Author Archives: imandsk

Jimmy Lin

With the growing availability of full-text articles online, scientists and other consumers of the life sciences literature now have the ability to go beyond searching bibliographic records (title, abstract, metadata) to directly access full-text content. Motivated by this emerging trend, I posed the following question: is searching full text more effective than searching abstracts? This question is answered by comparing text retrieval algorithms on MEDLINE abstracts, full-text articles, and spans (paragraphs) within full-text articles using data from the TREC 2007 genomics track evaluation. Two retrieval models are examined: bm25 and the ranking algorithm implemented in the open-source Lucene search engine.

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共同通信

異性の交際相手がいない18~34歳の未婚者が男性で61・4%、女性で49・5%に上り、いずれも過去最高となったことが25日、国立社会保障・人口問題研究所の「出生動向基本調査(独身者調査)」で分かった。 2005年の前回調査から急増、男性で9・2ポイント、女性で4・8ポイント増えた。このうち半数近くは男女とも「特に異性との交際を望んでいない」と答えた。 独身でいる理由(複数回答)を尋ねると「異性とうまく付き合えない」と答えたのは、25~34歳では男性13・5%、女性11・6%。18~24歳では男性11・9%、女性7・0%で、いずれも過去最高だった。

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IGN Entertainment

63% of men and 60% of women admit that they would lie to their partner to avoid an argument.

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81

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Ryūnosuke Akutagawa

After violating my wife, the robber, sitting there, began to speak comforting words to her. Of course I couldn’t speak. My whole body was tied fast to the root of a cedar. But meanwhile I winked at her many times, as much as to say “Don’t believe the robber.” I wanted to convey some such meaning to her. But my wife, sitting dejectedly on the bamboo leaves, was looking hard at her lap. To all appearance, she was listening to his words. I was agonized by jealousy. In the meantime the robber went on with his clever talk, from one subject to another. The robber finally made his bold brazen … Continue reading

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Ha-Joon Chang

Since the rise of neo-liberalism in the late 1970s and the early 1980s, many people in the rich countries, both inside and outside the academia, have come to take the view that the developing countries are what they are only because of their own inabilities and corruption and that the rich countries have no moral obligations to help them. Indeed, there is a growing view that helping the developing countries is actually bad for them because it will only encourage dependency mentality. Fortunately, the above view is not the mainstream view in all rich countries. Most people still believe that, with a strong help from the rich countries, the developing … Continue reading

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Robert Green Ingersoll

The real difference is this: the Christian says that he has knowledge; the Agnostic admits that he has none; and yet the Christian accuses the Agnostic of arrogance, and asks him how he has the impudence to admit the limitations of his mind. To the Agnostic every fact is a torch, and by this light, and this light only, he walks. The Agnostic knows that the testimony of man is not sufficient to establish what is known as the miraculous. We would not believe to-day the testimony of millions to the effect that the dead had been raised. The church itself would be the first to attack such testimony. If … Continue reading

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Hello world!

Welcome to kushima.org. I finally got my own place to say what I think and believe.

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Gene Weingarten

He emerged from the metro at the L’Enfant Plaza station and positioned himself against a wall beside a trash basket. By most measures, he was nondescript: a youngish white man in jeans, a long-sleeved T-shirt and a Washington Nationals baseball cap. From a small case, he removed a violin. Placing the open case at his feet, he shrewdly threw in a few dollars and pocket change as seed money, swiveled it to face pedestrian traffic, and began to play. It was 7:51 a.m. on Friday, January 12, the middle of the morning rush hour. In the next 43 minutes, as the violinist performed six classical pieces, 1,097 people passed by. … Continue reading

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増田美子

古代の喪服が白かったということは日本書紀や隋書倭国伝などで知っていました。 718年に養老喪葬令が出されて、「天皇は直系二親等以上の喪には錫紵を着る」と定められたのがきっかけで、なぜか黒に変ってしまうのです。唐書の「皇帝が喪服として錫衰を着る」というのを真似したのですが、唐でいう錫とは、灰汁処理した目の細かい白い麻布のことなのを、どういうわけか日本人はこれを金属のスズと解釈し、スズ色、つまり薄墨に染めてしまったというわけなんです。この錫紵の色は、平安時代になると貴族階級にも広まって、薄墨だった色合いも次第に濃くなっていきます。これはより黒い方が深い悲しみを表現すると考えられたからで、あの源氏物語でも、妻を亡くした光源氏が「自分が先に死んでいたら妻はもっと濃い色を着るのに、自分は妻の喪だから薄い色しか着られない」と嘆く場面があります。 白が復活したのは室町時代で、途中江戸時代に水色が登場したりしますが、基本的には白が続きます。私が思うには養老喪葬令以降、喪服を黒くしたのは上流階級だけで、庶民は一貫して白のままだったのではないかということです。といいますのは、白い布を黒く染めるには染料もいりますし、手間もかかります。昔は人の死を穢れと考えていて、一度着用した喪服を処分していたようですが、そんな手間をかけたものを庶民が簡単に捨てたとは考えにくい。それに、先祖代々受け継いできた伝統を変えるには、相当勇気がいるはずです。現代よりもはるかに信心深い時代ですから、伝統を変えることによってたたりや災いが起こるのではないかという”恐れ”が相当強かったと思います。 そして、明治維新を機にヨーロッパの喪服を取り入れて黒になり、現代に至っています。

