21st Century Loving

People change as they go through life and we need to adjust our expectations to allow for it.
If a situation arrives and you think that you know how your significant other would react, think again. You can be stuck with an outdated opinion of her. Maybe she would do what you never thought she would, or would not do what she always used to do.
Our knowledge of people and things also evolves. It is extremely rewarding to spend effort understanding your significant other. Why does she react, in what might seem as strange ways to you, in some circumstances? There might be some interesting stories hidden under some of these behaviors. And if you query nicely, you might be surprised to learn them.

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Roberta Flack

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Amy Cuddy

Usually we think that a person we’ve just met is either more warm than competent or more competent than warm, but not both in equal measure. We like our distinctions to be clear—it’s a human bias. So we classify new acquaintances into types: lovable fools or competent jerks.
Occasionally we see people as incompetent and cold—foolish jerks—or as warm and competent—lovable stars. The latter is the golden quadrant, because receiving trust and respect from other people allows you to interact well and get things done.
But we don’t value the two traits equally. First we judge warmth or trustworthiness, which we consider to be the more important of the two dimensions. People process words related to warmth and morality (friendly, honest, and others) faster than words related to competence (creative, skillful, and others).
Why do we prioritize warmth over competence? Because from an evolutionary perspective, it is more crucial to our survival to know whether a person deserves our trust. If he doesn’t, we’d better keep our distance, because he’s potentially dangerous, especially if he’s competent. We do value people who are capable, especially in circumstances where that trait is necessary, but we only notice that after we’ve judged their trustworthiness.

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Ella Alderson

  • The fourth dimension is not a spacial one but it consists instead of time. Time helps plot an object’s location in the universe and also adds a way for the third dimension to change.
  • In the fifth dimension there would be a new world that would allow us to see the similarities and differences between our world and this new one, existing in the same position and having the same beginning as our planet, i.e. the Big Bang.
  • The sixth dimension is an entire plane of new worlds that would allow you to see all possible futures, presents, and pasts with, again, the same beginning as our universe.
  • In the seventh dimension up through the ninth, we now have the possibility of new universes with new physical forces of nature and different laws of gravity and light. The seventh dimension is the beginning of this, where we encounter new universes which have a different beginning from ours. That is, they were not born from the Big Bang.
  • The eight dimension is a plane of all the possible pasts and futures for each universe, stretching infinitely.
  • The ninth dimension lays bare all the universal laws of physics and the conditions of each individual universe.
  • Some scientists believe that the multiverse has only 10 dimensions while others put that number at 11. However, a universe cannot have more than 11 dimensions because of self consistency — they become unstable and collapse back down into 11 or 10 dimensions. At this point, anything is possible. There are all futures, all pasts, all beginnings and all ends, infinitely extended, a dimension of anything you can imagine. Everything comes together.
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谷をまたいで張られたホースを遠くから見ると、ホースの表面から離れられない蟻が歩く次元はホースの長さの方向に沿った左右の次元一つしかない。肝心なのは遠く離れた視点から見ると、長いホースが一次元の物体に見えるということだ。現実にはホースには太さがあり、ズームアップして見れば、ホースの表面に住んでいる蟻が二つの次元(ホースの長さに沿った左右の次元と、環状にホースを巡る「時計回り-反時計回り」の次元)に沿って歩けることがわかる。この例から、空間次元には大きく拡がっておりすぐ目に付くものと、小さく巻き上げられていてずっと認めにくいものがある、とわかる。環状の次元は新たな次元であり、どの点にも上下、左右、前後の次元それぞれが存在するように、拡がった次元のどの点にも存在する、新たな独立した次元だ。しかし「小さい」とはどのくらい「小さい」のか? 1926年クラインは、カルーザの最初の示唆と、量子力学の分野から借りた概念を組み合わせ、環状の次元の大きさはプランクスケールほどでしかない、と計算した。それ以来、小さな空間のなかに新たな次元がある可能性を「カルーザ-クライン理論」と呼ぶ。

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Paul Amerigo Pajo

An autocracy is a form of government in which one person possesses unlimited power.1 An autocrat is a person (such as a monarch) ruling with unlimited authority.
Autocracy and totalitarianism are related concepts. Autocracy is defined by one individual having unlimited legislative and executive power, while totalitarianism extends to regulating every aspect of public and private life. Totalitarianism does not imply a single ruler, but extends to include absolute rule by any faction or class of elites who recognize no limit to their authority. Autocracy differs from military dictatorship, as these often take the form of “collective presidencies” such as the South American juntas. However, an autocracy may be totalitarian or be a military dictatorship.

