Unconsciousness

Unconsciousness is a state which occurs when the ability to maintain an awareness of self and environment is lost. It involves a complete or near-complete lack of responsiveness to people and other environmental stimuli.
Loss of consciousness should not be confused with the notion of the psychoanalytic unconscious or cognitive processes (e.g., implicit cognition) that take place outside awareness, and with altered states of consciousness, such as delirium (when the person is confused and only partially responsive to the environment), normal sleep, hypnosis, and other altered states in which the person responds to stimuli.
Unconsciousness may occur as the result of traumatic brain injury, brain hypoxia (e.g., due to a brain infarction or cardiac arrest), severe poisoning with drugs that depress the activity of the central nervous system (e.g., alcohol and other hypnotic or sedative drugs), severe fatigue, anaesthesia, and other causes.

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Unconscious mind (Wikipedia)

The unconscious mind (or the unconscious) consists of the processes in the mind which occur automatically and are not available to introspection, and include thought processes, memories, interests, and motivations.
Even though these processes exist well under the surface of conscious awareness, they are theorized to exert an impact on behavior. The term was coined by the 18th-century German Romantic philosopher Friedrich Schelling and later introduced into English by the poet and essayist Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
Empirical evidence suggests that unconscious phenomena include repressed feelings, automatic skills, subliminal perceptions, and automatic reactions, and possibly also complexes, hidden phobias, and desires.
The concept was popularized by the Austrian neurologist and psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. In psychoanalytic theory, unconscious processes are understood to be directly represented in dreams, as well as in slips of the tongue and jokes.
Thus the unconscious mind can be seen as the source of dreams and automatic thoughts (those that appear without any apparent cause), the repository of forgotten memories (that may still be accessible to consciousness at some later time), and the locus of implicit knowledge (the things that we have learned so well that we do them without thinking).
It has been argued that consciousness is influenced by other parts of the mind. These include unconsciousness as a personal habit, being unaware, and intuition. Phenomena related to semi-consciousness include awakening, implicit memory, subliminal messages, trances, hypnagogia, and hypnosis. While sleep, sleepwalking, dreaming, delirium, and comas may signal the presence of unconscious processes, these processes are seen as symptoms rather than the unconscious mind itself.
Some critics have doubted the existence of the unconscious.

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Sam Dresser

Though often charged to be prophets, not least by their own followers, neither Freud nor Jung founded new religions. They were not cult leaders, but imperious pioneers of the unconscious. There were both political and intellectual reasons that they needed one another in the early, heady days of discovery. For what they were seeking to illuminate was deeply strange, even if today it is an idea that has the worn familiarity of a cliché. The implication of the theory of the unconscious, as Richard Rorty once noted, is that there is something in us like another person that has just as good a claim to be ‘us’ as our conscious minds. Perhaps the intense oddness of the friendship between the two men reflects just how startling this idea was, and remains.

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Frédéric Srour, Emmanuelle Teyras

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Mikael Krogerus

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Catherina Kippel

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Elsa Beskow

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Carl Jung, Aniela Jaffé

That is how people usually behave with numinosities, and rightly so, for in one respect they are true, in another untrue. Numinous experience elevates and humiliates simultaneously. …
Wherever the psyche is set violently oscillating by a numinous experience, there is a danger that the thread by which one hangs may be torn. Should that happen, one man tumbles into an absolute affirmation, another into an equally absolute negation. Nirdvandva (freedom of opposites) is the Orient’s remedy for this. I have not forgotten that. The pendulum of the mind oscillates between sense and nonsense, not between right and wrong. The numinosum is dangerous because it lures men to extremes, so that a modest truth is regarded as the truth and a minor mistake is equated with fatal error. Tout passe—yesterday’s truth is today’s deception, and yesterday’s false inference may be tomorrow’s revelation. This is particularly so in psychological matters, of which, if truth were told, we still know very little. We are still a long way from understanding what it signifies that nothing has any existence unless some small—and oh, so transitory—consciousness has become aware of it.

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Zat Rana

Something strange happened with the birth of the internet; something changed about how we understand our identity and our existence. And that something was that our sense of self got translated into 0s and 1s so that we could project a part of our being as a single node into a global network of nodes made up of other selves.

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Shivani Vora


Ludan Wu and Johnny Phaipanya were married in a private ceremony at the University Club of Chicago’s Cathedral Hall.

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Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)


The 16 member countries of the RCEP
Blue: ASEAN
Purple: ASEAN Plus Three
Teal: ASEAN Plus Six

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Steve Jones

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World Federalist Movement

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野口晴哉

万病の因と言われ、また一方で「たかが・・・」と軽く見過されている風邪。風邪に対する一般通念からすれば、本書の表題は極めて奇異なものとして映るかも しれない。しかし著者は、独自の観点から風邪は治すべきものではない、経過すべきものであると主張する。人間は心身の偏り疲労が限界に達したとき、それを 調整すべく、自律作用として風邪をひくと言うのである。
著者は、風邪を病理的に捉えるのではなく、謂わば健康の自然法として捉えている。自然な経過を乱しさえしなければ、風邪をひいたあとは、あたかも蛇が脱皮するように、新鮮な体になるとする主張は、極めて説得力に富んでいる。
著者独特の自然観から編みだされた「経過する」というユニークな概念は、「闘病」という言葉に象徴される現代の病気に対する考え方を一変させる可能性をもっている。

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Audrey Tang

I think that common value finding is of utmost importance to the governance nowadays when it comes to social entrepreneurship,
Because otherwise, we will just have people lobbying for environmental values, for social values, for economic values, and so on without a coherent way to blend those ideas into a common value that everybody can live with.

一旦發現彼此擁有一些共同價值觀後,就不會再有敵人了。
Once you learn there are some common values there are no enemies anymore.

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Tsai Ing-wen

Before, democracy was about winning or losing the election. Now, democracy is about the welfare of the people. Before, democracy was a showdown between two opposing values. Now, democracy is a conversation between many diverse values.