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>Carsten Peter

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日本鯨類研究所

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川上和久

太平洋戦争の時の日本の大本営発表なんかがそうです。ナチスもメディアを統制して情報を巧みに操作した一番の例と言えます。またアメリカもパナマやグレナダに侵攻した時は、徹底的にメディアをコントロールしたことで、ある程度侵攻を正当化するイメージを作り出すことに成功しました。湾岸戦争にもこういった姿勢が継続されたのです。 政治権力と情報操作はほぼ一体のものといえるでしょう。 歴史的に見ても、たとえ現代のようなマスメディアはなくとも、情報は常に操作されていました。 例えば、古代ローマ帝国によって張り巡らされた道路網は、人や物の流通と同時に、情報を伝達するための生命線ともいえるものでした。その一方で統治システムそのものでもあったのです。ローマの統治に必要な情報は、公務連絡として直ちに各地に伝えられましたし、各地域の状況は迅速に収集され、反乱などの予兆があれば直ちに対処できるようにしていました。逆に属州が結集して反乱を起こしたりしないように、極力「ヨコ」の連絡網は設けないようにしていました。このように、この道路網はローマと各地を結ぶ「タテ」のシステムとして機能し、支配の固定化、さらにはその延長線上にある危機管理にも活用されたのです。これも広い意味での情報操作といえるでしょう。

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>武澤秀一

>現存する法隆寺は、塔と金堂が”東西・横並び”で左右非対称、真ん中に空白がある伽藍配置になっています。 。。。 日本独特の「空間の美」、「余白の美」がありますね。例えば、大陸の宗教建築物や宮殿は、中心に建物が威風堂々と連なり、左右対称のものがほとんどです。しかし、法隆寺のように真ん中が空白の状態であると、感情移入がしやすいのです。老子も、器の本質は「うつろ」な部分にあるといっていますが、大陸の建築物以上にこれを表現しているのが法隆寺といえます。人を迎え入れる優しさが、法隆寺にはあるのではないでしょうか。日本の風土にも関係すると思うのですが、島国で地形が小刻みであり、四季の変化もはっきりとしている。時間的にも、空間的にも変化に富み、こうしたことが細やかな感性を育んできた。日本人は穏やかな環境の中にあるので、自然に対抗する秩序をつくるのではなく、自らを取り巻く環境に身を委ねるという、やわらかな感性が育ったのだと思います。茶道や華道、書や絵画、そして庭園にも通じるものですね。そういう日本文化の特質が、初めて伽羅に現れた。それが法隆寺なのだと思います。

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鈴木秀夫

ユダヤ・キリスト教においては「万物が全能なる神により創造されたものであり、世界は決して永遠ではありえない。世界は天地創造から終末に向かって一直線に進行している」という「直線的世界観」があります。その中でフォー・ベター・トゥモローという思想が生れ、すべてのものが一つの流れの中で、終末に向けて進歩している、と考えられています。 それに対し、仏教の場合、前述しましたように、まず、万物が空ですから、絶対者(例えば如来)もまた空でなければならず、天地万物は絶対者と共にあるものである、と考えます。そして、絶対者がなくなるということは考えられないから、従って、天地万物もなくなることはない。さらに、死んだ生物が土に帰り、そこからまた新しい生命が誕生するという「輪廻転生」の概念も加わって、万物は永遠に流転するという「円環的世界観」が成立したのです。 ところが、日本は近年、西洋思想から生れた制度や方法等を数多く取り入れている。中でも代表的なのが「民主主義」ですが、これは本来、仏教徒が主流の日本には根付かない、定着しないのではないかと私には考えられます。

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>中島清之

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>吉国幹雄

>この「始点」に拘り「終点」へと単線的に突き進む「直線思考」は、物質誕生の始点を「原子論」に求め、宇宙の誕生として「ビッグバン」を作り上げた。自然科学におけるこの「直線思考」は、さまざまな起源を想定して科学技術発展へ貢献したが、しかし、要素還元的な発想や線形的発想ではもはやどうにもならない閉塞状況を生み出してしまった。(もともと『宇宙』とはコスモス=空間なのではなく、時間と空間の広がりを意味し、時間の起源という発想はもともと東洋の思想にはない。宇宙は「混沌」と「存在」しているものであり、そこには始点も終点も創造主もない。)

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>雪村

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>中島潔

>風の画家

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>山下裕二

>西洋の直線的な考え方と違い、東洋の円環的な感じでは、四季を一幅の絵のなかに描くのが、むしろ自然なのだ。

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>榊淳史

>「見てはいけない」という禁令を破る話は、たとえば、鶴女房などがある。西洋にも、禁令の話がある。比較してみると、西洋の場合は、禁令を破ってつらい思いをするが、しかし、そのあと、救い手(たとえば王子様)が現れて、結婚などで締めくくる、というパターンがあるのに対し、日本の場合は、禁令を出した本人が、悲しみのあまりにいなくなってしまう、そして、禁令を破ったものは、その場に取り残される、というパターン。つまり、西洋の場合は、なんらかの結果(たとえば、結婚)があるのに対し、東洋の場合は、元の状態(たとえば、独身)に戻ってしまうのだ.このことを、西洋のある昔話研究者が「すべてを失った無の状態になる」といい、しかし、これを河合先生は禅にも通じる円環的全体性(終わりも始まりも包含している状態)と見て、東洋的な世界観である、と言っている。

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>Laura Hillenbrand

>In the predawn darkness of August 26, 1929, in the back bedroom of a small house inTorrance, California, a twelve-year-old boy sat up in bed, listening. There was a sound coming from outside, growing ever louder. It was a huge, heavy rush, suggesting immensity, a great parting of air. It was coming from directly above the house. The boy swung his legs off his bed, raced down the stairs, slapped open the back door, and loped onto the grass. The yard was otherworldly, smothered in unnatural darkness, shivering with sound. The boy stood on the lawn beside his older brother, head thrown back, spellbound.The sky had disappeared. An object that … Continue reading

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>Adam Kirsch

>Americans’ favorite World War II stories have always been about the democratic heroism of ordinary soldiers; this kind of popular history has never disappeared, and probably never will. Laura Hillenbrand’s “Unbroken” (2010), which has resided for months near the top of the best-seller list, tells the story of Louis Zamperini, an ex-track star turned airman, whose plane went down over the Pacific and who survived weeks adrift on a raft and even worse ordeals in a Japanese prison camp. As the title suggests, Zamperini is an untroubling kind of war hero, because his greatness was his refusal to break, not his ability to break others — a part of the … Continue reading

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>Mark Hosenball

>Iranian engineers have succeeded in neutralizing and purging the computer virus known as Stuxnet from their country’s nuclear machinery, European and U.S. officials and private experts have told Reuters.The malicious code, whose precise origin and authorship remain unconfirmed, made its way as early as 2009 into equipment controlling centrifuges Iran is using to enrich uranium, dealing a significant but perhaps temporary setback to Iran’s suspected nuclear weapons work.Many experts believe that Israel, possibly with assistance from the United States, was responsible for creating and deploying Stuxnet. But no authoritative account of who invented Stuxnet or how it got into Iran’s centrifuge control equipment has surfaced.