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Erica Frantz

Dictatorships have dominated global politics for hundreds of years, from the pharaohs of Egypt to the absolute monarchs of Europe. Though democracy has since spread to much of the world, about a third of today’s countries are still ruled by dictatorship. And yet, compared to democracies, we know very little about how dictatorships work, who the key political actors are, and where decision-making powers lie. Political processes are opaque, and information is often intentionally distorted. Political survival depends not on maintaining the favor of voters, as in democracies, but on securing the backing of a considerably smaller coalition of supporters. The absence of a reliable third party to enforce compromises among key players means that power-sharing deals lack credibility and the threat of forced ouster is omnipresent. Uncertainty pervades authoritarian politics.
Modern autocrats respond to this uncertain environment in a variety of ways. They use political parties, legislatures, elections, and other institutions typically associated with democracies to lessen their risk of overthrow.

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Steven Levitsky, Daniel Ziblatt

From Getúlio Vargas and other better-known dictators in the 1930s to Indira Gandhi and Ferdinand Marcos in the 1970s and on to Vladimir Putin and Recep Tayyip Erdogan more recently, autocratic-minded leaders have long used national emergencies — some real, some fabricated — to claim extraordinary powers. One of our greatest concerns about Donald Trump’s presidency has always been that he would exploit (or invent) a crisis in order to justify an abuse of power.
Autocratic-minded leaders find democratic politics intolerably frustrating. Most lack the skills or the temperament for the give-and-take of everyday politics. They are allergic to criticism and compromise. They have little patience for the intricacies of the legislative process.

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Lac Su

(When Lac returns home, he imitates the way Art talks to his parents, by saying “I love you” to Pa, who rebuts:)
What the fuck? Pa leaps up from the creeper and kicks it back against the garage door with his heel. He gets right in my face. Motherfuck! What did you just say? Who the fuck do you think you are? Who do you think I am? Are you trying to imitate those white people by telling me those fucking words? Stop that shit! Don’t you ever say those weak words to me ever again, you hear me?

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Bill Gates

By 2035, there will be almost no poor countries left in the world. Almost all countries will be what we now call lower-middle income or richer. Countries will learn from their most productive neighbors and benefit from innovations like new vaccines, better seeds, and the digital revolution. Their labor forces, buoyed by expanded education, will attract new investments.

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Deloitte Football Money League 2018

Rank Club 2016/17 Revenue (€m) 収入(億円)
1 Manchester United 676.3 843.3
2 Real Madrid 674.6 841.1
3 FC Barcelona 648.3 808.4
4 Bayern Munich 587.8 732.9
5 Manchester City 527.7 658.0
6 Arsenal 487.6 608.0
7 Paris Saint-Germain 486.2 606.2
8 Chelsea 428.0 533.7
9 Liverpool 424.2 528.9
10 Juventus 405.7 505.9
11 Tottenham Hotspur 355.6 443.4
12 Borussia Dortmund 332.6 414.7
13 Atlético de Madrid 272.5 339.8
14 Leicester City 271.1 338.0
15 Internazionale 262.1 326.8
16 Schalke 04 230.2 287.0
17 West Ham United 213.3 266.0
18 Southampton 212.1 264.5
19 Napoli 200.7 250.2
20 Everton 199.2 248.4
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中村浩二, 昭和天皇

中村 天皇陛下はホワイトハウスで、「私が深く悲しみとするあの不幸な戦争」というご発言がありましたが、このことは戦争に対して責任を感じておられるという意味と解してよろしゅうございますか。また、陛下はいわゆる戦争責任について、どのようにお考えになっておりますかおうかがいいたします。

天皇 そういう言葉のアヤについては、私はそういう文学方面はあまり研究もしていないのでよくわかりませんから、そういう問題についてはお答えが出来かねます。

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Amartya Sen

Human beings are thoroughly diverse. We differ from each other not only in external characteristics (e.g. in inherited fortunes, in the natural and social environment in which we live), but also in our personal characteristics (e.g. age, sex, proneness to illness, physical and mental abilities). The assessment of the claims of equality has to come to terms with the existence of pervasive human diversity.