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Zat Rana

When you think of reading as this conversation — a deeper interaction — between self and other, you are also able to close that gap between your sense of self and that other, enabling a connection that transcends the boundaries of space and time. It’s why I can feel affection and warmth for people I have never met or am likely meet. It’s also why books can often have a more significant impact on a child the parents who raised them, the teachers who taught them, the friends that shared their time with them.

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Elaine Aron

But what seems ordinary to others, like loud music or crowds, can be highly stimulating and thus stressful for HSPs.
Most people ignore sirens, glaring lights, strange odors, clutter and chaos. HSPs are disturbed by them.
Most people’s feet may be tired at the end of a day in a mall or a museum, but they’re ready for more when you suggest an evening party. HSPs need solitude after such a day. They feel jangled, overaroused.
Most people walk into a room and perhaps notice the furniture, the people—that’s about it. HSPs can be instantly aware, whether they wish to be or not, of the mood, the friendships and enmities, the freshness or staleness of the air, the personality of the one who arranged the flowers.
If you are an HSP, however, it is hard to grasp that you have some remarkable ability. How do you compare inner experiences? Not easily. Mostly you notice that you seem unable to tolerate as much as other people. You forget that you belong to a group that has often demonstrated great creativity, insight, passion, and caring—all highly valued by society.

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玉居子泰子

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Umair Haque

There’s a question that deserves to be thought about — which we don’t consider often enough. It’s a simple one. Why are Europeans so much happier than Americans?

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菅原伸昭

新しい商品においては、ある程度までは品質向上が売上・利益に直結しますが、一定ラインを超えると伸びが少なくなります。例えばテレビの画質が良くなると、ある程度まではもっと良いものが欲しいと思いますが、それを越えると視聴者の視力の影響の方が大きくなります。他では、例えばスマホの電池の寿命は3時間が10時間になると大きなニーズを生みますが、30時間が50時間になることはあまり求められていません。しかし、品質を高める努力を長年してきた開発部署に、「品質は上げなくていい、コストを下げる設計を考えよう」と経営陣や営業が提案しても、簡単にマインドが切り変わるわけではありません
シェアに関していえば、市場が拡大していくときはシェアを取ることは非常に重要です。新たに市場参入をする潜在顧客にも認知・信頼されますし、既存顧客が市場拡大とともに成長すれば、その分自社の売上も大きく上がることになるからです。しかし市場の成長が停滞すると、シェアを取ることは価格競争を生み出します。価格の下落は利益を大幅に下げる原因です。例えば原価が70%、売上総利益が30%の場合、10%の値下げで総利益の3分の1がなくなります。しかし、シェアを伸ばすことが当たり前になっている営業組織から、「値段を下げずにシェアを下げる」という意見は出てきません
このように、組織が部分最適化すると、製品は高い品質を求めてコストが高くなり、営業は価格を下げてでもシェア拡大を目指すことになります。かなり極端な例ではありますが、これが利益を下げる構図の根本的な原因になっています。

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みずほ銀行

みずほ銀行がサービス提供を行う J-Coin Pay(J コイン)の加盟店管理に関わるテスト用システムにおいて、第三者による不正アクセスが判明いたしました。
1.不正アクセスを受けた情報の内容
Jコインの加盟店である法人(7,930 件)、および法人代表者、窓口連絡担当者等の個人(10,539 件)の情報(企業名、代表者氏名、連絡窓口担当者氏名、住所、電話番号、メールアドレス、一部代表者の生年月日)、ならびに J コインに参画いただいている一部金融機関名(32 件)
2.経緯・対応等について
・テスト用システムで使用していた加盟店関連データに不正なアクセスがあったことを、8 月 27 日(火)に認識し、調査を開始しました。
・現時点までの調査において、手順の誤りにより一時的にテスト用システムにインターネットを通じた外部からのアクセスが可能な状況となっていたことが判明しております。
・テスト用システムについては、すでに外部からのアクセス遮断等の措置を行っております。
・不正アクセスのあったデータについて、現時点において漏えいの可能性が排除できないことから、対象加盟店のみなさまに対しては、本件の発生について個別にご連絡させていただくとともに、不審なメールや電話にご注意いただくようご案内を行っております。
・警察当局、監督当局に対し、本件の発生について報告しております。
・今後の調査も踏まえ、再発防止に適切に取り組んでまいります。

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ビーカイブ

1940年代から1950年代の就職人気企業は石炭会社でした。当時石炭は「黒いダイヤ」などと呼ばれて、産業の発展になくてはならないものでした。ですから、当時の学生の多くは石炭会社への就職を希望したのです。倍率が高くなるのですから、当然、優秀な学生が石炭会社に入社しました。
しかし、1950年代後半になるとエネルギー源は石油となり、一気に斜陽産業化していきます。石炭会社に就職した優秀な社員は炭坑閉山やリストラといった後ろ向きの仕事に精力を傾けざるをえませんでした。そして、今では日本国内に石炭産業は細々と存在しているにすぎません。当時のブランド企業であった石炭会社に就職した人のビジネスパーソン生活は苦しいこと一色だったということになります。

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愛満乃

セックス大好き?日本の女子たち

  1. 常に不安や孤独なタイプ どうしよう・・・って不安から 安心感を求めて
  2. 今が良ければ!ってタイプ セックスしている時が幸せなら、もうそれで良い
  3. 理想を追い求めるタイプ セックスすれば、もっと幸せになれるのでは?
  4. 私がしたい人とはしちゃう!一瞬の快楽が味わえたらそれでいいって感じ
  5. 幼い頃に家族とあまり良くかった 愛してほしくてほしくてセックスに至る
  6. ザ・無趣味 つまりセックスが趣味ってこと 趣味が無いからセックスに没頭
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田宮寛之