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>Jean Léon Gérôme

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>吴涛

>谈及一些网民拿俄、日两国空军的比较,并得出有关俄空军不如日本的结论,弗尔基米罗夫强调:“战略轰炸机不是与战斗机作战,如果需要它们可以在千里之外发射核巡航导弹,可以说,一旦俄日开打,俄空军在20分钟内就能让日本从地球上消失。”

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>Anthony Shadida

>If the revolts that swept the Middle East a year ago were the coming of age of youths determined to imagine another future for the Arab world, the aftermath that has brought elections in Egypt and Tunisia and the prospect of decisive Islamist influence in Morocco, Libya and, perhaps, Syria is the moment of another, older generation.No one knows how one of the most critical chapters in the history of the modern Arab world will end, as the region pivots from a movement against dictatorship toward a movement for something that is proving far more ambiguous. But the generation, shaped by jail, exile and repression and bound by faith and … Continue reading

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>envision

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WordPress

We wanted to bring the WordPress experience to a larger audience. So we created WordPress.com, a hosted version of the open source package where you can start a blog in seconds without any technical knowledge. We’re a bit of an underdog, as there are much larger hosted blogging services such as Blogger that have been out for years, but when WordPress.org got started people said the blog software market was saturated and there wasn’t room for anything new. (The big players then were Greymatter and Movable Type.) We think we have something unique to bring to the table. WordPress.com is under very active development, and we roll out updates almost … Continue reading

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>Alvin Toffler

>The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn.

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>Barak Ravid

>When he met with Eric Falt, UNESCO’s assistant director general for external relations and public information, Ambassador Nimrod Barkan was stunned to be handed a copy of this cartoon and an official letter of protest from UNESCO’s director general, Irina Bokova. Falt told Barkan the cartoon constituted incitement.“A cartoon like this endangers the lives of unarmed diplomats, and you have an obligation to protect them,” Falt said, according to an Israeli source. “We understand that there is freedom of the press in Israel, but the government must prevent attacks on UNESCO.”Barkan pointed out that the government has no control over editorial cartoons printed in the papers. “Ask yourselves what you … Continue reading

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WikiLeaks

WikiLeaks denounced UNESCO for banning WikiLeaks from tomorrow’s international conference about WikiLeaks. The large two-day conference, which has 37 speakers listed, is to be held UNESCO Headquarters in Paris. US organizers have stacked the conference with WikiLeaks opponents and blocked all speakers from WikiLeaks, stating that the decision to censor WikiLeaks representation was an exercise in ’freedom of expression… our right to give voice to speakers of our choice’. WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange denounced the conference: ’UNESCO has made itself an international human rights joke. To use “freedom of expression” to censor WikiLeaks from a conference about WikiLeaks is an Orwellian absurdity beyond words. This is an intolerable abuse of … Continue reading

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>海尔

>Innovation is “the Way of Haier”, which means: create values for customer on the basis of world-class systems and platforms, so as to establish a win-win culture. Meanwhile, Haier is committed to long term success, which depends to a large extent on our values.Core Values of Haier: Customer Oriented – Think what consumers think Development Focused – Entrepreneurial spirit and creativity Interest Driven – Win-Win Culture

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>AfriGadget

>AfriGadget is a website dedicated to showcasing African ingenuity. A team of bloggers and readers contribute their pictures, videos and stories from around the continent. The stories of innovation are inspiring. It is a testament to Africans bending the little they have to their will, using creativity to overcome life’s challenges.

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Apple Inc.

Here’s to the crazy ones. The misfits. The rebels. The troublemakers. The round pegs in the square holes. The ones who see things differently. They’re not fond of rules. And they have no respect for the status quo. You can quote them, disagree with them, glorify or vilify them. About the only thing you can’t do is ignore them. Because they change things. They push the human race forward. And while some may see them as the crazy ones, we see genius. Because the people who are crazy enough to think they can change the world, are the ones who do.

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Neil Gaiman

Google can bring you back 100,000 answers, a librarian can bring you back the right one.

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Drew Houston

Most of our growth is word of mouth/viral, so free users are still valuable: we grow faster, and they refer people who might pay. Picking the right duration is tricky, and people add files to their Dropboxes at different rates. Many pay eventually after using the free service for a long time.