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Satoshi Nakamoto

A purely peer-to-peer version of electronic cash would allow online payments to be sent directly from one party to another without going through a financial institution. Digital signatures provide part of the solution, but the main benefits are lost if a trusted third party is still required to prevent double-spending. We propose a solution to the double-spending problem using a peer-to-peer network. The network timestamps transactions by hashing them into an ongoing chain of hash-based proof-of-work, forming a record that cannot be changed without redoing the proof-of-work. The longest chain not only serves as proof of the sequence of events witnessed, but proof that it came from the largest pool of CPU power. As long as a majority of CPU power is controlled by nodes that are not cooperating to attack the network, they’ll generate the longest chain and outpace attackers. The network itself requires minimal structure. Messages are broadcast on a best effort basis, and nodes can leave and rejoin the network at will, accepting the longest proof-of-work chain as proof of what happened while they were gone.

Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System (PDF file)

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リップシャッツ 信元 夏代

ある在米日系グローバル企業で、アメリカ人部下が日本人上司に対してある提案を行ったところ、日本人上司は「That’s difficult(それは難しい)」と伝えました。さて、1週間後、何が起こったでしょうか。
しかし日本人上司は「ダメと言ったのに分からんやつだな……」と言わんばかりに眉をひそめ、「We’ll think about it(まあ考えよう)」と伝えました。部下は、自分の提案を再検討してくれる時期が一向に来ないことにだんだんイライラし、上司に対する不満を募らせていったのです。一方で上司は、却下したはずなのに部下がまだ諦めていない様子が見られ、部下の「理解不足」にやはりイライラし、次のパフォーマンス評価では低い評価をつけようと考えました。

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Oxfam International

Since 2015, the richest 1% has owned more wealth than the rest of the planet.

Eight men now own the same amount of wealth as the poorest half of the world.

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Friedrich August von Hayek

This fact should by itself be sufficient to refute the silliest of the common misunderstandings: the belief that individualism postulates (or bases its arguments on the assumption of) the existence of isolated or self-contained individuals, instead of starting from men whose whole nature and character is determined by their existence in society.

All the possible differences in men’s moral attitudes amount to little, so far as their significance for social organization is concerned, compared with the fact that all man’s mind can effectively comprehend are the facts of the narrow circle of which he is the center; that, whether he is completely selfish or the most perfect altruist, the human needs for which he can effectively care are an almost negligible fraction of the needs, of all members of society.

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Friedrich August von Hayek

We shall not grow wiser before we learn that much that we have done was very foolish.

Perhaps the fact that we have seen millions voting themselves into complete dependence on a tyrant has made our generation understand that to choose one’s government is not necessarily to secure freedom.

The curious task of economics is to demonstrate to men how little they really know about what they imagine they can design.

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Lily Rouff

Love takes time. If the feelings come too quickly, it is best to proceed with caution. When someone tells you they love you really soon or quickly in a relationship, it’s worth being cautious. The issue is this — how can you really love someone unless you really know them? Instead of waiting to say or hear those three sought-after words, taking an interest in wanting to learn about each other is way more powerful.
You only get to know someone over time, as you see how they behave and treat you in different situations, particularly stressful or difficult situations. A desire to understand your partner means that your interest in them is deep and your intentions pure.

