearly it is important that one is able to solve problems, to reason one’s way through the world — but more important than that, one must be able to turn the ability to solve some problems into the ability to solve other problems. That transformative nature is key to intelligence, even if no one is quite sure how to formalize the idea. Will our AIs one day be imbued with this all-important … Continue reading

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みんなの経済新聞

足立経済新聞 すみだ経済新聞 深川経済新聞 浅草経済新聞 アキバ経済新聞 神田経済新聞 日本橋経済新聞 銀座経済新聞 新橋経済新聞 品川経済新聞 東京ベイ経済新聞 六本木経済新聞 赤坂経済新聞 市ケ谷経済新聞 池袋経済新聞 赤羽経済新聞 板橋経済新聞 練馬経済新聞 高田馬場経済新聞 新宿経済新聞 中野経済新聞 高円寺経済新聞 下北沢経済新聞 三軒茶屋経済新聞 二子玉川経済新聞 自由が丘経済新聞 目黒経済新聞 シブヤ経済新聞 吉祥寺経済新聞 調布経済新聞 北多摩経済新聞 立川経済新聞 八王子経済新聞 町田経済新聞 西多摩経済新聞  石垣経済新聞 台北経済新聞 香港経済新聞 ホーチミン経済新聞 バンコク経済新聞 シンガポール経済新聞 バリ経済新聞 マニラ経済新聞 ドバイ経済新聞 ニューヨーク経済新聞 

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Frédéric Joignot

En avril 1993, Tim Berners-Lee obtient du prestigieux laboratoire européen qu’il enregistre le nouvel outil dans le domaine public, publie son code source et l’ouvre au « réseau des réseaux » mondial en gestation, l’Internet. Il est persuadé que le « véritable potentiel » du Web ne peut être libéré que s’il devient « un espace universel » où n’importe qui, en n’importe quel lieu, peut aller chercher librement des ressources, cela « gratuitement » et « sans permission ». Il pressent qu’un des plus vieux rêves de l’humanité – rassembler toute la connaissance connue dans un espace que tous puissent explorer, une utopie qui remonte à la bibliothèque d’Alexandrie … Continue reading

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Michael Beckerman

Fewer than five clicks. That’s all it takes to change privacy settings on your favorite social media or streaming service. Online platforms, unlike most traditional business, proactively create contextual tools that help people better understand and control their privacy settings. Contrast that with cellphone carriers selling our location to bounty hunters or magazine publishers selling our subscription information to data brokers. Companies across every sector of the economy collect and use consumer data. That’s why we support an economywide federal privacy law that requires real transparency and meaningful control over how data is collected, used and shared.

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Stephen Covey

Between stimulus and response there is a space. In that space is our power to choose our response. In our response lies our growth and our freedom.

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Ask HN (Hacker News)

With the sheer amount of information available in the world today I have simply become overwhelmed. My mind is in a constant racing state. It’s calm but not calm if that makes sense. While I could very well be thinking about nothing or something specific like writing this message. My mind seems to have multiple levels. One of which is directed to what I am actively doing and one below it which seems to process information in a never ending manner. I am not actively thinking about these things but it’s there. Articles and books to read, shows to watch, things to do in my personal life and at work. … Continue reading

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Julia Kho

The Central Limit Theorem (CLT) states that the sampling distribution of the mean of any independent, random variable will be normal or nearly normal, if the sample size is large enough. In other words, if we take enough random samples that are big enough, the proportions of all the samples will be normally distributed around the actual proportion of the population. Note that the underlying sample distribution does not have to be normally distributed for the CLT to apply. To break this down even further, imagine collecting a sample and calculating the sample mean. Repeat this over and over again, collecting a new, independent sample from the population each time. … Continue reading

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Open Data Science Conference (ODSC)

What is the significance of the normal distribution to data science? Tell me about your passion for data science. Do you: attend local meetups, participate in data challenges like Kaggle, work to use data for common good like public data hacking, speak at conferences, write books or articles, etc.? Describe that last time you experienced frustration in a data science project you were working on, and how did you overcome it? Think back to a past data science project you worked on. If the powers that be asked you to change one of your data sources, and thus use different predictors, how would you alter your solution? Research has stated … Continue reading