政府は”就職氷河期世代”の就職支援を本格化させる。就職氷河期世代とは、バブル崩壊後の1993年~2004年ごろに高校や大学を卒業した世代で、その数は約1700万人。「団塊ジュニア」の世代とも重なるために人口が多い。
現在、彼ら・彼女たちは”30代半ばから40代半ば”に至っているが、企業が新卒採用を絞った影響で新卒時には就職できず、その後も正規で働けない人が多い。このまま高齢化すると、十分な年金を受け取れず、生活が困窮するのではないかと懸念されている。
また就職氷河期世代には、もう1つの塊がある。前述より前の1980年代後半生まれで、現在”30代前半”の人たちである。2008年秋のリ-マンショックの影響で思うように就職できず、いまだに非正規で働いている人が少なくない。

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万葉集 雄略天皇

籠もよ み籠持ち 掘串もよ み掘串持ち この丘に 菜摘ます児 家聞かな 名告らさね そらみつ 大和の国は おしなべて われこそ居れ しきなべて われこそ座せ われこそは 告らめ 家をも名をも

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万葉集 東歌, 大伴卿

人妻と あぜかそを言はむ しからばか 隣の衣を 借りて着なはも

神樹にも手は触ふるといふをうつたへに人妻といへば触れぬものかも

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Marie-Nicolas-Antoine Daveluy

Les persécutions contre les chrétiens étaient fréquentes en Corée à cette époque. Monseigneur Berneux subit le martyre, il fut remplacé par Antoine Daveluy en tant que vicaire apostolique. Vingt-trois jours plus tard, le 11 mars 1866, il fut arrêté, dénoncé par Yi Soni, un ancien séminariste, interrogé et torturé par les autorités coréennes. De Séoul, il fut emmené à 100 km de la capitale pour y être exécuté, afin de ne pas perturber les cérémonies de mariage du roi.
Il fut martyrisé le Vendredi Saint, 30 mars 1866, avec ses compagnons les prêtres Pierre Aumaître et Martin Luc Huin à Galmaemot près de Boryeong (province de Chungcheong), avec les 103 Martyrs de Corée.

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Isabella Bird Bishop

In spite of reforms, the Korean nation still consists of but two classes, the Robbers and the Robbed,—the official class recruited from the yang-bans, the licensed vampires of the country, and the Ha-in, literally “low men,” a residuum of fully four-fifths of the population, whose raison d’être is to supply the blood for the vampires to suck.

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クローズアップ現代+

小中学生の不登校が4年連続13万人を超え、画一的ではない教育を模索する動きが本格化し始めている。そのなかで注目を集めているのが、生まれつき高い知能(IQ130以上が目安)や才能を持つ「ギフテッド」と呼ばれる若者たち。マーク・ザッカーバーグ、ビル・ゲイツなども“ギフテッド”とされ、米国などでは国家の教育支援を受けている。今回番組では、日本国内のギフテッドにアンケートを実施。すると、才能を秘めた若者が「生きづらさ」を抱えている現状が明らかになった。

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村田金箔

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Wikipedia

(←) Blockchain formation
The main chain (black) consists of the longest series of blocks from the genesis block (green) to the current block. Orphan blocks (purple) exist outside of the main chain.

 

(↓) Bitcoin network data

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Richard Feynman

If you think you understand quantum mechanics, you don’t understand quantum mechanics.

I think I can safely say that nobody understands quantum mechanics.

Religion is a culture of faith; science is a culture of doubt.

Science is what we have learned about how not to fool ourselves about the way the world is.

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Cee Vinny

What If We’re All Wrong?
Humans don’t have a great track record of ‘knowing it all’ …

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Neil Irwin

The financial world has been atwitter about the inversion of the yield curve. It is a phenomenon in the bond market in which longer-term interest rates fall below shorter-term interest rates, and has historically been a warning sign that a recession could be on the way.
This all seems obvious to people who are steeped in bond market math and the workings of fixed-income markets, and can be completely perplexing to those who are not.

Posted in change | 2 Comments

Rachel Krantz

What a privilege it is, to be able to try to reduce harm towards animals and the planet.

I was having this thought just today when a bird shat on my head through the mosquito netting. I didn’t take it as a sign, or at least not a negative one. I just laughed and immediately washed my hair, watching the rainstorm that night clean the hammock for me. The symbolism I assign to events, I keep learning, is my choice.
Each time I sit down to eat, I try to remember that, too. What a privilege it is, to be able to try to reduce harm towards animals and the planet. How impossible it seems, as one of the big ones, not to hurt in ways big and small every day. What a beautiful dance, deciding to try anyway, imperfectly but with intention.

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Pablo Martinez Monsivais

Members of the media are seen reflected in the eye of President Donald Trump as he answers questions on the South Lawn of the White House, on April 10, 2019.

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Common Sense Science

Since the quantum electron has no physical structure, and no mechanism exists for exchanging energy or transmitting forces, then it is necessary to assume fundamental properties for the electron and proton: The quantum theory assumes that electrons and protons have intrinsic properties of spin, magnetic moment, stability, and inertial mass. The theory makes no attempt to derive them or relate them, but chooses such models that cannot relate its features: a point model is chosen for some occasions, and a wave model is chosen on others. The theory is unable to say if the essence of an electron is a particle or a wave; the theory can only say that an elementary particle is consistently inconsistent!

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Joseph John Fernandez

In 1964 John Bell published a paper titled “On the Einstein Podolosky Rosen Paradox” , in which he examined the consequences of hidden variable theories, as they had become known. In essence, his work found that such a theory could not be constructed and still give predictions consistent with quantum mechanics. And quantum mechanics was doing very well under experimental scrutiny. In fact, he found out that hidden variable theories would even be in contradiction with special relativity. It can only be speculated what Einstein would have thought of this had he been alive at the time.
Since then, experiments have time and time again been in agreement with both the predictions of Bell’s work and those of quantum mechanics. Among those predictions is quantum entanglement, which has long since been validated as a true phenomenon and is the most important resource of the rising fields of quantum information and computing. In fact, entanglement is one of the reasons why quantum computers are expected to overpower classical computers in the future, threatening encryption and our digital lifestyles. If Einstein were with us, he would have no choice but to break his prejudice and accept entanglement for what it is: one of the weird aspects of the quantum world, supported by empirical proof.

