Décrit comme un “mec ordinaire”, Jean-Jacques Goldman mènerait donc une existence très loin du strass et des paillettes du show-business. Il campe en montagne, il roule en Clio et fréquente assidûment le temple des vacances de la classe moyenne supérieure, les Club Med, d’Opio à Valmorel, formule all inclusive, pas la plus chère.
Un train de vie étonnant dans la mesure où le musicien de 71 ans continue de percevoir une fortune. A l’occasion de la sortie du livre Goldman le 18 août prochain, écrit par la professeure d’histoire Ivan Jablonka, Le Parisien a relevé en effet que la star empocherait près de deux millions d’euros par an de droits d’auteur avec ses 28,5 millions d’albums vendus et ses passages ultra-fréquents à la radio (jusqu’à 90 fois par jour d’après le quotidien). Une sacrée somme !
Every sensory experience is mediated by cells. Cells accumulate defects over time, eventually slowing or ceasing their work. And so, to experience the passage of time in an animal body is to experience sensory diminishment.
Every person who invests in well-selected real estate in a growing section of a prosperous community adopts the surest and safest method of becoming independent, for real estate is the basis of wealth.
Что надо сделать каждому? Во-первых, надо порадовать себя и близких – детей, родителей, супруга и остальных. Для себя можно купить вещь, о которой давно мечтали. На эту категорию можно потратить до 10% годового бонуса.
Во-вторых, стоит порадовать других. Это может быть адресная помощь или организованная благотворительность через фонды. Большинство людей думают, что отдавать на эту цель нужно только тогда, когда всем обеспечен: есть машина, квартира, дом и все прочее.
Не менее 30% полученного бонуса направляем в подушку безопасности. Если такая подушка сформирована, то направляем эти деньги в инвестиции. Оставшуюся сумму используем, чтобы погасить кредиты.
Если кредитов и ипотеки нет, всю оставшуюся сумму направляем в инвестиции. Инструменты выбираем в зависимости от готовности к риску и ожиданиям по доходности. Это могут быть вклады, акции, недвижимость – в зависимости от ваших знаний и опыта.
For those lucky enough to have worked from home over the past two-and-a-half years or seven years or whatever it was, it’s back to the office time. We are finally R.T.O. and I.R.L., at least until the next wave hits. And some people can’t wait.
But for those less excited, reluctant to face the creepy supervisor they’ve been avoiding, the department suck-up they’ve been Slacking about, the portion of the job they’ve been faking, here’s a nifty tip for easing the transition: Do not “bring your whole self” to work.
Lives are by definition precarious: they can be expunged at will or by accident; their persistence is in no sense guaranteed. In some sense, this is a feature of all life, and there is no thinking of life which is not precarious […] Precarity designates the politically induced condition in which certain populations suffer from failing social and economic networks of support and become differentially exposed to injury, violence and death.
La liberté de vivre ou de mourir, y a pas mieux pour choisir la vie.
L’amour impossible n’est plus possible de nos jours.
Le silence vaut mieux que le bavardage, surtout quand il est question de bonheur et qu’il est fragile. Le bonheur a besoin simplement qu’on y consente.
Il y avait un pacte de mort entre mes p’tits vieux. Je ne dis pas suicide, ils n’aimaient pas le mot, trop lourd, trop pathétique, pour une chose qui, en fin de compte, ne les impressionne pas tellement. Ce qui leur importait, c’était d’être libres, autant dans la vie qu’à la mort, et ils avaient conclu une entente.
I used to believe that divorce is a terrible thing, particularly when children are involved. Growing up, I absorbed cultural tropes about absent fathers in efficiency apartments, mothers struggling to support themselves, and awful stepparents and unwanted stepsiblings. To this day, divorce is portrayed as precarious and grim. Parents whose marriages break apart are made to feel they have failed catastrophically. Divorce is shameful, traumatic and Bad For The Kids.
But I’ve learned that divorce can also be an act of radical self-love that leaves the whole family better off. My divorce nearly seven years ago freed me from a relationship that was crushing my spirit. It freed my children, then 5 and 3, from growing up in a profoundly unhealthy environment.
The question has been asked before, famously by Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger in 1944. Now biologist Paul Nurse has addressed the question in his book, What is Life? He describes the wonder of the cell, where thousands of chemical reactions take place at a microscopic scale, all coordinated by the instructions contained in DNA. So what are essential qualities of life? It is an ability to change. A living thing is an entity that is subject to natural selection and can evolve. It needs a gene or a genome of genes and changes and adapts to the environment. The purpose is to survive and reproduce.