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livedoor

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尾上玲円奈

日本のクライアントの海外案件のPRは、今でも十全に行われていないのが現状です。大変もどかしく思っています。たとえば大手商社は、世界各地で大がかりなプロジェクトを次々にこなしていますが、PR活動を伴わせないことが多いんです。 幹部の方に「もったいないですよね」と話したら、「確かに外資系の企業はやってますね」という反応が返ってきます。日経や読売など、日本のメディアが日本語で記事を書いてくれるだけではなく、インドネシアの案件なら現地インドネシアのメディアに向けて発表することも大事なんです。その効果が及ぶ地域で、きちんとコミュニケーションをしないと。海外で活躍する大企業ですらそうですから、日本企業のパブリックリレーションズに対する理解や意識はまだまだ薄いと感じています。

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Peter Suderman

The promise of the internet, and social media in particular, was that it would not only allow anyone the opportunity to speak, but would also make it possible for anyone to precisely tailor what he reads, sees and hears online. News and information would no longer be mediated by newspaper editors, television producers and other gatekeepers. Instead, social media would allow direct access to individual voices in a feed custom-built by the user. It was a new frontier for both unregulated free expression and individual control. In practice, the actual experience of social media, for many users, is not one of control but of virtual bombardment, in which a flood … Continue reading

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Amazon Kindle ダイレクト・パブリッシング

原稿と表紙を準備します。利用できるツールとリソースを確認します。 本の内容などが KDP のコンテンツ ガイドラインと品質ガイドラインに準拠していることを確認します。 Amazon アカウントを使用して KDP にサインインするか、アカウントを新規作成します。 お使いのブラウザーが最新バージョンであることを確認します。 「本棚」にアクセスします。「新しい本を作成」セクションで、「+ Kindle 本」をクリックします。 次の各セクションに情報を入力します。 Kindle 本の詳細: タイトル、内容紹介、キーワード、カテゴリーなどを入力します。 Kindle 本のコンテンツ: 原稿と表紙をアップロードします。 電子書籍をプレビューします。 Kindle 本の価格設定: 配布権のある出版地域を選択します。ロイヤリティ プランを選択し、希望小売価格を設定します。 情報を入力したら、「Kindle 本を出版」をクリックします。

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海外SEO情報ブログ

<meta name=”robots” content=”noindex”> ウェブページをインデックスさせたくない、言い換えると検索結果に表示させたくないときに使う。ミラーページを準備するときに便利。 <meta name=”robots” content=”nofollow”> このタグを記述すると、ロボットはページ内にあるリンク先(aタグで指定された別ページ)へアクセスしない。リンク先ページをキャッシュさせたくないときやPageRankを渡したくないときに便利。 <meta name=”robots” content=”noarchive”> サーチエンジンがウェブページをデータベースに保存するのを拒否できる。キャッシュリンクをクリックしても、直近にキャッシュされたページを閲覧することはできない。つまり現在のウェブページしか見れない。

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ライブドア

EPUB書き出し機能で書き出されたEPUBファイルをKindleで閲覧するには、Kindleフォーマットに変換する必要があります。 ここでは比較的簡単なKindleプレビューツールを使った方法をご説明します。 Kindle ダイレクト・パブリッシングのヘルプサイトから、Kindle プレビューツールをダウンロードします。 Amazon.co.jp:Kindle ダイレクト・パブリッシング:ヘルプ>KDPツールとリソース Kindle プレビューツールをインストール後起動し、EPUBファイルをドラッグ&ドロップします。 自動的に変換が始まり、EPUBファイルと同じ場所に「Compiled-(ファイル名)」という名前のフォルダが作成されます。 フォルダの中に、拡張子が.mobiになったファイルがあります。これをKindleに転送すれば、閲覧することができます。

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OnDeck

PCでEPUBファイルを開く方法 Adobe Digital Editions Readium(Google Chromeを起動し、アクセスする) Microsoft Edge (browser)