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NHKハートネット

逆淘汰論とは、19世紀に優生学を創始したフランシス・ゴルトンが唱えた説で、文明の発達した人間社会では、理性的な人々ほど生殖活動に熱心ではないために、社会的に望ましくないとされる不良な人々が、優良な人々を凌駕して、増殖する傾向にあるとしました。
日本でも戦前から、そのような逆淘汰論が社会理論として浸透していたために、「産めよ殖やせよ」という戦前の政策を転換し、産児制限を進めれば、優良な人々は、社会状況を理解し、家族計画により子どもの数を制限しようとするが、不良な人々は、欲望のままに子どもをつくり続けるために、逆淘汰現象が起きると考えられることになりました。

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ウィキペディア

中古車市場では、売り手は車の品質をよく理解しているが、買い手は車を購入するまで車の品質を詳しく調査できない場合が多い。そのため情報優位者である売り手は情報劣位者である買い手の無知につけ込んで、良質な車は手元に置いておき、劣悪な車を売りつけようとする。したがって、中古車市場には劣悪な車ばかりが出回る結果になってしまう。
中古車市場における中古車の品質などの情報は、売り手のみが知りうる情報であり、買い手には知りえない情報であるため、「隠された情報」と呼ばれている。

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東京新聞

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David Z Albert, Rivka Galchen

Entanglement, like many quantum effects, violates some of our deepest intuitions about the world. It may also undermine Einstein’s special theory of relativity.

A Quantum Threat to Special Relativity (PDF file)

Posted in change | 3 Comments

舘ひろし

いま考えたら日本中の誰もが分かる。日本海軍は世界第3位の強さを持っていたけれど、米国と戦争してかなうわけがない。艦隊派といわれた人は、海軍兵学校や陸軍士官学校、あるいは東大を出ている。日本の頭がいいといわれる人たちが戦争をして勝てるかもしれないと思った。ここに戦争の本質がある。みんな戦争のことを話したがらないけれども、実はここをもう一回総括するべきだと思う。なぜかというと、太平洋戦争というのは日本のエリートたちが犯した失敗の宝庫だから。

Posted in Japanese way | 1 Comment

EUGDPR

The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is the most important change in data privacy regulation in 20 years.

The regulation will fundamentally reshape the way in which data is handled across every sector, from healthcare to banking and beyond.

The aim of the GDPR is to protect all EU citizens from privacy and data breaches in today’s data-driven world.

Posted in information | 3 Comments

Luc Rocher, Julien M. Hendrickx, Yves-Alexandre de Montjoye

While rich medical, behavioral, and socio-demographic data are key to modern data-driven research, their collection and use raise legitimate privacy concerns. Anonymizing datasets through de-identification and sampling before sharing them has been the main tool used to address those concerns. We here propose a generative copula-based method that can accurately estimate the likelihood of a specific person to be correctly re-identified, even in a heavily incomplete dataset. On 210 populations, our method obtains AUC scores for predicting individual uniqueness ranging from 0.84 to 0.97, with low false-discovery rate. Using our model, we find that 99.98% of Americans would be correctly re-identified in any dataset using 15 demographic attributes. Our results suggest that even heavily sampled anonymized datasets are unlikely to satisfy the modern standards for anonymization set forth by GDPR and seriously challenge the technical and legal adequacy of the de-identification release-and-forget model.

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Nick Bostrom

A technologically mature “posthuman” civilization would have enormous computing power. Based on this empirical fact, the simulation argument shows that at least one of the following propositions is true: (1) The fraction of human‐level civilizations that reach a posthuman stage is very close to zero; (2) The fraction of posthuman civilizations that are interested in running ancestor‐simulations is very close to zero; (3) The fraction of all people with our kind of experiences that are living in a simulation is very close to one.
If (1) is true, then we will almost certainly go extinct before reaching posthumanity. If (2) is true, then there must be a strong convergence among the courses of advanced civilizations so that virtually none contains any relatively wealthy individuals who desire to run ancestor‐simulations and are free to do so. If (3) is true, then we almost certainly live in a simulation. In the dark forest of our current ignorance, it seems sensible to apportion one’s credence roughly evenly between (1), (2), and (3).
Unless we are now living in a simulation, our descendants will almost certainly never run an ancestor‐simulation.

Posted in virtual | 2 Comments

Kate Bell

A few jobs still require perfect English, but in the corporate world good English has become a basic requirement, not a personal selling point.
You just have the same skill as other people — it’s like using Excel.

Posted in change | 1 Comment

芥川龍之介

 僕等人間は一事件の為に容易に自殺などするものではない。僕は過去の生活の総決算の為に自殺するのである。しかしその中でも大事件だつたのは僕が二十九歳の時に秀夫人と罪を犯したことである。僕は罪を犯したことに良心の呵責は感じてゐない。唯相手を選ばなかつた為に(秀夫人の利己主義や動物的本能は実に甚しいものである。)僕の生存に不利を生じたことを少からず後悔してゐる。

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室生犀星

私はすべて淪落の人を人生から贔屓にし、そして私はたくさんの名もない女から、若い頃のすくひを貰った。學間や慧智のある女は一人として私の味方でも友達でもなかった。碌に文字を書けないやうな智恵のない眼の女、何処でどう死に果てたか判らないやうな馬鹿みたいな女、さういふ人がこの「蜻蛉の日記」の執筆中に、机の向う側に坐つて笑ふ事も話をする事もなく、現はれては朦朧たる姿を消して去った。私を教へた者はこれらの人々の無飾の純粋であり、私の今日の仕事のたすけとなった人々もこれらの人達の呼吸のあたたかさであった。