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求め合う激しさがないと、愛ではない? でも愛って、もっと穏やかで温かいもの。



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Love Infatuation
二人の気持ち・相手の気持ちが中心 自分の気持ちが中心
安心 不安
まわりが見えている。現実の状況を把握し、理にかなった判断ができる。仕事・趣味・家族や友人との交友関係を保てる 恋人以外何も見えてない。妄想する。理性よりも感情を優先する。仕事・趣味・交友関係に支障が出る
相手が自分を裏切らないと信じてる 相手が自分を裏切るかが心配
深い安心感と信頼関係、気持ちの安定感、恋人は精神的なエネルギーの源、安心に包まれて熟睡できる、健康的、自分に自信がある 一時的な興奮・快楽(ドラッグのような)、激しい感情の起伏、精神的に疲れやすい、不安で寝れない、不健康的、自分に自信がない
心で感じる 脳と性器で感じる
心と心のつながり優先 体と体のつながり優先
期間が長い。時間と経験とともにゆっくりと成長していくもの。失恋しても気持ちが冷めにくい 比較的期間が短い。急激に熱しやすく、失恋したら冷めやすい
お互いの家族・友達関係もうまくいく 家族・友達に嫉妬する。お互いの交友関係を断ち切って2人だけで孤立する
浮気の可能性は少ない。本能的に感じるかもしれないが(特に男)、それよりも相手を傷つけたくないという気持ちが勝る。2人で作り上げてきた絆・信頼関係を失いたくないという気持ちが欲に勝つ 同じく浮気の可能性は少ない。しかしその理由が違う。まわりが見えていない、その一人に夢中になっているため、他の異性へ興味がわかない。しかし!自分の欲求が優先されるため、浮気する可能性はないとは言えない
何歳でも人を愛せる。しかし相手を知る時間と人生経験が必要。大人の恋愛に多い 特に10代~20代の恋愛や初恋によく見られる
幸せ! Love is Happy. 楽しい! Infatuation is Fun!
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ほとんどの恋愛は多かれ少なかれ infatuation からはじまるものだと思います。
True Love はそう簡単に見つかるものではありません。

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Kris Gage

We like to differentiate between “being in love with” and “loving” someone. But “being in love with” is infatuation, and infatuation means nothing in getting real love.
So if what you want is real love, then “how to” is all that matters.
You “know” because you decide. It’s love when you do it. All the time.

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Lawrence Lessig

The aim is not to fight the “All Rights Reserved” sorts. The aim is to complement them. The problems that the law creates for us as a culture are produced by insane and unintended consequences of laws written centuries ago, applied to a technology that only Jefferson could have imagined. The rules may well have made sense against a background of technologies from centuries ago, but they do not make sense against the background of digital technologies. New rules—with different freedoms, expressed in ways so that humans without lawyers can use them—are needed. Creative Commons gives people a way effectively to begin to build those rules.

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Lawrence Lessig

We have a massive system to regulate creativity. A massive system of lawyers regulating creativity as copyright law has expanded in unrecognizable forms, going from a regulation of publishing to a regulation of copying.

The problem is their insane rules are now being applied to the whole world. This insanity of control is expanding as everything you do touches copyrights.

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Alice Walker

The more I wonder, the more I love.

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Coco Chanel

Some people think luxury is the opposite of poverty. It is not. It is the opposite of vulgarity.

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George Sand

There is only one happiness in this life, to love and be loved.

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Leo Tolstoy

Everyone thinks of changing the world, but no one thinks of changing himself.

All happy families resemble one another, each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way.

The only thing that we know is that we know nothing — and that is the highest flight of human wisdom.

Seize the moments of happiness, love and be loved! That is the only reality in the world, all else is folly.

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Elsa Schiaparelli

  1. Since most women do not know themselves, they should try to do so.
  2. A woman who buys an expensive dress and changes it, often with disastrous result, is extravagant and foolish.
  3. Most women (and men) are colour-blind. They should ask for suggestions.
  4. Remember, 20 percent of women have inferiority complexes, 70 percent have illusions.
  5. Ninety percent are afraid of being conspicuous, and of what people will say. So they buy a gray suit. They should dare to be different.
  6. Women should listen and ask for competent criticism and advice.
  7. They should choose their clothes alone or in the company of a man.
  8. They should never shop with another woman, who sometimes consciously, and often unconsciously, is apt to be jealous.
  9. She should buy little and only of the best or the cheapest.
  10. Never fit a dress to the body, but train the body to fit the dress.
  11. A woman should buy mostly in one place where she is known and respected, and not rush around trying every new fad.
  12. And she should pay her bills.
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Elsa Schiaparelli

Fortunately, or unforunately for me, I am always at my best when I am unhampered: when I can let myself go and have a little fun.