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Adobe

InDesign ドキュメントを EPUB に書き出して、EPUB リーダーで出力を表示できます。 リフロー可能な EPUB 形式でドキュメントを書き出すことを選択できます。リフロー可能な EPUB ドキュメントの場合、EPUB リーダーは表示デバイスに応じてコンテンツを最適化できます。 ドキュメントが eInk デバイスのユーザーを対象としている場合には、リフロー可能な形式が適しています。また、リーダーのフォントやサイズを変更するオプションを提供する場合にも、リフロー可能な形式が推奨されます。 固定レイアウト形式でドキュメントを書き出すことを選択できます。固定レイアウト形式では、ドキュメントにオーディオ、ビデオ、および Edge コンテンツを含めることができます。 ナビゲーションボタン、ページ遷移、アニメーション、ハイパーリンクなどのコントロールを含んだインタラクティブドキュメントを、固定レイアウト形式で書き出すこともできます。 固定レイアウト形式は、多数のグラフィック、オーディオ、ビデオコンテンツを含んでいるドキュメントに適しています。この形式は子供の本、料理本、教科書、および漫画本に適しています。

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Parmy Olson

Called Peltarion, the Stockholm-based startup has raised $16 million to date from investors and counts BMW, NASA, Ocado and 13 other organizations as early subscribers, with 800 more in line to try it out. Crnkovic-Friis, their CEO, says that many companies have tried using other, off-the-shelf machine-learning tools like Google’s TensorFlow, Amazon’s Sage Maker and Microsoft’s Azure Machine Learning to build their own image-recognition or natural-language processing systems. But these tools are “super complex,” he says. “You have to be an AI expert to use them.” Crnkovic-Friis designed Peltarion to do for AI what WordPress (and before that, Dreamweaver) did for people who wanted to build websites but didn’t know … Continue reading

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国際教養大学

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井之上パブリックリレーションズ

井之上パブリックリレーションズでは、「パブリック・リレーションズ(PR)とは、個人や組織体が最短距離で目標や目的に達する、『倫理観』に支えられた『双方向性コミュニケーション』と『自己修正』をベースとしたリレーションズ活動である」と考えています。 また、経済、政治、文化において急速にグローバル化が進行する中で、民族や文化、言語、宗教、国境を超えてステーク・ホルダー(利害関係者)とのリレーションシップ・マネジメントを実践するパブリック・リレーションズはグローバルビジネスの基盤ともなります。

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Public Relations Society of America (PRSA)

Public relations is a strategic communication process that builds mutually beneficial relationships between organizations and their publics.

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Chartered Institute of Public Relations (CIPR)

Public Relations is about reputation – the result of what you do, what you say and what others say about you. Public Relations is the discipline which looks after reputation, with the aim of earning understanding and support and influencing opinion and behaviour. It is the planned and sustained effort to establish and maintain goodwill and mutual understanding between an organisation and its publics.

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三浦恵次

困ったことに、日本人には PR ということがわからない。「弘報」「報道」「情報」「渉外」「秘書」という字が当時 PR に充てられた日本語であった。 GHQ は、1949年の夏、CIEO 主催による日本で初めての広報講習会(PR 技術研修会)を開催し、政府がその活動についての情報をいかに円滑に国民に伝えるかということを示そうとした。この講習会の記録「広報の原理と実際 (Principles and Techniques of Public Information in Japan)」には、インフォメーションとしての広報が強調されている。しかしそこでの原理は、アメリカという社会を基礎としているものであって、それまでの日本における「天皇の官吏」としての政府・政府機関、あるいは国民を前提にしてのものではなく、更にはそれらを問い直すことも示されなかった。特殊な状況下にあった日本政府・国民という考えが抜け落ちたまま、アメリカの社会を前提にして、話が進められたのだ。そしてまた、日本側は、日本の特殊性の中でしか物事をとらえることができない状況、つまり「官」と「公」を認識できない状況だったのである。

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日本パブリックリレーションズ研究所(JPRI)