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芥川龍之介

それから何分かの後である。厠へ行くのにかこつけて、座をはずして来た大石内蔵助は、独り縁側の柱によりかかって、寒梅の老木が、古庭の苔と石との間に、的れきたる花をつけたのを眺めていた。日の色はもううすれ切って、植込みの竹のかげからは、早くも黄昏がひろがろうとするらしい。が、障子の中では、不相変面白そうな話声がつづいている。彼はそれを聞いている中に、自らな一味の哀情が、徐に彼をつつんで来るのを意識した。このかすかな梅の匂につれて、冴返る心の底へしみ透って来る寂しさは、この云いようのない寂しさは、一体どこから来るのであろう。――内蔵助は、青空に象嵌をしたような、堅く冷い花を仰ぎながら、いつまでもじっと彳んでいた。

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芥川龍之介

 夜半、月の光が一川の蘆と柳とに溢れた時、川の水と微風とは静に囁き交しながら、橋の下の尾生の死骸を、やさしく海の方へ運んで行った。が、尾生の魂は、寂しい天心の月の光に、思い憧れたせいかも知れない。ひそかに死骸を抜け出すと、ほのかに明るんだ空の向うへ、まるで水の匂や藻の匂が音もなく川から立ち昇るように、うらうらと高く昇ってしまった。……
 それから幾千年かを隔てた後、この魂は無数の流転を閲して、また生を人間に託さなければならなくなった。それがこう云う私に宿っている魂なのである。だから私は現代に生れはしたが、何一つ意味のある仕事が出来ない。昼も夜も漫然と夢みがちな生活を送りながら、ただ、何か来るべき不可思議なものばかりを待っている。ちょうどあの尾生が薄暮の橋の下で、永久に来ない恋人をいつまでも待ち暮したように。

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Lorin Stein

I’m hooked on The Briefcase, by Hiromi Kawakami, a sentimental novel about the friendship, formed over late nights at a sake bar, between a Tokyo woman in her late thirties and her old high school teacher. It’s interesting enough to read about an aging woman drawn to an older man; when this attraction comes wrapped up in Japanese nostalgia for old fashioned inns, mushroom hunting, refined manners, and Basho, how can a person resist? I can only imagine what wizardry must have gone into Allison Markin Powell’s translation.

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川上弘美

 遠いようなできごとだ。センセイと過ごした日々は、あわあわと、そして色濃く、流れた。センセイと再開してから、二年。センセイ言うところの、「正式なおつきあい」を始めてからは、三年。それだけの時間を、共に過ごした。
 あのころから、まだ少ししかたってないのに。

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忌野清志郎

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Christopher Tozzi

Big Data is defined by the following six features:
1. Highly scalable analytics processes – Big Data platforms have become popular due in large part to their ability to scale. The amount of data that they can analyze without a degradation in performance is virtually unlimited. This is what sets these tools apart from traditional methods of investigating data, such as basic SQL queries.
2. Flexibility – Big Data is flexible data. Whereas in the past all of your data might have been stored in a specific type of database using consistent data structures, today’s datasets come in many forms. Effective analytics strategies are designed to be highly flexible and to handle any type of data that is thrown at them. Fast data transformation is an essential part of Big Data, as is the ability to work with unstructured data.
3. Real-time results – Traditionally, organizations could afford to wait for data analytics results. In the world of Big Data, however, maximizing value means gaining insights in real time. After all, when you are using Big Data for tasks like fraud detection, results received after the fact are of little value.
4. Machine learning applications – Machine learning is not the only way to leverage Big Data. It is, however, an increasingly important application in the Big Data world. Machine learning use cases set Big Data apart from traditional data, which was very rarely used to power machine learning.
5. Scale-out storage systems – Traditionally, data was stored on conventional tape and disk drives. Today, Big Data often relies on software-defined scale-out storage systems that abstract data away from the underlying storage hardware. Of course, not all Big Data is stored on modern storage platforms, which is why the ability to move data quickly between traditional storage and next-generation storage remains important for Big Data applications.
6. Data quality – Data quality is important in any context. With the increasing complexity of Big Data, however, has come greater attention to the importance of ensuring data quality within complex data sets and analytics operations. Attention to data quality is a core feature of any effective Big Data workflow.

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Jeannette Wing

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Geoff Nunberg

So it’s natural to be wary of our new algorithmic overlords. They’ve gotten so good at faking intelligent behavior that it’s easy to forget that there’s really nobody home.

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Vendahaut

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Samira Asma

Dr Samira Asma, from the United States of America, is the Assistant Director-General for the Data, Analytics and Delivery for Impact Division. The main responsibilities of this role are to lead the Organization’s efforts to establish an impact framework of accountability to deliver the ‘triple billion’ targets, to track health-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), through building enhanced country capacity, and to generate reliable data to forecast and inform public health policy.

WHO HQ Structure (PDF file)

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Ayumi Koketsu

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FaceApp


Transform your face
using Artificial Intelligence
with just one tap

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Vladimir Putin

Искусственный интеллект – это будущее не только России, это будущее всего человечества. Здесь колоссальные возможности и трудно прогнозируемые сегодня угрозы. Tот, кто станет лидером в этой сфере, будет властелином мира.

Artificial intelligence is the future, not only for Russia, but for all humankind. It comes with colossal opportunities, but also threats that are difficult to predict. Whoever becomes the leader in this sphere will become the ruler of the world.

Posted in change | 3 Comments

Umair Haque

Thrownness. There are three aspects to it that I’m always struck by. The first is mortality. We’re born, we die. But human mortality is special. We know we’re going to die. And so our whole lives, as Freud pointed out — and then tried to forget, ironically, himself — are prefigured on an escape from this knowledge of our mortality.
The second is our loneliness. We’re alone. Each and every one of us. There is a uncrossable river between us. I will never know you in the most intimate way — no matter how close our bodies touch — because your “interiority”, as Derrida would later put it, your inner world, is yours and yours alone. The most that we can do is to use art, literature, song, fashion — all the many forms of self-expression — to communicate it.
And third is our helplessness. We’re powerless, in even the most basic ways, to not be who we are. Consider that we have these strange things called emotions. We don’t often like them — we try our best to block and stop and ignore them. But there they are, simmering, boiling, surging, just beneath the surface of our rational minds. Things make us feel. Everything makes us feel. Have you ever noticed? Every single things makes us feel. A river. A tree. A mountain. An empty and desolate parking lot. The ashes of a fire. We call ourselves “homo sapiens” — but that’s a grossly inaccurate description. We feel before we think, and we feel constantly. Feeling is a beautiful ache that we either learn to appreciate and love — or hate and run away from.