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NYDailyNews.com

A father who was upset after a Tennessee couple deleted his adult daughter as a friend on Facebook has been charged in the shooting deaths of the couple, authorities said Wednesday. The victims had complained to police that Marvin Potter’s daughter was harassing them after they deleted her as a friend on the social networking site, Johnson County Sheriff Mike Reece said Wednesday. Potter, 60, has been charged with two counts of first-degree murder in last week’s slayings of Billy Payne Jr. and his girlfriend, Billie Jean Hayworth. The couple was shot to death in their Mountain City home in the far northeast corner of the state. Their 8-month-old baby … Continue reading

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>马中欣

>马中欣,祖籍浙江东阳,生于兰州,长于台湾,移民美国。马中欣是职业旅行家、探险家、摄影家、旅行作家,现任美国国家地理杂志特约摄影记者。曾两次受国家海洋局邀请入选中国南极考察队,前往南极中国长城站、中山站摄影考察,获得重大成就。在三十余年的旅行经历中,他独自一人到过全球190个国家和地区,足迹遍布五大洲七大洋,行程百万公里,徒步行走十万公里。已出版《天涯历险》、《冰裸南极》、《探险式环球旅行》等多部著作,被誉为中国第一位深入世界的探险旅行家,中国十大探险家、当代徐霞客等。20年间靠摄影和出书的稿费完成10多次环球旅行。但知并且一夜之间名声大噪,缘于他对三毛的直率批评。马中欣称,他1995年在北大作演讲时经学生相荐,第一次翻阅三毛作品时,“出于一个与三毛有相似旅行经历的职业旅行家的直觉”,对《撒哈拉的故事》、《哭泣的骆驼》这些脍炙人口的散文产生怀疑。“三毛究竟是怎样一个人?”“三毛书中记述的经历是真事还是作者臆造?”他称,实地考察支持了他原先对三毛的认识。他说,三毛是一个性格叛逆、说话做事随心所欲之人,终其一生,她都是在“表演”,在做“秀”。三毛自己也说:“我最大的创作是我的生活”,“三毛是三毛,我是我,你们都被我骗了。”

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>Jason Chow

>Zurich took over from Tokyo as the world’s most expensive city to live in, according to the Economist Intelligence Unit’s most recent world-wide cost-of-living survey.The study, which is published twice a year, tracks the prices of goods and services such as food, transportation, utilities, private schools and domestic help to calculate scores for each city, using New York as its base with a score of 100. Real-estate prices aren’t factored into the survey.Zurich and Tokyo scored 170 and 166, respectively, indicating that they are about 70% and 66% more expensive to live in than New York.

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>Lilia McGonigle

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>Bruce Chapman

>What do diplomats do when circumstances change before a scheduled international conference to take action? They put out a resounding statement and pledge to meet again. That is what you can expect from the coming global climate summit in Denmark.The problem for the global warming hysterics is that the globe is not warming this decade. Activists like Chris Mooney who have tried to smear anyone who questioned the extent or causes of global warming now have to deal with growing dissent within the ranks of climatologists.How much better it would be for them to try to find common practical ground with doubters. You don’t have to buy the idea that … Continue reading

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>Niccolò Machiavelli

>Entrepreneurs are simply those who understand that there is little difference between obstacle and opportunity and are able to turn both to their advantage.

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>塩野七生

>ヨーロッパでは、考えていても口には出さない一句がある。それは、民主主義はもはや機能不可になったのではないか、という想いだ。なぜならそれを言ってしまっては終わりだからで、その理由の第一は、何世紀もかけて築きあげてきた文明を自ら否定することになるから。そして理由の第二は、中国を批判できなくなること。いかに経済では強大になったとはいえ、中国には民主主義と自由だけはない。ところが、誇るに足るはずのこの民主的なシステムとて万能ではない。

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>クローズアップ現代

>あなたは何歳まで子どもを産めると思いますか? いつまでも若々しい30代、40代の女性たち。努力すれば若さは保てると考えられるようになりました。しかし止められないものがあります。卵子の老化です。不妊の原因になるとされています。ところが、その事実を不妊治療で初めて知る人が後を絶ちません。 卵子の老化を知らず40歳まで仕事に打ち込んできた女性。20回以上体外受精を続けています。仕事に追われるうちに妊娠しやすい時期を逃してしまう女性が増えているのです。 見過ごされてきた卵子の老化がもたらす不妊の実態に迫ります。

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>伊藤和子

>日本では結婚がうまくいかないときに子どもを連れて別居するのは普通のことです。特に、DVについては、「配偶者からの暴力の防止及び被害者の保護に関する法律」いわゆるDV法が制定され、DV被害女性は、裁判所から保護命令を受けるシステムが確立しました。保護命令は、加害者の夫が自分や子どもに近づいたり暴力をふるうことを禁止するもので、比較的簡単な立証で命令が出されます。こうしたシステムが確立しているので、暴力を受けたら、まず証拠を保全するより、子どもと一緒に家を出て身の安全を守るよう、支援者たちも私たち弁護士も呼びかけてきました。ところが、ハーグ条約を批准すれば、国境を超える事案では、いかなる理由があろうと、子どもを連れて母国に戻ることが違法とされ、子どもは原則として帰国させられます。帰国した後には監護権の裁判が待ち受けていますが、子を連れ去った親は不適格とみなされ、監護権をはく奪されることも多いといいます。このような日本とは180度異なる実務が定着すれば、日本の実務にも影響を及ぼし、DV被害者保護にも悪影響が及ぶ危険があります。

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>白石理

>政府や自治体が、市民によって選ばれ、支えられ、監視されるというのは、民主社会の原則である。したがって、人権を護るという国の義務は、政府や自治体に任せきりでは満足に機能しない。行政と市民社会の協力がどうしても必要である。市民社会の基盤が弱いところでは人権保障も十分ではない。これは世界の経験から知ることができる。人権NGOは市民社会の活力の象徴でもある。。。。一口に「人権NGO」といっても活動の仕方も、目的も、内容も様々である。長い年月の活動実績で、社会の信頼を得てきているNGOがある。他方で、流す情報が正確なものではなく、時にその政治的な意図が見え隠れするNGOもある。

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>Human Rights Now

>Our mission is to take action to: 1) Contribute to the promotion and protection of human rights worldwide, with a special focus on Asian countries; 2) Contribute to the development of international human rights standards and norms through the UN and other international institutions; and 3) Promote the incorporation of international human rights standards within the domestic framework in Japan.In particular, we seek to make a concerted effort to improve the human rights situation in the Asian region, where many people are suffering from serious human rights abuses. By highlighting the situation and enabling victims of abuse to have their voices heard, we spare all effort to make a positive … Continue reading