PR目標と対象(ターゲット)の設定ができると、いよいよ戦略の構築に入る。PR戦略を構築することにより、何(PR目標)を、誰(対象(ターゲット))に対して、どのような方針(戦略)でコミュニケートしていくのかという、パブリック・リレーションズ活動の骨格が形成されることになる。 PR戦略を構築することは、設定したPR目標を、倫理観を支えに対象(ターゲット)に対してコミュニケートするための方針を確立させることであり、これによって、次のプロセスである「PRプログラムの作成」の具体的内容が決定され、さらに次の「インプリメンテーション」への流れを方向づけることになる。

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Shaun Nichols

Though Cambridge Analytica said it is pulling the plug in the US and UK, there is already some indication that the outfit – which has a non-trivial organizational structure – is more or less just going to rebrand under a different banner. The UK’s official registrar of businesses and organizations, Companies House, lists an active company called Emerdata Limited, headquartered at the same offices as SCL Elections and run by much of the same management and investors as Cambridge Analytica. It even describes itself as a “data processing, hosting and related activities” organization. For instance, Dr Alexander Taylor was appointed a director of Emerdata on March 28. That’s Cambridge Analytica’s … Continue reading

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Her Story

21世紀は母の愛のような抱擁力と協調精神、そして正しいと思うことを実践する志が必要とされています。そうした意味での「女性の時代」を迎えていると言えます。 これからの時代、平和な世界を実現していくためには、女性と男性の役割を調和させることが重要です。これまでの男性中心の歴史=History(His Story)と、女性も主役となって時代をリードするHer Story とのバランスを取っていくことが大切です。 そこで、平和を創りだすために、女性の一人ひとりが「Her Story」の主役になれるように、との願いを込めて誌名を「Her Story」と名付けました。

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Galignani

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QuantCube

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Le Monde

Décodex : nos outils contre les fausses informations Utilisez les outils développés par Les Décodeurs pour vous aider à éviter les fausses informations : Fiables ou pas ? Testez les sites que vous consultez sur notre moteur de recherche (cliquez ici pour y accéder) ; Pour savoir en un coup d’œil si vous êtes sur un site fiable ou pas, installez notre extension pour les navigateurs Chrome (à télécharger ici) et Firefox (à télécharger ici) ; Vous voulez apprendre à vérifier l’information en ligne ? Lisez nos conseils pour éviter les fausses informations ; Besoin d’aide pour vérifier une info ? Interrogez notre robot Facebook (cliquez ici pour y accéder).

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荻上チキ

特定のメディアの偏りばかりが目につくとしたら、それは観察する者が何かの立場に強くコミットメントしているためだ―― 人と人とのコミュニケーションに、偏りが存在しない状態はない。この世に「真実そのもの」が仮にあったとしても、それをまっさらに伝えることのできる「なかだち」は存在しない。文字であろうが映像であろうが音であろうが、伝えられる情報量は有限だ。 ニュースは出来事を要約して伝えなければならないし、仮に無限の伝達が技術的に可能であろうと、人の時間は有限である。すべての情報は断片的で、切り取られたものだ。何かの断片的で編集された情報を手にしたうえで、「真実を知った」と思い込むのは誤っている。

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週刊ポスト

〈世の中には3種類の嘘がある。『普通の嘘』、『大嘘』、そして『統計』だ〉──19世紀イギリスで首相を務めたベンジャミン・ディズレーリの言葉だ。根拠に乏しい理論ほど、統計が頻繁に用いられることを見抜いた至言であるが、この国にも“統計の皮を被った嘘”はあちこちにある。 例えば、法務省の出入国管理統計では、2016年の20代の海外渡航者は282万人で、ピーク時(1996年)の463万人から4割減っている。それをもって観光庁は、「若者の海外旅行離れを食い止める」と有識者検討会を設置している。 厚労省の人口動態調査では、1996年の20代人口は1953万人で、2016年は1238万人。この数字で“20代海外旅行率”を出すと、1996年は23.7%で、2016年は22.8%となり、実はほとんど変化がない。 また近年、〈少年事件「増えた」78%〉(朝日新聞2015年9月20日付)、〈少年非行「増えた」78%、内閣府調査、スマホの影響懸念〉(日経新聞2015年9月20日付)など、「少年犯罪の増加」を実感させる報道が多いが、それも怪しい。 記事になった内閣府の「少年非行に関する世論調査」は統計というより感想を集めたものだ。「少年による重大な事件が増えているという印象を持つ人」が78.6%いるというだけで、実際の犯罪増加を示しているわけではない。 警察庁統計によれば、刑法犯として検挙された少年(14~19歳)の数は、1980年代前半をピークに減少傾向で、最新の2016年統計では戦後最少を記録している。