Posted in life | 1 Comment

Agnes Heller

Young Plato fell in love with Socrates, but Socrates was ugly. One cannot fall in love with the ugly; one loves only the beautiful. Plato could not say that he fell in love with the wise one who happened to be ugly. Thus, he proclaimed that his beloved was beautiful, superior in beauty to anyone else considered beautiful by the ignorant. One says, “This is not beautiful, but something else is beautiful,” and Plato proclaimed similarly, “This is a lower kind of beauty, but there is also a higher kind.” However, this higher, true and real beauty is invisible to the pedestrian’s eye. Plato, who loved Socrates, is the one who loved the true Beauty, the higher species of the beautiful. His love is more subtle and sublime than the love of any others, for he can see and love the supreme beauty of the invisible spirit and soul; he can see this love with his spiritual eyes. It is young Plato who speaks through the character of Alcibiades in the Symposium: “What [Socrates] reminds me of more than anything is one of those little sileni that you see on the statuaries’ stalls . . . they’re modeled with pipes or flutes in their hands, and when you open them down the middle there are little figures of the gods inside.” But this is just a simile, for the divine picture, the soul of Socrates, is not accessible through the opening of the sileni’s body. Not everyone can open it; only love can perform the miracle. There are two miracles that appear at once: the miracle of beauty hidden behind an ugly mask, and the miracle of love that sees through the mask into the essence of another person’s soul. This is the primal scene of the concept of the beautiful: erôs and kalon, love and the beloved. We love the beautiful—and it is beautiful because we love it.

Posted in love | 2 Comments

Kakuzo Okakura

The heaven of modern humanity is indeed shattered in the Cyclopean struggle for wealth and power. The world is groping in the shadow of egotism and vulgarity. Knowledge is bought through a bad conscience, benevolence practised for the sake of utility. The East and West, like two dragons tossed in a sea of ferment, in vain strive to regain the jewel of life. We need a Niuka again to repair the grand devastation; we await the great Avatar. Meanwhile, let us have a sip of tea. The afternoon glow is brightening the bamboos, the fountains are bubbling with delight, the soughing of the pines is heard in our kettle. Let us dream of evanescence, and linger in the beautiful foolishness of things.

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Kakuzo Okakura

In the trembling grey of a spring dawn, when the birds were whispering in mysterious cadence among the trees, have you not felt that they were talking to their mates about the flowers? Surely with mankind the appreciation of flowers must have been coeval with the poetry of love. Where better than in a flower, sweet in its unconsciousness, fragrant because of its silence, can we image the unfolding of a virgin soul? The primeval man in offering the first garland to his maiden thereby transcended the brute. He became human in thus rising above the crude necessities of nature. He entered the realm of art when he perceived the subtle use of the useless.
In joy or sadness, flowers are our constant friends. We eat, drink, sing, dance, and flirt with them. We wed and christen with flowers. We dare not die without them. We have worshipped with the lily, we have meditated with the lotus, we have charged in battle array with the rose and the chrysanthemum. We have even attempted to speak in the language of flowers. How could we live without them? It frightens one to conceive of a world bereft of their presence. What solace do they not bring to the bedside of the sick, what a light of bliss to the darkness of weary spirits? Their serene tenderness restores to us our waning confidence in the universe even as the intent gaze of a beautiful child recalls our lost hopes. When we are laid low in the dust it is they who linger in sorrow over our graves.
Sad as it is, we cannot conceal the fact that in spite of our companionship with flowers we have not risen very far above the brute. Scratch the sheepskin and the wolf within us will soon show his teeth. It has been said that man at ten is an animal, at twenty a lunatic, at thirty a failure, as forty a fraud, and at fifty a criminal. Perhaps he becomes a criminal because he has never ceased to be an animel. Nothing is real to us but hunger, nothing sacred except our own desires. Shrine sfter shrine has crumbled before our eyes; but one altar forever is preserved, that whereon we burn incense to the supreme idol – ourselves. Our god is great, and money is his Prophet! We devastate nature in order to make sacrifice to him. We boast that we have conquered Matter and forget that it is Matter that has enslaved us. What atrocities do we not perpetrate in the name of culture and refinement!

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Sten Sootla

I know that I end up boring you with all the random topics I bring up during our calls, but I only do it to hear your voice just a while longer. More than anything, however, I know how long it takes to muster up the courage to take your hand and kiss you. It took me 10 years.
Some may think that knowing these things is of little value. “Small matters”, they say, “what use of this knowledge compared to knowing the formulas of physics, the equations of the Universe?” I let them be. Millions of people can work on such equations for thousands of years, nature is not going anywhere. It is you, however, who’s fleeting, and only a select few have the opportunity to be a part of your life. Thus, it seems far more important to me to crack the equation of you. But please, bear with me. As I said, I’m not particularly great at math.

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Arnold J. Levine

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Charles Darwin

It is interesting to contemplate an entangled bank, clothed with many plants of many kinds, with birds singing on the bushes, with various insects flitting about, and with worms crawling through the damp earth, and to reflect that these elaborately constructed forms, so different from each other, and dependent on each other in so complex a manner, have all been produced by laws acting around us. These laws, taken in the largest sense, being Growth with Reproduction; Inheritance which is almost implied by reproduction; Variability from the indirect and direct action of the external conditions of life, and from use and disuse; a Ratio of Increase so high as to lead to a Struggle for Life, and as a consequence to Natural Selection, entailing Divergence of Character and the Extinction of less-improved forms. Thus, from the war of nature, from famine and death, the most exalted object which we are capable of conceiving, namely, the production of the higher animals, directly follows. There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having been originally breathed into a few forms or into one; and that, whilst this planet has gone cycling on according to the fixed law of gravity, from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being, evolved.