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>Michaeleen Doucleff

>

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>VOA现场

>美国国会及行政部门中国问题委员会的听证会把重点放在对高智晟的刑事监禁的最新宣布上,并且将提出有关他目前状况的关注。包括高智晟的妻子在内的证人将提出高对中国边缘化群体的法律辩护,包括宗教从业人员、农民工和人权活动人士以及他本人的强迫失踪等问题。其他专家将代表高智晟讨论目前的国际法和人道主义的宣传力度。听证会还将听取另一位被监禁的持不同政见者郭泉的妻子的证词。郭泉正在监狱服刑10年。他和高一样因为宣传人权和民主而受到惩罚。

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Peter Morville

Ambient findability describes a fast emerging world where we can find anyone or anything from anywhere at anytime. We’re not there yet, but we’re headed in the right direction. Information is in the air, literally. And it changes our minds, physically. Most importantly, findability invests freedom in the individual.

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Hiroshi Ishii

At the seashore, between the land of atoms and the sea of bits, we are now facing the challenge of reconciling our dual citizenship in the physical and digital worlds. Our windows to the digital world have been confined to flat rectangular screens and pixels, or ‘painted bits’. While our visual senses are steeped in the sea of digital information, our bodies remain in the physical world. The vision of tangible bits is to provide seamless coupling between these two very different worlds of bits and atoms. Tangible Bits give physical form to digital information, making bits directly manipulable and perceptible and blurring the boundary between physical space and cyberspace.

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>Peace Corps

>The Peace Corps traces its roots and mission to 1960, when then Senator John F. Kennedy challenged students at the University of Michigan to serve their country in the cause of peace by living and working in developing countries. From that inspiration grew an agency of the federal government devoted to world peace and friendship.Since that time, 200,000+ Peace Corps Volunteers have served in 139 host countries to work on issues ranging from AIDS education to information technology and environmental preservation.Today’s Peace Corps is more vital than ever, working in emerging and essential areas such as information technology and business development, and contributing to the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS … Continue reading

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>Edward Tufte

>

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>Peter Menzel, Faith D’Aluisi

> Mariel BoothThe Model StudentCalories: 2400, Country: USAHer 2,400 calories could rise or fall depending on whether she’s indulging in comfort foodwith her boyfriend or slimming down for a modeling job. MiyabiyamaThe Sumo WrestlerCalories: 3500, Country: JapanTo achieve his fighting weight, the mountain of a man spent years force-feeding himself many more calories than the listed 3,500. Now it takes fewer calories to maintain his 400-pound bulk. During the week of his interview, he was in training for a tournament—one of six big yearly matches—so he wasn’t drinking alcohol or eating at restaurants with sponsors of his club. His calorie count would have been higher at those times.

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>Exit Mundi

>Isn’t life a bitch? The world is going to end. You don’t even have to be a religious fundamentalist to see that’s true.Some people collect postal stamps; Exit Mundi collects scenarios of what could go wrong with the world. Sure, our planet could get hit by an asteroid. But hey, that’s nothing. Did you know we could all be munched away by hungry molecules? Or that our physicists could unintentionally wipe us all out while tinkering with particles? `Oops, sorry…’Exit Mundi isn’t in it for doom preaching, but strictly for fun. It’s a fascinating thought: if that &*%#-comet didn’t wipe out the dinosaurs 65 million years ago, we wouldn’t be … Continue reading

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>Kim Zetter

>The government released Steve Jobs’ FBI file Thursday, including details of a background check done for a presidential appointment in 1991 and a bomb threat against him in 1985. The document also indicates that Jobs had a Top Secret government security clearance while working at Pixar.The background check for an appointment to the president’s Export Council, under former President George H. W. Bush, included interviews with friends and colleagues to make sure there was nothing in Jobs’ background that would open him to blackmail.One interviewee remarked on Jobs’ well-known drug use — which included, by his own admission, the use of LSD during his schooldays.Others mentioned that Jobs couldn’t be … Continue reading

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>Maria Robinson

>Nobody can go back and start a new beginning, but anyone can start today and make a new ending.

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Faisal Al Yafai

The clouds of conspiracy are gathering over Syria. With more than half of Syrians supporting President Bashar Al Assad, there has been a concerted effort by the western media to minimise his domestic support while maximising criticism of his failings. In particular, the effectiveness of the observer mission is questioned, to speed the day when the United Nations authorises Nato intervention and ushers into power a more pro-western Syrian government. That, at least, is the analysis of the situation that has been best articulated by Jonathan Steele in the Guardian and Aisling Byrne of the Beirut-based Conflicts Forum website. It is not wrong. But it is not right, either. Very … Continue reading

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>John Rawls

>All social primary goods – liberty and opportunity, income and wealth, and the bases of self-respect – are to be distributed equally unless an unequal distribution of any or all of these goods is to the advantage of the least favored.

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Robert Nozick

If the state did not exist would it be necessary to invent it? Would one be needed, and would it have to be invented? These questions arise for political philosophy and for a theory explaining political phenomena, and are answered by investigating the “state of nature,” to use the terminology of traditional political theory. The justification for resuscitating this archaic notion would have to be the fruitfulness, interest, and far-reaching implications of the theory that results. For the (less trusting) readers who desire some assurance in advance, this chapter discusses reasons why it is important to pursue state-of-nature theory, reasons for thinking that theory would be a fruitful one. These … Continue reading