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David Z. Hambrick, Madeline Marquardt

Fake news can distort people’s beliefs even after being debunked. For example, repeated over and over, a story such as the one about the Pope endorsing Trump can create a glow around a political candidate that persists long after the story is exposed as fake. A study recently published in the journal Intelligence suggests that some people may have an especially difficult time rejecting misinformation. Asked to rate a fictitious person on a range of character traits, people who scored low on a test of cognitive ability continued to be influenced by damaging information about the person even after they were explicitly told the information was false. The study is … Continue reading

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David Rapp

Even when we know better, our brains often rely on inaccurate or misleading information to make future decisions. But why are we so easily influenced by false statements such as “vaccinations cause autism” or “30 million illegal immigrants live in the U.S.?” People quickly download the inaccurate statements into memory because it’s easier than critically evaluating and analyzing what they’ve heard. Later, the brain pulls up the incorrect information first because it’s less work to retrieve recently presented material. If it’s available, people tend to think they can rely on it. But just because you can remember what someone said, doesn’t make it true. It’s even harder to avoid relying … Continue reading

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Dan Coats

We expect Russia to continue using propaganda, social media, false-flag personas, sympathetic spokespeople and other means of influence to try to exacerbate social and political fissures in the United States. There should be no doubt that Russia perceives its past efforts as successful and views the 2018 U.S. midterm elections as a potential target for Russian influence operations. Throughout the entire community, we have not seen any evidence of any significant change from last year. The Russians have a strategy that goes well beyond what is happening in the United States. While they have historically tried to do these types of things, clearly in 2016 they upped their game. They … Continue reading

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明豊

帝国データバンクと東京商工リサーチの民間調査会社2社によると、2017年の企業倒産件数はそれぞれ、前年比2・6%増の8376件、同0・5%減の8405件となった。帝国データは8年ぶりの増加、東京商工リサーチは9年連続で減少となった。 2社で増減が異なる結果となったが低位で推移していることは共通した認識だ。

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Niall Ferguson

You either love Donald Trump or you loathe him. You either adore Brexit or abhor it. This polarization has been fostered by the giant online social networks of our time. Facebook encourages you to like or not like what you see in your Newsfeed. Twitter allows you to retweet or like other people’s tweets or block those users who offend your sensibilities. In this binary world, there is not much room for ambivalence. I have had a tough time this year explaining even to friends why I can like some aspects of the Trump administration while at the same time disliking others.

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Mark Zuckerberg

As of this morning, the Facebook community is now officially 2 billion people! We’re making progress connecting the world, and now let’s bring the world closer together.

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Franz Vollenweider

A fundamental feature of information processing dysfunction in psychosis is the inability of these patients to screen out, inhibit, filter or gate extranous stimuli and to attent selectively to salient features of the environment. Gating deficients may cause these subjects to become overloaded with excessive extroceptive and introceptive stimuli, which in turn could lead to a breakdown in cognitive integrity and difficulty in distinguishing self from nonself.