It may have been a butterfly that first started me thinking seriously about biology. It was early spring; I was perhaps twelve or thirteen years old and sitting in the garden when a quivering yellow butterfly flew over the fence. It turned, hovered and briefly settled—just long enough for me to notice the elaborate veins and spots on its wings. Then a shadow disturbed it and it took flight again, disappearing over the opposite fence. That intricate, perfectly formed butterfly made me think. It was both utterly different to me and yet somehow familiar too. Like me, it was so obviously alive: it could move, it could sense, it could respond, it seemed so full of purpose. I found myself wondering: what does it really mean to be alive? In short, what is life?
「Umana cosa è avere compassione degli afflitti （苦しむ人を思いやることをできるのは、人間だけだ）」という言葉で始まる『デカメロン』は、単に娯楽のために書かれた作品にとどまらず、恐怖や偏見に満ちた陰気な空気への反動であり、生命力にあふれる社会を再構築するために織りなされている物語として成り立っている。
The virus life cycle.
Viruses are mobile bits of genetic information encapsulated in a protein coat. The genetic material can be either DNA or RNA. Once this genetic material gains entry to its host cell, it takes over the host machinery for macromolecular synthesis and subverts it to the synthesis of viral-specific nucleic acids and proteins. These virus components are then assembled into mature virus particles that are released from the cell. Often, this parasitic cycle of virus infection leads to cell death and disease.
The world is shutting down. Places that were once teeming with the hustle and bustle of daily life have become ghost-towns with massive restrictions put on our lives – from lockdowns and school closures to travel restrictions and bans on mass gatherings.
There are essentially three ways out of this mess.
・vaccination – at least 12-18 months away
・enough people develop immunity through infection – at least two years away
・or permanently change our behaviour/society – no clear endpoint
(“Why should I live?”)
In the very act of asking that question, you are seeking reasons for your convictions, and so you are committed to reason as the means to discover and justify what is important to you. And there are so many reasons to live!
As a sentient being, you have the potential to flourish. You can refine your faculty of reason itself by learning and debating. You can seek explanations of the natural world through science, and insight into the human condition through the arts and humanities. You can make the most of your capacity for pleasure and satisfaction, which allowed your ancestors to thrive and thereby allowed you to exist. You can appreciate the beauty and richness of the natural and cultural world. As the heir to billions of years of life perpetuating itself, you can perpetuate life in turn. You have been endowed with a sense of sympathy—the ability to like, love, respect, help, and show kindness—and you can enjoy the gift of mutual benevolence with friends, family, and colleagues.
And because reason tells you that none of this is particular to you, you have the responsibility to provide to others what you expect for yourself. You can foster the welfare of other sentient beings by enhancing life, health, knowledge, freedom, abundance, safety, beauty, and peace. History shows that when we sympathize with others and apply our ingenuity to improving the human condition, we can make progress in doing so, and you can help to continue that progress.
Plants communicate through complex and varied systems.
According to the dictionary definition, language is what people use when we talk to each other. Looked at this way, we are the only beings who can use language, because the concept is limited to our species. But wouldn’t it be interesting to know whether trees can also talk to each other? But how? They definitely don’t produce sounds, so there’s nothing we can hear. Branches creak as they rub against one another and leaves rustle, but these sounds are caused by the wind and the tree has no control over them. Trees, it turns out, have a completely different way of communicating: they use scent.
Be the Master
How to Buy a Slave
Getting the Best from Your Slaves
Sex and Slaves
What Makes a Good Slave?
The Punishment of Slaves
When Only Torture Will Do
Fun and Games
Setting Slaves Free
The Problem with Freedmen
Christians and Their Slaves
Aging or ageing is the process of becoming older. The term refers especially to human beings, many animals, and fungi, whereas for example bacteria, perennial plants and some simple animals are potentially biologically immortal. In the broader sense, aging can refer to single cells within an organism which have ceased dividing (cellular senescence) or to the population of a species (population ageing).
In humans, aging represents the accumulation of changes in a human being over time, encompassing physical, psychological, and social changes. Reaction time, for example, may slow with age, while knowledge of world events and wisdom may expand. Aging is among the greatest known risk factors for most human diseases: of the roughly 150,000 people who die each day across the globe, about two thirds die from age-related causes.
The causes of aging are uncertain; current theories are assigned to the damage concept, whereby the accumulation of damage (such as DNA oxidation) may cause biological systems to fail, or to the programmed aging concept, whereby internal processes (such as DNA methylation) may cause aging. Programmed aging should not be confused with programmed cell death (apoptosis).
In 1934, it was discovered that calorie restriction can extend lifespan by 50% in rats and this has motivated research into delaying and preventing aging.
All alive. All making their individual and collective ways in the world, cooperating, competing, avoiding, living with, living off, interdependent. All the present-day products of some four billion years of evolution, of the continued working-out of the great natural experiments that the physical and chemical conditions of planet Earth have made possible, perhaps inevitable. For every organism, a lifeline — its own unique trajectory in time and space, from birth to death.
Thrownness. There are three aspects to it that I’m always struck by. The first is mortality. We’re born, we die. But human mortality is special. We know we’re going to die. And so our whole lives, as Freud pointed out — and then tried to forget, ironically, himself — are prefigured on an escape from this knowledge of our mortality.