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吉村耕治, 山田有子



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The Japanese aesthetic is a set of ancient ideals that include wabi (transient and stark beauty), sabi (the beauty of natural patina and aging), and yūgen (profound grace and subtlety).

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Stephen Covey

Between stimulus and response there is a space. In that space is our power to choose our response. In our response lies our growth and our freedom.

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Timothy S. George

Timothy S. George is Professor of History at URI, where he has taught since 1998, and has taught at Harvard University as a visiting professor. His research specialty is modern Japanese history, particularly environmental history. He teaches courses on the history of East and Southeast Asia. He has degrees from Stanford University and the University of Hawai‘i, and received his Ph.D. from Harvard. He received Fulbright grants in 1993-1995 and 2012-2013 to study responses to the mercury pollution in Minamata and to the arsenic pollution in Toroku, and during both of those periods he was affiliated at the Institute of Social Science at the University of Tokyo.
His publications include Minamata: Pollution and the Struggle for Democracy in Postwar Japan (2001; Chinese translation 2013); a chapter on Toroku in Japan at Nature’s Edge: The Environmental Context of a Global Power (edited by Ian Miller, Julia Thomas, and Brett Walker, 2013); and a chapter on Tanaka Shōzō’s constitutional thought in Public Spheres, Private Lives in Modern Japan, 1600-1950: Essays in Honor of Albert M. Craig (edited by Gail Lee Bernstein, Andrew Gordon, and Kate Wildman Nakai, 2005). With Christopher Gerteis he edited Japan since 1945: From Postwar to Post-bubble (2013), and with John Dower he published Japanese History and Culture from Ancient to Modern Times: Seven Basic Bibliographies (second edition, 1995). He has published a number of translations, most recently editing and directing the translation of Mikuriya Takashi and Nakamura Takafusa, Politics and Power in 20th-Century Japan: The Reminiscences of Miyazawa Kiichi (2015). He has spent 17 years in Japan since 1962.

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Kris Ruby

PR professionals are strategic thinkers, excellent communicators, and they’re great at what they do. But their ability to shine in their career is often misunderstood when it comes to dating.

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Ask HN (Hacker News)

With the sheer amount of information available in the world today I have simply become overwhelmed. My mind is in a constant racing state. It’s calm but not calm if that makes sense. While I could very well be thinking about nothing or something specific like writing this message. My mind seems to have multiple levels. One of which is directed to what I am actively doing and one below it which seems to process information in a never ending manner. I am not actively thinking about these things but it’s there. Articles and books to read, shows to watch, things to do in my personal life and at work. Career advancement. All of these things just never stop but I could be calm. I can sleep fine, they don’t cause active anxiety. They just linger in the background. Shooting around saying me me.
It’s getting exhausting.

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China said it will begin applying its so-called social credit system to flights and trains and stop people who have committed misdeeds from taking such transport for up to a year.
People who would be put on the restricted lists included those found to have committed acts like spreading false information about terrorism and causing trouble on flights, as well as those who used expired tickets or smoked on trains.
Those found to have committed financial wrongdoings, such as employers who failed to pay social insurance or people who have failed to pay fines, would also face these restrictions.

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Simina Mistreanu

Rongcheng is a microcosm of what is to come. The national credit system planned for 2020 will be an “ecosystem” made up of schemes of various sizes and reaches, run by cities, government ministries, online payment providers, down to neighborhoods, libraries, and businesses, say Chinese researchers who are designing the national scheme. It will all be interconnected by an invisible web of information.
But contrary to some Western press accounts, which often confuse existing private credit systems with the future schemes, it will not be a unified platform where one can type in his or her ID and get a single three-digit score that will decide their lives. This caricature of a system that doles out unique scores to 1.4 billion people could not work technically nor politically. The system would instead expand and automatize existing forms of bureaucratic control, formalizing the existing controls and monitoring of Chinese citizens.
The social credit system is just really adding technology and adding a formality to the way the party already operates.