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板谷敏彦

統治システムを隋・唐代と中国から輸入した日本は、宋代から中国とたもとを分かち、身分制を温存した。「中国化」の対立語は「江戸時代化」である。 日本は明治維新で一度は「中国化」するものの、選挙制度を通じて地域利権代表による「江戸時代化」へと逆戻りしてしまう。そのあらわれが、政治家の世襲、地縁、地元の利権などであった。 ところが今度は世界が「中国化」しはじめた。レーガンやサッチャーの新自由主義の波である。規制緩和は既得権益の撤廃を意味した。世襲議員が頼りなく見え、利権を持っていた業者、公務員、労働組合までも含めた既得権益がおかされる。これまで自分を守ってくれていた地縁にも終身雇用の会社にも頼れなくなってしまった。 「日本化」を克服するには「中国化」の道しかないのであろうか。

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與那覇潤

中世の昔から日本は「グローバル・スタンダードに合わせるのか、日本独自の道をゆくのか」で揺れてきて。。。ただし、その「グローバル・スタンダード」は「中国標準」のことだった。 実際、。。。宋朝以降の中国の国内秩序と、現在賛否両論の「グローバリズム」の国際秩序は、すごく似ていて。よく言えば徹底的な競争社会、悪く言うと弱肉強食の格差社会で、形式的には「平等」な条件で自由競争していることになってるにもかかわらず、実態としては猛烈な権力の「一極化」や富の偏在が起きている。そういう中国=グローバル社会のあり方を受け入れるか否か、で国論が二分されたから、日本は中世のあいだはものすごい内戦状態だったんだけど、結局、「受け入れない」という結論を出したおかげで、近世にはピタリと平和になって。。。 今日のグローバリゼーションの核にあるとされる「西洋文明」というのは、新参者として後から日中に割り込んできたわけ。しかもコイツが曲者で、ある面では中華文明に似てるのだけど、他の面では日本文明に近い。その結果として、20世紀の半ばまでは日本文明のほうが相対的にうまく適応していたのですが、冷戦が終わる頃から、「停滞する日本」と「台頭する中国」という構図が出てきちゃった。

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朴国熙

韓米自由貿易協定(FTA)の再交渉を求める野党・民主統合党(以下、民主党)と統合進歩党は8日、再交渉が実現しない場合、FTAの廃棄に向けて行動を起こすという内容の書簡を米国大使館に提出した。両党所属の議員96人が連名で作成したこの書簡は、オバマ大統領、バイデン副大統領、ベイナー下院議長宛となっている。書簡で民主党は、昨年から毒素条項として注目されてきた投資家・国家訴訟制度(ISD)、(協定内容の見直しを認めない)ラチェット規定、開城工業団地で製造された製品の原産地問題など、10項目についてFTAの発効前に再交渉に応じるよう求めた。しかしこのうち自動車のセーフガードを除く9項目は、2007年に盧武鉉(ノ・ムヒョン)前政権が合意した協定文にも含まれている。

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>박지성

>이제 300경기 출전을향해 도전하겠다.

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>Jeffrey M. Jones

>Three in ten Americans interpret the Bible literally, saying it is the actual word of God.

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Pew Research Center

Nearly half of the public (49%) says they have had a religious or mystical experience, defined as a “moment of sudden religious insight or awakening.” This is similar to a survey conducted in 2006 but much higher than in surveys conducted in 1976 and 1994 and more than twice as high as a 1962 Gallup survey (22%).

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>Kyoungwha Kim

>With Asia’s elderly population poised to double within four decades, more money is being plowed into preserving wealth than enhancing growth, driving up demand for the region’s bonds that are beating returns on stocks.The number of Asians 60 or older will exceed 1.25 billion, or 24 percent of the population in 2050 from 10 percent in 2011, according to data compiled by the United Nations. That helps explain the surge in pension fund assets and shows why the region’s emerging-market debt returned 63 percent in the five years through 2011. The MSCI Asia Pacific Index of shares excluding Japan gained 17 percent in that period.

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>TehranTimes

>Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei “Recent developments in the region show that the Iranian nation has been able to find friends, supporters, and allies for themselves over the past three decades.”

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Ravi Somaiya, Alan Cowell

Rupert Murdoch’s British newspaper subsidiary reached a new batch of settlements in the hacking scandal that has convulsed parts of the British press, police and political establishment, according to lawyers. … Mr. Murdoch’s media empire agreed to pay substantial damages to several dozen high-profile victims of phone and e-mail hacking, and lawyers for those victims said they had seen documents showing that senior managers not only knew about the practice but also lied about it and destroyed evidence as part of a cover-up. … … The settlements disclosed last month included those of the actor Jude Law, who received about $200,000; Sadie Frost, his ex-wife, who received $77,000; Ben Jackson, … Continue reading

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>田中宇

>工業化はアフリカ諸国にとって独立以来の夢だったが、欧米に頼んでも実現できなかった。それが中国に頼むと、資金を貸してくれ、インフラ整備も中国企業がやってくれて、工業化を開始できる。この状況を「中国は、アフリカの独裁で腐敗した政府高官に贈賄し、インフラを整備してやると甘言を吐き、利権を悪辣にあさっている」と批判することもできる。しかし現実を見ると、アフリカは経済発展によって、保健衛生や教育水準の分野も改善している。10年で世界で最も経済成長した10カ国のうち6カ国がアフリカだ。欧米がこの数十年間やれなかったアフリカの発展を、中国が実現しているのは確かだ。

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>Jason Burke

>Fresh violence has broken out in the Maldives after Mohamed Nasheed, the ousted president, claimed he was forced to give up his office at gunpoint, raising the prospect of a fierce struggle for power in the island nation.