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Stevan Dojcinovic

My country, Serbia, has become an unwilling laboratory for Facebook’s experiments on user behavior — and the independent, nonprofit investigative journalism organization where I am the editor in chief is one of the unfortunate lab rats. Last month, I noticed that our stories had stopped appearing on Facebook as usual. I was stunned. Our largest single source of traffic, accounting for more than half of our monthly page views, had been crippled. Surely, I thought, it was a glitch. It wasn’t. Facebook had made a small but devastating change. Posts made by “pages” — including those of organizations like mine — had been removed from the regular News Feed, the … Continue reading

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Adam Mosseri

There have been a number of reports about a test we’re running in Sri Lanka, Bolivia, Slovakia, Serbia, Guatemala, and Cambodia. Some have interpreted this test as a future product we plan to deliver globally. We currently have no plans to roll this test out further. We always listen to our community about ways we might improve News Feed. People tell us they want an easier way to see posts from friends and family. We are testing having one dedicated space for people to keep up with their friends and family, and another separate space, called Explore, with posts from pages. The goal of this test is to understand if … Continue reading

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Ajit Pai

Roughly one-quarter of American newspapers have gone out of business since 1975, and many of those that remain are struggling. Today, only 18 percent of Americans read print newspapers regularly. Less than 10 percent under the age of 50 do. By a large margin, people instead turn to the internet for news.

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カタヨリ荘

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International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ)

Paradise Papers: Secrets of the Global Elite A major global collaboration reveals secrets from one of the world’s most prestigious offshore law firms, a specialized trust company and 19 company registries in secrecy jurisdictions.

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唐沢俊一

ツイッターでのつぶやき 「空が綺麗な季節になりました。去年、夫と子供と旅行した信州の空の青さを思い出すなあ。三人で食べたおそばもおいしかった。今年も行きたいな」 繊細チンピラA 「はいはい、夫と子供いるぞ自慢ですか、いい気なものですね。独身女を見下すのがそんなに楽しいですか」 繊細チンピラB 「私の亭主は毎晩残業で、この何年か、旅行なんかしたことないですよ。毎年旅行とは結構なご身分だこと。旅行にも行けない人間たちがこのつぶやき読んでどういう気分になるか、考えたこともないんでしょうね」 繊細チンピラC 「私の子供はそばアレルギーで、おそば屋さんの近くにも立ち寄れません。そばで死ぬほど苦しむ子がいるんですよ。そういう子を持った親の気持ちをおもんぱかる気持ちがあったら、こんな文章は書けないと思います」 繊細チンピラD 「私の家はうどん屋です。秋になったらおそばを食べないといけないんですか? うどん屋はつぶれてもかまわないって言うんですね? なんて自分勝手な!」

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山田ズーニー

話をしていて、なぜかつまらないと私が感じる人の共通点は、1つはっきりある。 「予定調和」だ。 もちろん会話は二人で分担するものだから、相手に予定調和な会話をさせている責任の半分はわたしにある。それを認めたうえで、 そういう予定調和の人は、返答のスピードがはやい。すぐ、はずれていない言葉を返してくださる。ためにもなる。 日ごろよく勉強をされていることが感じられるし、頭の回転もはやそう。ふいの沈黙もなく、よどみなく、ポンポン、安心して会話がつづけられる。 でも、それは、「心がやすまる」というのとは、どこかちがう。 人が、からだの、どれくらいの深さから言葉を発しているか? というと、この予定調和な感じがする人は、胸の上のあたりに、「返答用のファイルボックス」がある感じだ。

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The New York Times Editorial Board

At 2:35 p.m. on Monday, the fearless Maltese journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia published a characteristically blunt post on her influential blog accusing leading politicians of corruption. “There are crooks everywhere you look now,” she concluded. “The situation is desperate.” Less than 30 minutes later, the car she was driving was blown to pieces. For journalists around the world, this is the new normal.