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Farhad Manjoo

DoorDash is the most popular food delivery service in the country, a freakishly fast-growing unicorn valued at $7 billion just six years after its founding, backed by some of Silicon Valley’s and Saudi Arabia’s leading investors. I’ll slinkingly confess that it is also a provider of my lunch two or three or five times a month, depending on how lazily bougie and nihilistic I happen to be feeling about leaving the house.
In Silicon Valley, you don’t get very far without accidentally creating a permanent digital underclass, and so it probably shouldn’t surprise you to learn that DoorDash has long maintained a compensation policy for its workers that looks pretty much like the outright theft of their tips.

Posted in business | 2 Comments

David Thurman

In an age where the entire knowledge-base of the human race is at the tips of our fingers, there is no excuse for people to spread ideas based on their misunderstandings. We seem to be pushing the notion that everyone should have an opinion and everyone’s opinion matters. While this seems nice in theory, this concept is deeply flawed in the fact that not every opinion is backed by understanding. An informed opinion is the only opinion that has reason and comprehension behind it. As writer Harlan Ellison put it, “You are not entitled to your opinion. You are entitled to your informed opinion. No one is entitled to be ignorant.” Instead of telling everyone their opinion matters, perhaps we should instead tell them to ask themselves whether they deserve to have an opinion on the matter.

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Harlan Ellison

Everybody has opinions: I have them, you have them. And we are all told from the moment we open our eyes, that everyone is entitled to his or her opinion. Well, that’s horsepuckey, of course. We are not entitled to our opinions; we are entitled to our informed opinions. Without research, without background, without understanding, it’s nothing. It’s just bibble-babble. It’s like a fart in a wind tunnel, folks.

Posted in learning | 1 Comment

David Thurman

Throughout any given day, we encounter thousands of machines and technologies. The inner workings and principles behind these machines are hidden from view. For instance, most people do not know how a plane’s design allows it to be aerodynamic while maintaining a certain altitude. The underlying principles behind how this machine was designed are hidden away. Despite this, most people still trust that a plane will fly us from destination A to B safely. We have had the inner workings of the plane abstracted away to the point that, unless we so desire, we do not deem it necessary to understand how it really works.

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Chris Cannucciari

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张紫宁

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Alvar Aalto

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Wikipedia

Vegetable

Country Area cultivated
thousand hectares
(2,500 acres)
Yield
thousand kg/ha
(890 lb/acre)
Production
thousand tonnes
(1,100 short tons)
China 23,458 230 539,993
India 7,256 138 100,045
United States 1,120 318 35,609
Turkey 1,090 238 25,901
Iran 767 261 19,995
Egypt 755 251 19,487
Italy 537 265 14,201
Russia 759 175 13,283
Spain 348 364 12,679
Mexico 681 184 12,515
Nigeria 1844 64 11,830
Brazil 500 225 11,233
Japan 407 264 10,746
Indonesia 1082 90 9,780
South Korea 268 364 9,757
Vietnam 818 110 8,976
Ukraine 551 162 8,911
Uzbekistan 220 342 7,529
Philippines 718 88 6,299
France 245 227 5,572
Total world 55,598 188 1,044,380
Posted in globe | 2 Comments

ウィキペディア

野菜は一般には食用の草本植物をいう。ただし、野菜の明確な定義づけは難しい問題とされている。
園芸学上において野菜とは「副食物として利用する草本類の総称」をいう。例えばイチゴ、スイカ、メロンは園芸分野では野菜として扱われ、農林水産省「野菜生産出荷統計」でもイチゴ、スイカ、メロンは「果実的野菜」として野菜に分類されているが、青果市場ではこれらは果物(果実部)として扱われ、厚生労働省の「国民栄養調査」や日本食品標準成分表でも「果実類」で扱われている。また、日本食品標準成分表において「野菜類」とは別に「いも類」として扱われているもの(食品群としては「いも及びでん粉類」に分類)は一般には野菜として扱われている。また、ゼンマイやツクシといった山菜については野菜に含めて扱われることもあり、木本性の植物であるタラの芽やサンショウの葉も野菜の仲間として扱われることがある。さらに、日本食品標準成分表において種実類に分類されるヒシなども野菜として取り扱われる場合がある。
日本では慣用的に蔬菜と同義語となっている。ただし、「蔬菜」は明治時代に入ってから栽培作物を指して用いられるようになった語で、本来は栽培されたものではない野菜や山菜などと厳密な区別があった。しかし、その後、山菜等も栽培されるようになった結果としてこれらの厳密な区別が困難になったといわれ、「野菜」と「蔬菜」は学問的にも全く同義語として扱われるようになっている。そして、「蔬菜」の「蔬」の字が常用漢字外であることもあって一般には「野菜」の語が用いられている。なお、野菜は青物とも呼ばれる。

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이수정, 샘김

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Hannah Arendt

Loving life is easy when you are abroad. Where no one knows you and you hold your life in your hands all alone, you are more master of yourself than at any other time. In the opacity of foreign places all specific references to yourself are blurred. It is easy to conquer unhappiness when the general knowledge that you are unhappy is not there to disgrace you, when your unhappiness is not reflected by innumerable mirrors, focused upon you so that it strikes you again and again. It is easy, as long as you are young, to surrender to the pure force if life, which always advises submergence and forgetfulness. It is easy to forget yourself when the reason for all your unhappiness, your “infamous birth,” is not recognized, not observed, not counted.

Posted in voyage | 3 Comments

Adriana Cavarero

Everybody wants to be happy. This claim goes as far back as Socrates, if not further, and in the more than two thousand years since he made it, it has acquired the rare status of something like a universal truth.
Books, articles and podcasts dedicated to happiness — especially on how to be happy — abound. Explicitly addressed to individuals rather than groups, they focus on personal happiness, to be enjoyed in the private sphere. Let each and every one be happy!
The topic of what Hannah Arendt called “public happiness” is, by contrast, largely ignored by those who think and write about contemporary culture. Apparently, politics and happiness don’t go together any more. Collective happiness — as Socrates intended it, as a shared political experience — is largely out of the picture.