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Translation

Universal Declaration of Human Rights Déclaration universelle des droits de l’homme (Français: Universal) Всеобщая декларация прав человека (Русский: Universal) 世界人权宣言 (中文: World) 世界人権宣言 (日本語: World) (العالمي: of the World) الإعلان العالمي لحقوق الإنسان

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United Nations

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the United Nations in 1948 sets a common standard to ensure that all human beings are treated equally. The United Nations has advanced and supported democracy and democractic goverance through electoral assistance provided to over 50 countries since 2010 alone. The UN has assisted in milestone elections in many countries, including Afghanistan, Burundi, Cambodia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, Nepal, Sierra Leone, the Sudan, and Timor-Leste. The United Nations has formulated more than 80 treaties and declarations protecting and promoting human rights, for example, banning the participation of children under 18 in armed conflict and prohibiting the sale of children, … Continue reading

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>Susan Rice

>Out of every tax dollar you pay, 34 cents goes to Social Security and Medicare, 22 cents to national security and our amazing military, and a nickel to paying interest on the national debt.  Just one-tenth of a single penny goes to pay our UN dues.—The other alternative to the UN is that we do nothing and that these con icts fester, spill over, and create an environment where criminals can operate and where terrorists can nd a safe haven.—We see human rights and democracy not only as the expression of universal values, but as the only means of achieving the goals of long-term political stability and sustainable economic development … Continue reading

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>読売新聞

>米国の格闘技の試合を無断で動画投稿サイト「ニコニコ動画」に公開したとして、警視庁は6日、千葉市稲毛区穴川、無職奥山整容疑者(26)を著作権法違反の疑いで逮捕したと発表した。逮捕は5日。発表によると、奥山容疑者は2010年9~12月、米国の総合格闘技「UFC」の38試合を、自宅のパソコンからニコニコ動画に投稿し、不特定多数が閲覧できるようにした疑い。調べに対し、「自分が好きな試合を多くの人に見てほしかった」と供述しているという。UFCを主催する米国法人が昨年10月、同庁に相談していた。

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>Maria Panina

>A Russian team has succeeded in drilling through four kilometres (2.5 miles) of ice to the surface of a mythical subglacial Antarctic lake which could hold as yet unknown life forms, reports said Monday.Lake Vostok is the largest subglacial lake in Antarctica and scientists want to study its eco-system which has been isolated for hundreds of thousands of years under the ice in the hope of finding previously unknown microbiological life forms.“Our scientists completed drilling at a depth of 3,768 metres and reached the surface of the subglacial lake.” …“Because the lower layer was formed 400,000 years ago, from the composition of the gas it is possible to judge the … Continue reading

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>Thomson Reuters

>EUR/JPY (EURJPY=X)

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>Christine Haughney

>After the flames were extinguished Sunday night, firefighters made the discovery: a body, deep in an abandoned crew room, in a subway tunnel on the F line just north of 63rd Street and Lexington Avenue.The victim was obviously homeless. Less apparent were his circumstances and history, but it did not take long for those to emerge. Of all the homeless people in the subway, the victim, Anthony Horton, 43, had been among the least faceless.Mr. Horton found solace in the blackness of the tunnels. He made the subway the subject of his canvases, the muse for a graphic novel that he co-wrote, and the place he called home for the … Continue reading

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>Leslie Kaufman, Kate Zernike

>Across the country, activists with ties to the Tea Party are railing against all sorts of local and state efforts to control sprawl and conserve energy. They brand government action for things like expanding public transportation routes and preserving open space as part of a United Nations-led conspiracy to deny property rights and herd citizens toward cities.In Maine, the Tea Party-backed Republican governor canceled a project to ease congestion along the Route 1 corridor after protesters complained it was part of the United Nations plot. The Republican National Committee resolution, passed without fanfare on Jan. 13, declared, “The United Nations Agenda 21 plan of radical so-called ‘sustainable development’ views the … Continue reading

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>Rodd Wagner, Gale Muller

>The best happen when you and someone who has strengths that complement yours join forces and focus on a single goal. Your strengths cancel out your partner’s weaknesses, and vice versa. You accomplish together what could not be done separately.Before you can forge a successful alliance, you must understand what you bring to the combination, and equally important, what you don’t.

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>Kenneth Roth

>The sad truth is that the dominant Western policy toward the Arab people traditionally has been one of containment. Today many applaud as the people of the region take to the streets to claim their rights, but until recently Western governments frequently acted as if the Arab people were to be feared, hemmed in, controlled. In other regions, democracy spread, but in the Middle East and North Africa, the West seemed content to back an array of Arab autocrats, so long as they in turn supported Western interests. Elsewhere, governments were expected, at least in principle, to serve their people, but the West looked to the monarchs and strongmen of the … Continue reading

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>朱景文

>… 在这些条例中,都重申各级人民政府保证  宪法所规定的公民言论自由的权利。并且同时规定,公民在行使这些自由和权利时,必须遵守宪法和法律,不得损害国家的、社会的、集体的利益和其他公民的合法的自由和权利。这些条例中所包含的限制性规定大体包括下列一些内容: 反对宪法确立的基本原则的; 危害国家统一、主权和领士完整的; 危害国家安全、荣誉和利益的; 煽动民族分裂,侵害少数民族风俗习惯、破坏民族团结的; 泄露国家机密的; 宣扬淫秽、迷信或者渲染暴力,危害社会公德和民族优秀文化传统的; 侮辱或者诽谤他人的; 法律、法规规定禁止的其他内容的。

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Somini Sengupta

A discomfort is sweeping through Europe about the ways in which Internet companies treat personal information. That discomfort has, in turn, prompted proposals for stricter regulation of online data across the continent. And Europe’s moves to protect Internet privacy — something Americans have not, as yet, actively agitated for — have given rise to a thorny question: How do the laws and mores of different nations manage, if at all, the multinational companies that now govern our digital lives?

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>池谷勇人

>コンプ特典の双葉杏 性能だけでなく、ダラけっぷりもSレア級 双葉杏を求めて大金をぶっ込むプロデューサーが続出

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>Gioachino Rossini

>l barbiere di Siviglia

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>Jan Lisiecki

>

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>United States House of Representatives

>Now, therefore, be it Resolved, That the House of Representatives—(1) supports the designation of a ‘‘Pi Day’’ and its celebration around the world; (2) recognizes the continuing importance of National Science Foundation’s math and science education programs; and (3) encourages schools and educators to observe the day with appropriate activities that teach students about Pi and engage them about the study of mathematics.