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Минобороны России

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Presqu’île de Giens

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A C-level executive is a high-ranking executive of a company in charge of making company-wide decisions. The “C” stands for “chief.” Some best-known C-level executives include the chief executive officer (CEO), chief operating officer (COO) and chief information officer (CIO). Of all the C-level executives, the CIO has the most bearing in IT, as the CIO is responsible for all of the company’s computer systems.

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Jelena Jeremić

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DOVE Chocolate

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Zat Rana

The cultures that surrounded societies of the day turned this wisdom into implicit knowledge. Anyone who grew up in them couldn’t help but be exposed to this knowledge, whether through customs, socioeconomic systems, or simply through the education they received.
This example actually explains how much of our knowledge grows. We discover something, and if it’s useful, we build societal systems to accommodate that discovery. Finally, these systems make that knowledge available to everyone within the culture as it flows and pollinates.
Much of what is obvious today is only so because we are born into an existing system that contains this knowledge. The hard work has been done for us.
This fact, however, poses an issue. Because we don’t have to do the work of discovering many things for ourselves, we often overlook their value.
As a result, we are surrounded by important truths that we simply ignore.

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Louisa May Alcott

Far away there in the sunshine are my highest aspirations. I may not reach them, but I can look up and see their beauty, believe in them, and try to follow where they lead.

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淤泥不染: 泥の中に咲いても、泥に染まらないきれいな花を咲かせる。
一茎一花: 一つの茎に一つの花を咲かせる(一つの花しか咲かない)。
花果同時: 一度に咲く。そして、咲くと同時に実ができる。
一花多果: 一つの花にたくさんの実をつける。
中虚外直: 茎は中にいくつかの空洞があり、まっすぐに伸びている。

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Mario Luciano


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France 24

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Office of Advocacy and Outreach (OAO)

Through coordination and collaboration, the Office of Advocacy and Outreach works across USDA to enhance access to services for the communities we serve.

  • Improving the viability and profitability of small and beginning farmers and ranchers
  • Improving access to USDA programs for historically underserved communities
  • Improving agricultural opportunities for farm workers
  • Closing the professional achievement gap by providing opportunities to talented and diverse young people to support the agricultural industry in the 21st century
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Kyo Maclear, Julie Morstad

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パパラチアサファイア(Padparadscha Sapphire)は、愛を言葉と行動の両方で示す石です。


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De sources policières, on estime qu’il y aurait un tiers d’individus identifiés comme des militants venus de l’extrême droite, un tiers venu de l’extrême gauche et un dernier tiers sans affiliation politique.

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Piyush Kamal

Extreme of self-control in the name of self-discipline is nothing but self-denial. The preference of our choices colored in all sorts of judgments just reinforce a model of success that has self-denial at its core.
We often identify a ‘healthy’ standard to measure ourselves against. Measuring ourselves against this impossible ideal, we end up being prisoner of self-discipline in the name of self-improvement.
A better school to get admission into a better college. Better grades to get a better job. A socially accepted successful life to attract a better life partner. And the story just goes on and on.
The market wants us to compete endlessly for everything. We are expected to be more disciplined so that so we can retain that competitive edge over our peers.
What we often witness is the monopoly of one body type, one look in the name of fashion, one job profile, one prescription for financial success, one model of good life, one model of the family vacation, and model of an early retired life. It’s so monotonous that it’s plain & boring. It’s an unfortunate sign of lack of imagination.

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Carl Sagan

Look again at that dot. That’s here. That’s home. That’s us. On it everyone you love, everyone you know, everyone you ever heard of, every human being who ever was, lived out their lives. The aggregate of our joy and suffering, thousands of confident religions, ideologies, and economic doctrines, every hunter and forager, every hero and coward, every creator and destroyer of civilization, every king and peasant, every young couple in love, every mother and father, hopeful child, inventor and explorer, every teacher of morals, every corrupt politician, every “superstar,” every “supreme leader,” every saint and sinner in the history of our species lived there-on a mote of dust suspended in a sunbeam.