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Eliane Rodrigues

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John Coltrane, Johnny Hartman

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笠井紀美子

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Jackie McLean

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峰厚介

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Robert Reich

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Martin Hilbert, Priscila López

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Ugo Colombino

Posted in change | 3 Comments

ウィキペディア

  587年 丁未の変(物部氏の衰退)
  645年 乙巳の変(蘇我氏の滅亡)
  710年 平城京遷都(飛鳥時代の終わり)
  794年 平安京遷都(奈良時代の終わり)
  858年 摂政の始まり(藤原良房が摂政に)
  935年 承平天慶の乱(各地での反乱)
1017年 太政大臣(藤原道長が太政大臣に)
1098年 武士が殿上人に(源義家が昇殿)
1185年 平氏滅亡(壇ノ浦の戦い)
1274年 文永・弘安の役(蒙古襲来)
1333年 元弘の乱(鎌倉幕府滅亡)
1392年 明徳の和約(南北朝合一)
1493年 明応の政変(戦国時代の始まり)
1573年 室町幕府滅亡(織田信長が足利義昭を追放)
1641年 鎖国の完成(徳川家光の強権政治)
1716年 享保の改革(徳川吉宗が征夷大将軍に)
1786年 寛政の改革(松平定信が老中筆頭に)
1868年 戊辰戦争(江戸幕府滅亡)
1945年 太平洋戦争敗戦(大日本帝国滅亡)
xxxx年 xxxx(日本国xx)

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Cambridge University Library

Six things Darwin never said:

  • It is not the strongest of the species that survives, nor the most intelligent that survives. It is the one that is most adaptable to change.
  • In the struggle for survival, the fittest win out at the expense of their rivals because they succeed in adapting themselves best to their environment.
  • In the long history of humankind (and animal kind, too) those who learned to collaborate and improvise most effectively have prevailed.
  • The universe we observe has precisely the properties we should expect if there is, at bottom, no design, no purpose, no evil, no good, nothing but blind, pitiless indifference.
  • I was a young man with uninformed ideas. I threw out queries, suggestions, wondering all the time over everything; and to my astonishment the ideas took like wildfire. People made a religion of them.
  • The fact of evolution is the backbone of biology, and biology is thus in the peculiar position of being a science founded on an improved theory, is it then a science or faith?
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新海誠

知らない者同士が、お互いに知らない場所で生きていて、もしかしたら二人は出会うかもしれない存在。現実は会えない、でも、何らかのカタチで触れ合う。
単純だけれど、そんな物語を作りたいという事が今作の動機でした。良く考えてみると、それは、僕たちの日常そのものだと思います。今まさに地方の田舎町で生活している女の子も、将来、都会に住んでいるある男の子と出会うかもしれない。その未来の物語を小野小町の和歌『思ひつつ寝ればや人の見えつらむ 夢と知りせば覚めざらましを』(訳:あの人のことを思いながら眠りについたから夢に出てきたのであろうか。夢と知っていたなら目を覚まさなかったものを)を引っ掛かりとして、アニメーションのフィールドの中で描く事が出来ると思いました。その後は、「夢の中で入れ替わる」ことを軸に「彗星」や「組紐」など様々なモチーフを交えながら作品としての構成を組み立てました。

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小野小町, 渡部泰明

思ひつつ寝ればや人の見えつらむ 夢と知りせば覚めざらましを
小野小町 古今集・恋二・五五二
あの人のことを思いながら寝たから夢に見えたのかしら
夢だとわかっていたら目覚めなかったのに

Posted in poem | 1 Comment

和泉式部, 藤原定家, 渡部泰明

黒髪のみだれもしらずうち臥ふせば まづかきやりし人ぞ恋しき
和泉式部 後拾遺集・恋三・七五五
黒髪の乱れるのもかまわず倒れ臥すと
こんな時髪をかき上げてくれたあの人がまずなにより恋しい

かきやりしその黒髪のすぢごとに うち臥ふすほどは面影ぞ立つ
藤原定家 新古今集・恋五・一三九〇
かき上げてやった彼女の黒髪の美しい髪筋までも
独り臥していると鮮明に面影が浮かぶ

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渡部泰明

恋と恋愛は、同じではありません。恋愛は、男女二人がいれば、それで完結します。一人ではできないものですし、また二人以外の邪魔者は、いないほうがいい。けれども恋は、もっと大きな世界をもっています。逆に一人でも恋せるのです。今でいう「片思い」ですね。それは、歌の恋の重要なテーマです。というより、和歌の中の恋は、いつでも片思いです。「恋ふ」は「乞ふ」ものです。全身で求め、願うものです。仮に両思いであったとしても、自分の恋しさのほうがずっと深い。それゆえ必ず片思いなのです。

社会はいつでも恋に対立します。恋する人間にとって、障害であり、敵です。社会というと堅苦しいですが、歌の言葉でいえば、「世」であり「世の中」です。恋の歌には「世」「世の中」が繰り返し詠まれます。恋しい相手だって、現実に囚われていて、恋に逃げ腰であれば、もう社会の一部でさえあるのです。障害としての社会にぶつかりながら、「恋ふ」気持ちを抱きしめている。それが「恋」の核心です。社会という制約の中で、自分の真情を大事にすること。そう考えれば、これは人が生きるあらゆる局面にかかわってくることがわかるでしょう。だからこそ恋は、公的な一大テーマとなったのです。

黒髪の乱れも知らずうち臥せばまづかきやりし人ぞ恋しき  和泉式部
かきやりしその黒髪の筋ごとにうち臥すほどは面影ぞ立つ  藤原定家

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知ってることが増えちゃうじゃないですか、大人になるとどうしても。

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日本のすこやかな暮らしのために いちばん身近な「食べもの」の話(PDF ファイル)

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