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>National Anti-Hazing Campaign

>

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兼好法師

世の人相逢ふ時、暫くも黙止する事なし。必ず言葉あり。その事を聞くに、多くは無益の談なり。世間の浮説、人の是非、自他のために、失多く、得少し。 これを語る時、互ひの心に、無益の事なりといふ事を知らず。

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>佚名

>世界上目前使用人数最多的语言是汉语,据统计,汉语的使用者数量超过16亿,主要分布在亚洲地区,是世界使用者人数最多的语言,使用的广泛度居世界第二位。汉语又叫中文、汉文、中国话,包含书面语以及口语两部分,古代书面汉语称为文言文,现代书面汉语一般指现代标准汉语,方言众多,某些方言的口语之间差异较大,而书面语相对统一。汉语主要分布国家和地区为中国大陆、香港特区、澳门特区、台湾地区、新加坡共和国等地,据联合国教科文组织统计,世界上会说汉语的人大约有16亿,是世界人口数量使用最多的语言(占世界人口使用语言五分之一)、使用广泛度居世界第二(英语广泛度第一)。汉语是联合国承认的官方六大的工作语言之一,它以北京语音为标准音,却又不等同于北京话,是摒弃了北京语音中的一些土音而形成的,汉族的通用语在中国大陆称为普通话,在香港、澳门、台湾称为国语,在新加坡、马来西亚称为华语,但较之普通话有部分差异。吉尼斯网友情提示:古汉语也曾对其周边国家的语言文字产生过重要影响。例如日语、朝鲜语、越南语中都保留有大量的古汉语借词以及古汉语书写体系文字。

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>Jak

>Approximately 375 million people speak English as their first language. English today is probably the third largest language by number of native speakers, after Mandarin Chinese and Spanish. However, when combining native and non-native speakers it is probably the most commonly spoken language in the world, though possibly second to a combination of the Chinese languages.Estimates that include second language speakers vary greatly from 470 million to over a billion depending on how literacy or mastery is defined and measured.

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>西澤隆

>人口減少の進行、国際競争の激化など、日本は未曾有の構造変革期にいます。地方に目を転じると、過疎化の進行や商店街のシャッター通り化など衰退が目立つ地域が、急速に増加しているように思えてなりません。地方経済の再生が日本経済再生の鍵を握ると言っても過言ではないでしょう。地域再生の柱は、その地域に根ざした逃げない産業を作り育てることにほかなりません。食の安全や食料自給率の低下が日々問題視されるなか、アグリビジネスはその大きな柱の一つになると確信しております。日本には、世界中に、いや日本でもあまり知られていない農産物をはじめとする貴重な資源が未だに多く眠っています。また、そうした資源を生産し、活用する技術には、世界でも十分通用するものも含まれております。更に、そうした生産物やその生産技術は、他産業の持つノウハウと結びつくことにより、大きな付加価値を生み出す種でもあります。

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>田村秀男

>ユーロ加盟の問題5カ国、ギリシャ、ポルトガル、アイルランド、イタリア、スペインと、フランス、ドイツの標準国債の利回り推移である。2002年にユーロ建て国債が普及して以来、各国債利回りはほぼ1本の縄となり安定していたが、08年9月のリーマン・ショックに直撃されバラけてしまった。

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>Alfred M. Worden

>Now I know why I’m hereNot for a closer look at the moon,But to look backAt our homeThe Earth. Quietly, like a night bird, floating, soaring, wingless.We glide from shore to shore, curving and fallingbut not quite touching;Earth: a distant memory seen in an instant of repose,crescent shaped, ethereal, beautiful,I wonder which part is home, but I know it doesn’t matter . . .the bond is there in my mind and memory;Earth: a small, bubbly balloon hanging delicatelyin the nothingness of space.

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>Center for Democracy in Lebanon

>The Center for Democracy in Lebanon (CDL) supports, strengthens and enhances the aspiration of the Lebanese People to be governed by a secular and democratic government of their own.

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Rick Gore

Who were the Phoenicians? We know they dominated sea trade in the Mediterranean for 3,000 years. Now DNA testing and recent archaeological finds are revealing just what the Phoenician legacy meant to the ancient world—and to our own.…The tests could confirm that men of Tyre – Christians and Muslims alike – are related to the ancient traders. Wells and Zalloua also took samples in other parts of the Phoenician world, where results may reveal the same lineage in areas of former colonies like Sardinia and Malta.

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Serendipity 3

ser•en•dip•i•ty (n) the art of making happy discoveries, or finding the unexpectedly pleasant by chance or sagacity

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Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

The much-anticipated Fifth Edition of The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language is the premier resource about words for people who seek to know more and find fresh perspectives. Exhaustively researched and thoroughly revised, the Fifth Edition contains 10,000 new words and senses, over 4,000 dazzling new full-color images, and authoritative, up-to-date guidance on usage from the celebrated American Heritage Usage Panel. The print edition includes a passkey code for a free download of a smartphone app that works with the iPad/iPhone/iPod or Android platform. A $24.99 value, the app puts the entire dictionary at your fingertips anywhere, anytime, making this one of the most comprehensive and accessible resources … Continue reading

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>Amy L. Strauss

>Punctuality is defined as the act of arriving at or completing a task, event, or engagement at or before a previously designated time. Perhaps most easily thought of as being “on time” or “on task,” punctuality, or the lack of, is in most cases an individual trait or tied to an individual event or task. It is, however, a more widespread problem across some cultures.By far, punctuality is a much higher priority in countries that are largely industrialized, such as the United States, China, Germany, and the United Kingdom. For countries such as Spain, India, and those in Latin America and the Middle East, however, punctuality is a much lesser … Continue reading

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