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Posted in learning | 1 Comment



  • 桑と李という二人の若者が、于闐国が玉の産地であると聞き、その地に渡って良質の玉を手に入れて一攫千金を手にしようとした。二人は首尾よく于闐国に侵入し玉を手に入れたが、漢土の入り口である玉門関が閉ざされたことによって、遂に帰国できなくなってしまった。ロブ湖の水が伏流して黄河につながっているという説を信じる李は、ロブ湖に身を投じた。友を失い悲しむ桑とともに二人の消息は不明である。
  • 盧という玉の商人は30人の胡族の土民を雇い、三人の若者と共に黄河の源に神仙郷を求め旅に出た。旅の途中に発見した大湖の畔で玉を捜そうとする三人の若者たちを諫め、盧は黄河の上流へ上流へと旅を続けた。ついに一行は黄河の源流の最奥部に立った。しかし、ここが神仙郷でもなく、玉の産地でもないと知った一行は、都へ帰るしかなかった。季節は冬を迎えようとしていた。一行が北京に戻ったと言う記録は残っていない。
  • 世紀885年。ロシアの軍人の調査によって、ロブ湖の水が地下に伏流して黄河の水になるという、中国で二千年の間信じ続けられてきた説は否定された。

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Sean M. Carroll

It seems natural to ask why the universe exists at all. Modern physics suggests that the universe can exist all by itself as a self-contained system, without anything external to create or sustain it. But there might not be an absolute answer to why it exists. I argue that any attempt to account for the existence of something rather than nothing must ultimately bottom out in a set of brute facts; the universe simply is, without ultimate cause or explanation.

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George Lakoff, Mark Johnson

Metaphor is for most people a device of the poetic imagination and the rhetorical flourish – a matter of extraordinary rather than ordinary language. Moreover, metaphor is typically viewed as characteristic of language alone, a matter of words rather than thought or action. For this reason, most people think they can get along perfectly well without metaphor. We have found, on the contrary, that metaphor is pervasive in everyday life, not just in language but in thought and action. Our ordinary conceptual system, in terms of which we both think and act, is fundamentally metaphorical in nature.

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Alysson Muotri

A team of researchers led by neuroscientist Alysson Muotri of the University of California, San Diego, coaxed human stem cells to form tissue from the cortex — a brain region that controls cognition and interprets sensory information. They grew hundreds of brain organoids in culture for 10 months, and tested individual cells to confirm that they expressed the same collection of genes seen in typical developing human brains1.
Muotri and his colleagues continuously recorded electrical patterns, or electroencephalogram (EEG) activity, across the surface of the mini brains. By six months, the organoids were firing at a higher rate than other brain organoids previously created, which surprised the team.
The EEG patterns were also unexpected. In mature brains, neurons form synchronized networks that fire with predictable rhythms. But the organoids displayed irregular EEG patterns that resembled the chaotic bursts of synchronized electrical activity seen in developing brains. When the researchers compared these rhythms to the EEGs of premature babies, they found that the organoids’ patterns mimicked those of infants born at 25–39 weeks post-conception.

Posted in human being | 2 Comments

Ansel Adams

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Alysson Muotri

A slice through a brain organoid shows more mature cortical neurons on the outer edge of the structure.

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Wynn Bullock

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Aytekin Tank

I’ll repeat that for emphasis:

Taking breaks can increase productivity.

Our workaholic culture and the business epidemic tend to villainize time-wasting behaviors during work — like leisurely lunches and web browsing — but research proves that breaks can enhance your performance, on many levels.
Brief periods of distraction have been shown to improve both decision-making and creativity. On the other hand, prolonged attention to a single task can actually hinder performance. Pulling an all-nighter for one assignment? Not such a good idea after all.
There’s also evidence that waking periods of mental rest can improve memory formation. Apparently, during rest periods, your brain reviews and ingrains what it previously learned. Without rest, you run the risk of experiencing the old “in one ear, out the other” phenomenon.

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Friedrich Nietzsche

I want to learn more and more to see as beautiful what is necessary in things; then I shall be one of those who makes things beautiful. Amor fati: let that be my love henceforth! I do not want to wage war against what is ugly. I do not want to accuse; I do not even want to accuse those who accuse. Looking away shall be my only negation. And all in all and on the whole: some day I wish to be only a Yes-sayer.

Posted in beauty | 2 Comments