The second is our loneliness. We’re alone. Each and every one of us. There is a uncrossable river between us. I will never know you in the most intimate way — no matter how close our bodies touch — because your “interiority”, as Derrida would later put it, your inner world, is yours and yours alone. The most that we can do is to use art, literature, song, fashion — all the many forms of self-expression — to communicate it.
And third is our helplessness. We’re powerless, in even the most basic ways, to not be who we are. Consider that we have these strange things called emotions. We don’t often like them — we try our best to block and stop and ignore them. But there they are, simmering, boiling, surging, just beneath the surface of our rational minds. Things make us feel. Everything makes us feel. Have you ever noticed? Every single things makes us feel. A river. A tree. A mountain. An empty and desolate parking lot. The ashes of a fire. We call ourselves “homo sapiens” — but that’s a grossly inaccurate description. We feel before we think, and we feel constantly. Feeling is a beautiful ache that we either learn to appreciate and love — or hate and run away from.
Life is ultimately a single-player game, but the only thing that truly makes it worth living has something to do with our relationships to other people, and this paradox sits at the core what it means to be a human being.
Life is problem-solving — and it’s full of problems nobody else can solve for us because they are internal problems that require a change in perception. Others can help, guide, and encourage us, but at its core, the game is still only ours to play.
Extreme of self-control in the name of self-discipline is nothing but self-denial. The preference of our choices colored in all sorts of judgments just reinforce a model of success that has self-denial at its core.
We often identify a ‘healthy’ standard to measure ourselves against. Measuring ourselves against this impossible ideal, we end up being prisoner of self-discipline in the name of self-improvement.
A better school to get admission into a better college. Better grades to get a better job. A socially accepted successful life to attract a better life partner. And the story just goes on and on.
The market wants us to compete endlessly for everything. We are expected to be more disciplined so that so we can retain that competitive edge over our peers.
What we often witness is the monopoly of one body type, one look in the name of fashion, one job profile, one prescription for financial success, one model of good life, one model of the family vacation, and model of an early retired life. It’s so monotonous that it’s plain & boring. It’s an unfortunate sign of lack of imagination.
Metaphor is for most people a device of the poetic imagination and the rhetorical flourish – a matter of extraordinary rather than ordinary language. Moreover, metaphor is typically viewed as characteristic of language alone, a matter of words rather than thought or action. For this reason, most people think they can get along perfectly well without metaphor. We have found, on the contrary, that metaphor is pervasive in everyday life, not just in language but in thought and action. Our ordinary conceptual system, in terms of which we both think and act, is fundamentally metaphorical in nature.
You’ve heard it all before: hard work is good for you. The people who don’t work are lazy. Poor people don’t work because they’d rather do drugs and fornicate with themselves. The only way to get someplace in life is through long, pitiless, difficult labor. No pain, no gain.
But is any of this really true? It strikes me as fascinating that, throughout history, the wealthy (the idle elite), the landowners, and the aristocrats, have all campaigned for the idea that hard work is morally-good; you work hard and you’re going to get into heaven. Having money, being able to spend a significant portion of your life in leisure? Well, that’s very clearly undesirable — nobody who spends their time enjoying the idle nature of life could possibly be considered righteous. How interesting, that this mode of thought for so long gave people a sense of pride in their honest labor, despite the fact that such labor existed (and exists) entirely to support the supposedly immoral leisure time of the self-same elite who promote these messages.
For much of human history, mankind has faced a battle for existence over a short life and in the face of food scarcity, diseases and a constant threat of violence. As life has extended and people have become richer, especially those living in the advanced economies, so they have evolved to a situation where, for the majority, their children are safe and educated, work provides some financial security, and they can enjoy a retirement with some components of leisure. As life extends even further, people will be forced to move away from the lockstep of the three-stage life and face many more options about how they live their lives. A hundred years provides more time than required by the evolutionary imperative to breed, and more time in which to meet any financial security needs. So what is the purpose of these extra years if not to procreate and accumulate? Might these extra years, distributed throughout a life, bring the time and opportunity to explore who you are and arrive at a way of living that is nearer to your own personal values and hopes than to the traditions of the society into which you were born? If so, then this is perhaps the greatest gift that longevity can bestow.
On 17 August 2018, the IWGSC published in the international journal Science a detailed description and an analysis of the reference sequence of the bread wheat genome, the world’s most widely cultivated crop.
This work will pave the way for the production of wheat varieties better adapted to climate challenges, with higher yields, enhanced nutritional quality and improved sustainability.
The research article – authored by more than 200 scientists from 73 research institutions in 20 countries – presents the DNA sequenceof the bread wheat variety Chinese Spring ordered along the 21 wheat chromosomes. It is the highest quality genome sequence produced to date for wheat.