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北の御方様・綾姐

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福井県立図書館

覚え違いタイトル集

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赤田康和, 塩原賢

書店が地域に1店舗もない「書店ゼロ自治体」が増えている。出版取り次ぎ大手によると、香川を除く全国46都道府県で420の自治体・行政区にのぼり、全国の自治体・行政区(1896)の2割強を占める。「文化拠点の衰退」と危惧する声も強い。 全国の書店数は1万2526店で、2000年の2万1654店から4割強も減った(書店調査会社アルメディア調べ、5月現在)。人口減や活字離れがあるほか、書店の売り上げの6~7割を占める雑誌の市場規模は10年前の6割に縮小。紙の本の市場の1割を握るアマゾンなど、ネット書店にも押される。経営者の高齢化やコンビニの雑誌販売なども影響する。

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明報新聞網

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Le Monde

Après l’annonce en janvier d’un plan dit de « nettoyage » pour « reconquérir la souveraineté chinoise sur Internet », le gouvernement chinois a demandé, le 11 juillet, aux entreprises de télécommunications de fermer tout accès aux VPN avant le 1er février 2018. Déjà, samedi 29 juillet, Apple a, sur demande des autorités chinoise, retiré de son magasin d’applications en ligne tous les VPN qui s’y trouvaient. En Russie également les lois de contrôle du Web se sont multipliées ces dernières années. Vladimir Poutine a signé, le week-end du 29 au 30 juillet, un projet de loi adopté par le Parlement interdisant de facto les VPN dans le pays, ainsi … Continue reading

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Adam Segal

Reports this month that the United Arab Emirates orchestrated the hacking of a Qatari news agency, helping to incite a crisis in the Middle East, are as unsurprising as they are unwelcome. For years, countries — in particular Russia — have used cyberattacks and the dissemination of disinformation through social media and news outlets to provoke protests, sway elections and undermine trust in institutions. It was only a matter of time before smaller states tried their hand at these tactics. With few accepted rules of behavior in cyberspace, countries as big as China or as small as Bahrain can be expected to use these kinds of attacks. And they may … Continue reading

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Andrey Krutskikh

When humanity realized the horror of biological weapons, it banned them. We are in the same situation right now. We should avoid the mistakes of the Atomic Age, when we first armed ourselves sufficiently to destroy each other, and then began to disarm. In our wisdom, we should agree not to militarize cyberspace, and set some international ground rules. We have one small task ahead – convincing the United States and NATO members. But they need to understand that we are all in the same boat, and must row in the same direction. The main platforms for promoting the new norms should be the UN and the OSCE.

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福嶋聡

三田氏は、図書館が著作者の権利を制限することによって成り立っていることを指摘、作家の窮状を訴え、諸外国の例にならって「公共貸与権」の重視のもと、具体的な作家への保障を求める。図書館側の人たちは、争点となっている「複本」(予約者数の多いベストセラーを何冊も買い込むこと)も指摘されるほど多いわけではなく、自分たちは限られた、しかも削減されつつある予算の中で必死に頑張っている、と主張する。 どちらの言い分も、もっともである。双方とももっともだから、最後には「お互いいがみあっている場合ではない。作家も図書館も連帯して、国から予算をぶんどろう。」、表現が荒っぽすぎるかもしれないが、つまるところこういう結論になる。 ところが、現実には国も自治体も台所事情は火の車である。経済状況も相変らず悪い。だとすれば、先の結論は余り生産性を期待できるものではない。 明らかに読者の視点が欠落している。あるいは、利用者の視点が。 読者や利用者のことを忘却しているわけではない。欠落しているのはその視点なのである。

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北方ジャーナル

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Martin Untersinger

La question de savoir si Lazarus est effectivement piloté par Pyongyang est encore plus ardue. Le FBI, après une enquête sur le réseau de Sony Pictures avait conclu à la responsabilité de la Corée du Nord. Mais les preuves avancées étaient très minces. Non seulement l’attribution d’attaques informatiques à un Etat est techniquement très difficile, mais elle repose souvent fréquemment sur des éléments collectés par des agences de renseignement, par définition difficilement publiables sans mettre en péril leur source, qu’elle soit technique ou humaine. « Le besoin de protéger des sources et des méthodes sensibles nous empêche de partager toutes les informations », écrivait d’ailleurs le FBI en novembre 2016.

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Freedom of the Press Foundation

SecureDrop Our open-source whistleblower submission system Secure the News Tracking and promoting the adoption of HTTPS by news organizations. FOIA Lawsuits Suing the government for transparency. Digital Security Training Teaching others to use digital security tools, one newsroom at a time.

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